tv DW News PBS February 19, 2016 6:00pm-6:31pm PST
anchor: this is "dw news" from berlin. eu leaders look set for another night of marathon talks. david cameron's discussions with his 27 counterparts go down to the wire. time is running out for britain to renegotiate its relationship with the eu. and what is wrong with this picture, a cease-fire in syria is supposed to start today, but internet footage seems to show five years' civil war is far from over. u.s. warplanes strike at islamic state base in libya, killing at
least 40. the main target was a tunisian national described as a key extremist operative. and sarah kelly. thank you for joining us. british demands for a new deal on eu membership have dominated a leader summit in brussels. prime minister david cameron canceled plans for a cap meeting in london. as a second day of talks ran late. cameron is seeking confessions from his 27 counterparts that he can take home to voters. they are due to decide on britain has future in the eu. dw found this report. reporter: it's exactly what he has been asking for and what he needs, david cameron is fighting an uphill battle and he's very keen to show that two british voters.
the key to overcoming last pockets of resistance to a deal now seem to be bilateral meetings. >> the deal is possible, but timing it will depends what kind of deepness of drama some countries would like to perform. reporter: deepness of trauma? -- darmrama? who are the culprits here? >> everybody. reporter: the greek prime minister has reportedly brought the refugee crisis back on the agenda. a government source said he will refuse to adopt an accord keeping britain in the bloc. belgium is pressing for a clause to ensure a deal with britain would automatically cease to exist in case of a vote to leave to make sure there was no possibility for a second renegotiation. >> it's very clear, there will be no second chance. it's now or never and we have to get this message across with the full capacity of europe. reporter: the marathon talks
continue and plans for an english breakfast, brunch, or lunch have long been transformed into plans for a dinner to hammer out a final deal. sarah: a brussels correspondent is standing by with the latest, max hoffman joins us now. do we have any indications on where things stand at this hour? are they at least close to coming to some sort of consensus? max: we have news concerning the food. angela merkel decided to skip the dinner. she went to grab some fries just next to the building here, the european council building. everybody took a break for about two hours to clear their head and approach what might be final stretch of negotiations. all the delegations were advised to get hotel reservations here in case it drags on through the night and maybe even the morning, but the most diplomats i've been talking to think that within the next hours there will
be a deal. of course, they could not give me any guarantees. sarah: as if anybody would be sleeping in those hotels. what are the sticking points? what are the things they can't seem to agree on? max: it appears one of the last remaining sticking points, and by far the most contentious sticking point, is what we've been talking about in the last days. welfare spending or welfare cuts for eu migrants who are in the u.k., that is something that doesn't go down well, especially with countries like the czech republic or poland who have workers in the u.k. those people send money back home. they get children allowance for children who live back home. all of this will probably be scrapped, at least for a limited amount of time. that is what cameron wants to sell back home. it seems the devil still is in the details for how long it legislate can -- legislation
like that can be valid. the nitty-gritty details are apparently what is holding up the whole process. sarah: we will check back with you in about a hour to see if there's any progress report. thank you in the meantime. whether the u.k. stays in the eu is ultimately up to the british people. as prime minister david cameron tries to hamill out a deal, pro-eu activists have been on the streets back at home. many britons are questioning the value of the eu and the referendum looks to be tied. no date for the vote has been set, but opinion polls show the british are almost evenly split. cameron says the eu reforms he wants will help make the case for britain staying in the eu. earlier we spoke to our london correspondent. we asked her how damaging could it be for david cameron if he returns home empty-handed. >> there for sure headline news.
those people who follow politics will want to know what will be the outcome of these negotiations. a lot of people, if they are not really into politics, might say i'm not so sure, they feel they have been fed a propaganda from each side. in the end it is a decision that people will make from the heart. you have the undecided vote. people will think, what are the issues at stake? people are of course concerned about migration, is this something the leaders have been discussing at the moment. do we want to be part of europe? what about our security? it will be a question we will have to answer for generations to come because this will be the one referendum and there won't be a second one. sarah: that was our correspondents in london. we turn to some other news now. a cease-fire was supposed to take effect in syria today.
russia has demanded a meeting of the un security council to discuss the intensifying conflict. turkish forces have stepped up their shelling of border areas held by u.s. backed kurdish militia. ankara has blamed syrian-based kurds for a suicide bombing that killed 28 people in the turkish capital. elsewhere, syrian government officials continue to recover ground. amid the violence, u.s. convoys continue to deliver food and medicine to nearly 100,000 people trapped in the siege cities. -- sieged cities. there was a lot of optimism when the we had the agreement for a cease-fire at the munich security conference a week ago. now it doesn't look like it's going to come to fruition. why not? >> i think if you talk to syrian
activists from the beginning, you would learn the prospects for peace are not really high. the russian shelling continuing. [inaudible] sarah: who has interests in having a cease-fire in the country? >> obviously everybody who is living there would have an interest. in the first case, he thinks he's winning. i think logically he is not interested. sarah: there is a lot of infighting in the western camp.
these two countries are supposed to be working together to achieve a common objective in syria why can't they find common ground? >> because that objective might be joined, it is fighting isis, but everyone has their own interests and is putting them first. for turkey, it is kurds approaching closure of the border. for russia there is no interest in fighting isis. therefore, the coalition based on this is not really going to happen. sarah: thank you very much for that analysis. a u.s. airstrike inside libya has destroyed a suspected training camp belonging to the so-called islamic state. the camp was near the tunisian border.
reports say dozens were killed, but it was one man in particular, a you -- that u.s. forces wanted dead. reporter: the camp believed to be training jihadists destroyed by american warplanes. 40 people dead, among them likely to be a key extremist, the pentagon said. >> we took action after the training camp after determining that he was planning attacks on western interests. reporter: the u.s. hopes this will have an immediate impact on isil's activities in libya. it tunisian national is considered the key mind behind the moving of tunisian fighters to libya. he's also expected to -- expected to have links to attacks.
38 people were killed in june when a gunman opened fire on a beach resort near that tunisian city. back in march, 21 tourists and a policeman were killed in an attack on a museum in tunis. observers do not think the u.s. would sustain an air campaign in libya, but the president barack obama has repeatedly said that his country would take every opportunity to go after the so-called islamic state. sarah: early returns in uganda's presidential elections showed a long time president with a solid lead, but the vote has been marred by uncertainty and confusion, with polling stations forced to stay open for an unscheduled second day. for the second time in as many days, and opposition leader and presidential candidate was arrested and briefly detained. voting was extended after long delays on thursday. sporadic clashes between opposition supporters and police
reported. crush time in the race for the white house. presidential candidates are making their final pitches to voters in nevada and south carolina. so far in this case, no clear front runner has emerged on the democratic side. the party's nomination is still up for grabs. for the republicans, there is one man with a big lead in the polls. this week he has been in hot water, but the big man -- with the big man in white. reporter: the pope and donald trump are on the same page here, but definitely on opposing sides of this political debate. his holiness has criticized the idea of a u.s.-mexico border wall. >> person who thinks only about building walls, wherever they may be, and not building bridges, is not christian. reporter: trump reacted as only
truck can, calling the comment disgraceful, then defending himself. >> donald trump is a very nice person. and i'm a very good christian. the pope said something to the affect that may be donald trump isn't christian. he's questioning my faith. i was surprised to see it. reporter: the papal spokesperson said the comment was not a personal attack on trump, but it has opened up fears debate. >> the situation must be handled by the civil society as well as politicians. it is true that immigrants are an important part of the economy of various countries. >> i agree with the pope. i disagree with donald trump that we need a wall between mexico and the u.s.. people come here to make a better life for themselves and their kids. >> if you saw the people coming from mexico, you might think differently. it's a difficult question.
there is some good and not so good from all the people coming. but i can understand where he's coming from. but it may not be the correct solution. reporter: later something unexpected, he softened his rhetoric, calling the pope a wonderful guy. perhaps donald trump has finally met his match. sarah: the literary world has lost one of its best-loved authors. harper lee has passed away at the age of 89. the pulitzer prize winning writer gained worldwide fame for her classic "to kill a mockingbird." set in america's segregated south, it takes on the themes of race and class as seen through the eyes of two children. she waited more than half a century to publish a follow-up entitled "go set a watchman." when we come back, after serious crowd trouble at soccer's rheinland derby, ticket sales for saturday's gladbach cologne match are restricted.
sarah: welcome back to "dw news ." eu leaders are attempting to hammer out a deal that could help keep britain in the union. talks are set to stretch into the night again. david cameron abandoning plans to return to london for a cabinet meeting. a quick check of some other stories making news around the world. a palestinian man has stabbed two police officers in jerusalem's old city before being killed. the incident is the latest in months of violence between palestinians and israelis.
the u.n. envoy for the region as the bloodshed is entering a new troubling phase. six african lions wandered off a nature preserve and into the outskirts of nairobi kenya overnight. responding to frantic phone calls, park rangers fanned out to cage those big cats. two are unaccounted for and officials think they had their fill of the big city and returned to the wild on their own. here's hoping that they did indeed do that. time for some business news. daniel winter joins us. as this big summit we have been talking about has been going on in brussels, investors paying attention to this. >> we are going to take a look at that right now, sarah. just the word brexit has some investors quaking in their boots. if the u.k. leaves, its own economy will be impacted. those in favor of britain leaving the bloc say the u.k. could save 8 billion euros a
year and contributions to the eu. others warned the british pound would humble in trade -- tumble in trade. until june, david cameron has to convince european partners and his own country that staying in is worth it. reporter: british newspapers were quick to ridicule the prime minister. despite the threat of a brexit, cameron's demands are not gaining the traction he had hoped. >> i am very willing to be creative in order to allow great britain to remain inside, but not at any price. we have to conclude now that there will be no second chance. cameron wants the right to scale back social benefits for eu citizens living in the u.k. he hopes to gain more legal independence from brussels. exceptions like these are not sitting well with many eu members. >> i heard rumors about possible
problems with the final outcome of the summit. also related to the universities. reporter: greece unveiled its own list of demands. athens wants changes in eu refugee policy before agreeing to a deal with britain. back in london, pro-eu demonstrators are calling for the country to stay in the union. but the real decision is in the hands of the british people. they could vote on the issue in referendum as early as june. >> international monetary fund boss christine lagarde is being confirmed to a second term as managing director. lagarde was the only candidate for the post. lagarde address the instability that has gripped much of the world's financial markets. she acknowledged the chinese economy was undergoing a difficult transition and sit open communication between policymakers was key to avoiding future instability.
it has been a spectacular fall from grace, the russian economy has been plagued by the falling oil price and western sanctions. those have both dragged down the value of the ruble. of course, economic crises don't happen in isolation. they also affect trading partners. the german chambers of industry and commerce have held a russia conference in berlin to try to keep the trade ties taut. reporter: the political move between moscow and berlin might be frosty, but politicians and business leaders hope to put that behind them and get back to work. since 2012, german exports to russia have tumbled by half. 1/3 of german companies have put their investment plans on hold and around 80% of companies expect russia's economic situation to worsen. >> more and more members are complaining about the sanctions against russia. we have lost around 30 t billiono -- 30 billion to 40
billion. something urgently needs to be done about this. reporter: sanctions have weighed on us my international, which is helping build several airports in russia. >> it's hard to get new orders at the moment because our current contracts are starting to expire, and our russian partners can't secure financing as they are locked out of the european financial markets. reporter: the russian finance minister admits his country's economy has seen better days, but he hopes fresh investment will start to flow from germany. >> everyone needs to own up to their responsibility and find common ground. business is more nimble in that respect than politics. reporter: the minister also met
with his german counterpart, a good sign that at least some politicians are open for talks. >> it's been a bumpy ride for volkswagen. the omission crisis has hit sales. it's over 6 million cars in 2014, and that slipped somewhat last year. the stealth where scandal eating away trust in the big german brand name. not everything is heading south for the company. sausage sales are better than ever. dw has its own to meet processing client -- meat processing plant, and business is booming. germany is famous the world over for its cars and it's sausage. let's hope things for the carmaker don't go from bad to wurst. well, the end of this month volkswagen set to begin the next round of recalls in the wake of its dirty diesel scandal.
good intentions seemingly are not enough. on friday, south korean authorities raided dw's offices. the country's environment ministry says recall plans are flawed. rivals are also feeling the pressure. several of its mercedes models allegedly broke a mission's rules in an american class action lawsuit. so far it's the only legal action against the company. daimler denied the claims, calling them baseless. the space race is more of a marathon than a sprint. just ask richard branson. his firm virgin galactic is launching a brand-new six seater spaceship. it comes less than a year after the fatal crash in a previous model made by the company. but that's not holding the industry back. sooner or later space tourism is set to take off. reporter: this is the spatial that version galactic is set to unveil today. test flights are scheduled to take off later this year.
nearly 700 affluent adventurers are hoping that everything goes smoothly, because they have put down deposits of $250,000 each for a chance to fly into space on board this ship. the first version galactic spaceship crashed 16 months ago during a test flight, killing one of the two pilots. after the accident, many industry experts expressed skepticism about virgin galactic's reliability. the new spatial could help the company stage it's come back. >> we have incorporated a lot of small changes which have made a significant overall difference to the vehicle. as for the specific cause of the accident back in october of 2014, we have actually addressed that specific area.
we now have a device in the new spaceship which will prevent that happening again. reporter: version galactic isn't the only company hoping to fly tourists into space. rivals include the tesla founder elon musk and his company space x, as well as several others. >> now sarah will kickoff with sports. sarah: would you ever go into space? >> it probably costs a quarter of $1 million for a ticket, so that's a bit much for me. reporter: it is derby day in the rhineland. gladbach against cologne is one of the most fiercely contested matches on the calendar. this year's match is taking clays in the shadow of trouble last year. reporter: these were the scenes last february. hooligans forced their way onto the pitch. this year cologne fans will get fewer tickets and they will be issued by name. fans say that it's unfair.
many are boycotting the match and plan a demonstration outside. some gladbach fans will join them in solidarity. is this going to be quiet? >> gladbach against cologne is something special. i think it will be an emotional match with a lot of passion. we have to come out fighting and we are looking forward to it. reporter: the revival country hubert started is a thing of the past. gladbach lost three of their four matches since the winter break. in total they have conceded 38 goals, many of those have come from set pieces. >> we need to go back to basics. challenge for the ball, get organized, play aggressively and directly. when we do that, we play well offensively. when we attack well, we defend well as well. >reporter: they will need to
defend well, especially against anthony. he is cologne's top scorer with 10 so far and one of the reasons cologne are unbeaten in the last five away matches. >> it's going to be anything but easy, whenever the statistics over the past few weeks say. -- say. reporter: cologne will have some support, despite the boycott. sarah: i'm sarah kelly in berlin. that is "dw news" for this hour. thanks for watching. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]