tv DW News PBS April 22, 2016 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT
barack obama has a message for britain. leaving the eu would be a mistake. a special relationship on shell after his meeting with david cameron. he said leaving with with the u.k. at the back of the line for a trade deal. an ambitious plan. the u.n. climate deal in paris is signed in new york. we look at where it is needed most. and what shakespeare means for audiences today as the world
prepares to mark 400 years since his death. welcome to the program. president barack obama has held a press conference with david cameron. after their meeting they are fighting to keep britain from leaving the european union in a referendum this june. obama says membership is good for trade and that spreading british values. his critics call the advice hypocritical. >> barack obama arrived at downing street ready to convince britons to stay. his support was welcomed by prime minister david cameron. >> for centuries europe was marked by war and by violence.
the architecture that our countries helped build with the eu has provided the foundation for decades of relative peace and prosperity on that continent. what a remarkable legacy. >> david cameron called the referendum but wants to stay in the european union. >> i am proud to have the opportunity to stand outside the white house listening to this man say the special relationship tween our countries has never been stronger. i have never felt constrained in strengthening this relationship by the fact we are in the european union. >> the obama's joined in with queen elizabeth's 90th birthday celebrations with a private lunch at windsor castle. it was the president's op-ed that got the attention. he said the european union have
isn't modifying british influence, it influences -- it increases it. it came as a blow for the pro brexit campaign undercutting the argument they could prosper on an equal level with powers such as the united states. >> for more let's bring a specialist in european affairs. he joins us now. thank you. there has been a lot of reaction to obama's comments, especially the controversial reaction from london's mayor. let's walk through what has been said. >> for a start, the thing that needs to be said is he was much more outspoken than we expected him to be. the response is sharp.
from those who are campaigning for britain to use -- leave europe. barack obama they say is a hypocrite. america would never agree to give up sovereignty in the way it is recommending united kingdom should give up its sovereignty. he said he is part canyon and maybe he has a resentment about the british empire. controversial stuff and close to the line of acceptability. he shows what an emotional issue this is. >> to that point, the reaction has been too emotional? what do you think obama has done? he is in the camp of british prime minister david cameron,
that this was an effort to support him. do you think it will support him? or will it backfire? >> it's a risk. it's a calculated risk. barack obama is still very popular in britain. opinion polls suggest his trust rating is more than 70%, better than any british politician. he is using a clear popularity, he is normally very mild mannered and calm and clear. he has put this in an historical context where he is saying this is all about building peace on the european continent and it has been a success story. don't give it up now. what he has revealed are two things. from an american perspective, they really want britain to remain in the european union. they see britain as being a
voice dealing with europe and the shock of leaving would be dangerous for world peace and the global economy. >> i want to turn to the domestic level. david cameron turned this to political scoring exercise. it seems to have taken on a momentum of its own. do you think he has lost control over this? >> he was always taking an enormous gamble calling this vote. referendums are dangerous tool of democracy. we know they seldom answer the question people are being asked. the danger is the primary motivating factor is going to be immigration. not really about europe but that
britain doesn't control its borders in europe. that was an enormous risk. he called this referendum to unite his own party, which is badly split on the subject. he is failing to do so. it is becoming more and more divided. there is a real danger even if he wins the referendum his party will still be terribly split. if he loses he will go down in history as the man who put the future of the united kingdom on the line. >> thank you for your insight. we appreciate it. clinton does mention not everyone agrees remaining is best for britain. pprominent proponents of theost leave campaign. he has angered many with the comment about obama ahead of his appearance in london. johnson published and argued --
an article calling him a part canyon -- kenyan president. they tweeted the mask slips again. his comment is another example of dog whistle racism. he should withdraw it. and a conservative mp describes johnson's article as appalling and totally wrong on almost everything. he argues churchill will have welcomed obama's views. others have come to the mayors defense. this brightened -- brighton resident called a superficial put down. we turn to other news now. the u.n. climate deal has been signed today in new york. representatives from 165
countries met to confirm the deal that will take effect, a very ambitious plan that includes maintaining the rising global temperatures to two degrees celsius. at the climate conference, country submitted national targets for reducing emissions but these are not enough to keep the average temperature below two degrees. the deal includes financial support to help emerging countries reduce omissions. as for small island nations associated with the climate disaster will be recognized. for other countries that are big implications. >> deals like this one, young people like these will suffer the most.
they reminded world leaders of their responsibility towards future generations. >> you think we are too young to know about the risk. we see now they are lies. the future is ours. this is not the future we want for ourselves. >> he told delegates how her community is being threatened by the drying up of lake chad. >> 10 years ago my mother used to walk 10 kilometers a day to collect water and food. today, young mothers are able to become climate refugees. they cannot walk. it is vanishing. >> activists like leonardo
dicaprio urge them to uphold commitments. >> no more allowing dictating policies that affect our future. this is the body that can do what is needed. all of you sitting in this hall. the world is now watching. you will either be lauded or vilified. >> the agreement will come into force when countries representing 5% of voter omissions have signed and ratified it. that sounds optimistic but it remains to be seen whether the nations will heed dicaprio's call and stick to commitments. >> richard walker is in new york. we asked how the agreement could work if there are no consequences for failing to comply with the rules. >> it certainly does raise
concerns. the mechanism here is all carrots and no stick. as john kerry said in his speech earlier, he said an important part of this deal is establishing the incentives that the free market needs to push ahead with investment in renewable energy and the source of technologies you need to cut carbon emissions. last year there was the largest ever investment in the noble energy. -- renewable energy. the establishment will only strengthen that. you can start piggybacking on the logic of the market economy. >> that was richard walker in new york. let's get a check of other stories making news predicament will shortage tank has exploded
in china's youn province. they are sampling air and water to test for environmental damage. china has vowed to improve industrial safety after chemical blasts in the city last august killed 165 people. one month since the brussels terror attacks. across the city people are commemorating the 32 people who died. members of the parliamentary commission looking into the attacks, one of the bomb sites. a new anti-doping bill signed into law, to prove to the law that it is serious about tackling the sport. kenyan athletes have been facing
a possible ban after allegations of widespread doping. >> the new law will criminalize the future -- cheating in the future. the fact the company is attempting to meet the requirements is good news for kenyan athletes regarded as among the world's best middle and long distance runners. some have been warming up for rio 2016. >> go for the gold. >> the new law lays the groundwork for more metals in the future. >> kenya is assuring compliance.
>> welcome back. a turkish court has ordered the temporary release of four academics on the first day of their trial for espionage and spreading propaganda but they are not in the clear. their charges should be reduced. the academics faced seven and a half years behind bars for organizing a petition calling for peace and accusing the government to expel and exterminate kurds. prosecutors plan to reduce the charge against them. it carries a lesser maximum jail
sentence of two years. for more let's bring in dorian jones in istanbul. on the face of it it seems like a good idea. but walk us through it. >> it certainly is. the decision is a sign they are trying to reassert independence. both in the case of the academics and two journalists facing espionage charges. the cases were only launched after they wanted severe punishment. we have seen push back early this year. the judiciary intervene. that resulted in them being released, several months of solitary confinement. now we have seen the court intervening.
now everyone is waiting on how the president will react. he says turkey is facing a severe terrorist threat from kurdish rebels and the islamic state. >> on the flipside of that, human rights groups have been raising the red flag. turkey has had a more authoritarian type of rule. a lot of people are facing charges like this in the thousands. what has been your experience? are you and your colleagues subjected to intimidation based on what you have said? >> up until now, they have escaped this crackdown. increasing pressure as senior german journalists were refused entry. similarly another spanish
journalist refused entry. two british journalists late last year were detained for reporting in the kurdish region. there is this feeling it is starting to build up on foreign journalists. that will grow as the crackdown increases. foreign journalists will be the last group independently reporting on what is going on. >> thank you. >> a syrian war plane has crashed east of damascus. the plane came down. it was posted on a social media site. i.s. fighters near the burning wreckage. a syrian flag can be seen painted on the wing. the fate of the pilot remains unknown. a change of pace.
bad news today, they have been in the news this week. >> there was a sigh of relief. volkswagen has announced a four-year loss of 1.6 billion euros for 2015. the biggest loss in the company's history due to the carmakers scandal. shares slid on the news. >> the first lost posted in 20 years. the company's balance sheet has never been in worse shape. the main reason is a reserve the carmaker is having to set aside to help deal with the financial fallout from its admissions scandal. it does include all the costs which can be estimated up to this point in time. in particular the provisions made for technical and customer
oriented measures, buybacks and legal proceedings. thursday, they reached a settlement with authorities to buy back or fix half a million cars fitted with cheating software. there is no clarity about what will happen in other countries and the carmaker could face department of justice civil and criminal fines for breaches of regulations. they will not put a figure on the total cost of the scandal. what is certain is that executive bonuses will fall 39% year over year. they will not release findings from its own internal investigation until after a final agreement with the u.s. authorities. >> government sources, five german automakers will have to recall vehicles after and omissions showed 11 --
>> auto-parts maker supplied exhaust cleaning technology to carmakers including mercedes, audi, porsche and volkswagen. they remove nitrogen oxide pollutants from car exhaust. consequently cars exhaust emissions are higher than during lab testing. >> no model has been found which uses the same kind of test recognition. what has been identified is a different technical procedure which manufactures news to adjust the activity of the missions control systems to match driving and environmental conditions.
legal or not, the discovery means 630,000 cars have to be recalled. it is unclear how the issue will be fixed. government officials expect they will present a detailed plan shortly. >> and covering the story for us, this is not good news. what impact may that have on sales in the u.s.? >> it has a huge impact on the reputation of german carmakers. mostly on diesel vehicles. there was some thoughts that there is a huge recall of fiat chrysler. about 1.1 million vehicles. there are some issues if you put your car and a parked position the car may keep rolling.
coming back to the scandal, what a lot of buyers like, on one side, you had great performance. on the other side the clean aspect. if you fit -- fix the clean aspect, the performance may suffer. it will take a lot of time to bring the reputation back. >> and earning season continues. companies published latest results. what can you tell us about that? >> it is almost a miracle. we had big u.s. corporations who disappointed with their earnings. the stock of microsoft alone fell by 6%. it lost $30 billion in market valuation. blue chips achieved a small plus
here on the friday session for the week. oil prices increased by 8%. that did help the market quite a bit. >> thank you very much. now back to you. >> we turn to the best storyteller english language has known, william shakespeare who died exactly 400 years ago tomorrow. fans have been remembering him with interpretations that demonstrate how even now for centuries on he remains relevant. ♪ quite shakespeare as rap music. five british musicians interpret his play as you like it. the backdrop, a reproduction of the globe theater in london.
>> what shakespeare -- would shakespeare have dreamed of this? little is known about his life. his exact birth day is unknown. he died april 23, 1616. to celebrate his death pelican books has modernized his best-known works with covers designed by a young artist print the content enjoyed for many generations remained unchanged. >> young children can be grabbed by stories of fairies and shipwrecks and ghosts and battles. and witches. later as they grow through life they become interested in
shakespeare for his psychological insights, politics of the place. >> he has entered the digital age. a #reveals many faces and many famous lines that perfectly within the 140 character limit. >> facebook on twitter. absolutely incredible. you're watching gw news. and cute for tuning in. see you next time. -- thank you for tuning in, see you next time. ♪