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tv   Global 3000  PBS  December 9, 2015 12:30am-1:01am PST

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>> if i were to be molested, harassed or even raped, i would prefer to confide in another woman then another man. we see how important that is to india. welcome to global 3000. training for the night -- how india's police wants to better protect women. airborne -- how drones contribute to wildlife conservation in georgia. and, how can i help you? the booming call center business in the philippines. ♪
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andrea: it was almost three years ago that a young student died in the indian capital delhi as a result of being brutally raped by several men. it was a dreadful incident that sparked an uproar. despite this, women continue to be raped in india -- more than 90 a day. women's rights -- any as a male-dominated society that has contempt for women. victims say they don't get taken seriously even by the police. who often refuse to investigate. in a northern indian state, that may be changing. reporter: this is a police operation just outside delhi. the man has just made a suggestive remark to these women. but, claimed clothing police officers are there. it is just before 11:00 at night. male coworkers support the police women.
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>> no woman over the age of 10 can cross the street here safely. it is too dangerous. but because we are standing here looking like ordinary women, it gives them a feeling of security. reporter: for this policewoman, it is clear that anyone who harasses women, insults them or lays a hand on them, will be arrested immediately. she asked without delay when necessary. the man they have detained is quite drunk. he says he has not done anything, but they are not satisfied. he has to go to the police station. >> we will do something about him. we will hand him into our superiors. i think we will phone his relatives or parents. they will have to vouch for him and that he can go. reporter: before that, he may
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have to deal with this woman. she is one of her superiors. her team consists only of women. when it gets dark, they go out on the beat. then, it gets dangerous. they all know how it feels to be a woman on india street at night. >> a woman does not have to think twice before she talks to us. if we were men, she might hold back. but she can simply tell us what happened. we take her seriously. the only problem is there are too few policewomen. reporter: most indians distract the police. women in particular do not seek their help at all. here in this state, women are raped and female fetuses are aborted especially often. that is why there are just 880 women for every 1000 men.
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but, it is hoped that this police station will make a difference. here there are only female officers. women here are taken seriously,l like this woman who comes from a poor family. she has no work, her husband died recently. that is why her parents in law took her children away and threw her out. she promises to help her. >> they listen to me. instead, i should have come here right away. at an ordinary police station, they would not even take my complaint. they look you in the face and say no. reporter: but, the policewomen cannot do much because she has already contacted a court and it is men that is sitting there. it will take time until she gets help. india is a country where men have the upper hand.
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and macho men also work for the police. she says some of her male colleagues have even suggested a raped woman should marry her abuser, saying the incident would be over and done with. >> most policeman tom from villages -- come from villages. it takes a while for them to realize times have changed. young people are taking control, but the old ones will not accept that overnight. reporter: many women would never dare to go to a police station. there is a special telephone number for them. sometimes it is an emergency, but more often it is a first attempt to contact the police. every day, more women phone up. that have been lasted, -- molested, stock or raped and then the policewomen send that help, but they cannot guarantee a woman will come by. plainclothes police officer
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make sure she can defend yourself without depending on others. she turned 23 today and she is training for night duty. the idea is that women and not just policewomen should be able to fight back. >> all the women here are familiar with unknowing situations. i'd react very decisively. my sister would react very differently if she is harassed or molested. she would tolerate it without saying a single word. everyone knows situations like this, but now some are defending themselves. reporter: she originally wanted to work in a bank, not the police force. but she and her colleagues have found their strength brings them confidence. they want to pass on that strength to help change society. andrea: environmentalists with a biodiversity hotspot.
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the unspoiled grasslands and it's bizarre -- over 7000 species live here. rare birds and reptiles, but also foxes, bears and wolves. several national parks have been established and every year, two herds of sheep get driven to the national park in the southeastern corner of georgia. here, a biosphere reserve can be established to preserve species and their diversity. where wild animals meet sheep, they are abo to meet conflict. reporter: herding 1700 sheep is not an easy job for a sheepdog, but these ones are lying in the grass. they don't even listen to their masters.
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>> it is no use. they are too tired. at night, the dogs have lots to do. they have to be alert all the time. this area is full of wolves. they crowd around this spot and the dogs have to be ready to chase away any predators immediately. their life is not as easy as it looks. reporter: this summer, he lost 13 animals to a bear in the mountains. now there are wolves as every year when tens of thousands of sheep are on the move. this man wants to set up corridors in which the attacks of predators are tolerated. the shepherds call him the wolf man.
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they complained to animal protectionists there is less and less room for their flock. more roads, more fences and now they are supposed to show consideration for the wolves, holding their dogs back and not shooting them. >> i don't know what they think of me. i hope they understand our organization is trying to support them, but sometimes when we talk about predators and being a part of the ecosystem, there are differences of opinion. reporter: twice a year in spring and now in autumn, the flocks are driven across the countryside. it has been that way for centuries. the sheep spend the winter in the southeast of the country in the national park. it is the main area of operations for him.
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he works for the center of biodiversity research and conservation and grew up near here. >> this place is very important to me. i love it. especially because of its spectacular views. and the amount of wildlife in the park makes it unique. it is the largest and best protected area in southeastern georgia. and for us, it is a core region in which an extremely diverse range of animal species breed and raise their young before they leave the nature preserve. reporter: it is a small organization with a staff of 10.
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it often sends out a team from the capital to collect data on animal stocks. the next day, they will be going out early. the chance of spotting animals is greatest around daybreak. in addition, today's team consists of a biologist and a vet. the first sign of wildlife. >> the tracks here are older -- at least five or six days. it is a paw print. it could be from a small wolf. they are frequently seen here. reporter: in the autumn, it is quieter than some are. they tell us they cannot go to through the high grass without risking snakebites. but instead of poisonous vipers,
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the conservationists find something else. >> we always examine the size and center of the animal feces. all the animals here have their own typical sent and this one comes from the european badger. reporter: but where are the animals? not a single one in sight, although the photo traps shows clear evidence of them. wildcats, golden jackals, eurasian lynx, light-colored brown bears, at least 20 of them, and of course, eurasian wolves. until a few years ago, there was even a persian leopard but it suddenly disappeared.
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to better determine just where the animals are, they have acquired a drone which can also help find poachers or shepherds selling trees illegally. bears are thought to live in these ravines. sometimes they come up and kill a sheet. p. the drone flies up to a distance of 50 kilometers. it is satellite controlled, a pilot project for them. things do not always go smoothly. never mind. this will be repaired. this is not the first crash landing. in the afternoon, the first flocks arrive. it is warmer here than elsewhere
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in georgia. the grass is still growing. if a sheep is killed, the owner of the flock uses about 100 euro. this happened to this man about one day ago. >> it was near here during the day. there were two of us but we were standing on the other side of the flock when the wolf struck. the dogs did not notice it and the sheep was attacked. when we got there, it was still alive but we had to kill it and we ate it. reporter: and the dogs got the bones. it seems that in the end, everyone benefited except the sheep of course. and the wolf was long gone. andrea: are you familiar with what bpo stands for? it is short for business process outsourcing and it means a company contracts some of its operations to a third-party provider, usually in the
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low-wage country. customer service is case in point. u.s. or european countries call for help and the people who answer the phones mostly live in india and increasingly the philippines. reporter: the sun is setting but the heat remains in this mega-city, manila. the metropolis puts on the brakes. daily activity grinds to a halt. but not for a host of shadowy beings. it is the world's most talkative form of nightlife. creatures of the darkness, almost robots. they are human talking machines, virtually falling out of time like 23-year-old gizald. the undead beauty of the night. >> yes, i feel like a zombie.
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i'm so sleepy myself. i have to work at night because it is more flexible to me. i can avoid traffic jams. reporter: there are more than one million philippine zombies, young, well-educated, flexible and ambitious. she worked in this call center when she was still a student. now she has her first steady contract. the republic of the philippines is the world's third-largest english-speaking country. it was a u.s. colony for nearly 50 years. most children grew up bilingual, which is now paying off for her who works nights for american health insurance company. english is the only language allowed. the customers cannot tell where the call is directed. almost all of the calls come from the u.s. and that is why they are so many night shifts. lunchtime in new york is midnight in manila, a time difference that can wear workers down.
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the republic of the philippines is a country of vast contrast. economic growth is at 6%, but one person in five lives below the poverty line. the call centers are a huge force driving development. fueled by international companies that appreciate what employees can offer them. she is good at languages, friendly and resilient. it is an expensive german-made car has an accident, the onboard computer sends an sos. she takes over and talk to the driver and helps him day or night. >> i have motivation because i have a daughter. i work for her. because of that, i need to take care of my health. every day, i tried to exercise, take vitamins. have a check up, annual checkup.
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you have to keep yourself healthy. reporter: the german bosses farther up front. he started with 20 employees and soon there will be 400. business process outsourcing, outsourcing operations like saul centers, is booming. thanks in part to tax breaks and government investment. salary start at about $400 a month, not much compared to germany and the u.s., but many times the average philippine wage. there is supplementary paper working at night. -- pay for working at night. >> we have one million employees in the industry. 75% work at night. right now, the issue is getting used to working during the day. reporter: it is a grueling routine, but this is how the new philippine middle-class works. in a mega market with career opportunities.
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and as the shift comes to an end, the next shuttle bus rolls in, letting out a new brigade of tireless, sleepless workers. darrell spence's night at the philippines largest call center provider. when he is at work, he shuts away all social contacts. his family goes to bed while the joints 2000 others at this factory. a woman in the u.s. needs to restart her tvs digital receiver. she takes her through the menus. >> we have to sleep in the middle of the day. wake up around 8:00, 9:00 depending on the shift. eat -- same thing as here on a day shift but in reverse. >> good morning. reporter: a cheerful good morning in the evening. call centers operate in their own time frame. exhaustion is a constant companion.
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training for newcomers. a coffee fix. until that too becomes ineffective. nothing works without the aid of the philippine extended family. it serves as a catchall for the social consequences of the antisocial working hours. that is why her daughter spends a night with relatives. and where social advancement beckons, even love makes compromises. >> we understand both of each other. at least we can see each other every weekend. we go somewhere to find time for her family in our family -- and our family. >> opening shift, midship, take your break. reporter: lunch break at the witching hour. she and her coworkers have no time to think about it. >> we are working at a different
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time. we had to take our lunch during midnight. it is crazy. reporter: four hours later, there is a 15 minute coffee break. multitasking, a sense of duty -- call centers train them for a lifetime. highly qualified night owls are the new elite. daryl greets the new morning. he loses no time. the night shift is followed by a day shift at university. a steady job is not enough. everywhere, call center agents pour out of the offices into the clubs, turning the day into the night, catching up with what others were doing hours ago. >> it is hard working at night. it takes a toll on your body, but i think of my family. once i do this, once i graduate,
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it is going to be a big opportunity for me in the future. reporter: a faceless army is already a sculpture in their honor. for the philippines modern-day heroes. the people you only hear, but never see. andrea: were you born at the start of this millennium? then, you could become one of our millennium teens and watch yourself on tv. upload a video of yourself telling us what you would like to do and what you would like the future to look like and you will find the details on how to participate on our website. now, we will introduce you to one of our millennium teens. from south africa. >> i am millennium. ♪
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>> hi, i'm 15 years old. i live in cape town. mostly everyday, you see tourists down the road because of the colorfulness. they want to see cape town. i stay with my father and my sister lives there too and two grandparents, my cousin and uncle. my sister is there a well behaved. she is cute. sometimes she can be a not a person. -- a naughty person.
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she will do something to you and then often she will laugh about it. ♪ >> i like going to school because i have a few favorite subjects. i like solving equations. solving for x. geometry. and trigonometry. i'm afraid of god because anything can happen to me at any time. he can just take me away from earth anytime. so-so. i am. ♪ psychedelic music keeps you -- puts you in a trance.
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you feel the vibe altogether with friends. i go swim. i ask my friends if they would like to hang out. andrea: that looks kind of cool. you can check out all over millennium teens on our website. you will also find articles, videos and audio reports of new developments. that brings us to the end of this edition of global 3000. thank you for watching. all the best. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
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♪ >> memphis, tennessee. it has been written, if music were religion, then memphis would be jerusalem and sun studio its most sacred shrine. you are here. with greyhounds. ♪ there are times ♪ when i can't stand the thought of talking ♪ >> i'm anthony farrow. i play keyboard with greyhounds. >> my name is andrew, i play with greyhounds. >> and joining me, zack on the drums and aaron cotes as the space man. >> i'm from los angeles

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