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tv   DW News  PBS  March 7, 2016 6:00pm-6:31pm PST

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brent: this is "dw news" live from berlin. an emergency summit between europe and turkey. how to stop the refugee crisis. e.u. leaders remain at odds about sealing off the balkan route into central europe. turkey says it will help europe, but only if it gets more money. also on the show, north korea and its bomb. peon yang threatens to launch indiscriminate nuclear attacks against the u.s. and south korea. it comes as washington and so hold their largest ever joint military journals.
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is this the car of the future? b&w celebrates 100 years with a futuristic car that knows what you are about to think. i am brent goff. it is good to have you with us. turkey is raising the stakes at an emergency european union summit on the refugee crisis tonight. ankara is offering to help curb the flow of migrants, but only if you're pays it 6 billion euros t. inside the european union, leaders remain divided over what to do about the influx. we start at the emergency summit in brussels. >> offens thousands of migrants
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stranded at the greek border to macedonia. at the summit, the most contentious issue. >> when we are talking about bringing down the numbers of refugees in greece, we are not talking about closing anything. reporter: it is a matter of definition. other leaders insist there is no open route anymore. we are in favor of organized relocation. officially closed or not, greece is overwhelmed by refugees and facing a humanitarian crisis. and then there is turkey and the e.u.'s external border. the turkish prime minister a guest of honor at today's summit. e.u. leaders want him to enforce the borders and take back illegal migrants. but he made it clear on arrival, all of that will come at a price. >> turkey is ready to be a
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member of the e.u.. reporter: turkey also wants more financial aid and visa-free travel to the e.u.. but turkey is a risky partner. human rights a long-standing concern. last week, the turkish government seized control of the critical newspaper. to strike a deal, e.u. leaders will have to go easy on turkish domestic issues. >> cooperating with turkey does not mean we will accept everything. we have to be extremely vigilant, especially when it comes to the freedom of the press. reporter: 2.7 million refugees are still in turkey. tens of thousands stranded in greece. these are the most pressing issues for e.u. leaders to solve the crisis. the question is, at what cost? please stand by let's go to -- brent: let's go deeper into this. i'm joined by melinda crane. in brussels on the story for us this evening, he is covering the
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summit. where are we right now in the negotiating and dealmaking? >> no surprise, no deal yet. i think it will be a long night seeing the list of contentious issues, despite the turkish offer on the table. the list is long. there is another regular e.u. summit next week. some of the topics could be postponed to the summit coming up. brent: what is on the table? what is turkey offering requiring so much talk tonight? >> turkey has put a very interesting offer on the table. it includes not only an offer by turkey to stem the flow of refugees, in other words to stop smugglers from being --bringing
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people from turkey on to greek islands. it also offers it will take back all of those migrants that have made it onto a greek island. that is not only include economic migrants, but it would also include political refugees. what do people say? do they believe that part about taking refugees and migrants back to turkey? do they think that is doable? >> i think it is doable because the list turkey has put on the table, what they want in return is rather long, including not only a lift on visa demands for turkish citizens, but also a lot of money that would see the process of readmission being financed. additional money for refugee camps inside turkey. turkey wants to double that money. in a draft resolution already
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leaked, the e.u. seems to be willing to provide that sort of financial support. brent: we are talking about 6 billion euros ingres -- ankara is asking of the european union. the one person orchestrating what we are seeing in brussels is the german chancellor. she has invested a lot of energy and political capital. earlier, she stayed up until 2:30 the morning talking with the prime minister of turkey. what is at stake for her tonight? >> two things. first of all, she sees the refugee crisis as an x this until threat to europe -- existential threat to europe. she feels a personal responsibility because as a christian democratic chancellor, she follows in the footsteps of great european leaders. she is very committed to seeing the european union makes it way
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through the crisis and does not break down on her watch. that is one side. the other side is domestic politics. her party has traditionally said we will not allow the rise of any party to the right of us, any party on the far right of the spectrum. that has come to pass. there is a new party. it is looking like it will get strong returns in local elections this sunday. that party is siphoning off voters by playing on fears of a continuous stream of refugees, so she really needs to deliver results. brent: if they deliver results -- you say deliver results. you describe angela chen -- angela merkel acting as the chancellor of europe. for the regional elections, what does she have to deliver to avoid a political explosion? >> a piece of paper will not be enough. there is a lot of skepticism among voters and critics, even within her party, about the degree to which these agreements in brussels ever get followed
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through on. we have seen a number of agreements in the past, including one very crucial one that was supposed to resettle the rather moderate number of just 160,000 already in europe. that has not come to pass. countries have not been willing to follow through on that. a lot of people will be asking. we have a new resettlement clause in the agreement put forth tonight. will we see any follow through on that? only that can truly bring the numbers down. that is what voters will be looking for. brent: the followthrough and finding consensus you are talking about. europe tonight is no closer to having consensus about what to do with the migrants. doesn't that give turkey all the leverage in the world in these negotiations? >> turkey has a lot of leverage. the advantage is most e.u.
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countries would agree they want to strengthen the external borders because it would make the national solutions, the unilateral solutions, completely obsolete if the external borders are strong. the problem is the legal ways into the system. that is something angela merkel has talked a lot about. it is the resettlement programs, the relocation programs. it is here where the most contentious issues lie. how do you relocate and redistribute refugees across europe? who is willing to take them in? that is an issue that will remain a contentious issue for not only this summit but summits to come. brent: you say the european union is in the weaker position. some critics have said today turkey is blackmailing the european union by making demands that membership in the e.u. be accelerated, that visa requirements for turkish citizens going into europe be cut. our people talking about and
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using that word "blackmail"? >> i have not heard that word yet. everyone is aware of it of course trading is involved in such deals. at the end of the dale, all politicians know this is a good situation to put a shopping list on the table if both sides are desperate for a deal. for turkey, it would be great if they could show they could achieve the visa demand rocked. for europe, it would be great to show they could resolve the refugee crisis. it would not resolve the crisis at the border of macedonia and greece for instance. brent: he is in brussels for what looks like another long night at an e.u. summit. thank you. melinda, thank you very much. the u.s. is calling north korean
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threats to launch nuclear strikes against the u.s. and south korea "unhelpful." pyongyang's stepped up rhetoric comes as seoul and washington begin some of the largest joint military exercises ever undertaken. >> north korea is again rattling its nuclear saber, threatening an unprovoked nuclear strike in response to south korea's annual military maneuvers with u.s. forces. tensions have been unusually high after the u.n. past new sanctions against north korea following its nuclear test last month. north korea also tested a long-range rocket which could be used to carry nuclear weapons, drawing international condemnation. the south korean government warned it would sternly respond to any provocations from the
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north. >> north korea should immediately stop its irrational behavior that leads to self-destruction. if north korea ignores our morning and makes provocations, our military will firmly and mercilessly respond to it. reporter: south korean media has reported the military is preparing strikes on nuclear stockpiles and north korean leaders in the event of a military confrontation. brent: it is almost two years since malaysia airlines flight inmates 370 disappeared -- image 370 disappeared. 239 people were on board at the time. so far, only one piece of wreckage has been found. as a second anniversary approaches, relatives of the victims are still looking for answers and for someone to take the blame.
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reporter: not knowing is agonizing. in beijing on monday, relatives of passengers on board the airline filed a lawsuit against malaysia airlines and the manufacturers. >> we want to find out the cause of the accident and those responsible. that is the family's right. reporter: meanwhile, other relatives gathered at the airline office to petition the company. their family members were on board the plane. >> we want our relatives. are they in the southern indian ocean or not? we want them back. that is all we want. reporter: in malaysia, a ceremony was held on sunday to mark the disappearance two years ago. relatives there are equally unhappy at the lack of progress. >> they say to get over it or you how?
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if someone comes and tells you that your loved one passed away, you ask what happened. if they tell you we do not know, you will not be able to accept the answer. reporter: also at the ceremony, the man who has made it his personal mission to find out what happened to mh370. >> i care about making sure the search goes on to get the families the answers they deserve. reporter: they found a possible second piece of debris of the plane off the coast of mozambique. this panel is currently being examined by australian authorities. image 370 was carrying 239 passengers and crew when it vanished march 8, 2014 on an overnight flight to beijing. last july, a wing fragment was found washed ashore on the indian island nearly 4000 kilometers from the main search
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site. the latest agree picked up on the mozambique coastline could produce new clues into the fate brent: we are going to take a short break. when we come back, more news and business headlines. stick around. we are back in 60 seconds. ♪ >> heroes of our age. glory lies in the stadium.
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kickoff pays tribute with a youtube channel. reports and analysis. players, coaches, fans. "kickoff" on youtube. brent: welcome back. you are with "dw news." b.m.w. is celebrating its 100th birthday today. to mark the occasion, the world's leading luxury carmaker unveiled a futuristic supercar. the high point of the money celebrations will be a giant party in the munich arena. b.m.w. says its vision for the future is based on innovations including self-driving capabilities. they're also looking to create a digital companion able to anticipate a driver's thoughts.
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good luck with that one. the company has come a long way from its humble beginnings a century ago. reporter: it began with the aircraft manufacturer. after a series of mergers after the first will work, it became b.m.w. in 1929, it began automobile production. the brand came into its own in the 1950's with the luxury vehicles and mass production. the company needed a family car to keep up with the rising wealth and expectations of west germans. recognizing the zeitgeist in the 1960's, it launched the 1500, 1800, and 2000, securing his status as the middle class's wheels of choice. >> customers were happy to shell
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out because they wanted to stand out. owning a b.m.w. showed you were different, better. these were cars with excellent images. reporter: keen to maintain that image, b.m.w. is now demonstrating green productions with a sub brand founded in 2011 to design and manufacture electric vehicles. brent: daniel is here with business news. the migration crisis has got european businesses on edge. daniel: that is right. the european union seeming anything other than united. the e.u. is at a crossroads and its future is uncertain. there are nations that want to seal their borders to stem the flow of migrants. but that will harm businesses. economists say slamming the doors on european neighbors could cost the entire block 1.5 trillion euros. stemming the flow of migrants is costly.
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but accommodating those who have already arrived is also a drain on the public. reporter: 9:00, the wheels are turning in this hunt gary and factory. workers are rolling of coils for electric motors. low wages in hungary still make this kind of manual labor profitable. once they have been checked, the parts are packed and sent to the plant in germany. an 860-kilometer journey. >> the trucks can go straight through to their destination without customs controls. the people there can start offloading immediately. reporter: by 11:00, the truck is on its way with 100,000 euros worth of freight on board. thanks to the agreement, goods and people can move freely for most of europe. the driver is scheduled to cross
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three borders and take 24 hours to reach his destination, arriving when the parts are needed. 1:00, the first order crossing between hungary and slovenia. the border come in the problem -- the border, no problem. at 2:30, it crosses into austria, again without a hitch. at 6:00 p.m., on the austrian-german border it is stop and go. the german border police set up checkpoints here occasionally. this time, it costs him an extra half-hour. the next day, the truck arrives punctually at noon with the parts. border closures would bring this tightly knit production network to a standstill. >> it would undermine the whole system. it would make the supply chain too lengthy and expensive.
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we would have to move production back to germany. reporter: and companies would have to expand already costly storage space. just-in-time deliveries or saving them lots of money. >> we have goods worth 120,000 euros in this warehouse, enough for one day production. that means three days amount to 360,000 euros. reporter: on the other hand, if the parts from hungary are delayed just 12 hours, that throws a serious wrench into the works of this country. daniel: we are going to stay on the road. volkswagen's dirty diesel cover-up has reached the highest level of the company. afp claims the executive board knew about the use of admissions cheating software even before the news went public. the new statement was allegedly written by vw's lawyers.
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they say the current c.e.o. was told about an by environmental officials in the u.s., specifically that they knew about emissions test defeat devices in vw diesel cars. that was nearly two weeks before the carmaker confessed to manipulations. an admission that hammered the share price. tracking the story is our business reporter. thanks for coming in the studio. does this come as a surprise? reporter: they may have wanted to keep this under wraps. that does not come as a shock when you think about it. but what is astonishing is that the e.p.a. went public with the cheating issue. according to this company document that has just surfaced, it is because it was hoping for a secret settlement with the e.p.a. daniel: if what we are hearing is true, it means vw could have kept the dirty diesel scandal could has -- secret dealing with it behind the scenes and keeping customs in the dark so we would
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not know about the scandals today. reporter: that is the question. according to the document that surfaced, volkswagen's argument with other cases were settled behind closed doors. that is what it wanted for itself. the implication might be that there are secret deals being made with carmakers that the public would not know about. daniel: to what extent is the u.s. environmental protection agency involved in these kinds of closed doors deals? reporter: the thing with closed-door deals is that is hard to say. in the case of volkswagen, we know not at all because they went public. we did get in touch with the e.p.a. to ask what they thought about these comments that have surfaced from the company document. they said they were not keen to comment because the investigations are still ongoing. so no clarification from their side unfortunately. daniel: the big question is whether this latest element in
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the scandal dirties the hands of the current c.e.o., matthias mueller. reporter: that would be a problem. he was supposed to be the face of the new volkswagen leadership, untarnished why the scandal. i am noticing a big push from volkswagen to shield its top management from public scrutiny. i was at the geneva motor show last weekend. i could tell matthias mueller was keeping a low profile. he did not really talk at the press conferences during the show. he will not be able to avoid answering difficult questions as this moves forward. daniel: my last question, what is next for volkswagen? reporter: tomorrow, they will have a works assembly at the headquarters. matthias mueller is expected to talk about the company's directions. we are also hoping he will discuss these new developments. i will be there to listen. daniel: looking forward to that.
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let's hope for customers, the smoke clears over the scandal. thanks for talking to me on that. that is it from the business desk. you can get your business wrap up with me in a few hours. back to brent who has sports news. brent: thank you. four months after the governing body of international track and field suspended russia for doping violations, a follow-up investigation suggests the country is still giving some athletes an unfair advantage. the russian track and field federation says it will investigate new allegations. reporter: this year's rio olympics may not feature scenes of russian athletes. the german public broadcaster filmed scenes with hidden cameras showing russians in violation of anti-doping rules and conditions imposed by the world governing body. for example, a top russian coach is still working in the sport despite being suspended by the
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world body for doping. the head coach of a training center offered on skype to sell banned substances to a reporter posing as a customer. >> do you have clean testosterone? >> yes. >> how much? >> 350. >> is it in stock? >> of course. reporter: the iiaf investigation accept the claim that the incidents in russia are serious, clear violations of anti-doping rules. the german athletics association wants to see russia banned from the optics. >> it is shameful when evidence like this exists and nothing happens. i think now the iiaf president has to take a clear stand. reporter: more and more national associations now side against russia participating in the olympics. brent: after a short break, i will be back to take you through the day. but first, the sights and sounds
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from the annual celebration where pilgrims take a dip to purge their sins. we will see you again soon. ♪ [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit]
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♪ michelle: hello and welcome to focus on europe the program that brings you the stories behind the headlines. i'm michelle henery. thanks for joining us. coming up on today's show, german police crack down on criminal gangs from northern africa. a lithuanian writer sheds light on her country's role in the holocaust. and, finland's nuclear waste solution. here in germany, there's been growing concern over the threat of criminal gangs since the new year's eve attacks on women in cologne and elsewhere. this week, the first trials related to incidents that happened that night are taking place with one man receiving a


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