tv DW News PBS May 24, 2016 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT
brent: this is dw news live from berlin. the beginning of the end for grace paz against refugee camp. police say they are moving people out of the camp into better facilities, but for the migrants, it is another step away from their intended destination, northern europe. also coming up, iraq has army says it is making big gains against islamic state as it pushes to retake falluja. but what about the civilians trapped inside the city? adding punch to the piano -- a new project at once to make you rethink how and where you listen to music.
good to have you with us. it has become a symbol of the struggle to manage the migration crisis -- the camp on the greek border with macedonia. nearly 10,000 asylum-seekers have been stranded there in squalid conditions since all can countries have closed their frontiers. now the greek government has begun moving people out of their makeshift homes and into new facilities away from the border. reporter: packed and ready to go -- the next stage in their desperate journey to a new life is about to events. most of the eight house and people are being taken to specially designed processing facilities near the south.
but not everybody at the camp board the buses. these migrants are determined to reach their final destination. >> germany, serbia, greece is no good. reporter: the process is expected to take at least a week. the uncertainty was too much to bear for many in the camp. >> there is high-security because they are not only aware of where they are going and what will come. so yes, we have seen people with increased anxiety and depression and a lot of stress and the future. reporter: foreign media were not permitted to enter the camp. athens pledged police would not use force against the migrants.
>> we hope to see the rest of this evacuation continues to be -- continue to meet humanitarian standards for services and assistance. reporter: the operation to clear the camp will remain, but it is set to remain a potent symbol of frustration and hope for years to come. brent: our correspondent is one of the foreign journalists being kept out of the camp. he joins us now. we have said before that this camp has become a symbol of human misery and europe's handling of the crisis. what about the people inside the camp? are they boarding the buses voluntarily and do they know they are headed to another camp? reporter: that was no secret to them.
they were informed they would be taken to these official government run camps in the nearby area where they would be able to apply for asylum and they did so voluntarily. there were stories of some people hiding from the authorities but this is only a small amount. most people board of buses and went to these camps. what we hear is there were complaints that the conditions at the camps were bad and i was able to see some illegally shot rio footage from one of old lear factory where they put a bunch of tents inside very quickly to accommodate these refugees. the accommodations are not perfect, but a look better. people have a dry place to stay, after all. brent: you have been to the camp for. you have been one of the
reporters who has done extensive reporting on the situation there. talk to us about the conditions you found the first time you arrived. reporter: it is hard to imagine how the conditions were and it is hard to imagine how people stayed there voluntarily. we have all seen these images of children playing in the mud and that was real. it was often raining here for days and people had to sleep in what beds and tents. the water came inside and the conditions were awful to put it simply. there were hardly any showers, not enough food, people were cooking on their own fireplaces and the air was filled with smoke. the conditions were very poor. we've heard these stories many times but people stayed
voluntarily because they hoped the borders would reopen at some point and that is why many people tried to stay as close to the macedonia border as possible. brent: our correspondent covering the story of the shutdown of that refugee camp. thank you very much. tonight, the major strongholds of so-called islamic state are under attack. for two years, they have ruled over a self acclaimed caliphate in syria and iraq, but kurdish forces are targeting a province and the iraqi army is advancing on falluja. they are reportedly closer than ever to retaking the city. reporter: the shooting continues as government forces backed by shia militias inch closer to falluja. the city has been controlled by
the so-called islamic state since 2014 but the government in baghdad says those days are numbered. >> the operation is going precisely as planned and i hope we reach our goals as soon as possible. i've seen beautiful cooperation between the army and the militias. we hope it will be the start of the end of terrorism by the iraqi security forces. there have an great concerns in the run-up to this operation that he presents of militias in falluja would provoke sectarian violence. militias say they wil pporthe iraqi army from outside the city ailnot enter unless it is absolutely necessary. but international concern is mounting for the estimated
100,000 remaining inhabitants trapped in the city and our risk -- risk being used as human shields. >> we want to ensure that the protection of civilians is paramount and we call on all parties to adhere strictly to international humanitarian law, including distinction and precaution lt in the end of combat hostilities. reporter: taking back falluja will be no easy task for the struggling security forces. but a victory here just 50 kilometers from baghdad will raise hopes that the tide against islamic state is finally turning. brent: iraqi forces say they are making progress in capturing the second-largest city, muzzle. they are being assisted by peshmerga fighters in the battle. our reporter has been granted rare access to those soldiers,
including a number of foreign volunteers. here is that exclusive report from the front line. reporter: rice and beans are the staple diet of the ninth gate. tony is among the fighters. he left his ex-wife and children in sweden nine months ago and is now fighting with the peshmerga. he says he receives room and board only, no pay. >> the food situation for all of us here is like rice and beans and the rice and beans are really nice but it is rice and beans. after weeks and weeks and weeks, you lose weight. i lost like 15 kilos. if you want to go down a little bit, it is good for you. unfortunately, the muscle and all of the rest of the body.
we get rice and beans two times a day but, as you can see over there, the guy is doing some omelettes and that is nice. reporter: the fighters come from sweden, france and other countries. they have combat experience but few are willing to discuss it. some have only traveled here on a tourist visa. a sharpshooter and paramedic from brazil is the only woman in the bunker. she has fought on a number of fronts already and says she has found a new home in kurdistan. >> we will get you some powdered milk to have in the night. reporter: she says she identifies fully with the peshmerga struggle. >> we need international support. reporter: they don't see
themselves as terrorists, but as soldiers. they say there are some volunteers that come for the adventure but tony says the more people willing to fight so-called islamic state, the better >> it is really a worldwide problem. i think my government is doing too little and all the european governments are doing too little, so that is why i join. that is why i decided to join because they are the only ones on the front against them. reporter: the next morning, they had out. they have had word of suspected movement. this time, the scene is calm. but everything could change tomorrow. he is convinced the war will last a long time and that is why he plans on staying here.
brent: the turkish president has won his country's parliament will overturn the deal to stem the influx of migrants to the eu if ingres is not granted visa free travel. the comments were made after a humanitarian summit aimed at boosting responses to global crises. there has been a sharp drop in migrants crossing the edgy and see ever since turkey implemented the agreement. but eu leaders insist the waiver will only take effect if they rewrite their terror laws and abide by other conditions they agreed to. migrants coming to germany could face much stricter conditions, including restrictions on where they live and how long they can stay. that's a new report from the institute for population development warns that the
number of migrants from the middle east and north africa could rise even further. reporter: the arrival of more than a million refugees focused the attention on the crisis in middle eastern and north africa. many who came were young men fleeing war or a lack of opportunities at home, especially in north african countries. >> there are not enough jobs for these young people, especially jobs that pay a decent wage and correspond to their qualifications. many have completed high school or have been to college in the only jobs they can find our selling or delivering goods. reporter: in the year 2000, there were about 800 housing refugees from the middle east and north africa. by 2010, it had grown to 1.9 million. most of them, especially those
fleeing war remained within the region. from a younger refugees and migrants who have few prospects at home, europe remains a preferred destination. last year, 1.3 million people from the region applied for asylum in the european union, more than double the number of the previous years. the study identifies the lack as a key aspect of migration. it argues that a need a more dynamic private sector to create jobs. >> the population is growing and there are more and more educated people, but they cannot all be kept on the states payroll, so we see a potential for trouble. the report argues that were europe, it may be possible in the short-term to reduce the flow of immigrants by securing its border, but in the long-term, more needs to be done
to grow economies in the middle east and north africa. brent: we're going to take a short break. when we come back, we have the latest is this headlines. we are back in the second. -- back in 60 seconds. >> climate change is affecting us all -- rising sea levels and erratic weather are drawing a rising water line into our street.
the good news is our own choices in energy conservation, recycling and transport could help redraw the line. find out what you can do today. brent: welcome back, you are with ew news live from berlin. greek authorities have started moving people out of the migrant camp in the country's north, saying it only serves the interest of people smugglers. they make shift camp sprung up after migrants were prevented from crossing the border into macedonia. time now for some business news. daniel is here with that. i'm tempted to say the buyer for monsanto tonight. daniel: the chemical buyer did not is in the end because a german chemical giant made
headlines yesterday with its 62 billion euros takeover of monsanto would have been the largest foreign takeover by a german business, but that was not enough for the american agrochemical company. the offer was rejected, saying it significantly undervalues the company. but there is still hope -- monsanto says they are open to a new bed. we have been tracking this story from the new york stock exchange. shareholders already saw this bid as expensive, so is it aimed? -- is it doomed? >> i would not say doomed, but while they could see the deal as expensive, monsanto sees it only as an opening bid. the share price of nearly $121,
a price right after the company announced a repurchase program. monsanto. its shares were undervalued, so they are not trading at that price and it still open for discussion. daniel: is monsanto worth such a high asking price? experts here justify that monsanto is not in a distressed situation. some say we are at the bottom of an agricultural cycle, so valuations are depressed. it's also true some analysts do not want to sell at any price and to a change in control can be detrimental for the company
and its shareholders. daniel: u.s. markets gained in the session, what is behind that? >> today's gains were backed by housing first, jumping and the luxury homebuilder eating on the top and bottom line with its quarterly earnings and oil prices pumping some enthusiasm into the rally. daniel: thank you for that report. in the words of one euro zone, greece needs room to breathe. that is as the country's creditors are set to approve another payment to prop up the struggling economy. the greek debt is expected to hit 180% of its output for the second time. the greek parliament passed all the measures demanded by creditors. the wrangling now is over the fine print. reporter: greece is coming in for a lot of praise this time
around. athens is serious about reforms even if there is work to be done in the deal could be on the agenda. >> the greek government has done a lot of work. pushing forward reforms and difficult measures. reporter: that could see greece seeing the next part of its bailout. some were worried they might face another long brussels night. >> many things remain open and unresolved. reporter: it all hinges on whether or not europe is able to make any concessions to greece on debt relief. one of the country's main creditors says europe has to and wants its partners to move fast. germany would rather delay a decision. finance minister says there is no pressure.
>> there is no conflict with the imf. we're trying to find the right way to perform in the short term and in the mid-term. reporter: the euro group has to avoid using -- losing support. it would provoke a crisis europe could ill afford. >> if there are discussions between the institutions and international law -- international monetary fund, then we will try to mediate. reporter: but brussels would have to work in overdrive to sort out problems of that magnitude before the summer. daniel: please tax officials have rated google offices in paris. authorities say investigators are searching the premises as part of a probe into aggravated tax fraud and money laundering. detect giant has come under fire for paying less taxes expected
by shifting revenue across borders. the investigation is trying to determine whether google island limited has a stable presence in france and whether france tech -- french taxes are due. the internet giant could go over 1.5 alien euros in back taxes. some call her the biggest music star in a generation. adele. there are reports she is just signed the biggest record deal in history. the 28-year-old has been named written's richest ever female musician. reporter: she has made it to the top -- her songs are number one and she is number one on youtube with 1.5 ilion hits for her song "hello." now she has the number one female singers record contract,
worth 116 million euros to sony. a contract this size is rare even in the music is less. sony paid michael jackson 178 million euros, but only after he died. irish rock band, u2, hold the second-largest contract. the live nation labeled paid jay-z 123 million euros in 2008. investors will definitely get there investment back. no one sold more records than the british singer. it set to bring in 130 million. a gel is a huge cash generator for many. the next biggest earners are ed sheeran.
and sam smith -- like adele, they both hail from britain. daniel: that is music to my ears. brent: it would be nice to have a contract worth that much. thank you. it is music, but not as you know it. a piano piece inspired by sparring boxers in the ring. the aim is to take music out of the concert hall and put it in two strange and unusual places. reporter: there is a faint smell of sweat in the air, which is unusual for piano concerts. everything about this performance is unusual. he's pummeling his grand pno on the stage were amateur boxers usually come.
the man behind this madness is this architect. the obvious question is what is the purpose? >> the idea is to create an encounter between the music and the place. this is a boxing ring -- whether it is a a a imming pool, a bunkr -- whatever it is, places that are part of the biography. but with music, it can create an unexpected encounter that brings the city alive in a way that it ever has before full reporter: the vaults of the german national library -- millions of books are stored here and they are being sung madrigals. it is solemn, perhaps a little eerie, but definitely out of the ordinary.
they chose 18 places for the project -- a training center for the fire brigade is one of them. firefighters practice emergency operations, now chamber music brings out. the grand finale at the stadium -- a violin solo in a football arena. a fitting end to a memorable musical marathon. brent: a major first round upset at the french open. care of her won the australian open but in paris, lost to number 58. on the men's side, andy murray battled to beat in a match
announcer: "euromaxx highlights." and here's your host. host: welcome to a show packed with exciting stories from the week. let's take a look at what's coming up. water works. the latest project by artist christo in italy. creative collectibles. football stickers are getting a makeover in switzerland. and microscopic mementos. photographer maurice mikkers captures the chemistry of our tears. when the artist christo takes on a project, it's usually of gigantic proportions. himo