tv DW News PBS September 28, 2016 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT
>> this is dw news live from berlin. two hospitals bombed in the pounding of aleppo. strong condemnation from the un's secretary-general. >> let us be clear, both using ever more destructive weapons know exactly no what they are doing. they are no they are committing war crimes. >> the united states is going to cut off all talks with russia unless the bombardment by the syrian forces ends. and russia accused by a team of prosecutors saying they know what kind of missile destroyed
flight and age 17 over ukraine -- flight mh 17 over ukraine. they know are the missile came ♪ brent: it is good to have you with us. tonight, u.s. and russian cooperation, what little there is left of it, is teetering on the brink over the bombing of two hospitals in aleppo. john kerry lashing out at russia and the syrian government for their bombardment of the city. he warned moscow he would end talks in syria if the attacks did not stop. in reply, russia said they would cooperate with the u.s. the u.n. has condemned the hospital bombings, calling them a war crime. >> this is what the bombs left
behind, middle click whitman strewn across the rubble. -- medical equipment strewn across the rubble. they were hit by airstrikes in the early hours of the morning. hospitals that are desperately needed in the war-torn city. one of 55 doctors left in aleppo told dw medical staff are struggling to treat injured. >> they go to one hospital. you see the patients and give them the best treatment they deserve. in spite of all of that [indiscernible] all the time by the russian and the regime aircraft. reporter: they just won't stop. the syrian army released a video of ground sources in the rebel city. they took control of the neighborhood.
the once vibrant city has been reduced to rubble, and the syrian army has increased to the suffering. >> envision the destruction. people with hunger, pain, no relief. suffering, dying, nowhere to go and no end in site. it is a slaughterhouse. this is worse. even a slaughterhouse is more humane. reporter: this could spell an end to diplomacy. the u.s. has threatened to stop talking to moscow about syria at all if the attacks don't end. brent: we are joined now by simon at the registered institute for peace studies at
lancaster university. good evening to you, simon. the u.s. -- u.s. secretary of state will stop attacks -- what strategy are we seeing here? is this just desperation? simon: i think this is a real frustration at everything that has been happening over the past few months and years. this is a five year long of a war that has climbed -- claimed half a million lives. so the long-standing frustration in washington and the west broadly, this is probably washington saying, we can't deal with you when you are not agreeing, not going with the terms of the cease-fire your put in place. so they want to send a message to moscow saying we can't deal with you and the terms that we have agreed because you are not
sticking to them. how about we break the terms, stop talking until you agree with what you agreed to. brent: who will be served by that? if washington talks the talk and walks the walk, what will it mean for the war? simon: i think it means there will be more casualties, the saudi's are in a stronger position. it is about making sure when situations happen, when all parties get around the table that the saudis are in the strongest possible to negotiate. that is russia's goal. assad can negotiate. he is the strongest he has been in a long time. looks like the syrians will retake aleppo. this will cost a lot more life. that is probably what will happen. the syrian army will be in a stronger position when the negotiations come, and then they
can negotiate, but assad will not have to go if that is the case. brent: this is what moscow would like to see, right? simon: of course. moscow is playing a strong poker game on a number of fronts. we should not forget about the ukraine, what has happened there. they planned it carefully, they want to see the relationship with syria continue. but this relationship with bashar al-assad needs to continue. they want to make sure they still have access to the port in syria and by playing strategies, they have maintained bashar al-assad in power. negotiations will happen, but they will probably end up with bashar al-assad staying in power. brent: all right, simon, thank you.
lebanon says it is facing a jihadist threat on its border with syria. the civil war is threatening to spill over into the country. lebanese soldiers have been positioned along the border. insurgents from the islamic state and other people started back in 2014, causing dozens of casualties on both sides, with the threat of our bombs and future incursions, the lebanese army is on alert. five people suspected of belonging to a cell of islamic state have been arrested in police operations across the three european countries. three of the suspects were arrested in spain, one in belgium, another here in germany. the organization is accused of spreading propaganda and seeking recruits for i.s. using social media, including on one account with 32,000 followers.
the identities have not been released. the u.s. senate has voted to override president barack obama's veto of the bill that would let families sue the saudi government over the september 11 terror attacks. senators overwhelmingly rejected obama's veto, and only one of the legislators backed the president. it permits civil suits against nations that aid those that commit acts of terrorism. families of 9/11 victims specifically wanted to sue south -- saudi arabia. it is time lawmakers have overturned a veto by president obama. dutch prosecutors say they have solid evidence tonight that a malaysian passenger jet was shot down by a missile moved into eastern ukraine from russia. the multinational investigation
team is a russian-made missile down to image 17 over ukraine -- image 17 -- mh17 two years ago. it killed 298 people. reporter: the wreckage spent kilometers. hundreds of lives were lost here when malaysia airlines flight mh17 was shot down from the sky. now dutch prosecutors have revealed the missile that brought it down was from russia. >> this missile was brought in from the territory of the russian federation, and after launch, was subsequently returned to the russian fitted to read -- russian federation territory. reporter: it is not known who gave the order to shut down the plane, whether they acted on their own or responded to command from superiors. investigators say they have identified 100 people who could
be linked to the plane's downing. this is a step closer to closure. >> there was a lot of speculation, but i see this as something a bit relief for me. reporter: flight mh17 took off from amsterdam in july 2014 going to kuala lumpur. it was blown out of the sky in eastern ukraine. last october, i report concluded the plane have been brought down by a russian-made missile launched from eastern ukraine, but investigators stopped short of laying blame on anyone side. russia and rebels immediately denied involvement, blaming ukraine instead. brent: david crawford is one of the journalists who uncovered evidence revealing russia's connection to the crash of mh17,
earning him germany's highest award for investigative journalism. he joins us tonight. it is good to have you with us on the show. i want to start with moscow's reaction to the report today. we have seen this before, haven't we? david: yes, we have. moscow refuses to accept responsibility for the downing of the plane, and is pointing his finger at ukraine. brent: if moscow denies connection to the crash and refuses to extradite suspects, does the search for justice, does it end with this report we are getting today? david: no. this whole matter is not going to go away. you look at the lockerbie downing, pan am 103 i think it
was, justice took decades. this matter won't go away, but it could also take decades before it is finally too expensive to keep denying it. brent: in your reporting you said there was a pro-russian separatist, they celebrated the downing. it first it looked like they had shot down a ukrainian military jet. are we talking about mass murder by mistaken identity? david: that is unclear at the moment. what we also said was it was a difficult situation on the ground and in the air over eastern ukraine at that time. soldiers on the ground were manning the missiles, were very afraid of the airplanes in the air because airplanes were
targeting first of all the book missile systems, which are dangerous for them. the people in the air were frightened of the missiles on the ground, and each side knew that whoever shot first had the best chance of survival. the situation, and this is a situation where you had very little time to figure out what was going on. i talked to an air flight controller. he said when he started work in today for each shift, he would need three to five minutes just to get a three-dimensional image of the sky over his head. i talked to operators of missiles, and they say we have to turn off radar after 40 seconds because it is too dangerous to leave it on. it is small time frames. it is life and death matter. themselves and their colleagues,
so it is a serious matter. people are frightened, and mistakes can be made under these conditions. brent: david crawford with the investigative reporting. thank you for talking about your analysis, we appreciate it. let's get a look at the other stories that are making headlines around the world. the death toll for a shipping accident off the coast of egypt has risen to more than 200. the vessel, carrying hundreds of migrants, sank a few miles from shore. egyptian state tv says police released to the boat's owner. a landslide in china has very dozens of houses and left many missing. it was caused by wind and rain from typhoon maggie which had killed people in taiwan before it hit the mainland. we will take a short break. but when we come back, more news and business headlines.
welcome back. our top stories, u.n. secretary-general has condemned a war crime, the bombing of two hospitals in aleppo. the u.s. is threatening to that off talks with russia unless they and syrian forces stop pounding the area. simone perez -- shimon peres has died. in the 1990's, he played a key role in negotiating the oslo accord which laid the foundations for the middle east
peace process. he was awarded the nobel peace prize for his efforts. known as a brilliant operator, he served two terms as prime minister. he rounded out his political career as president. in honor of his passing, israel lowered flags to half mast and parliament. we will have more on that later on on the day, but now it is time for business use. european central bank, the boss, mario draghi? reporter: sometimes the impossible happens. opec has agreed to cut oil output for the first time since 2008, albeit by 750,000 barrels a day. the agreement came as low oil prices forced saudi arabia to ease its stance on its archrival, iran.
opec will cut total output from 33 million barrels to 32.5 million per day. they will agree at the next corporal meeting in november. and non-opec countries like russia will be invited to cut production. so it just stands [indiscernible] what are the markets making out of opec's agreement to cut production? reporter: the understanding between opec members had an immediate effect with the brent surging over 5%, but these agreements fell short for some analysts. goldman sachs/the fourth quarter oil price by $7, justifying the amount of crude surplus could
outweigh [indiscernible] from a deal by producers to limit output. further experts are bullish. as we wait and see what happens, energy sectors surged more than 3%, up 14% so far this year. fanny: janet yellen is talking about banking regulation. it could not come at a more sensitive time, the deutsche bank trouble for example. what did janet yellen say? jose: well it seems like yellen and the federal reserve taking a comprehensive look at the biggest banks after what she described a disturbing pattern of recent violations. obviously wells fargo was the elephant in the room, but she refused to respond to the heated questions about the bank and whether the fed should consider breaking it up.
she refused to address wells fargo specifically, she told legislators it is important to hold senior management accountable. he is giving up a lot of celery and bond -- salary and bond during this. fanny: thank you so much. european central bank chief mario draghi has perfect -- rejected german criticism of his super loose monetary policy. people say it is hurting their savings and the banks. he is pointing out germans benefit from the ecb's moves. subzero rates are vital, and he is accusing berlin of not doing its bit. reporter: meyer draghi in the lion's den, he has big opponents in berlin. first he lowers interest rates, then does away with them.
german parliament members aren't pulling any punches. savings accounts are losing. but the ecb's president is convinced the banks measures will soon start to fight. >> is in everybody's interest if the recovery firms up, if wages increase because the gap in the labor market closes, and we reached our objective of a rate below 2%. everybody would benefit from it, and especially insurance companies and pensions as well. reporter: besides slashing interest rates, the ecb is buying up corporate and sovereign bonds. german proletarians say that is cheap money for the southern eurozone countries. >> we raised the point that the banks low interest rate policy is a kind of veiled bailout package which the german parliament never gave approval.
we respect the independence as long as it sticks to its mandate. reporter: mario draghi is very unpopular in the german parliament, but that does not bother him. on thursday he met with angela merkel. fanny: greenpeace is demanding% something from indonesia, most of it from/and burn anticult -- from slash and burn agriculture. experts say the smoke drifted over thousands of kilometers to neighboring countries, is an environmental and public health emergency. reporter: last year's smoke blackout had a toxic haze for weeks. in indonesia was the worst hit, but singapore and malaysia also suffered.
landowners in sumatra and others deliberately set fire to clear for paper and palm oil plantations. 19 people died last year as a result of these blazes and hayes. but the mood -- new total is much worse. researchers from harvard and columbia investigate this, and it may have caused more than 100,000 premature deaths. half a million people are suffering from respiratory ailments. the hayes will cost the region $14 billion in damages. another reason why the fires had such devastating consequences is indonesia barely has any methods in place to prevent these fires. according to the world bank, of the 2.6 million hectares of land, one third was pete soil. -- peat soil.
fires continue to burn under the ground where the peat is still smoldering and releasing toxic fumes. fanny: that is the business deskfanny: for now. now to some special art. brent: we will talk about painting and the body. it is a provocative type of art. 23-year-old hikaru cho is a japanese painter that ran out of paper and started to draw her hand. that's the barked a flash of -- sparked a flash of inspiration and now her body is her canvas. this is on exhibition in germany. we went on to have a look and give her hand. >> i don't know which. reporter: hikaru cho changes the way we see of a world. whenever she touches changes completely. she has turned people into animals and robots -- is it real
or just an illusion? >> it adds a meeting. people connect to the body painting more than normal laceration, because they are both human. reporter: the body is her facade . the skin is a cover that can be changed. she wants to get beneath the skin. >> my work often comes from the thought i have in daily lives as a twentysomething year old woman, girl. we constantly think how we look good, how would is inside of us. there is a battle on the surface, of course. reporter: she has been fighting against superficiality her whole life.
she was born in china but grew up in japan. she has faced any prejudices in her life. -- many prejudices in her life. >> i did not feel accumulated or anything, because i speak japanese and live in japan a very fine, but at times i had moments -- what is the reason we have to have a nationality? reporter: shealy discovered her talent a few years ago after posting some of her photos online, they went viral. she created a campaign for amnesty international focused on women's rights to define their own sexuality. her optical illusions are shockingly realistic, disturbing or repulsive. >> i hate the compliment, you draw very well. everyone can draw very well. at least if the person says gross, i had some impact on their feeling for their mind.
so it feels great. [laughter] reporter: she changes the way we see ourselves. at least for a brief moment in time. brent: it looks like a good idea for halloween. you were watching dw news. i will be back to take you through the day. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]