it's the top of the hour. i'm ross mihara. okinawa's governor lost his long fought battle in the relocation of an air field. he tried to block the central government from moving the base but a japanese court decided he overstepped his powers. nhk world reports. >> reporter: okinawa governor expressed anger. >> translator: i was shocked. the result will probably leave
the root of the problem untouched. this unilateral ruling will likely trigger greater opposition from the okinawa people and unite them even more. >> reporter: the top government official welcomed the court ruling. >> translator: we understand the court rule that the okinawa's governor decision was illegal. based on this ruling we hope to continue to deal with the issue with integrity. >> reporter: the u.s. marine corps futenma air station has been an issue for decades. the base is located in the densely populated area. aircraft take off and land within meters of nearby houses. tokyo and washington want to
move the base to a less populated coastal area of okinawa. but onaga wants it moved out of the prefecture altogether. okinawa hosts 74% of the u.s. military facilities in japan, and onaga says it is too heavy a burden. the construction for the relocation plan was approved by onaga's predecessor. last year onaga revoked the permit saying his predecessor did not follow a proper process. his decision forced the two sides into a rare legal battle. central government versus prefectural government. okinawa government officials say this court decision isn't the end. they say they'll take their appeal to the supreme court.
ayako sasa, nhk world. the families of japanese citizens abducted by north korea have urged their government not to lose sight of its goal to bring them home. the plea comes over the recent outcry of pyongyang's recent nuclear weapons program. the families fear last week's nuclear tests may distract from the issue to resolve the issue. a representative of the family met with the minister in charge of handling the issue. he said the families can't wait any longer. >> translator: i hope the japanese government will treat the abduction issue as its top priority and as a separate concern from the north's nuclear program. >> kato assured them that the government will do everything it can using both dialogue and pressure. the japanese government says at
least 17 people were abducted by north korean agents in the 1970s and '80s. five of them returned to japan in 2002. russian border guards are inspecting a japanese fishing boat that was operating off one of four russian-held islands claimed by japan. they say it was carrying a catch that was not properly recorded. the boat had permission from russian authorities to catch saury in the area based on an agreement between the two countries. russian border guards inspected the ship near the island of shikotan. they said they found mackerel that was not recorded in the log book. the boat will be further inspected at another of the disputed islands, kunashiri. 17 crew members are on board. russia controls the four islands. japan maintains they are an inherent part of its territory. the japanese government says the islands were illegally occupied after world war ii.
the newly elected leader of japan's largest opposition democratic party has picked a heavyweight figure for her principle aide. renho chose noda as the party's secretary-general. >> translator: i believe mr. noda's experience makes him uniquely qualified to take on the government of prime minister shinzo abe. >> party members approved the proposal with applause. noda was the last prime minister in the government of the current party's predecessor, the dpj. he suffered a major loss in 2012 to shinzo abe's liberal democratic party. >> translator: i decided to accept the challenge as a way to take responsibility for my political career. >> other party executives will be decided next week.
people in japan are ushering in a change of season with autumn festivals. one of the most sacred is held at a shrine near tokyo and involves speeding horses, flying arrows, and warrior skills. nhk was there taking it all in. >> reporter: this event is about as close as one can get to rubbing elbows with a real samurai today. i'm south of tokyo in the place where the feudal government was once centered when a renowned samurai lord ruled the country. today we are going to be witnessing how the warriors trained for battle. now this isn't just a demonstration, and it's not just about warfare. it is a ritual that's closely connected to japan's shinto religion. so there's a special spiritual element to all of this, and the venue is key too. this takes place at the shrine. the ritual is called horseback archery, and the archer is
wearing a hunting costume of that period. did you see how he works with the horse to ensure balance, timing, and accuracy. now, this is an actual arrow they use. if you look at the top, there's a wooden part. it's called the whistling arrow because this part is hollow and makes a whistling sound. in battle this was meant to scare the enemy and, of course, the tip blade was sharpened. in this ritual this is set to expel evil spirits. visitors waited hours to witness this, and they were able to get pretty close to the action. >> translator: the horses were fast. and the costumes were amazing. everyone should see it. >> this is the first time to watch yabusami. it was an excellent demonstration of skill and ability but also japanese history and tradition.
>> reporter: you might link samurai warriors to the fighting that they used to do, but many of their formalities are actually linked to sacred practices. there are no more battles, but the samurai spirit lives on. minori takao, nhk world, kamakura. ♪ japan's railways have a reputation as some of the safest and most punctual in the world. that's thanks to technical know-how that may be headed for the birthplace of trains, the united kingdom. bids have been made to run a region network and on the short list is a consortium including east japan railway company, mitsui and company, and a dutch rail operator. public corporations in the u.k. manage tracks, stations, and other infrastructures while private firms operate the trains. the firms make bids and are
selected by the government. there are currently eight operators including some foreign companies working in different parts of the uk. >> most of the stations aren't big enough to house the number of people that we require. of course, the knock on effect, it feels poor and the service isn't great. >> absolutely rubbish, unreliable, uncomfortable and unbearably hot on days like today. >> the east japan railway company set up an office in london in 2014 and has been waiting for a chance to start operations. the company is part of a consortium that made bids to connect london, birmingham, liverpool, and other major cities in england. if it is successful, it will take over operations in october of next year and run them for four years. the network has recently seen a surge in passengers due to population growth in the region. the biggest challenge is to increase capacity in the peak hours. railway technology from japan is highly regarded in britain. in 2009, hitachi began providing
cars for the high speed railroad route linking london and scotland. in 2010 britain was hit by cold weather and the cars functioned without major delays. experts from japan and the uk have praised japanese rail operators. >> translator: service is considered standard in japan such as trains precisely on time or resuming operations quickly after a problem are not always the case in other countries. this would be a way for british people to experience japanese services. >> you have private companies taking responsibility, not only running the trains on time, but actually running the infrastructure and running some of the stations around it. so i think that level of responsibility may give them greater scope to innovate. >> the two consortiums are
expected to submit proposals by the end of november. they'll outline measures to address overcrowding during rush hour and improve passenger services. the winner of the four-year deal will be announced in the middle of next year. a major japanese life insurer is launching a product with a high-tech twist. sources say daiichi life insurance will offer reduced premiums for people who are fitter than average for their age. it will calculate a so-called health age by studying big data. that's the vast amounts of information collected through web traffic. medical insurance policies pay benefits when holders are hospitalized for cancer, diabetes, and other diseases. the premiums are determined by the policy holder's age. the sources say daiichi will set rates according to the actual client's age. customers are then supposed to provide health check reports every few years. the reports will be used to assess their health age based on big data covering life expectancy, medical history, and other features.
policy holders can expect a cut in premiums of 20% to 40% if their health age is found to be 5 to 10 years younger than their real age. but others may have to pay more if their condition is worse. daiichi plans to launch the product in december through its subsidiary neofirst life. it will be the first major insurer in japan to sell such a policy. nippon life insurance and other firms are considering similar products. >> here's a look at some of the other business stories we're following. apple has launched its latest model phone featuring a waterproof design. the iphone 7 appeared in stores on friday in japan and elsewhere around the world. people formed long lines outside an apple outlet in tokyo. the doors opened at 8:00 a.m., two hours earlier than usual. the new phone has featured specifically for japan including an electronic payment function.
a subsidiary of apple in japan was ordered to pay nearly $120 million to local tax authorities. sources say the tokyo regional taxation bureau found the japanese unit of itunes failed to withhold income taxes as required when it sent part of its profits back to ireland as licensing payments. sources say the japan unit has paid the back taxes as ordered. apple has declined to comment on the issue. the prime ministers of india and nepal have held talks in new delhi hoping to improve bilateral ties after a period of distrust. >> land-locked nepal is almost totally dependent on india. it needs support after building after the earthquakes that killed thousands. the prime minister met his indian counterpart modi on friday.
he's making his first overseas trip since he took office last month. after the meeting india extended a $750 million credit line to nepal for post-earthquake reconstruction. the two countries signed agreements on infrastructure projects. >> that india stands ready and prepared to strengthen its ties with nepal, and we will do so as per the priorities of the people and the government of nepal. >> we share the view that given our deep and extensive relationship in meaningful partnership between our two countries is crucial to unlock huge potential that we have per our mutual benefits. >> nepal's former government blamed new delhi last year when an ethnic group with close cultural group to india blockaded roads along the border for several months. india denied responsibility.
analysts say india is wooing the government in kathmandu to maintain influence after a surge of chinese investment in nepal. political in india this week celebrated the end of the ten-day festival marking the birth of the hindu god. the colorful location is supposed to be a moment to give up worrying about the world, but environmentalists have expressed concern it causes pollution. and so as nhk world reports, the festival is increasingly ecofriendly. >> reporter: the idols of all sizes are taken through the streets of new delhi to the banks of the river. thousands of people have gathered here for the last day of the festival as the festival ends. at the crescendo, people bid farewell to the elephant-headed god by immersing the icon in the water.
hindu mythology says the god returns to his home in the snow-capped mountains taking the worries of the worshippers with him. traditionally made from clay, the idols in recent decades were made of plaster of paris and other materials that were polluting and hard to degrade. some of the idols also contain harmful chemicals. some devotees are making their idols ecofriendly. >> reporter: rivers in india are highly contaminated, but this is made out of natural materials so it won't pollute the river.
>> reporter: they used clay idols in the celebration to protect the environment. the festival of the god of knowledge, wisdom, and fortune is the perfect stage for indians to think about protecting the environment for future generations. nhk world, new delhi. pakistani musicians have suffered years of repression. powerful muslims believe music is corrupting. one pakistani group kept their music going on the international stage with a unique hybrid style. nhk world went to hear them play. ♪ >> reporter: the music sounds american, but the vibe is from somewhere else.
the ensemble from pakistan plays modern music with instruments and these classically trained musicians have come a long way from their roots. ♪ >> translator: i never knew anything about jazz. we are trying to add new colors to traditional music. ♪ >> "song of lahore" is a documentary film about the musicians. the city of lahore in eastern pakistan used to be famous for its music culture. but music came under pressure from religious hardliners, and a few people dared to play or listen anymore.
♪ so they assembled and took a musical journey in an international direction. ♪ five years ago they added traditional south asian instruments to the jazz classic. it was a worldwide sensation. the producer said that different musical styles are similar. >> they also do the same thing, which is that they take up the basic structure. at the same time they have given a lot of freedom. [ applause ] ♪
>> the group performed this month for their fans in tokyo. [ applause ] >> translator: this was my first time hearing jazz and pakistani music fusion. it's mesmerizing. >> translator: this is one of pakistan's great treasures. what once was frowned upon is now been revived. it means music never dies. >> reporter: the group's international activities are also drawing attention back in their home country. >> translator: our music has come to be loved all over pakistan, and that has become our strength. >> reporter: the jazz ensemble is giving the people around the world courage to follow their musical passions. nhk world. ♪
group. the group's spokesman said in a statement that it was a revenge attack accuse ag pro-government militia of killing members. in august claimed responsibility for the bombing of a hospital in a southwestern city that killed at least 70 people. politicians, environmentalists, even hollywood actors are in washington, d.c., to make waves. they've gathered to discuss ways to protect the oceans and fisheries. and they are getting a look at a new online tool that offers a solution to one of the biggest issues, illegal fishing. alicia rose reports. >> reporter: big names to solve big problems. from hollywood actor and environmentalist leonardo dicaprio to u.s. president barack obama. >> it is what we decide and do here that will shape our oceans' future, and it's no secret we are all going to have to do a lot more and we are going to
have to do it fast. >> reporter: around 450 leaders from 90 countries and various organizations are at the our ocean conference to discuss issues that put the ocean at risk. the u.s. is eager to take the lead on the problem of illegal fishing. one report estimates up to 90% of seafood in the u.s. is imported and around 30% of that is caught illegally. washington is backing cutting-edge technology to try to stop the practice. global fishing watch made its debut at the conference. it's the world's first public online tool allowing anyone to monitor the activities of commercial fishing vessels. google worked alongside nonprofits sky truth and oceania on the system's development. here's how it works.
yellow dots show the movement of each fishing vessel in near real-time. the system captures data from hundreds of thousands of ships worldwide. it tracks around 35,000 fishing vessels at any given moment. this vessel was flagged by the system when it entered into a marine protected area near the pacific island of kiribati. the movement indicates the crew was fishing. local authorities were able to catch and issue a fine based on the data. some vessels turn off their monitoring systems or send false information on their movements. the system tracked this chinese vessel's suspicious and sudden relocation to the middle of antarctica. the developers of global fishing watch hope it will help strengthen enforcement efforts against illegal fishing. >> so this will help enforcement agencies decide where to allocate their resources, where
to do a patrol, for example, or a flyover to investigate whether there's any possible illegal activity happening. >> reporter: u.s. senior administration officials are encouraging other countries like china and those in southeast asia to take more concrete measures to combat illegal fishing. >> for us protecting the ocean is a very important issue, so it really is a matter of international diplomacy to get countries to work together to preserve the ocean. >> reporter: the u.s. thinks the technology like global fishing watch will play a vital role in addressing illegal fishing and hopes this conference will be key in making progress on this issue. alicia rose, nhk world, washington. time now for the weather forecast for the weekend.
this month's full moon is known as harvest moon and according to tradition it is something to celebrate thmpt community marks the occasion with a special delicacy. hundreds of visitors have enjoyed sharing a giant moon cake. every year chefs from a local hotel make a 60 kilogram cake for the mid autumn festival. it contains 700 duck eggs. residents have been passing down the tradition to younger generations. the moon cakes are said to bring happiness. that's all this hour on nhk "newsline." thank you for watching.
>> this week, global 3000 heads to china. a new app is creating a stir at lunchtime, bringing old favorites to the table. we find out more. in peru we look for one of the amazon's largest fish. how many are left and why do they need protecting? but first we go to russia, a country battling a huge drugs problem. nowhere on earth is more heroin consumed than here. the u.n. estimates that 4,700 tons of raw opium were produced worldwide last year. illegally. morphine is extracted from it. and that in turn is used to create 327 tons of pure heroin. a smokeable variety is also from the raw opium.