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tv   DW News  PBS  September 16, 2016 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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>> this is "dw news" live from berlin. no easy fix -- chancellor angela merkel says the eu is in a critical situation. eu leaders from 27 countries have just -- has been deciding how to move forward after britain voted to leave the block. they been reading in the slovakian capital and setting priorities for the years ahead, but have they made progress in overcoming deep divisions in the european economy and immigration ? our correspondent will have the latest. also coming up, tension on the streets of one town as tensions
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between refugees and locals reach a breaking point. extra police have been sent to patrol the streets. and in syria, the threat of military force is preventing desperately needed aid convoys from getting through. residents are still suffering days after the liveries were meant to begin -- days after deliverys were meant to begin. -- days after deliveries were meant to begin. leaders of 27 european countries have been debating how to restore faith in the european union. they gathered friday in the slovakian capital, bratislava, in their first major summit without written, which was not invited after its vote to leave the block. german chancellor angela merkel held a press conference alongside french president francois hollande. merkel said there is no quick fix for the eu's problems and
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states need to prove they can deliver on their promises. here is what she had to say at that press conference. >> we are convinced we need to strike compromises, show a sense of solidarity, of cooperation, and on a basis of shared values, we will continue to work -- toward this foundation of shared values. that is characteristic of europeans. it is a unique way of life, the way we do business and a social model that is linked, however, to economic efficiency, and it also is characteristic of us that we want to ensure the safety and security of our citizens. i think bratislava was, if you like, the starting point of more intensive cooperation. each site agreed this can be not about lofty declarations nor about treaty change, but about matching our words with deeds
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and showing that the aspirations of our citizens are something that we wish to fulfill so months of intensive work will be ahead of us. germany and france will continue to work together. as you can see by our appearance together, we will work intensively to bring about success. terry: chancellor merkel commenting on that much-anticipated eu summit that just took place in bratislava. max hoffman has been covering the meeting there. good to see you again. there was a big held up to this summit -- there was a big buildup to this summit. a lot of shuttle diplomacy, particularly on the part of chancellor merkel. what did you make of the comments at the end of the summit? max: the two tried to give the impression that this was sort of a rolling up your sleeves summit and they wanted to implement practical steps to get things done. nope the eu visions but really
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small steps that would make the lives of citizens better. that's why they gave different areas of interest. you heard yourself merkel mentioned them, for example, in the area of security, also growth of the economy and also fighting against youth unemployment in the european union. also, what she just said in the soundbite. the franco-german engine -- maybe it is back. at least they gave the appearance it might be back, and in the past, it had always proven crucial for the success of the european union. terry: in her remarks, chancellor merkel refer to what she called the cooperation of the summit. how far did that go toward patching up divisions in the eu? max: she mentioned he spirit of bratislava, and the two were quite convincing, but when you listen to other leaders leaving the summit, the picture was
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quite different. for since, the leader of hungary has been known to criticize what merkel is doing very heavily, so no surprise. there is still a division two state led by hungry, but also what came as a surprise that the italian prime minister, renzi, before going out said he was very unsatisfied with results of the summit and did not want to have a press conference with merkel and hollande because he did not just want to sign onto something that was scripted in advance, so you -- he felt like this was sort of a scripted summit, and it shows you there are still big divisions in spite of the franco-german engine being back for the moment. terry: you mentioned germany, france, italy, some of the heavyweights in the european union. britain, however, was conspicuous in its absence. what, if anything, was said at the summit about brexit?
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max: of course something was said. i think all the eu leaders said they were said that britain had chosen to leave. one question -- very interesting here -- was put to the council president, the question of when the infamous article 50 would be triggered. the question of when britain would officially request to exit the european union. you would expect an answer like "we don't know yet" for "within the next year," but the answer was an expectation of february of next year. so we have a date and that would be quicker than many expected. terry: there he interesting, possible trigger already -- very interesting. the uk independence party, which spearheaded britain's campaign to leave the eu, has chosen
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diane james to leave the party, -- two lead -- to lead the party, which holds just one seat in the 150-member house of parliament. eu leaders say security will be the top priority of the coming months, especially the question of securing borders. imoving domestic security was also an issue here in germany. the influx of refugees has created a number of challenges. tensions between migrants and locals have been increasing in some areas, including a small eastern town where there have been clashes this week. extra police have been sent into patrol streets.
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>> the chance of a few hundred right ring wires -- the chants of a few hundred right wing writers -- rioters. no refugees were present. they are not allowed out at night. about 20 asylum-seekers, mostly unaccompanied minors, and 80 right wing rioters attacked each other, and the police are being criticized. >> if there are 20 or 25 police officers in operation and once i has 80 prepared to use violence and the other side has 30 prepared to use violence, then there are limits -- one side has 80 prepared to use violence and the other side has 30 prepared to use violence, then there are limits. >> the writing was on the wall
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for the events of that night, knowing that the pertinent right-wing social media groups were calling for action and mobilizing their members, not just here but also in the surrounding area. the state of saxony acknowledges that right-wing groups have consolidated, and refugees echo the residents' reproach sometimes even the police turn a blind eye. every day the foreigners sit here and nazis say, "foreigners, go home," but the police never do anything. i showed my arm wound to the police, and they said it was not their problem. we are afraid every day and the police do nothing about the nazis. >> many of the refugees are minors and many have to wait months for news about their status. some spend their time in the city center drinking.
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now they are restricted by the curfew. while right-wing protesters are set to continue marching soon, the town has stepped up its police presence. terry: dw is covering the story. very disturbing scenes there. what is the atmosphere like tonight? >> tonight, it is quiet so far, but there is a tense atmosphere so far at the same time. you can see the potential for riots, and some believe they are only waiting for a moment to start something like that again, but so far, everything is quiet, which is certainly due to heavy police presence. police have installed an area around this place where they can control everyone who wants to enter the area, so it is quiet, and certainly, the cancellation of the demonstrations of those
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groups played a major role because they also said they want to give now the politicians the chance to do something against the situation that they believe is not right, and this is something that also leaders of these extreme right groups have told everyone else tonight to stay calm because they want to talk with politicians, and even the mayor has accepted the invitation to talk about the policy here in the city. terry: it is not the only city in germany housi refugees. obviously with hundreds of german migrants who have come in over the last year. what exactly is the problem in bautzen? fill us in. >> bautzen is in the middle of saxony, which is already famous for anti-foreigner sentiment.
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anti-foreigner parties are elected mainly. here in bautzen, there was a mixture of some young people, alcohol, and this anti-foreigner sentiment and then provocations from both sides, so this is probably the superficial reason why, but then again, there was also organization behind it, and people came from the outside to the city to sort of make a statement that they reject the foreigner and refugee policy, which is at the core of this extreme movement that you can experience here. terry: thank you very much. now to our other developing story this evening -- syria, where a desperate weight continues for the people of aleppo -- a desperate wait continues for the people of
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aleppo. part of the city is sealed off and people are waiting for aid to reach of them. the united nations is waiting for word that it is safe to enter parts of the city where that help is desperately needed. there are also reports the tenuous cease-fire brokered by russia and the u.s. is being violated. >> aid vehicles can be seen crossing into turkey, but aid trucks meant for besieged civilians of aleppo remain beyond the gates. the union says it's trucks do not require authorization from the syrian government for cross-border aid deliveries but are awaiting assurances of safety from both sides. >> we are as ready to go as we can possibly be. the modalities for ensuring safe passage have not yet been cleared and given to us, so that we can move. we know there is at least
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250,000 people in eastern aleppo who are potentially all of them in need of some kind of aid. p>> in aleppo, government forces patrolled parts of the city under their control. under the cease-fire, these forces should be pulling back to allow through humanitarian aid, and the commanders at least say they are complying. >> government forces are withdrawing all heavy armaments. at least 3.5 kilometers from the road. >> the castillo road is a key route to rebel-held parts of aleppo. both sides are supposed to clear it to let relief convoys in. some reports say russian troops have now replaced the syrian forces, but opposition groups say government troops are still on the road.
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terry: we are going to take a short break. when we comeack, the autumn sunshine is cheering up germany's winemakers, who had written off their harvest ter a cold and wet summer. something to look forward to. kristof will be here with business news, too. stay with us.
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terry: welcome back to "dw news." eu leaders have started crafting a new vision at a meeting in slovakia. chancellor merkel and president hollande say security is a key priority moving into the next few months. now to what was billed as a big announcement by republican presidential candidate donald trump -- president barack obama was born in the united states. that statement was trump's first
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admission that obama was actually born in america. he had long been a prominent proponent of the birther movement, a conspiracy. that claims obama was born outside the u.s. and therefore ineligible to be president -- a conspiracy theory. trump now says it was his rival, hillary clinton, who started the controversy over obama's citizenship. clinton's campaign has denied she had anything to do with the movement. deutsche bank faces a massive fine from u.s. regulators. kristof: you may think deutsche bank is used to bad news by now, given the many legal charges and court cases the bank is having to deal with, but this one could be a real blow. the u.s. department of justice is seeking $14 billion to settle fraud cases involving the bank's questionable deals prior to the financial crisis. as these -- as this record find
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would put deutsche bank into distress, hopes are there are ways to limit the damage. >> in the run-up to the 2008 financial crisis, deutsche bank together with other banks was allegedly involved in fraud cases, including the sale of mortgage backed securities. the u.s. department of justice is now looking into settling the case, but $14 billion is no small sum. it's one of the highest fines in history. in 2014, french bank bnp paribas agreed to pay almost nine billion dollars to the u.s. for violating american sanctions against countries like cuba. until now, it was the highest fine ever paid by a foreign financial institute. this could be talked by deutsche bank now. only bank of america had to ever pay more. in 2014, the u.s. bank agreed to pay a record fine of almost $17
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billion for selling flawed mortgage securities. deutsche bank is germany's biggest financial and did touche and. naturally, the government in berlin has an interest in a reasonable settlement. >> the government is aware that the u.s. authorities had agreed similar settlement payments with other institutions. the government expects that at the end of this process, a fair result will be achieved on the basis of equal treatment. >> a $14 billion fine could create a problem for deutsche bank. it is not going well for germany's biggest bank at the moment. last year, deutsche bank made a profit of about one billion dollars, and the financial institute has only put aside $5.5 billion for legal settlements. however, deutsche bank has already said it has no intention of settling the claims anywhere is a number cited. the negotiations are only just beginning. kristof: and they will be tough negotiations. for more insight on the story,
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let's bring in our financial correspondent in new york. 14 billion dollars is quite a hefty price tag. we even see the german government getting involved. is this fine justified? >> if you look at the market overall, i would say that deutsche bank entered the game packaging mortgages rather late in comparison to american peers, so i would guess that is also where deutsche bank will argue that 14 billion dollars is far too high. so far, if you look at u.s. competitors, they paid somewhere from $5 billion to $16 billion. >> what is the word on wall street? how much of that fine will deutsche have to pay in the end cap a >> it is really tough to figure
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out atinin politics. it is election time, and it might look good for certain candidates to bring up a case against a foreign financial institution. or team billion dollars does seem a bit high, but so far, deutsche bank thought that they would pay somewhere between $2 billion to $3 billion, and the price tag will pretty certainly be much higher than that. >> this is not the first time financial institutions are paying for their wrongdoings of the past. where is this money going, and what is happening with it? >> that is a good question, and there is no answer to that. usually, half of the money goes to the treasury department, but we do not know 100% with the treasury department does with the money. another good chunk of those
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amounts goes pretty much where the damage has been done, but it is really not that easy to figure out where precisely the money goes. >> thank you. u.s. investment corporation black rock -- blackrock dumped a pile of troubling paperwork in volkswagen's legal department friday. german media report blackrock is seeking over 2 billion euros because the company failed to tell shareholders that it was outfitting vehicles with cheating devices to manipulate in missions tests. the fallout from the scandal totals over $15 million in the u.s. alone. the german state of hesse and also filed for compensation -- the german state of hessen.
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the weather has been good news for winemakers. it was too cold and rainy for too long, but the last bursts of sunshine and warmth are giving them hope. >> all's well that ends well. german winemakers had already given up on the 2016 vintage. they sold wine worth 23.5 million euros worldwide last year. this year, it will probably be a bit less, but at least last week's record sunshine levels took the grapes to maturity in record time. it is the last few weeks of grape harvest time under an unseasonably sunny sky. it looks like germany's vineyards have had another lucky or. -- lucky year. >> it will be a well-rounded vintage. obviously, with the weather and a late start to the summer, a little bit of asset has crept in, but that makes it really interesting and exciting -- a
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little bit of acid has crept in. it is a crispy vintage and a vintage which might be in short supply because mildew has completely destroyed some vineyards. >> so there will be less wine but of a far better quality. winemakers whose fines survived the cold were the lucky ones. others are having to put up with a lost harvest. as for wine connoisseurs, they will probably have to pay a little more to enjoy a bottle of vintage 2016. kristof: that is all your business news for the moment. back to you. terry: thanks, kristof. let's get you caught up with other major stores around the world. a suicide bombing at a mosque in northwestern pakistan's tribal district has killed at least 24 people and injured dozens more. the district has seen years fighting between the pakistani army and taliban militants. the attack is the latest in a string of bombings to hit
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pakistan in recent weeks. a swedish court has upheld a detention order for the founder of wikileaks, rejecting his latest appeal. julian assange is wanted by prosecutors in sweden in a rape investigation. he has been residing at the ecuadorian embassy in london to avoid extradition for the past four years. in italy, a funeral has been held for a woman who committed suicide after she was featured in an online sex tape. the 31-year-old fought to have the viral video removed after sending it to a group of friends, and it ended up online. her body was found on tuesday. sports news now, and in the bundesliga, the team qualified for the champions league last season, but after a good to the new campaign, back-to-back defeats are threatening to bring
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the mood down. >> they have a lot of work to do . they are at a low and after they were hammered 4-0 following defeat of freiburg last weekend. >> we have to show some kind of reaction. after two defeats, maybe we can start again. >> they could not have asked for better opponents. >> they will work hard and try to get in our faces. we have to overcome that and deal with it. >> when coach is facing heavy
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criticism. to make matters worse, the only goal they have scored the season came from a penalty. the sporting director is standing behind him. >> it does not look at the moment, but we have only had two matches. it's very tight. we are capable of doing better. terry: we have more coming up for you at the top of the hour. well, i will be back in just a couple of minutes, actually. do not forget, you can get everything online at stay with us. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit]
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