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tv   DW News  PBS  April 20, 2016 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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♪ [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] >> this is "dw news" live from berlin. more evidence of a mass drowning as migrants try to cross the mediterranean. the united nations says 500 people could have 10 on an overcrowded boat before it sank. only a few dozen survived. it could be one of the worst tragedy since the migration crisis began. also, barack obama visit saudi arabia to smooth over the united states'increasingly rocky relations with its ally. in south korea, torture in the name of cleaning the streets, a
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cover up at the highest level, hiding atrocities before they 1988 olympic games. ♪ >> it is good to have you with us. as it europe continues to seal its land orders, migrants are turning to alternative water routes. the united nations refugee agency believes that 500 people may have drowned trying to cross the mediterranean from libya last week. if confirmed, it would be one of the worst tragedy since the start of europe's migration crisis. >> as temperatures rise, so do the numbers of migrants trying to reach europe at any cost. almost every day migrants are being rescued in the mediterranean. these images from saturday show
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syrians being picked up as they make the short journey from turkey to the greek island. hundreds of kilometers to the south, the longer, more hazardous, journey from libya has taken an unhappy or in the many migrants. survivors picked up by merchant ships have told the unhcr that the people smugglers tried to cram more than 100 additional passengers onto an overcrowded vessel, causing it to sink. >> at that moment, i i saw a lot so are a lot of families cramming, shoving, shouting for help, but no one can help, because every one of us wanted to save his life only. >> the united nations refugee
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agency says all evidence points to the massive loss of life, although the exact figures are not yet known. >> this is a very worrying incident. if confirmed, it would be one of the worst incidents in the last 12 months. before this incident, some 700 60 people had already lost their lives in the mediterranean this year, and this -- 760 people already lost her lives in the mediterranean this year. we need legal ways for refugees to find safety in europe without risking their lives this way. >> the incident comes after 800 migrants died in similar circumstances off the coast of libya headed to italy. these shocking images change the public mood, forcing european union leaders to ratchet up funding. it is just another sign of how inadequate those efforts are proving.
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>> a senior protection assistant with the united nations refugee agency spent the last two days interviewing survivors, and is accompanying the refugees back to africa. she spoke to us earlier. >> i think we have not fully realize yet the tragedy. the survivors witnessed the tragedy and witnessed this boat sinking. they were next to them in another vessel, a smaller vessel. some of them managed to swim from the bigger vessel to the smaller vessel, so we have the testimonies. the second vessel, the bigger one, was overloaded by people, than 400 people on it. so it suddenly started sinking, women, children, one baby survived, one child only.
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they were supposed to go to italy. they had paid around $2000. they seem as if they have not realized what has happened. although they spoke to us in an open way, because they trusted us, they were sometimes crying, other times nothing. i don't think they are in a good mental state of health. >> a very disturbing account of their from a senior protection assistant with the united nations refugee agency. barack obama has begun a visit to saudi arabia, looking to mend fences at ahead of a summit of gulf leaders. washington's nations
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have been rocky. president obama told the king that saudis need to step up efforts to defeat the so-called islamic state. the conflict in syria was also a topic of discussion. president obama also raise the issue of human rights in the kingdom. for more on that, i'm joined by a familiar face here, one of our middle east experts. it is good to see you again. strained ties is the best way we can describe relations right now between the u.s. and saudi arabia. there is a long list of problems right now. which is most important? >> the most important is iran, iran, and again iran, for the saudis at least. the saudis see the nuclear deal in a different light, as a new
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chance for iran to get new money after the end of the sanctions and start an aggressive campaign in the region that they think has started already years ago in yemen, iraq, syria, lebanon. that is why they feel threatened and don't think the u.s. reaction is adequate. >> for outsiders looking that, it is a shock to realize that the saudis appeared to not be afraid of the iranians having nuclear weapons. >> they are afraid of the iranians having nuclear weapons, but they would have preferred a military strike, and they have said so in the past, especially in conversations with american policymakers. i don't think that their view of the region is realistic, because they are the between the grand bargain between the ey u.s. and iran.
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there has been a agreement in yemen, syria, iraq, where there has been conflict between these two powers. >> what about syria? >> syria does not work that badly. this saudis have been disappointed that the u.s. is not following a more aggressive regime change strategy, but by and large relations are all right. the saudis have supported the same groups like the americans have, with some exceptions. the saudis have adopted a more aggressive position, and that has provoked the russian intervention in the country. >> before we run out of time, all of this, almost animosity we
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are seeing between the u.s. and saudi arabia, is this signifying a shift in relations, a permit ship? >> i thin shift? >> i think it does. the u.s. is not as dependent as it was in the past, and that is the new development, and that is why all the animosities over political systems and culture become more important, and that is why so many americans, especially in congress right now , have become more critical of saudi arabia, and rightly so. it is a brutal dictatorship, and especially religious rights are a problem in that country, to an extent we do not see and any other country worldwide. >> as always, thank you for coming in ensuring your insights. we appreciate it. to the u.s. presidential campaign, both the front runners scored big wins in the new york
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primary yesterday. in the republican race, native new yorker donald trump that 60% of the vote, giving him an important edge over his closest rival, ted cruz. the former state senator hillary clinton won with nearly 58%, breaking a string of victories for her challenger, bernie sanders. ♪ >> her supporters use the hashta g, i am with her. hillary clinton says she is ready to take the next step and leave the party. >> the race for the democratic nomination is in the home stretch, and victory is in sight. >today you proved once again tht there is no place like home. you know, in this campaign, we have one and every region of the country.
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from the north to the south to the east to the west, but this one is personal. >> clinton also made a direct appeal to sanderss''supporters, something that her own supporters echoed. >> as hillary mentioned, we have more that you nine says than divides us. >> i am excited about a woman being taken seriously. nevermind the fact that she is the most qualified candidate we have seen in decades. she has to work three times as hard, but she has and it is very gratifying to see the result. >> most could vote, but more than 100,000 democrats were not on the electoral roll. authorities have promised an investigation. the republican of the night was donald trump, with an expected
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but sorely needed victory. >> we don't have much of a race anymore, based on what i am seeing on television. senator cruz is just about mathematically eliminated. thank you, new york. we love new york. we love new york. thank you very much. >> donald trump's supporters seemed more focused on their man rather than the republican party. >> i think the party is doing everything they can to derail his candidacy. they don't want an outsider. they want somebody like jeb bush that they can control. >> donald trump as the man we need now. he knows how to approach everything. he is just the most incredible person to understand the world. >> the race is coming into focus, and more and more it looks like he will be facing her in the november election. >> in norway, the mass murderer
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anders breivik has won a human right's case after court ruled he had suffered in human treatment in jail. he is an court for killing 77 people in a gun and bomb massacre. the court found his treatment violates his rights. >> the judge detailed his decision over 37 pages by . by placing anders breivik in confinement, they had violated article three. serving 21 years for terrorism and mass murder ha, he has suffered in human treatment. >> he has to be allowed to have contact with other people. the isolation, that he does not have contact with other prisoners, has to stop. >> in july 2011, anders breivik
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killed 77 people in all slow and on an island, the worst act of violence that norway had seen since the second world war. since his sentencing, anders breivik has been kept in a facility like this one. he has no access to the internet. >> we were surprised by the sentence, and don't agree with it. we looked at the facts, solitary confinement was well justified. >> on the streets of oslo, many people found the sentence and comprehensible. >> i think he got what he deserved. >> i am not surprised by the decision, but of course it is disturbing. >> it is a shame that he still gets so much space. >> the public prosecutor's office will decide in the next few days if it will appeal the decision. >> you are watching "dw news"
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live from berlin. still to calm, 15 years after a massive recall cover-up, miscandal, joining the likes of volkswagen in cheating consumers. we will have that and more business news. stick around. ♪
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>> welcome back to "dw news" live from berlin. the u.n. refugee agency says up to 500 migrants may have lost their lives in a boat sinking last week as they tried to cross the mediterranean from africa to europe. new tensions in an old alliance, u.s. president barack obama visits saudi arabia and calls on the kingdom to step up efforts to defeat the so-called islamic state and rebuild iraq. we now have the business news. >> mitsubishi has become the
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latest carmaker to cheat on consumers. the japanese auto giant admitted that if manipulated few if agency for hundreds of thousands of cars. shares tumbled on the news that mitsubishi has joined th likes of volkswagen in faking test results. >> mitsubishi's ek is one of the fastest selling cars in japan, stated feel consumption is 5.8 meters per 100 kilometers, but that figure is now in doubt. mitsubishi's chief executive has now publicly confirmed that its engine test results were manipulated. >> we have discovered that in proper tests were being used that were meant to show better feel consumption figures than they actually were. it was also found that the fuel economy testing methods used were not in line with japanese regulations. we offer our profound apologies to our customers and all stakeholders.
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>> over 600,000 vehicles are affected, and in an embarrassing twiss, 470,000 were made for nissan, which first -- twist, 470,000 were made for nissan. the company has had recall problems in the past, and now has them again. fuel economy is very important, i am very upset about this. seven months ago, volkswagen stunned the world when it admitted that it had been manipulating emissions data. the scandal is still ongoing, and there has been much speculation that volkswagen is not the only cheater. >> not the only cheater, because after seven months, the german carmaker has reached a deal with the u.s. environmental protection agency, meaning it can escape a trial that had
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shareholders world. still, it will be costly. volkswagen has set aside $10 billion. shareholders were upbeat about the deal. the stock is gaining almost 7%. let's cross over to wall street. given that volkswagen may skip this trial, it is positive news, but in the row of all the other problems, how do you evaluate this information? >> well, first of all, it's always good to have a number. there are some reports that there might have been an agreement with the epa that volkswagen would pay about $5,000 each. we are talking about 600,000 affected diesel vehicles, so that would bring the price tag up to $3 billion, but then we
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still don't know if they have to fix the problem, because that money would not fix the problem. volkswagen could avoid a trial this summer if those reports turn out to be true, so that would be a positive, but on the other side, there are so many losses depending, class-action suits, the car dealers, single states, so all of those suits are still out and ongoing and will not vanish just because there might have been an agreement with the epa, so there is still some way to go for volkswagen. >> let's talk briefly about the earnings season. the company has performed below expectations, but on the other hand it is climbing upward, why? >> it is astonishing, because we
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have gotten so far, a lot of companies that could not convince the market with their earnings report. look at coca-cola on wednesday, the stock lost more than 4%, and still the dow jones industrial average got a bit closer to new record highs. we have seen a couple of factors that have changed since the turbulence in january and february. oil prices seem to have stabilized, nobody talks about china. at least there is a weakening at this moment of the u.s. dollar, and with next week's fed meeting, it is on highligh highy unlikely we will see a rate increase. >> thank you very much. and now more trouble from brussels. eu antitrust authorities accuse google of using and abusing its dominant market position, saying google is wrecking the market by
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making sure its android operating system gets preference. charges which could lead to billions of euros in fines. >> android is the leading mobile operating system, and google and chrome browser are the default options. the european commission says that that blocks competitors, limiting their access to customers and markets. >> what we found is that google pursued an overall strategy on mobile devices to protect and expand its dominant position in internet search. it is doing so by imposing unjustified restrictions and conditions on manufactures of devices that are running android mobile operating system, as well
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as on mobile network operators. >> the european commission says that google's strategy violates competition regulations. it's not the first time that the search engine giant and the commission have clashed. google face proceedings for promoting its shopping services and internet services at the expense of rival services. that case has dragged on since 2010, despite three attempts to resolve the issues. >> a very porton story, the freedom of the press. >> the respect for -- a very important story, the freedom of the press. >> press freedom is on the decline. poland's ranking took a dive, falling 29 spots to 40 seventh place worldwide. that is after the can -- 47th place worldwide. turkey slipped to 150
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first place. journalists there -- 151st place. press freedom in proved in some places. tunisia rose 30 places in the rankings to 96th. the report praised on line media for tackling sensitive subjects. in germany, the country fell four notches to 16th place, citing violence against journalists covering radical, right-wing groups, especially the anti-refugee movement. the world's spotlight was on south korea during the 1988 olympic games. thousands of so-called vagrants were rounded up off the streets, most were children are disabled people, and they were simply sent away, where they were raped , tortured, or killed.
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coverups at the highest level stop the full extent of the abuses from being known, and until now. we have this report. >> he was 14 when he says he was tortured into confessing a crime he did not commit. the police dragged him to an instution caed brothers home, where he says he enjoyed five -- endured five years of rape, slave labor, and assaults. >> what happened there was like some thing you would only see in a movie, a murderer dragged people around and beat them. who would not be frightened by seeing that? especially if you are only 14 years old. it was horrific. >> they were among thousan of south koreans forced into facilities for so-called vagrants in the 1970's and
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1980's, coming as the ruling dictatorship prepared for the olympics. the abuse came to light in 1987. a prosecutor led a group of placement on a surprise raid after hearing about brothers home by chance. >> there was no sunlight. there were lots of people crouching in the dark. there were many people, and i realized that they were waiting for death, not receiving any appropriate treatment. i relies then that they had established and been managing a man-made hell. but attempts to investigate further were blocked by senior officials until he was forced entirely. they did not want an embarrassment on the eve of the olympics. the current government are
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refusing to revisit the case, but the victims are refusing to be silence. the eyes of the world are once again on seoul, korea as it hosts the olympics. they want the world to know what happened to them before the country's first games three decades ago, and speak out for those who did not survive. >> after a short break, i will be back to take you through the day. stay tuned for that. we will be right back. ♪
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♪ ♪ china's national people's congress was held in march 2015. li keqiang used the

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