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tv   Global 3000  PBS  January 9, 2016 12:30am-1:01am PST

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anchor: hello and welcome to global 3000. refugees have been making their way into the european union. what should be done with them after they have arrived? that has been the focus among governments and communities. it is an issue in africa. conflict and violence have driven many from their homes. these are the stories we have coming up for you. europe and refugees. young leaders see new opportunities for the continent. education gives new hope, online learning in kenya's second
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biggest refugee camp. and, training on a holiday island and how india's coast can be better protected. they have to be under 40, play an active role in society, and be outstanding and everything they do. that is what makes a young global leader. a political advisor is such a young global leader. he told our reporters what he thinks about european refugee policies. >> the combination of migrants, particularly muslim migrants, the very insecure economic environments after years of the euro crisis, the rise of the nationalistic far right and the lack of institutional mechanisms and the european union to handle
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refugees at this number poses a potentially very dangerous threat to the whole european project. i am sony kapoor. i run a international think tank . i advise governments and international institutions on economics and governance issues. the eu is the most successful peace and prosperity generating project, despite all recent problems.
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merkel, who must be applauded for her stance, very open stance , to welcoming refugees, has been, perhaps, those prominent european union who has displayed leadership on this. if people are so desperate that they are risking death and, given that germany was responsible for driving millions of people out of europe as refugees, it is incumbent upon germany to be the country that takes the lead in welcoming people fleeing from conflict elsewhere.
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there is a lot of fear mongering in germany and elsewhere. some of this has to do with "all refugees carry diseases." some of it is that refugees have an anti-female attitude. in all of this, the numbers are clear. it is nonsense. the refugee crisis offers opportunity to start tackling the single biggest structural challenge to the economic future and prosperity of the european union, the declining population, the aging demographic, and the low growth. the biggest projections are that
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the european union will get 3 million migrants over two years or three years. these numbers are still smaller than what has been estimated what europe needs. explaining to citizens that migrants coming in can help plug what most citizens care about -- gaps in provision of social services, teachers in schools that have shortage of staff, construction workers, doctors, i think the economic benefits are a slamdunk. it is hard to predict the
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direction europe will go in. europe has shown the ability to reinvent itself. anchor: millions worldwide have been forced to flee their homes. 60 million people flee violence and conflict, looking for security in other countries. even if they find it, they must spend months or years in refugee camps. what should be temporary becomes permanent. hundreds of thousands of refugees live in central africa, in chad, cameroon. there are also hundreds in east africa in ethiopia, south sudan, uganda, and kenya.
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one of these camps is in northern kenya. many refugees have lived there for decades. as long as the conflicts in their home countries continue, they cannot go home. >> some have been here for 20 years. they come from somalia, your treo, south sudan, baroody, and the democratic republic of congo. it has grown to be like a town, with businesses and merchants. refugees are not allowed to work . they have no prospects. he has lived in this hot for years. the water is rationed. innocent cannot leave the camp without permission. when he fled the drc, his father, a journalist was being targeted by our militias. many have horrifying stories to tell.
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>> i had to go away will my father was taken away. they came in they just take him at an unknown destination and i do not know where he is. it just took the family. they came to our house and they killed most of the people. in the center, people can earn a diploma in liberal studies. it is run by the jesuit refugee service. it is called "higher education at the margins." students sit in a virtual world wide classroom with other university students. right now, innocent is doing research in the library of georgetown university. marketing, psychology, politics, and business management are on the curriculum. >> all of us we are sharing the same world. we interacting groups.
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we make a team from all the locations. >> there are similar learning centers in thailand, afghanistan, syria, and chad. 2000 students worldwide have taken part in the program and earned the equivalent of a bachelors degree. monica is also studying at the online university and she says that, in the 1990's, she was forced by militias of the current president to recruit child soldiers. she became an outcast in her village and had to flee. the studies have revived her optimism. what's africa has got so many chances of dean employed or lifted up. outside of africa, there is no chance. you people have a high standard of living and you asked for it. it is a long process. i believe, if we go there, even
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if you have a masters from here, it does not make much difference. >> you want to start up a company, perhaps him allowing -- perhaps in malawi. she cannot return to uganda. she fears she would be prosecutors by the government and the local rulers. they are mentored by tutors and their professors are in the united states. >> the leadership consider that as a way to serve people who are at the margins, people who are disadvantaged. the goal is to create a partnership between the students and the students in this camp and other camps around the world. >> there is a party in the center. families and guests have arrived. the united nations refugee
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service supports the program. innocent is receiving his diploma. as long as he cannot return to his home country, he wants to keep studying stop he has made contact with a partner university in nairobi. refugee camps offer few profit specs -- few prospects. the students now have an opportunity to broaden their horizons. >> playing football and listening to music our hobbies that all teenagers all over the world enjoy. for simon in what is our ace -- in buenos aires, these pastime symbolize what is most special about his home country. >> what is your name?
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>> i am simon kramer and i have no sisters or brothers. it is a beautiful city. there is greenery everywhere. football is important here. all argentinians love football. the game means a lot to me. another thing that is popular is dancing the tango.
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>> what do you do in your free time? >> i go out with my friends. we play games together, among them, football. >> what music do you like? >> i love argentinian rock. i also like international rock music. >> what do you parents do for work? >> they are both lawyers. my mother works in the center and my father worked at the german embassy here. my father and i sometimes eat alone because my mother comes home from work quite late.
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>> what are your hopes for the future? >> that we live in a world with more justice, fewer wars, fewer conflicts between countries. people who need help, the poor, have to get more of it. rich people can't always keep all the money. anchor: that was simon from argentina. you can find out more about our special online series at our website. there is lots of articles, videos, and audio about sustainable development goals.
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india is home to 7% of the known animal and plant species. particularly rich in biodiversity are the andaman islands, east of india. back on the mainland, the population is growing. that poses a jam problem for the environment, particularly the coasts, where habitats get polluted and overexploited. on the island, indian conservationists are learning more about protecting the coastal systems and their species. reporter: the clown fish has been a star in cinemas around the world. on the andaman islands, it is one of the many denizens of the deep. some are out of their element. these divers are forest service officers.
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they are exploring the coastal waters to experience an echo system they never see at home -- and ecosystem they never see at home. some are diving fo sasikumar is one of them. he has come here from a state nearly 3000 kilometers away in western india. he and his colleagues want to find out how to live in an -- and ecosystem without destroying it -- in an ecosystem without destroying it. the archipelago was chosen consciously, because the
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biodiversity is great. >> you can see coastal beaches, mangroves, forest, which you can't find anywhere else. only on an island can you find these rich forests. after that, mangroves, after that beaches, then sea. >> it impresses officers, who have traveled here from various coastal regions. they will be passing on what they have learned here to their colleagues at home. the pressure is increasing. more economic growth, pollution, and people. 40% of the population lives in or the sea. >> if you look at the indian coastline, we have a very small area which is protected under the wildlife protection act for conservation. in the recent past, there has been increased intention. >> the german agency for international cooperation is
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cosponsoring the training. it is part of a larger program aimed at saving 20% of more than 7000 kilometers of coast from exploitation and destruction. coasts need a different kind of attention. >> and terrestrial area, there is not much resource utilization from the public. it was legally protected. the coastal area is not like that. the fishermen communities are living there. for years, they have been doing fishing and other things. you cannot just tell them they should not be doing fishing there. >> that is the problem, 3000 kilometers away. especial economic zone attract many businesses. the district is one of the three regions for which sasikumar is responsible. he is visiting a village to kilometers from the coast. 500 live here. industrial pollution and the
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requirement to use net's with larger mesh size are making their lives difficult. it is hard to convince them to use resource sparingly. >> we used to catch 15 kilos of fish a day. now it is only five or two. sometimes, we do not take anything at all. >> the four service officials know the people are dependent on what the land and sea provide for them. despite that, they have set up a nature reserve. years ago, the four service planted mangrove trees next to a disused port. the area is 20 kilometers in size. protecting it is a difficult task. >> the land value is very high in this area. so, there is a possibility of encroachment by industries, by locals, by salt makers.
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so, to avoid this and protect the forest, we have to do regular patrolling. reporter: the plants grow slowly and it takes years before they produce their own seats. they provide protection against flooding and a habitat for fish and crabs. step, local residents are beginning to see the advantages. is planned to involve the villagers more closely in the project, having implants and patrol the mangroves. back to the andamans, the beach is a rare example of gentle ecotourism. the huts and the signs are made of local would. -- local wood. the beach is a paradise for
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birdwatchers. >> their 80 species of birds in the area. the green pigeons, the crake. >> he can imagine more tourism for his home districts and he is learned that making plans without involving those affected by them, as has so often been done in india, does not work. >> stakeholder participation -- locals should be involved as a guide, so, if they are involved there, there will be less catching of fishes and that will also be managed and direct impact on the coastal regions will be reduced. >> it would be an opportunity to preserve biodiversity in many regions.
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anchor: it is time to travel 6000 kilometers west to zanzibar . we had the pleasure of tasting some of the food. we would like to share it with you in our series. reporter: on the beach, they are looking for edible delicacies. in addition to fish and crustaceans, algae is also eaten. the restaurant is on the beach among the palm trees. karibu is swahili for "welcome."
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for the snack, you will need coconut. the cooks are making a curry with fresh vegetables and fish. the curry comes from zanzibar. just about everything associated with indian cuisine grows on the spice island. a get stark early when you're this near to the equator. to get enough light, the cooks move indoors. the head of the family has already begun to fillet the fish >> for coconut-crusted fish, i need a coconut, as a coconut crust. as you see here, which we made. also, i need a marinade nation, which is mixed by salt, pepper's, and lime.
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when it is ready, last, you come here, where they have the coconut crust. reporter: then, it gets a hot bath in coconut oil. the rice owes its spiciness to the oriental influence on zanzibar. together, with octopus curry and coconut-crusted fish, it goes out to the hungry diners. these women are from italy and they have been regular customers here for years. >> we often come to this restaurant. it is typical of the area and we really like it. the food is good.
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reporter: that's what a culinary tonight -- that is what a culinary delight dining can be in a fishing village in zanzibar. anchor: if that has given you an appetite, go to our website and you will find more ideas for international snacks. you can suggest something better by writing to us. that brings us to the end of this week's global 3000. thank you for watching.
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announcer: this program is made possible in part by... historic marion, virginia, home of song of the mountains, a main street community in the heart of the virginia highlands. the ellis family foundation-- encouraging economic revitalization through the restoration of historic buildings in downtown marion, virginia, including the general francis marion hotel. teds-- dedicated to providing strategic talent management solutions. the bank of marion-- your community, your vision, your bank. morehead state university's kentucky center for traditional music is a proud supporter of song of the mountains. emory and henry college-- transforming lives since 1836. bryant label, a proud supporter of our region's musical heritage. and wbrf 98.1 fm.

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