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tv   DW News  PBS  May 30, 2016 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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♪ >> this is dw news live from berlin. breaking the silence, the voice of the forgotten boko haram victims, a former captive in nigeria shares exclusive information about the schoolgirls. also coming up, life in prison, the former ruler of chad is found guilty of torture, sexual slavery and crimes against humanity. iraq forces launch a final push to retake falluja from so-called islamic state. thousands of civilians are trapped.
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♪ >> good to have you with us. tonight we know more about that thousands of girls and women held captive by boko haram aimed nigeria. two weeks ago, one of the missing schoolgirls was found alive. renewed hope about the faith of those girls and the many others who are still missing. we met one woman who was held in the sambisa forest on the border with cameroon. we have this exclusive interview. >> christina ijabla is getting the results of her health checkup. a show she is doing ok physically. a month ago, she escaped from boko haram militants.
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they kept her captive for almost two years. during that time she was repeatedly raped. now pregnant, she lives with her cousin. >> the militants kept telling us we had to get married. we resisted at first but they became more brutal and beat us over and over again. they ended up blindfolding and shooting one woman who put up a fight. eventually, when they threatened to kill us, we just gave up. when her relatives saw her again, they were shocked by her appearance. the product of two years of almost unimaginable horror. she is not the only victim. she says the kidnapped girls are
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among 2000 women boko haram militants are holding captive to the border of cameroon. she says the militants shown here in a propaganda video are aware of the attention the case has garnered. she recalls encountering this goal georgian once in captivity. >> the others were close by that were completely isolated from the other prisoners. once we saw them reading the koran, they were altogether. >> earlier this month, muhammadu buhari had a meeting with the chief of schoolgirls who was arrested -- christina says the militants are keen to capitalize on the publicity the case has attracted. they have approached the government looking for a ransom to release the other girls, but there are countless other victims like christina ijabla whose cases not -- do not
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receive attention. those who have escaped face the challenge of reintegrating into society. >> coming back may pose a danger to society because of the reorientation they got from the captors. >> we have to show them love, except them, and welcome them home. >> they should be at least taken to a different center. >> christina ijabla and her cousin cannot fathom why the schoolgirls have not received more attention. she is not looking for a meeting with the president but she does want support for herself as well as her baby. >> our correspondent joins me now. good evening. christina gave you so many
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details about her capture and the way that she was held. what stood out the most? >> two things really stood out. one, a large number of girls are still in captivity held by boko haram. as we heard, christina said that more than 2001 -- young women are still being held. the second thing that really impressed me is the strength that christina showed considering what she had to go through during captivity. it is really amazing to see how she is able to talk about it now. keep in mind that this happened just a few weeks ago. >> based on what christina was saying, there really isn't a lot of government support for any of the girls who escaped from boko haram. is that the case? >> exactly.
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unfortunately this is also the impression i have from reporting on the topic. i have visited many camps for displaced people in the region. they are often the places to go for many boko haram victims. those camps often do not have enough food for the people staying there. very often, the victims really completely reliant upon their families to support them. >> yet, we have the government claiming successes against boko haram. is the militant group boko haram , are they really on the defensive right now? >> it really seems so, yes. boko haram is on the defensive at the moment. christina also described very convincingly how even in sambisa forest, the military is advancing. i still think that it is a huge
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exaggeration and that the government claims that all territories have been recaptured. of course, there is still the problem of regular suicides in nigeria heard by boko haram. >> definitely remains a terrible situation for so many young women and their families. our correspondent reporting from nigeria. thank you. senegal has sentenced the former president of chad for life in prison. a criminal court set up by the african union found hissene habre guilty of abuses while he was president of chad between 1982-1990. >> the words many had waited for hissene habre sentenced to life in prison. the court found him guilty on
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almost all counts including war crimes and crimes against humanity. outside the courts, jubilation for victims of his regime, marking the end of a battle for justice and this man has been the last 25 years gathering evidence against the former dictator whose police tortured him. >> i am completely satisfied. i will never repeat it enough, hissene habre will end his life in prison or this is all we wanted. may it be a lesson to all dictators. >> hissene habre ruled chad with an iron fist from 1982-1990. his secret police killed as many as 40,000 chadians and tortured many others. hissene habre refused to recognize the trial against him. his defense saying there was not
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enough evidence to link him to the crimes his police committed. the court found that he had ordered the systematic oppression of his opponents and himself committed torture and rape. >> today we are sending a strong message to all dictators all over the world and particularly in africa. >> hissene habre's conviction is the first time in african dictator has been convicted by another african country. >> we were in the courtroom. we are joint life now from the car. talk to me about the significance of this verdict today. >> good evening fromdakkar, a city that has made african legal history today. you mentioned yourself, the first tme in african court has
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prosecuted, judged, and condemned the former african leader. that is unprecedented and that is one of the main signals coming out of this verdict, that africa is very capable of judging its own. other authoritarian leaders on the content may now be getting the message that they cannot take impunity to grant -- i think the other signal coming out of this trial is that it is possible for victims to get together, even 25 years after the crime that they were submitted to and achieve justice. and get a dictator that committed such atrocities judged and prosecuted and condemned. those victims have been so tenacious and patient. that is a message to victims and
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other countries, that if they manage to get the attention of the international community and are persistent, it would be nice if they were to get justice quicker -- but it is possible for victims to achieve justice. that is what this has shown. >> briefly, you understand you witnessed some genetic scenes in the courtroom. >> yes, when the verdict had been read out, this side of the court that was filled with the former victims and their families, representatives and lawyers, erupted in cheering. we had women you you leading --- ululating and crying. >> that is in itself saying
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something about the significance of today for the victims and their families. reporting from dakkar, thank you. a mexican football star who was kidnapped has been rescued by police. alan pulido was abducted by armed men after leaving a party in an area considered to be one of mexico's most dangerous states, with widespread drug trafficking and frequent kidnappings. of francis has awarded medals to hollywood actors salma hayek, richard care, and george clooney for their humanitarian work or the ceremony took place at an event for a vatican charity. they agreed to be ambassadors for the foundation. both francis and celebrities
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could uphold important values. torrential rain and flooding have killed at least four in southwestern germany. one firefighter died while trying to save a flood victim. a young girl was killed by a train has she took shelter under a railway bridge. in some areas, it is the worst flooding in two decades. >> this is the market square, in this video shows the destruction of severe flooding caused by torrential rain. the storms on sunday caused severe damage. the flood washed away whatever stood in its way. hours later, the fire department continue fighting the water. rescuers try to get an overview of what had happened. the electricity and the water
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system had broken down. many houses are at risk of collapsing. rescuers struggled to do their duty. many areas of baden warttemberg were hit on sunday. maselheim was almost completely submerged. elsewhere, four people died in the floods. it would take weeks before people will be able to return to their homes. >> you are watching dw news life from berlin. celtic and -- still to come, unhappy german farmers take their grievances to the capital as they hold talks about a massive milk surplus. closing in on islamic state, special forces push toward the center of falluja concerns about
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the thousands of civilians caught in the crossfire. that, plus businesses, stick around.
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>> welcome back to dw news life from berlin. a former prisoner of boko haram has spoken out, telling tw that they are ignoring the plight of captive women and that despite her two-year ordeal, she has had neither psychological nor financial support. a court in senegal has found hissene habre guilty of torture, sexual slavery, and crimes against humanity. he has been sentenced to life in prison. iraqi forces are continuing to advanced into falluja in a final
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push to retake a stronghold of the so-called islamic. fighting has been raging for more than one week. fighters making advances with the help of air attacks by the u.s. falluja has been under i.s. control for two years. its loss would be a major defeat for the militant islamic group but concern is growing over the welfare of some 50,000 civilians trapped inside the city. we want to bring in a representative from the norwegian refugee council. show tonight. have you on the you have been working near falluja you talk to us about what the situation is like right now on the ground. >> nrc is present in falluja
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where we are just riveting water and food to their families -- around 554 families that have managed to escape the outskirts of falluja where there is intense fighting ongoing. the families tell us an extremely critical situation they are coming from. they tell us that they have been surviving on dried dates and river water. they have not been able to walk out of their houses. children have stopped going to and they are afraid of their lives every minute of every day. >> he say they are afraid for their lives and with good reason because there are reports that the islamic state forces have been using these people as human shields against the approaching iraqi army. what are you hearing about that?
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we have been hearing reports that the islamic state is not allowing civilians to leave. >> the reports we are receiving in addition to the families i have been talking to, they mainly point to two factors of why people are having a hard time escaping. one, they are basically afraid of leaving their houses because they are in the middle of the crossfire, rockets and shooting everywhere. two, they are telling us that opposition groups are directly -- one woman to me that when news got out that me and my family were leaving, isis came to our doors, started beating us up and threatened us if we wanted to escape. these are the two factors. in addition, they are telling us of an extremely difficult escape with a have had to run for hours overnight waving white cloths in
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order to not be shot at. >> that was becky from the norwegian refugee council heard -- there is a major milk prices to deal with, believe it or not. >> you can say we have been milking the story, but for good reason, because the german government is coming to the rescue of embattled dairy farmers. officials at an emergency nooks on it has hammered out an emergency package for 100,000 euros. there is an oversupply on the milk market, driving down prices and threatening farming livelihood. the eu is the world's biggest milk producer. it is followed by india and the u.s. together, that is the equivalent
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of 56 liters for every person on the planet. output surged in prices plummeted. nowadays, german farmers are paid only about 20 euros since per liter. they need at least $.35 to survive. hundreds of dairy farms will go bust within the next year. the situation is so desperate a cow's milk is no longer its most valuable product. >> they were not invited and have their own way of expressing unhappiness. disgruntled dairy farmers brought boots smelling of maneuver. they symbolized the farmers who have already gone out of business and they do not expect any relief from the dairy summit. >> as far as we are concerned, the ideas for a solution of the measure is leaking out are totally incapable of ending the crisis. maybe that is why we were not
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invited. >> the minister has promised immediate aid to the farmers, many as tax breaks. the rest according to him will have to come from the sector itself. >> we cannot and will not continue with the status quo. we are helping the affected farmers how on short notice of they can manage the crisis. it is up to the dairies to negotiate with farmers over the production quantities for marketing. the hope is to start a dialogue in the dairy industry among producers, retailers, and farmers, but that would be voluntary and retailers have come out against a minimum pricing scheme. this is not the last time angry farmers will be on berlin streets. >> joining me now is the head of the german milk association.
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thank you very much for coming in. who or what is to blame for the low milk? >> we have reasons for low yields in germany. we have a lower demand and we have more production -- not just in germany but europe-wide, and also new zealand and the u.s. >> he would not say to the dairies you represent are in part responsible for the crisis? >> we are the middlemen between the trade and the farmers. we are not to blame, but we are part of the system, so therefore, we have to look at our own systems and procedures. >> it is in your interest to work with supermarkets to keep prices low? >> no, it is to get a realistic
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price, a high price, that makes industry happy as well as the farmers. >> wish to recommend to the farmers supplying milk to produce less? to throttle production? >> the farmers react with the lower milk price, production is lower now last week for the first time. farmers are already reacting to the situation in the market. >> could it be that your industry association does not mind if the farmers go out of business because you do not need the 72,000 farmers? you do not need all of them? >> that is true. each year, some 2000-4000 leave the sector. at the end today, if i finish my job in 10 years, maybe we'll just have 30,000 farmers. >> he see that as a positive?
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>> i see it as realistic, not positive. it is difficult for the farming families, but the average german farmer is 55 years old. change has to be expected. >> what needs to happen on the farmers side or for the farmers to make sure that they get paid fairly? >> a little bit less milk may be, and, sustainability. >> thank you very much. so we have seen the farmers, spoken to the dairies, and now we are going to the supermarket. all of the groups want to make more money, but along with the oversupply rules on trade making things worse -- dairies cannot sell to russia because of the embargo and exports to china are dwindling. >> the supply of milk in
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germany. is no relation to the demand anymore. there is far too much of it and overproduction has sent prices to record lows good chains are engaged in pricing wars in farmers are getting paid so little that they cannot even cover production costs. germany is one of the cheapest places in the world for consumers to purchase milk. one leader in berlin us about 0.55 euros. it will cost one euro in nairobi. in new york, one euro and eight cents in singapore, you will pay two euros $.30. much of the excess has been turned into milk powder for storage but that does not help the farmers. in recent years, thousands have been forced out of business or turned to other products. >> back over to brent. >> here is a reminder of our top stories. former boko haram prisoner has
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spoken out telling dw the world is ignoring the plight of captive women in that despite her two-year ordeal she has had neither psychological nor financial support. a court in senegal has found the former president of chad guilty of torture, sexual slavery, and crimes against humanity. he has been sentenced to life in prison. only back to take you through the day -- tony for that.
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hello and a very warm welcome to "focus on europe." thank you for joining us. in paris, the revolutionary spirit lives on. off the coast of italy, saving refugees, but at what cost? and in slovenia, why europe is about more than just crisis. but first, and friends from our passions are running high. the country is stuffed in an economic crisis so the go

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