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tv   Newsline  PBS  September 21, 2016 12:00am-12:31am PDT

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9:00 a.m. in tokyo. leaders have met at the united nations general assembly on tuesday. barack obama made his last u.s. speech as president. he renewed his call to seek a world without nuclear weapons. earlier, i spoke with kozue, who is covering the event and asked her about the highlights of the day. >> two leaders spoke the last time at the general debate. ban ki-moon steps down at the
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end of the year an a ten-year term. he lamented that the u.n. had continuous failed to confront pressing issues. >> far too often i have seen widely supported proposals blocked in the name of consensus, by a few. or sometimes even just one country. time and again, i have seen the central action and good ideas blocked in the security council. >> in his last address to the general assembly, president obama emphasized his goal of a world without nuclear weapons. the u.s. submitted a draft resolution to the security council, urging member states to refrain from nuclear tests just weeks before the general assembly. the vote may come as early as this week. >> when north korea tests a bomb, that endangers all of us.s basic bargain must face
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consequences. and those nations with these weapons, like the united states, have a unique responsibility to pursue the path of reducing our stockpiles. and reaffirming basic norms like the commitment to never test them again. >> he also stressed the importance of raul rule of law and international cooperation, referring to russia and china. >> if russia continues to interfere in the affairs of his neighbors, it may be popular at home for a time, but overtime, it will diminish its stature and make its borders less secure. in the south china sea, a peaceful resolution of disputes offered by law will mean far greater stability than the militarization of a few rocks and reefs. >> obama seemed confident of his achievements during his eight-year tenure, and expressed hope for his successor to follow his approach in international affairs.
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>> kozue, what were the other countries' agendas? >> british prime minister theresa may made her debut at the general assembly. she said that the uk will remain committed to the international community even after its brexit. >> for when the british people voted to leave the eu, they did not vote to turn inwards, or walk away from any of our partners in the world. so this is not the time to turn away from our united nations. it is the time to turn towards it. >> turkey's president urged european nations to help tackle the refugee issues his country faces. >> translator: i would like to call out to all of my european friends who believe that syrian refugees are a threat and a clear danger for them, the barbed wires and the high walls will never provide you with the safety and security and peace of mind that you seek out for.
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>> on wednesday, japan's prime minister shinzo abe and the chinese premier among others will address the general assembly. >> that was kozue in new york. we'll have mork coverage from the u.n. throughout the week. a u.s. newspaper reports that a chinese company is suspected of aiding north korea's nuclear program. local police have also hinted at the allegation without disclosing any details. last thursday, police in china's northeastern province of liaoning announced they were investigating the company for suspected involvement in serious economic crimes. the trading firm is located on the border with north korea. the "wall street journal" reported in its monday edition that the chinese firm is suspected of selling materiels that can be used to developed centrifuge that can be used for uranium enrichment. the paper also reports that u.s.
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investigators visited beijing last month and alerted the chinese authorities about the alleged criminal activities. north korea conducted its fifth nuclear test earlier this month. china, the country's largest trading partner, is increasingly suspected of not enforcing u.n. sanctions. the announcement of the probe may be an attempt by the chinese authorities to counter such criticism. u.s. media say the man suspected of setting off saturday's explosion in new york made many visits to afghanistan and pakistan. u.s. investigators are looking into whether the suspect was influenced by muslim extremist ideology. 28-year-old ahmad khan rahami was arrested on monday after a shoot-out with police. he's a u.s. citizen of afghan descent. u.s. media have quoted investigators as saying rahami repeatedly visited afghanistan, a stronghold of muslim extremists and neighboring
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pakistan between 2011 and 2014. he reportedly once stayed in the country for a year. police believe rahami is behind bombing attempts and attacks in new york city and new jersey over the weekend. the blast in manhattan on saturday wounded 29 people. the ceasefire in syria appears unlikely to hold after the government resumed attacks, including an air strike on a united nations aid convoy. the syrian military declared on monday that the truce was over because of repeated violations by anti-government forces. the syrian observatory for human rights said at least 39 people have been killed in aleppo since strikes resumed. the group says 12 of the items were aid workers transporting food and medical supplies to 78,000 people trapped in the combat zone. the u.s. secretary of state john kerry told reporters he wants to hear from russia on the status on the ceasefire.
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>> the important thing is, the russians need to control assad, who evidently is indiscriminately bombing, including on humanitarian convoys. so let's wait and see, collect the facts. >> the u.s. and russia brokered ceasefire came into effect last week. under the deal, the two countries were to decide on whether it could be continued. kerry and russian foreign minister sergei lavrov are expected to discuss the matter. a spokesperson for the u.n. said on tuesday that all u.n. aid convoys in syria have been suspended due to the security situation. the syrian red crescent society, which was working with the u.n., also suspended its convoys. shifting gears now, we turn to business headlines. japanese government officials have just released the latest trade data. i'm joined from the business desk. good morning he. >> we're seeing a deficit from
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last month. the trade balance fell into the red for the first time in three months. officials say the deficit came in about $184 million for last month. exports were down 9.6%. a persistently strong yen has been hurting japanese exporters and the value of imports shrank 17.3% in yen terms from a year earlier. lower prices for crude oil and natural gas helped to shrink the total value of imports. so let's see what's happening with markets. as for wall street, u.s. stocks ended nearly flat overnight. that's ahead of key policy decisions by the bank of japan, as well as the federal reserve. later today the dow jones industrial average ended a touch higher. the nasdaq up by a tenth of a percent. in tokyo, we go to ramin mellegard at the stock exchange.
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high expectations, tell us what you're seeing over there. >> the central bank meetings always get a lot of attention, but especially so for the speculation for the boj that maybe it could make a move. compared to the more muted effect really for the federal reserve. but let's have a look at how the markets are opening here for wednesday, september 21st. bit of a mixed open there. we can see the topix going in and out of positive territory. the nikkei right now, down 0.18%. now many analysts will be grappling with the question, how can more monetary easing help? and if it can't, then what can be the boj do? of course supporting asset prices is a key factor in central bank policy, and battling deflation here has been a monstrous task for the boj according to many analysts. regarding individual stocks, shares of fast retailing,
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operator of uniqlo fell more than 5% on saturday. speculation that the boj might review its stock related funds purchase led to a bit of a sell-off of the market heavyweight company. and takata shares plummeted more than 11% on media reports that its backers might be looking at bankruptcy proceedings to limit their losses. turning back to central bank moves and the federal reserve, most are not expecting a rate hike later today, but there's been some confusion, ai, as several fed officials have recently come out with clearly conflicting views. some are even arguing if it has to wait until december, it might actually decide to fire a shot today. we'll see. >> we will see. and we've really seen different reactions in all different kinds of markets. not least of all currencies and certainly not the bond market. update us on that this morning. >> currencies and bonds always
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give a very quick reaction to what investors are thinking. dollar/yen, 101.70. trading in a narrow range. u.s. ten-year notes fell around three basis points at one stage. analysts say traders bought longer dated bonds on uncertainty about today's b omp -- boj decisions. sydney's seap is up .2%. china markets open in an hour and a half and we'll have further updates of course and we'll be following anything that comes out of the bank of japan. back to you. >> okay, sounds good, ramin. thanks for the update. japanese business leaders have arrived in china to meet top officials. high on their agenda is china's overproduction of steel products, blamed for distorting global trade. the delegation on wednesday will meet vice premier, the communist
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party's seventh most senior official. they'll meet other high level officials during their stay through friday. the japan-china economic association has been dispatching delegations almost every year since 1975. the visitors want to discuss the issue of chinese steel products being exported at what they believe are unfairly low prices. they also plan to make it easier by easing regulations on foreign investment and enhancing protection of intellectual property rights. the video game industry has thrived by constantly generating new ideas and technology. this year's tokyo game show continues that tradition, showcasing what may be the next leap forward in virtual reality. technology that goes beyond vision and sound and mimics our sense of touch. akiko oaka moto reports. >> reporter: more than 600
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companies from across the world joined the tokyo game show this year. the star attraction for virtual reality games and devices. this is a vr game controller that uses technology which digitally re-kreats our sense of touch. so when i extend my arm and squeeze like i'm pulling the trigger, a bullet shoots out. oh, smart. i can feel a slight tingle on my arm, and even my muscles. the recoil from a gun is re-created through electric signals that stimulate the muscles. >> vr games still do not have a fixed game controller. we're targeting that market. >> reporter: how about a body suit that stimulates the entire body. sound speakers are the core technology of the suit. the vibration from the speakers can be felt throughout the body.
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sound stimulation, such as the sound of drums, is perceived in different ways. wow, this is more than just a video game. i feel like i'm actually inside the game, in the atmosphere. >> reporter: looking at images alone doesn't allow you to actually feel what's happening. but the sense of touching and being touched helps us to step into the arena of human emotions. >> reporter: some are applying the technology beyond video games. among them is a venture firm spun off from a national research institute. the firm is trying to commercialize a certain technology. holding this device in your fingertips causes your brain to create an illusion that you are being pushed or pulled. >> this is amazing, i can feel my hands getting pushed in, and
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now getting pushed back. i can feel the impact. wow, this is very, very interesting. here's one example of an application. an lcd screen controller finish an air conditioner. it simulates pressure in the fingertips by digitally replicating our sense of touch. wow, this is very interesting. the sense of touch that i get is like pushing a button hard. lcd buttons are used in everything from cell phones to ticket vending machines. the venture firm says applying this technology will create the sense of pushing a button and help reduce errors. the trick is in this vibration plate under the liquid crystal. this plate vibrates only vertically when touched. but changing vibration patterns fool your brain into thinking the plate is moving up and down. the implication of the technology could be profound.
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it may eventually be applied to robotic surgery. doctors manipulating robots will be able to feel that their own hands are operating on the patient. >> translator: this technology will go beyond video games and will probably be used for all equipment, devices and electronics. five or ten years from now, it will be common to digitally feel the sense of touch that we take for granted. >> reporter: many companies around the world are attracted to this cutting-edge technology. japan is on the verge of creating the first mass market. akiko oak moto, nhk world. all right, that's the latest in business news for this hour. i'm going to leave you now with a check on markets. ♪ ♪
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♪ ♪ now that the rio paralympics have finished, people can look ahead four years to the next games in tokyo. in fact, the very first paralympics were held in tokyo in 1964.
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while most film from back then was in black and white, our next story will introduce you to a man who will give a nostalgic glimpse in color. >> reporter: the '64 paralympic games with the debut of a name that has become known worldwide. 21 countries and territories participated in the opening ceremony. many of the sports were played differently than now. in the wheelchair relay, when a runner reached the line, the next runner set out in the opposite direction. the idea was to operate safely in a limited space. tough contact was off limits in wheelchair basketball. that's not at all the case today. tokyo resident hidao funatsu took the footage. >> translator: this is the film. >> reporter: the reel reveals the year. at the time, he belonged to an 8 millimeter camera club. he had planned to film the
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olympics with the club members but he got tied up at work. by the time the paralympics came around, his schedule had freed up. >> translator: i had a feeling of pride in filming something that others had not. >> reporter: he remembers being impressed by the hard work put in by supporters of the games. university students took the lead in a language volunteer group. they served as interpreters and as guides around town. in a throwing event, a boy scout held a wheelchair to prevent it from moving. the footage reveals something that the black and white film did not. the slope at the athletes village was made of boards of different colors. that suggests the staff had to collect the material from different places. >> translator: i felt the people involved in the paralympics had what we might now call a sense of duty. they thought there should be
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something they could do for people with disabilities. >> reporter: the tokyo olympics held immediately before the paralympics cost about $265 million to put on at the current exchange rate. the paralympics on the other hand had a budget of only about $300,000. a call for donations brought in an additional $480,000. thanks to volunteers, personnel costs were very low. ♪ ♪ >> these are the so-called wheelchair athletes who have come from all parts of the world to participate in the paralympics, or the olympics for the physically handicapped. >> reporter: this film was produced by the paralympic secretariat back then for distribution to participating countries. digital technology brought the images back.
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they provide a detailed record of the athletes' everyday activities. japanese competitor appeared tense amidst all the chatting by athletes from other countries. it was hideo kondo who took place in six events. including wheelchair basketball and archery. kondo was 29 years old at the time. an accident at the age of 16 led him to live in a facility for disabled people. he thought of sports only as a way of rehabilitation. when he met disabled people from abroad, he found they acted with confidence. many of them had jobs and led independent lives. >> translator: i strongly felt the difference. i wondered why we japanese were so unlike them. >> reporter: having seen what's possible, he decided to leave the facility where he had been living and become independent. he sees the paralympics as an occasion to remember the
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original goal, bringing people of various abilities together. >> translator: whether one has a disability or not, we participate in the same place and share the will to live. the sports may be a bit different, but that's beside the point. >> reporter: the film from the first paralympics conveys that spirit. the 2020 games will give tokyo an opportunity to show how much it has learned. it is time to get a check of the weather now. residents across western japan are trying to clean up after getting hit by typhoon malakas. meteorologist robert speta joins us with the latest. >> yes, definitely good news. improving conditions across much of western and even back towards the north of japan here, you
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have the typhoon. you can see on the satellite picture over the past 24 hours, it rolled across the country. now moving back towards the east. but really some incredible rain totals down here. definitely many people waiting for the clean-up. good news, the weather will be healthy. as we look at the forecast, there will be scattered showers moving back in by thursday and friday. especially for central areas of japan, including the tokyo area. cloudy skies will continue to dominate, we're also looking at northerly winds too. temperatures feeling autumn-like with overnight lows pushing into the mid teens. back to the northwest, high pressure is dominating, keeping things on the cool side. in seoul, high of 26. tokyo with a high of 23 out there. beijing getting up to about 24. down to the south and the tropics, still thunderstorms with the monsoon dominating
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here. same thing with manila and also over towards bangkok as well. let's talk about what's going on here into europe. we have several areas we're watching. one, a low pressure area moving through the british isles. this is going to start to kick up showers, especially for ireland, extending to scotland, as we go into the next 24 hours out here, over to your wednesday. but as we look back towards the east, things are a little bit clearer. especially for the low countries. down to the south, some thunderstorms. this is the base of our jet stream dipping down. strong storms for italy, greece, western turkey eastern had a tornado reported out there that injured five people. no casualties reported, but definitely shows the potential for the strong storms. also seeing the risk of some delays across many of these areas. but cool temperatures are really dominating back towards the north. for example, berlin with a high of 20, warsaw getting all the way up to 15 there, mid teens.
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looking at showers. london, 21, partly cloudy skies expected there for you. the showers should remain a little bit further towards the north. we look at the americas. if you have travel plans across the midwest, including chicago, you might see some delays here. we have a low. you can see it here in the cloud cover, starting to dissolve out of the rockies and that's even bringing snow for a few areas, like alberta in canada. it's moving east and bringing heavy rainfall for parts of the great lakes. we have flash flood watches in place at this time. don't be surprised if strong thunderstorms flare up. i do think the tornado threat is not really going to be there, but it's enough to cause some delays out here for many of you. if we pull back the picture once again, we do have what is left of paine moving on shore there
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into southern california, extending to arizona and new mexico. maybe scattered showers. los angeles should avoid most of it, but overall, it's going to stay on the hot side, especially down here towards the south. all right. here's your extended outlook. ♪ ♪
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♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ >> and that wraps up this edition of nhk "newsline." i'm catherine kobayashi in tokyo. thanks for joining us.
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anchor: on "global 3000" this week -- a visit to the u.s., which had a tragic 2015. more young african american men died from police brutality than ever before. we head to chicago to find out why. diving into mexico's caribbean coast, home to the delicious caribbean spiny lobster. how do they catch them sustainably? but we start our journey in singapore, where it's all about learning and more learning, no matter how tiny you are. signals pass between synapses in a child's brain incredibly quickly. the process starts in the womb. at two years old, the most important connections have already been made. over time, the child develops


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