tv DW News PBS February 25, 2016 6:00pm-6:31pm PST
brent: this is dw news live from berlin. refugees in calais, france facing eviction. a french court has given the go-ahead to clear part of the camp known as the jungle. it could leave more than 1000 migrants homeless. and the clock is ticking toward a cease-fire that will hopefully silence the guns and stop the killing in syria. damascus and opposition groups say they are ready to give it a try. and the men vying to replace sepp blatter have the men
cornered in zurich. we will take you there ahead of the vote. good to have you with us. a french judge has ruled a migrant camp in the northern port city of calais can be partly demolished. officials have ordered people living in the so-called jungle camp to leave and to do it this week. the ruling states common spaces including schools, however, cannot be bulldozed. the jungle is home to more than a thousand people trying to get to britain across the english channel. here is more. reporter: the decision is final -- the make ship -- the makeshift shelters will be leveled to the ground. the french interior minister welcomes the court ruling, pointing out that france intends to offer the refugees shelter, and if need the, asylum.
>> now that this important decision has been made, i would like to remind you of the strategic actions the french government has undertaken. we wish to give shelter to the most vulnerable, to those who need protection. reporter: the so-called jungle, known for its miserable living conditions, is home to at least a thousand migrants. now they will have to leave. authorities promise that will not happen by force. france has set up shipping containers were housing, but many are reluctant to move there because they have to scan their finger prints to enter and they think this could bar them from going to england. if vacuous be the most dramatic move yet in the attempt to deal with the crisis.
humanitarian aid workers fear people will scatter elsewhere along the coast. brent: the calais decision is just more proof that the migrant crisis in europe has become a political crisis. eu nations are at odds over how to handle the situation. greece has recalled its ambassador to austria in protest , saying it will not allow itself to be treated as europe costs warehouse for refugees. thousands of migrants remain stranded at europe's orders. reporter: without a home and with no place to go, macedonia's decision to close its borders to afghan migrants is causing a logjam in greece. the greek interior ministry says more than 10,000 people were stranded in the country. afghans are devastated they are being turned away. >> we took our lives into our own hands. we are demanding not to go back
because we are in danger there. >> please open the borders for us so we can move forward. we came here to save our lives. reporter: officials are also concerned such border restrictions could cause further chaos. >> we don't want to make it worse by closures, which means more people here and more resources invested in supporting the refugees here. reporter: easing of controls on border crossings is not likely. austria held a meeting and did not invite greece. they will present the measures which include restricting refugee passage at the eu interior ministers meeting. eating left out of the initial meeting has drawn the ire of athens. >> greece will not accept one-sided action by eu members. we can also take one-sided action. greece will not accept becoming a lebanon for europe, a warehouse of souls. reporter: athens is also
threatening to block any future agreement if eu countries do not follow up on the block's to share the burden of the crisis. brent: our reporter is on the border between greece and macedonia tonight. she describes the conditions for the thousands of migrants waiting to head to western europe. reporter: when i came here this morning, i came to a city about one hour away. on my drive, i saw a lot of refugees walking alongside the road, families with little children. it is ready dangerous for them to walk along that road. it is dark here, so they are actually risking getting hit by a car. they are taking those risks because they want to get to the border as soon as possible. they believe the sooner they get to the border, the sooner they reach their final destination, which is germany.
we don't know how many refugees there are. the police say they believe it is 2502 300. if they get enough food and medical supplies, staying warm here is a problem. it does get pretty chilly here at night. brent: that was our correspondent at the border of macedonia and greece will stop now to the meeting of eu interior ministers. acrimony is the operative word. austria's interior minister attacked greece, saying athens is incapable of securing its own borders. this comes after the critical comments of germany's interior minister who accuse greece and austria of having lax border controls. >> the policy of waving people through means other states have the burden of solving other people's problems.
this is not acceptable and we will not allow it to continue. if greece can't do it, it's giving us the best reason to take action in monitoring and regulating other parts of the border and this is what the balkan states are doing together with russia. brent: germany's harlem and today approved a package of tighter asylum laws. the new legislation calls for faster processing of legislation. quicker deportation of migrants, and the creation of reception centers across germany. and it includes tightening the policies on family reunification. lawmakers hope these new measures will help cut those numbers. our correspondent says an overall solution to the crisis must be the responsibility of the european union as a whole and not just berlin.
reporter: within just a few weeks, germany's asylum laws have been tightened twice. none of the lawmakers really expect refugee numbers to fall quickly, but the government wants to show the situation is under control. yet in the end, chancellor angela merkel knows the real solution is to be found if anywhere at the european level. brent: many of the refugees arriving in europe are escaping five years of civil war in syria. now there is guarded hope the guns will fall silent when he sees fire takes hold 24 hours from now. damascus has pledged to abide as have major opposition groups. humanitarian agencies are hoping to take advantage if it happens. reporter: the pressure is on a u.n. headquarters in geneva. the deadline for government
forces comes closer. diplomats have been ironing out the last details and are setting up a task force to monitor the troops. the u.n. says great strides have been made. >> what i hope is that we continue this momentum. we've had more support in the last two weeks than we have had through 2015. reporter: aid has reached a handful of the sea towns in the last two days. elsewhere in the country, the fighting continues. a damascus suburb was hit hard on friday. the syrian government has announced the area will be excluded from the cease-fire
deal, insisting al nusra have a presence there. that glue -- that group as well as the self-proclaimed islamic state have not then included in the deal. what groups are included is a convoluted issue. >> the troops who do not participate will not fall under the cease-fire agreement. apart from that, there's no dispute over fighting terrorism. that was not the conversation had and that is not the conversation that will take lace. that means in forcing the truce will be a complicated matter and moderate opposition groups say the al nusra front is not present. for now, the fighting is likely to continue. brent: student protesters torched several buildings at a university in south africa. the campus has been shut down and students evacuated. the incident took place in the
city of mighty king. several students were injured after clashing with campus purity who fired rubber bullets and tear gas. cell phone footage shows a burning building and billowing smoke. students have been protesting over tuition fees. the un's secretary-general has arrived in these health sudanese capital of cuba to try to implement a deal to end a two-year civil war. the agreement was reached last year but fighting continues. he was due to meet the country's president and is also expected to visit a u.n. camp for civilians caught in the conflict. his visit comes as a u.n. warns of an impending humanitarian catastrophe. at least a quarter of the population is in desperate need of food aid. in one northeastern state right there, the red cross has a gun
much-needed food drops. but they say they have received a fraction of the 1.2 billion euros needed. reporter: a welcome sight in the skies over south sudan. this red cross cargo plane is dropping tons of food. hundreds of people are waiting. many have fled an upsurge in fighting in the region. about one point 5 million people are on the move and 45,000 are at risk of starvation. the sacks contain the basics like beans, sugar and salt. family and i have nothing to eat. we are eating the leaves off the trees. we have no home and no rooms over our heads. we are sleeping out in the open under a tree. reporter: the newer people are
allied to the opposition and have been fighting the dinka, who are loyal to the president. they have spent weeks crossing a swamp and had to leave everything behind. now they depend on the food drops. south sudan is the red cross' second-biggest mission after syria. the challenges there are in or miss. >> the conflict in the states of south sudan affect the economy. they live hand to mouth and are poor. it has interrupted to the extent that there's an immediate result. that is why we are bringing food today. reporter: the conflict has been raging for two years.
since then, the red cross has distributed millions of food packages. each one provides enough for a family to survive a month. >> i'm thankful for these food deliveries. it's the only thing my family has to eat and i hope more are on the way. reporter: nearly 500 tons of food are set to be dropped in the area. for many, it is the only thing keeping them alive. brent: here are some of the other stories making headlines around the world. the italian senate has approved a bill allowing civil unions for same-sex couples. the italian prime minister called it historic but activists have denounced the bill because it does not grant adoption rights. italy was the last country in western europe to recognize civil unions. soccer star leonardo messi has sent signed jerseys to one of
his biggest fans in afghanistan. he became an international sensation when video of him playing in a homemade jersey made of a plastic bag went viral online. he also sent a soccer ball to his fan. make them happy. we will be back in 60 seconds. >> what do you get for $.50? >> for $.50? >> not a lot. >> did you know it costs $.50 to feed one hungry child for one full day? >> incredible.
>> with the share the meal at common you can share with just a tap of your smartphone. smartphone users out number hungry children 20 to one. imagine the impact you and your friends can have. together, we can end mobile hunger. please download the app. brent: welcome back. australia says it is planning to significantly boost military spending, about 20 billion euros are due to be invested to combat terrorist threats and encountered -- and counter and increasingly assertive china. the prime minister says his nation wants to be ready to deal with the most challenging strategic environment it has faced in peacetime. reporter: in 2014, australians were stunned by the deadly attack on a cafe and by a self-styled islamic cleric.
just before christmas and to hostages died in a standoff and australia listed its terror vel. isis rsoestent thre of government will increase defense spending abilities -- defense spending. the prime minister says it's part of a long-term military buildup needed to maintain peace in the region. >> we would be concerned if the competition for influence and growth in capability would lead to instability and threaten australia's interest, whether in the south china sea or further afield. we have a strong, vital, vested interest in the maintenance of peace, stability and respect for the rule of law. reporter: the country would increase its troop levels, by 12
new submarines, and add to its fleet of destroyers, frigates and patrol boats. a strategy driven by rising tensions in the south china sea. china, australia's most important trade partner is staking territorial claims here. the move is supposed to show australia possible strategic partner, the u.s., that it is a strong and dependable ally. brent: time now for business news. it is all about iphones was sound bites and brute force. guest: and the last word is not spoken because the boss of apple has gone on the offensive in his fight with the fbi. tim cook says unlocking an iphone in the name of fighting terrorism would be bad for the united states. investigators are trying to crack the phone of one of the san bernardino killers and they have a court order to make apple
do just that. reporter: it is a clash of titans -- the world's largest i.t. company versus one of the largest and most powerful governments in the world. appearing on abc news, apple boss, tim cook, said his company would not given to justice authorities without a fight. >> they came to us and asked for all the information we had on this phone and we gave them all we had. that this is not about a phone. this is about the future. what is at stake is can the government compel apple to write software that would make hundreds of millions of customers vulnerable around the world? reporter: but fbi director james comey says he's not asking for anything far-reaching. >> in the case in san
bernardino, the judge has ordered the maker of the phone to do two things. to disable the auto erase function on the phone so that if the f the eye is trying to guess the passcode, it does not automatically delete the contents and, second, to disable the delay between function so if we try to guess the code, it doesn't take years and years. reporter: he went on to say there were no demons in the dispute and that apple had been very cooperative. guest: so will it or will it not set a precedent eschewed mark our tech writer is here to talk about that will stop the fbi director says it will set a precedent. >> e-cig this case would not be a trailblazing case, but he did not say it would not set a precedent. he said it would not blaze a new path but would in warm future
court decisions. because cell phone and encryption technology is changing so quickly, the decisions and actions now will not be applicable in a couple of years. i'm no legal expert, but it is hard to see his rationale. the laws they are using to compel apple to unlock this phone was written in 1785. so decisions like this have far-reaching consequences, unpredictable consequences down the line. guest: can we talk about the technological part about how you crack this phone and the challenge behind it? >> with the government is trying to do is not crack the phone themselves. they want apple to develop a software package that will allow them to enable some of the security features. the ones we are talking about
are the very basic level, the encode. once you get into that, a gets you in to the file system. what the government believes is that it can decrypt the file but cannot get through this pin code because apple installed software that said if you enter too many pin codes, it erases the phone. if they develop this software package, it could fall into the hands of other governments. they say it would weaken the protections they put in to protect every apple user and they are not sure what would happen once they let the genie out of the bottle. guest: is this an actual concern that it could end up in the wrong hands? >> programs like this tend to fall the wrong hands eventually. apple would be forced to give this key to the american
government and who knows how it would be passed on to stop think of the virus developed by the united states by israel and originally used to disable centrifuges in iran, eventually cyber security experts found cloned versions that had been reengineered by criminals to break into other systems. you cannot say 100 percent but you can say with confidence there have done it -- there have been examples of these kinds of programs. guest: let's fight a cliche here -- germany is not the number one country will with regard to beer consumption, but now a study claims here is enriched with herbicides will stop what is behind that? reporter: hops, barley, and mold is all german brewers are allowed to use.
this film was made as part of the run-up to the countries updated beer. law. 14 of the countries leading beers contain traces of life as it. >> it probably causes cancer. it damages dna and can act like a hormone. it has no place in beer. germans drink an average of 107 liters of ear per year. reporter: the effect on people's health is a matter of dispute. it is present in most stuff in minute quantities. that is legal, but researchers call it alarming. they think the beers are contaminated by the cereals used during brewing.
>> if it turns out the protection of crop protection products and foodstuffs or anything else poses a danger, then we have to act, and we will. reporter: in brussels, the german government is pushing for further limited usage. as long as it is in use, it will turn up in a beer, which is nicknamed liquid bread in germany. guest: no cold beer tonight. brent: a lot of calories in liquid bread. on the eve of the historic fee for residential elections, five candidates are trying to replace sepp blatter. everyone has been lobbying hard to gain last-minute support from regional football confederations and those individual delegates. reporter: he's one of the front runners in the presidential race.
they were shaking as many hands as possible to win over last-minute votes. they other favorite tried to woo members of the south african football federation. one second year candidate from jordan had this to say. >> i'm independent, and beholden to no one. that is what the future of fifa needs. reporter: another longshot candidate was working outside the hotel for any possible support. brent: after a short break, i will be back to take you through the day. but first, the sites and sounds rum last night♪
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