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tv   Newsline  PBS  July 12, 2016 12:00am-12:31am PDT

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hello there. welcome to nhk "newsline." it's tuesday, july 12th, 9:00 a.m. i'm catherine kobayashi in tokyo. south sudan's president and vice president have ordered their forces to stop fighting each other. it comes after days of skirmishes that killed hundreds and forced 7,000 people to seek protection at u.n. peacekeeping facilities in the capital. some feared the fighting would drag the country back into civil war. violence in the capital juba has reportedly subsided after salva kiir and riek machar ordered the cease-fire on monday. but the situation remains tense and truces have been repeatedly breached in the past. an interim government was
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launched in april after nearly two years of civil war. but renewed fighting recently broke out between separate factions loyal to the two leaders. more than 270 people, including civilians, have reportedly died. japan's foreign ministry has urged its nationals excluding peacekeepers to leave the country. about 70 japanese civilians are stranded. japan's self-defense forces are preparing for an evacuation. now nhk interviewed a japanese spokesperson for the u.n. peacekeeping mission by telephone. he described a situation around a u.n. camp in the suburbs of juba. >> translator: i heard gunshots and blasts that sounded like an artillery gun. i also felt the rumbling of the earth. >> saito said that two chinese u.n. peacekeepers died when the area was shelled.
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he said they are protecting people or were protecting local people fleeing the fighting and taking shelter at the camp. saito added at that time a total of 3,000 displaced people had arrived there and in a second camp near the airport. he also explained there have been a number of reports of civilians being harassed at the many checkpoints set up by each side of the militants. an arbitration tribunal in the hague is set to make a ruling on beijing's territorial claims in the south china sea. the ruling expected on tuesday will be the first based on international law on any of the disputes in the region. the philippines filed a complaint in 2013. it argues that beijing's claim to sovereignty to almost all of the south china sea is unacceptable under international law. china has boycotted the tribunal arguing disputes in the waters should be settled through negotiations between the parties
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involved. international attention to the ruling will focus whether the tribunal backs china's sovereignty claims which beijing describes as its historic right. another focal point will be whether the ruling recognizes china's claims to territorial waters and exclusive economic zones around the artificial islands it has built in the region. a refusal to accept a ruling is illegal under international law. experts say such a situation would undermine china's standing in the international community and its ties with other countries. japanese government officials have lifted an evacuation order for most of the city near the crippled fukushima daiichi nuclear plant. minamisoma is now the fifth and largest ever municipality to have the order lift since the 2011 nuclear accident. over 10,000 residents are now
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allowed to return to their homes. one household is still barred from returning because the area has a relatively high level of radiation. more than five years on, evacuation orders are still in place in several other municipalities in fukushima prefecture. nearly 90,000 people are taking shelter in and out of the prefecture. minamisoma has to deal with the declining and aging population. young people moved out of the city following the accident. officials are also trying to mitigate public concern about radiation and improve the transportation network and attract commercial facilities. another key necessity is medical care. nhk world reports on one man who is trying to provide that. >> reporter: this man is an orthopedist. in advance of the lifting of the evacuation order, he received permission to reopen a clinic in minamisoma's ward. it was special to him. it was his home before the
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disaster. his clinic is making it possible for many seniors to return home as well. they're reluctant to do so because there's no access to medical care. >> translator: my doctor returned, and i can be treated in my home town. >> translator: i feel relaxed in odaka. my foot pain is easing and my spirits are lifting. >> reporter: he fled with his family immediately after the disaster and centered nearly 100 kilometers wear in sendai. he thought the odaka area was uninhabitable because of radiation. >> translator: at the time, i had given up. i thought i'd never be able to return here, to work or to live. >> reporter: but when he learned that decontamination work was progressing, he looked into reopening his medical practice.
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a former employee supported him. she had worked as a nurse in his clinic. she moved to a neighboring city after the evacuation. when he told her he might go back, she immediately agreed to return to her position. >> translator: i thought restarting the practice would surely help people who were considering coming back. so i said count me in. >> reporter: he has always been committed to getting to know his patients. not just tracking their medical progress. he's returning as their doctor and also as their friend. he now lives and works in odaka during the week and goes to see his family in sendai on the weekends.
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they only have one day a week together. his wife keiko thought it might be better for him to work at a hospital in sendai, but he insisted on returning to odaka. >> translator: my husband says that odaka is where he's needed most. i have no way to argue with that, and i want him to do his best for the community. >> reporter: monma's eldest son misses his father, but he's proud of him. >> translator: my father always accomplishes what he sets out to do. now his goal is to share time with us and take care of his patients in odaka. somehow, he's able to do both. he's quite a guy. >> reporter: monma says his patients, staff members and family helped him make the right
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decision. >> translator: i wish half of the residents would return. i want this to be a place where returning residents can feel at ease, and i want to be a person who helps make that possible. a bridge to odaka's recovery and vibrant future. >> reporter: just like with a patient, a community is recovery can take time. so monma plans to continue providing treatment. reporting for nhk world from minamisoma. time now for a check of the business news. after japan's governing ruling coalition scored a victory in the upper house election on sunday, the focus now is how prime minister shinzo abe will boost the economy. ai uchida joins us now from the business desk. what does the prime minister have in mind? >> he says people gave him the green light for his economic policies, which, of course, you
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know is known as abenomics. many investors are now hoping to see some major stimulus measures. the government has started to put together a supplementary budget. the problem is how to pay for the stimulus package. president abe has told members of his cabinet to draw up a list of measures to boost the economy. some of the ruling party are calling for a budget of $100 billion. it will likely include building ports for cruise ships to encourage more foreign tourists to visit japan and low interest financing to complete a high-speed maglev train line. they're looking for disaster prevention and mitigation, offering more support for child care and nursing care is also on the list. and officials will likely earmark money for small and medium-sized firms due to the growing uncertainty brought by britain's vote to leave the
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european union. tax revenues aren't likely to rise. experts say the government may be forced to issue new bonds. now, let's see how markets are doing. u.s. stock prices continued higher as investors returned to a risk-taking mode after getting more clarity on britain's political leadership. the u.s. jobs data we saw last week also helped to fuel positive sentiment. the dow jones industrial average ended at 18226 overnight. that's a 14-month high. and it was up 0.4%. we saw gains of 0.6% on the nasdaq. that ended up 4988, closing at this year's high. for more on how tokyo's markets are reacting this tuesday morning, let's go to ramin mellegard at the tokyo stock exchange. tell us what you are seeing over there. >> good morning to you, ai. you mentioned the dow and the nasdaq there, but the s&p 500 also ending at an all-time high. we did see the dollar also having its biggest one-day gain
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against the yen in nearly two years, in fact. i'll come to the currencies in a second. but the nikkei and the topix kicking off. the nikkei over 16,000. that's the first time since june 24th, up 2.33%. broader topix up as well. just a reminder for our viewers. the nikkei after falling 3.6% last week, it gained all of that back on monday, rising 4% and we're higher again this morning, obviously. that was after the governing coalition under prime minister shinzo abe solidified his political base at the weekend, the upper house elections, and that led analysts to hope that there's more forceful stimulus measures on the way to boost japan's economy. that's a big focus for investors here and overseas. ai. >> give us an update on currency levels. of course, the yen's fall would help exporters. tell us what kind of levels
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we're seeing this morning. >> exactly. especially after the recent yen strength, now we're seeing some yen weakness. 102.54 right now. the ruling coalition's former grip means policymakers can approve or push through bigger stimulus packages. and the second factor perhaps helping the weaker yen is some resolution to britain's political landscape as the ruling conservative party chose its new leader. the political vacuum after the brexit vote had led to uncertainty and investors were rushing in to buy the safer assets such as the yen. we're seeing a bit of a reversal there. a third factor supporting a weaker yen may be a more optimistic view by the federal reserve to hike rates as job growth remains solid and global uncertainties ease off a touch. analysts will want to take note of any distinct change in tone from previous positions. now, corporate earnings in the u.s. will also dominate. second quarter earnings coming in thick and fast despite a rebound in stocks and
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currencies, analysts suggesting that the recent turmoil may affect negatively second quarter earnings. we shall see, obviously. let's get a quick look at asian markets that are up and running right now. seoul's kospi is trading higher, sydney's s&p/asx up almost 0.6%. china's markets open in an hour and a half, ai. i'll have more, but a very strong opening here again for the nikkei and the topix. back to you. >> sure looks like it. thanks a lot for that update. now, he mentioned china, speaking of which is economy may be losing steam but government stimulus measures are helping sales of new cars pick up speed. officials at the china association of automobile manufacturers say dealers sold 2 million new cars in june. that's up 14.5% from a year earlier. new car sales for the first six months of the year totaled 12.8 million vehicles. that's an 8% increase from the same period last year. analysts had predicted new car
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sales in china would rise about 6% for all of 2016. tax rates and other government incentives are pushing sales of small cars and eco-friendly ones. demand for sport utility vex remains strong among motorists looking for replacements. sales of japanese vehicles in the first half surged more than 12% year on year to about 1.7 million units. well, the japanese art of bonsy aims to replicate a natural landscape in a plant pot. demand is shrinking in japan but it's growing overseas. so they're creating new types of bonsai for enthusiasts. we have the story. >> reporter: this exhibit is called an air bonsai. the tree is levitated using magnets. the floating pots represent promise art. the creators want to convey the importance of ecology. and this is the dry bon ssai usg
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a dead tree. a japanese man demonstrates bonsai making in belgium. he attended an event in january. he drills the fully grown branches and in japan, the tree drastically changes shape. he turns it into an artistic bonsai. >> what do you think? >> beautiful. >> reporter: his creations have won him many fans abroad. he has received invitations to perform in france, germany, the u.s. and seven other countries.
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he was born into a family of bonsai farmers. he said he started going abroad because he had so few opportunities to use his skills at home. as the customers grow older, domestic sales have fallen by more than 30% from their peak. >> translator: many customers have passed away, and some are too old to continue. it's now a completely different world to what it was in the past. i think everybody in the industry has a sense of crisis. so what should we do? the answer for most of my generation is overseas. we fear that we'll be finished if foreign demand collapses. >> reporter: he accepts 40 students. he wants to promote bonsai across the world and turn this traditional japanese practice into a global one.
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this man from spain came to japan four years ago because he admired his skills. >> translator: there's a thick branch here. you want to bend it, don't you? did you try to bring it here? so think about what you're doing. do you need this if you make this a man one? >> translator: yes, i want to improve my skills. >> reporter: germade returned home after four years of training. he will open a bonsai farm in madrid. >> translator: i hope for his success in spain, europe and beyond. i also hope recognition of bonsai will increase xwloeovers and that will help us recover its appeal in japan some day.
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>> reporter: bonsai artistry nurtured in japan is crossing borders to find new places to grow. artists are now attracting new fans across the world. reporting for nhk world from shizuoka. all right. that's the latest in business. the nikkei jumping this morning. i'll leave you with a check on markets.
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new york based photographer's photos depict the darkness and light of sacred sites around the world. but aside from his photography, he's also known for charity works that's recognized in both the u.s. and asia. our new york bureau followed the artist to find out about his life's work. >> reporter: the retro-looking camera weighs over 20 kilograms. he specializes in platinum prints, a process discovered in the 19th century that still produces remarkable photos today. his photos capture the magnificence of light and shadow. the photos have atractsed many museums and collectors around the world. >> translator: photographers can go anywhere they want in the world to take photos and earn a living.
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it's such a fortunate profession. >> reporter: but the photographer has another passion. helping some of asia's poorest children get access to high-quality medical care. this is a children's hospital in laos built last year. in 1996 izu founded an international ngo friends without a border that builds hospitals in the poorest nations in asia. the hospital has treated almost 20,000 patients since the opening. >> translator: i am grateful that my child is being treated free of charge. >> reporter: izu developed an interest in providing medical care in asia 23 years ago when he first visited war-torn cambodia. while photographing angkor wat, he met some children who would change his life forever.
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>> translator: they were all so cute, gathering around me while i was taking pictures, but they were missing legs or hands. it was shocking. >> reporter: the children were victims of land mines and unexploded bombs still scattered in the countryside. izu also saw a girl die in front of him at a local hospital because her family could not afford her treatment. >> translator: i felt like i was looking at the darkness and light of angkor wat. i've been given a life mission bigger than just expressing myself through art. >> reporter: through the ngo, izu built a hospital in cambodia using the money from selling his photos and other donations. for the last 17 years the hospital has treated over 1.5 million patients. more than 400 children visit the hospital daily. the medical staff here are mindful of izu's original vision to treat every patient as your own child. >> translator: hospitals should
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be places where patients can feel at home, where doctors can look into children's eyes and hold their hands. i think that's what true medical care is. >> reporter: on a recent visit to cambodia izu saw his vision being realized after two decades. this man grew up in orphanages. when he was 8, he visited the hospital for the first time and was tested hiv-positive. at the hospital he received treatments over the years and compassionate care that gave him confidence and sense of community. he soon began to volunteer at the hospital to work with the other hiv-positive children and eventually decided to become a nurse. >> i want to help people when they are poor. and persons like me, yeah, to share my experience, my idea and my intellect with all of them.
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>> translator: it's amazing to know they have the pride and belief in compassionate care, teaching the youth to develop this hospital. >> reporter: for the many of the world's poorest, shadows may still outweigh the light. after 20 years izu continues to use all his skills to change that balance. maki hatae, nhk world, new york. it is time for a check of the weather. it is a hot and humid morning here in tokyo. our meteorologist robert speta joins us with a look elsewhere. >> yes, actually, the past 24 hours has been exceptionally warm. and i do want to touch in on that because these temperatures continue to soar up. but western japan kind of just the same outcome here. it's all because of the southerly winds coming in. you're seeing heavy precipitation. look at these temperatures on monday. 37 just north of downtown tokyo. it was absolutely a scorcher out there. and still expecting them to climb up into the mid-30s once
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again here on tuesday. but western japan definitely rain showers coming in. so two sides of this story with this southerly wind. this is somewhat the remnants of neparhchak. 250 millimeters was reported there. as we go through the next 24 hours alone on top of that, some areas in northern kyushu can see 250 millimeters. 500 millimeters is very well possible. osaka into tokyo, some steady persistent rain, not nearly as heavy, back towards the west, but still enough to make a need for an umbrella out there. it is expected before this moves off to the east. also bringing showers into south korea and still lingering rain showers there into eastern china, last place you need it out here. remember, we are still
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recovering from the significant floods this past weekend with that same storm system now working its way towards the east. also i do want to talk about southern areas of asia out here and specifically india, we have been seeing the southwest monsoon progressing across the subcontinent here, eventually moving into pakistan. it is bringing much needed precipitation especially for farmers, but too much is in a short period of time resolves in place, especially in communities, towns. i want to show you a video coming right out of this bull's-eye. 500 to 700 millimeters have been reported in that area in the past week. it's quite incredible. it has resulted in at least 22 deaths, though, at least 10 people are missing. 170,000 people forced to take emergency shelter in some of these areas. and still warnings are in place. look at that. these communities just flooded water flowing right through the middle of the towns here. that's because of that
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persistent showers and more rain in the forecast. quite unfortunately, you are still looking at the southwesterly winds coming in. as i mentioned farmers definitely need this rain. they depend on it. it does look like all of india pretty much under the effects of those monsoonal rains, at least at this time. all right. let's take a look here into the americas. talk about the severe weather which is also erupting across the northern plains extending into the western great lakes. we have this cold front pulling through. it is also ushering in these strong southerly winds out ahead of it. if you are along the eastern seaboard, it will be a hot one out there into washington, d.c., mid-30s, new york as well, extending all the way over towards toronto. severe weather expected there, though. and behind it quite a different story. i know it's hot and mug ne the east, but dry and hot in the west. we had that fire weather threat out there including those of you in denver. 33, sunny, but very dry conditions here on tuesday. here's the extended outlook.
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and that wraps up this edition of nhk "newsline." i'm catherine kobayashi in tokyo. thanks for staying with us.
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>> euromaxx highlights. here's your host. >> welcome to the show. we are here right by the brandenburg gate and the fan zone for the euro 2016. here is what we have on the day town, the tate modern extension opens in london. sights of the city -- join us for a tour of the italian capital. and top of the league -- ars -- art basel is the world's number one art fair. the longwaited aitional to the tate merin london is finally open to the public. in keeping with the design of the 1950's power station, which

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