tv DW News PBS April 29, 2016 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT
>> this is "dw news" from berlin. the u.s. -- a -- and russia negotiate. the new truths cover several of the biggest cities and is set to take effect on saturday, bubble will not apply to a aleppo. widespread airstrikes and shillings have left hundreds dead in recent days. also coming up, a helicopter ferrys crashes. all 13 aboard are presumed dead and the government has grounded
similar choppers. more than seven decades later, a former ss sergeant and guard expresses his shame and sorrow to a court. a holocaust survivor sitting a few feet away. thank you very much for joining us. a regime of calm. that is what they are calling a syrian cease-fire the promises more than it delivers. russia and the united states worked out the agreement, mandating a chest station of hostility set to take effect the next few hours. the agreement makes no mention of aleppo where airstrikes and ground fighting are claiming scores of lives. >> there was a brief halt in the airstrikesy frida morning.
rescue crews raced through the streets searching for survivors. the short despite did not last long. a week of attacks have left 200 people dead. on wednesday nights, dozens of civilians were killed when a hospital was destroyed. children and a doctor were among the dead. the hospital was vital to the region. >> this was the place for children to get treatment. it is now a pile of rubble. they will have to find alternatives. >> the planes involved in the attack have not yet been identified. the u.n. has called the attacks inexcusable. >> these are very likely war crimes, attacking civilian structures, especially
hospitals, which are singled out in the geneva conventions. these are her rent this crimes. -- horrendous crimes and nothing has been done about it. >> ban ki-moon and others met today to discuss what should be done. ban admitted there was only so much the international community could do from outside. within the country, syrian media announced the sod regime had agreed to a temporary truce, set to take effect on saturday. it was negotiated by russia and the u.s. the statement said the temporary truce appies to -- damascus and in nearby province. sources suggest the truce does not apply to aleppo. sarah: after a relatively quiet month of march, the war in syria is seeing some of its darkest days. that is according to the head of
the u.n. manager in task force for syria. we spoke with him earlier from norway. >> the population is much weaker now than before. they have exhausted all of their reserves, there is nothing left for them now but the hope that things will again be letter. there is a responsibility on the parties that have to be held accountable for following the humanitarian goal and also on their sponsors, the international people who have supported either side in this horrific civil war. sarah: let's go to our correspondent covering the latest in syria she joins us now. tell us what is happening in aleppo. we saw there was a surge in violence. we are hearing no truce for them this weekend. how are the people on the ground coping? >> as you said, heavy fighting
has continued. there was shelling on the government side, killing 15 people and then on the rebel side, there was an attack on a clinic. it was evacuated following an earlier attack on a children's. civilians say the situation is growing dyer and people are terrified. if the rebel held part of the city does and of being besieged, doctors without borders are warning 250,000 could be completely cut off without medical care. sarah: tell us, one of the big attacks was on a children's hospital. a lot of accusations have been flying. that it was conducted by the government. do we have confirmation of that? louisa: confirmation is difficult.
from eyewitnesses and people in the white helmets, the emergency response force, there were three separate airstrikes on the facility, which suggests they were regime attacks and that would fit with their pattern of striking civilian targets in residential areas. essentially making it unlivable for the people left behind. sarah: thank you. there are indications the refugee crisis, including from syria, is making a mockery of europe's dreams of open borders. fences have produced the influx to a trickle and now fences maybe being built with migrants going into italy, germany, and austria. they have agreed to be stopped at the brenner pass. >> the most convert --
controversial construction site, austria wants to be prepared if too many refugees arrive. the brenner pass is to remain open for the time being, according to the interior minister. >> we will put up the post for a fence. we will not install the fence. no image of a sealing off will be created. the reasoning behind the plan is that more and more refugees are arriving in italy and austria wants them to stay in italy, with the germany's support. germany expects them to take in and register refugees. >> a policy of waving people through encourages the tendency to come to europe from outside the european union. what happens with the brenner pass is above all out of the hands of italy. >> the ministers agree on another point, that italy should
keep working with libya to reduce the numbers of migrants coming into europe. in the first few months, 20,000 people chose this route and it is estimated up to a million people want to follow. sarah: all hands on deck in the mission sophia to take migrants from inflatable boats in the mediterranean. german marines is saved 600 people off the coast. they have been part of an operation monitoring the waters between libya and italy since may of last year in an effort to stop people smuggling across the mediterranean. soldiers searched vessels and detained people smugglers. our correspondent was on board the supply ship and he joins us from sicily. tell us about what you saw. >> well, nobody really expected migrants to come out. the sea was rough.
when we heard the news they were finding votes --boats, it took about two hours to get there. in the end, there were four military ships rescuing these people. probably the most emotional moment is when the small speedboat could get close and people suddenly realized they started to shout and sticking out her hands toward the rescuers. you could hear it some kilometers away, the shouting. sarah: that's incredible. i imagine they've had a harrowing journey. german ships are tasked with
combating people smugglers. the ones who have made these journeys possible. many of them through nefarious methods. how is that going? mathias: that is the official purpose of the mission. i must say, they do not have many opportunities to combat the smugglers. the smugglers stay on shore. what they can do is to rescue the migrants and get intelligence about the smugglers networks. than they would need somebody to combat them on shore and in libya, this is difficult due to the fact there is no functioning government on shore. sarah: mathias, thank you. in other news, an explosion, a ball of fire, and 13 lives lost at the crash of an airbus helicopter off the norwegian coast.
the flames have died down. the investigation begins now. norway has grounded all choppers of that make and model and reports are surfacing the helicopter had scheduled maintenance delayed twice last year. >> the airbus chopper was returning from a north sea oil rig when it crashed off the coast of norway. an eyewitness on the ground noticed the aircraft become erratic as it approached. >> a few seconds passed. it started to veer back-and-forth. three loud bangs. on the last one, i could see things were coming off the helicopter and then the rotor came loose. >> just after noon, the helicopter slammed into the rocky shoreline of turoey, the second-largest city.
votes rushed to the scene. pieces of the craft were found on land, including the main rotor. the fuselage landed in the water. rescue teams recovered 11 bodies . by the end of the day, the announcement came the people missing were presumed dead. the norwegian aviation authorities have begun to investigate the cause of the crash. for the victims under families, the grounding of the super pumas comes too late. sarah: how do you say sorry for complicity in 170,000 counts of murder? how do you take responsibility for crimes against humanity? former death camp guard reinhold hanning attempted to do that today, facingthe court and a holocaust to. the 94-year-old said he was sorry and he had done nothing to
prevent the crimes. >> the former death camp guard broke his silence after 12 days of hearings. in the presence of survivors, reinhold hanning said he was in shame he allowed in justice happen and regarded being a part of what he called a criminal organization. the statement is not go far enough for the plaintiffs. >> i'm not angry. really i'm not. i don't want him to go to prison. he should have spoken up more. especially for the younger generation growing up today. they have a historical right to know what happened at auschwitz. >> 1.5 million people, most of them jews, were killed at auschwitz. hanning admitting that he knew it was an extermination camp.
>> the defendant is accused to an accessory to 170,000 cases of murder. he could be sentenced 3-15 years in prison. many questions remain after his statement. three more court hearings are scheduled to clarify what role reinhold hanning had in the death camp. sarah: on a much lighter note, a town in germany has a traffic light on the sidewalks for people who are so glued to their smartphones they fail to see what is in front of their noses. these flashing lights are designed to attract the attention of even the most intent while texting and walking. officials installed them at tram crossings after a series of accidents involving people injured while staring other phones. look up, everyone. the hold world is out there. we have to take a break. we are back in a minute as
germany's first division soccer season enters its bundesliga all by itself. and the latest from the business world. don't go away. we are back in a minute. >> what do you think? what do you get for $.50? >> not a lot. >> did you know it cost $.50 to feed one hungry child for one fullllllay? >> $.50 to feed a child.
imagine the impact you and your friends could have. sarah: welcome back. a regime of calm and composed on parts of syria. russia and united dates have agreed to stop all military action and the use of any kinds of weapons in certain regions. it makes no mention of aleppo where airstrikes have killed an estimated 200 people the past week. a major african summit on tackling elephant poaching has begun in kenya, hoping to send a message to poachers. on saturday it plans to burn 100
tons of confiscated ivory, the biggest tall ever to be destroyed representing thousands of dead elephants. it is one of several steps kenya is taking to stamp out the trade. many of its parks and reserves have joined forces to form a trust. the efforts have produced -- reduced the number of pelicans killed by more than half. >> to protect the elephants of the trust, the members of special unit 91 are on unit every day. some of the animals are fitted with tracking devices so the rangers can monitor their movements. >> we heard shots and we smelled gunsmoke. we don't know if an elephant has been hit. we better check. >> luckily that was not the case. the team arrived in time to prevent a tragedy.
a 12 man team doesn't suffice to protect an area of 20,000 acres. the northern regiment trust was founded 12 years ago. he said it was the only way to protect the conservancy. the trust consists of 33 communities and private conservancies. they have developed a project that works with poachers from those communities. >> we have been able to help champion that cause. you've got community policing starting to kick in in the real sense of the word. this is not about guns or arresting people. it is about shaming people. >> it can be a difficult task to win people over.
this person is well-suited to it. she works with the trust and manages a private area. when a case of poaching occurs, as was the case recently, she is on the scene. >> i explain they will not benefit from killing the rhino. it is almost extinct. some people have benefited more than we have. >> she offers an alternative, to join the trust is rangers. the strategy has proved successful. she has managed to convince a number of poachers to join the other side. one of them tells his own story to other locals to win them over. >he explains why he stopped working as a poacher. for years he hunted elephants and killed them. it was profitable over the short term, but it did not improve his quality of life. now he has a job and a good
future prospect. he has joined a special unit which has over 600 rangers in the field. they know the only elephants that can save guard and livelihoods are those that are alive. sarah: from the commodity ivory to the commodity oil and kristof is standing by with a rough quarter for one of the largest oil producers. >> has there been good news for oil companies lately? i don't know. exxon mobil has seen the heaviest drop in profits in 16 years. earnings declined by more than 60%. the oil slump was offset by gains in the chemical business. if the ongoing drop continues, they have lost its aaa credit rating on tuesday. so a bad week draws to a sour
close for exxon mobil. how did investors take the earnings report? >> in their case, despite sharp declines in revenue and earnings, the company's results top expectations, reflecting some optimism from the rallying crude oil prices which gained 20% in april. the stock is up around 13.4% year to date. also chevron is up over 13% so far. it's quarterly earnings disappointed, second consecutive loss of $725 million. that is more than was expected. that is why it's shares went down on friday. christoph: the dow is finishing up the week in negative territory.
>> it has been a better week for equities with the dow around 1% and the nasdaq losing 3% as tech giants like apple disappointed with earnings after a sluggish first quarter. investors are questioning if the economy will be able to have a big rebound in the current quarter. all eyes were focused on april, the jobs numbers, for any slowdown could add some volatility to equities. christoph: jose, thank you. to europe now and to some surprising news by the european statistics office. the economy is growing faster than the united states and britain, despite market turbulence at the beginning of the year. the 19 nation single currency area has seen growth and it has
recovered its losses from the financial crisis and the following recession. >> shopping centers are doing a brisk business amid very low interest rates, there is little incentive to keep savings in the bank. consumers are going on shopping sprees instead. businesses are profiting from the of the sentiment. that is one reason why the euro zone economy is expanding faster . in the first quarter, it grew .6%. even outpacing britain and the u.s. the solid growth surprised analysts. the economy is helping the labor market. in march there were 16.4 million people out of work. 1.5 million fewer than a weirdo -- than a year ago. it is now at 10.2%. not all countries are benefiting.
unemployment remains very high in greece and spain, particularly among those under 25 years old. christoph: some labor markets in europe are still in difficult shape. in france, unemployment has climbed to 10%. the french government wants to tackle the problem with reform. critics say the planned legislation could make conditions worse, especially for young people. wrote tests -- protests have yet again turned violent. >> scenes like this have been playing out across france. demonstrators are determined to stop the introduction of a new labor law. the government is hoping labor reform will create new jobs. under the proposal, the working week would be loosened, enabling some people to work more.
in addition, employers could hire and fire workers more easily. labor ministers have made some concessions, including a pledge not to put a cap on financial settlements in cases of unfair dismissal. she says the bill balances the concerns of trade unions and employers. the unemployment rate is 10% in france. twice as high as germany. youth unemployment is even higher. the government is pinning its hopes on labor market reforms to bring the numbers down. christoph: that is all your business. german soccer for you now. sarah: munich could clinch with a win on saturday. it would become the first club to ever win the bundesliga four years in a row. there will be little time to celebrate. there will be a lot to celebrate. the loss to madrid has piled on
the pressure. >> these days, munich no longer have competition. six victories in a row, one more and on the brink of celebrating their fourth straight title. calling the season a success hinders on defeating madrid. the next opponent know how much hard work it took for the spanish club to beat the mighty bayerns. >> you have to give everything about bayern. you have to push yourself to the limit. remain alert tactically as a team. you have to be ready in one-on-one situations at all times. you need courage as well. >> where does the courage come from when you haven't won away since october? >> it is clear who the favorite
is. we are going there to play, just like we did in our first game this season. >> they had a shocking victory over bayern in december. the first of two defeats suffered this season. but that is history. saturday a lot will have to go right to win any points. it is unlikely, but he has already said he will rotate the squad ahead of the european clash. sarah: that is all we have time for. we will see you next time.
this was the seat of ancient irish kings for seven centuries. st. patrick baptized king aengus here in about 450 a.d. in around 1100, an irish king gave cashel to the church, and it grew to become the ecclesiastical capital of all ireland. 800 years ago, this monastic community was just a chapel and a round tower standing high on this bluff. it looked out then, as it does today, over the plain of tipperary, called the golden vale because its rich soil makes it ireland's best farmland. on this historic rock, you stroll among these ruins in the footsteps of st. patrick, and wandering through my favorite celtic cross graveyard, i feel the soul of ireland. this program is brought r