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tv   DW News  PBS  December 8, 2016 6:00pm-6:31pm PST

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♪ brent: thiss a dw news live from berlin. and lastly russian foreign minister announces a cease-fire in aleppo. a city battered, bombed, a shell of its former self. now perhaps the residents will get some relief from the fighting. we will go live to syria. also coming up, ahead of the u.n. human rights day we will bring you the case of an and jailed and tortured in russia for protesting against the government. now he has gone missing.
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and address are added to the list of animals of vulnerable to extinction. their numbers in the wild have fallen by 40% in the last 30 years. he will tell you what is behind the disappearing animal. ♪ i am brent goff. tonight, there is a cease-fire in aleppo. the russian foreign minister says the syrian army has stopped active military operations in the eastern part of the city to let the civilians evacuated. he also said russian and u.s. military experts will meet in geneva on saturday to discuss the situation in syria's second-largest city. rebels in eastern aleppo have suffered a wave of defeat, thousands of civilians remain trapped tonight. our next report is from a.r.d. reporter: they want to get out
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of the hell that is eastern aleppo. only a few relatively safe routes lead to the city. the syrian army has led a bombing campaign to force opposition and rebel groups out of their strongholds. the assad regime has allowed us to report from here. we can move around relatively freely. in the area's government troops have recaptured, some families have begun returning to their homes. or rather, what is left of them. his house was destroyed. the family is ruined. he says life and aleppo was terrible. bombs, hunger, and islamists dictated their daily lives. >> they said you must follow shary a -- sharia. i wanted to buy bread with my
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friend but they said you are not allowed to buy bread today, get lost. reporter: people here still do not have bread and no water or medicine, either. 50,000 displaced people from the east have stretched the city to its limits and more will come. the syrian army is determined to conquer eastern aleppo once and for all. this time, thanks to support from russia, libya and iran, they are better positioned to see out its goal. >> after some successful military operations with our allies, today, we have 65% to 70% under our control. reporter: even opposition activists believe aleppo will soon fall to the syrian army thanks to the firepower on the ground and in the air.
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but the military might is not just killing row -- rebel fighters. civilians are also among the rising fatalities. children gather up whatever they can take with them. they are some of the lucky ones. they have survived and can now leave eastern aleppo, but they are traumatized. >> the jihadists did not want to let us go so that they could use us to protect themselves. some who wanted to fleet were killed. we wanted to go to the fort, weird there was a bus waiting for us, but the rebels forced us to turn back. reporter: many of these small trucks now travel from eastern to western aleppo full of civilians who simply want to get out of this hellish place. brent: we want to find out with the latest is on the ground.
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i am joined in damascus. it is good to have you on the show. russia says the syrian army has stopped the military operations to allow evacuations. what are you hearing from aleppo, is that true? guest: at the present moment in time we have no means to confirm or deny such reports. but hopefully the coming hours will confirm to us if this is really happening, and we surely do hope so that we can reach people in besieged locations in aleppo. brent: at the moment we cannot talk about any movement of people or supplies or aid, right ? guest: despite that we have a green light from the government to ascend humanitarian aid
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convoys to the eastern part f aleppo, yet we still need more assurances of the safety of humanitarian workers and aid convoys moving into those locations. in the near future, hopefully. brent: but we had been here before. the syrian government has authorized u.n. shipments into eastern aleppo. the last time requests were made they refused to do that for a for a long time. why do you think the syrian regime is saying yes now? guest: we have a holistic, comprehensive approach to syria when it comes humanitarian delivery of aid. we have a plan for over 21 locations in syria. there are many other locations that are besieged or hard-to-reach or encircled.
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we need to reach all of these people in those locations. in total in syria today, we have about 4.5 million people who live in such part to reach locations -- hard to reach locations. brent: we know efforts will start soon hopefully to evacuate eastern aleppo. where will they find shelter? do they have a place to go? guest: the u.n. and the humanitarian partners working on the ground in aleppo have already received over 26,000 people in the southern part of the industrial area. where the u.n. and partners are moving in quickly to repair and prepare shelters, provide winter clothes. we have distributed over 12,000
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winter kits. we have mobile clinics, child protection experts, and a lot of the basic services these people require. brent: so, you are ready to do this and you have got the green light from the syrian government. i just want to make sure that our viewers on -- our viewers are clear on this -- you are still waiting on the all clear from russia, is that correct? guest: during this year, 2016, and since the beginning, and due to the cessation of hostilities, we were able to reach over 3.5 people in besieged areas. we hope this time we can also reach all the locations that were mentioned in our december plan, including parts of east aleppo. brent: in damascus with the u.n.
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h.c.r. for cyria, -- syria, talking about what looks like a cease-fire in eastern aleppo. thank you for talking with us. iraqi special forces are fighting again with militants in the so-called islamic state in eastern mosul. the battle come 60's after the government said it had taken full control of the area. mosul is the last major bastion of i.s. control in iraq. most of the fighting has been in the east of the city. government forces have in making slow progress amongst fierce resistance and concerns among the safety of civilians living there. a powerful magnitude 7.8 earthquake has struck your the solomon islands. authorities have issued a soon not meet warning limited to the islands -- a tsunami warning.
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the u.s. geological survey says the earthquake hit about 200 kilometers southeast of the capital of the solomon islands. the epicenter was relatively deep at 48 kilometers below the surface. deeper earthquakes usually cause less surface damage. now news and africa, in ghana, only about half the vote for the country's presidential and parliamentary election had been counted but opposition candidate nana akufo-addo is already claiming victory. akufo-addo has called on president john mahama to concede defeat, claiming that he has an unassailable lead. by his own count he has some 53% of the vote, but most local media put the rivals much closer. ghana's electoral commission has delayed announcing the result, saying at some points patient --
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polling stations it appears they were more ballots cast than voters. commission officials have asked the country to be patient while they investigate potential irregularities. as here what they had to say. >> we asked the public to remain calm as the commission works rigorously to complete the electoral process. this is the first time that within 24 hours the results have not been declared at the presidential election. the commission assure the people of this country that within a maximum of 72 hours we will be ready with the presidential result. brent: the electoral commission in ghana saying, give a 72 hours. let's pull in our correspondent in ghana tonight. adrian, we have to wait, that is what we are hearing from the electoral commission.
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but the opposition leader is already claiming victory. what is he trying to do? adrian: it is a very dangerous thing that he is doing. i am coming from the house of the opposition leader were dozens of his supporters are gathering. most are celebrating because they believe there will be victory for them, but some already told me they are angry and they have a feeling the electoral commission is trying to postpone the process in order to rig the elections. there is tension and this is something the electoral commission denies. they say it is their priority and duty to announce accurate results and not quick. brent: what do we know about these possible irregularities at the about box? adrian: there is a statement from the electoral commission where they are saying that there was a legend over-voting -- alleged over-voting. possibly stuffing of about boxers or voters who were not --
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stuffing of ballot boxes or people voting who were not registered. the electronic transmission has been delayed and the system has, quote, been compromised. now they are using manual verification and this will make things not fast. brent: it takes time to count the ballots. what about the case then of akufo-addo, if he does become ghana's next president, what will that mean for the country moving forward? adrian: i talked to nana akufo-addo before the election and he told me he plans to cut off the waste and corruption of the mahama era. he has ran for president twice before. there was a tight race with mahama as well. this time around he has been criticizing mahama for corruption and also the bad management of the economy.
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it is in a crisis. 50% of the youth in ghana do not have regular jobs. this is a major issue here that the new president has to address, be it mahama or akufo-addo. brent: our correspondent tonight. thank you for much. you're with dw news live from berlin. still to come, the european central bank pumps one trillion more euros into the eurozone. this try to prop up a sluggish economy. we will see what the markets thought of that. and giraffes, who does not like giraffes? they have now been added to the list of animals vulnerable to extinction. their numbers in the wild have dropped by 40% in the last 30 years and guess was behind that? we will find out. plus, all the business news. she is walking across the sets right now.
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we'll be back in 60 seconds. ♪
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♪ brent: welcome back. our top stories, a cease-fire in aleppo. the russian foreign minister says the syrian army has stopped active military operations in the eastern part of the city to let civilians leave. rebels have suffered a wave of defeat. thousands of civilians remain trapped in the city. this saturday the united nations marks human rights day. it is an opportunity to draw attention to places her progress is being made in the field of civil liberties and also to
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places where the human rights situation is getting worse. next, want to look at a case in russia. he is serving 3.5 years in prison for protesting against the government. he claims he has been beaten and tortured and now he has gone missing. we have the story. reporter: you can see him here in yellow. he is in prison for speaking out against a government he says violates civil rights. now he has spoken again to accuse prison authorities of beating and torturing prisoners. his wife published a letter he dictated to his lawyer. in it, he says prison guards attacked him and other prisoners in prison as soon as they got there. she says the violence is having a terrible effect. >> he starts talking and that he keeps repeating the same thing over and over.
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he gets short of breath and grabs his head, trying to calm himself down. when he starts breathing like that it seems like he is about to collapse, then you realize you cannot do anything to help. reporter: she says she worries for her husband's life. >> presenters say they could just kill them, and it is true. he goes if they kill him, nothing will happen to them. the guards are the absolute masters in the prison. reporter: this is where supporters say he was tortured. since his wife published the letter, 10 other prisoners have come forward to say they are also victims of systematic violence. russia's federal prison authority denies such allegations. in a letter to dw, they say they investigated the claims and found no evidence he was tortured. yet we asked vladimir putin's
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human rights commissioner about that letter. >> i'm not willing to go so far to say it is a systematic problem. because we are talking about one person out of 600,000 in custody. so, it is not a systematic problem. reporter: supporters say they have reports of similar abuse from prisons across russia. he is in a different jail now, but no one knows where he is. she has not given up hope of a normal life with him. she has kept a bottle of wine and says she is waiting to open it with her husband. brent: this time to switch gears and talk business. money is cheap and it is getting cheaper here in europe.
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pumping one trillion euros -- >> exactly. as expected, it is extending the stimulus program by another nine months but is going to start buying fewer bonds. that is spooking bond markets but financials are rallying. italian bankers banking stocks are on track for their best week since 2009. the sector faces a funding crisis and is desperate for the central bank support. reporter: the market was filled with anticipation at the prospect of the european central bank pumping even more money into the financial system. stocks soared during morning trading. a 12 month high. the money is coming from the ecb's bond buying program. the program will now be extended fr a further nine months until at least the end of next year. >> from april 2017, purchases
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are intended to continue at a monthly pace of 60 billion euros until the end of december 2017 or beyond. or until the governing council sees a sustained adjustment. reporter: since march of 2015, the central bank has been buying 80 billion dollars worth of euros every month. the program was planned to end in march of 2017, but the extension does involve a slight reduction. the ecb insists it is not tapering, and announced to slight easing of its bond purchasing rules. bond purchases help countries like italy the most by reducing their interest payment burden. reporter: the eu has lost
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proceedings against germany and other member states over diesel-gate. the vw scandal. they installed software and 11 million cars worldwide. officials acted almost immediately in the u.s. where the story broke, but the criticism -- reporter: the problem sparked by vw's these emission scandal is far from over. the eu has announced legal action over germany and six other countries for failing to police emissions cheating by carmakers. the so-called infringement procedures while authorities to enforce regulations a nitride oxygen omissions. it targets include luxembourg, spain and britain. >> a big component there is the number of member states have failed to put in place penalty
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systems to dissuade and discourage car manufacturers from breaking the law in a number of others have failed to apply them, in the specific case of volkswagen where a breach of law has occurred. reporter: the move by the year in commissions come soon after volkswagen struck a deal with u.s. regulators did they agreed -- u.s. regulators. volkswagen will pay a total 13.8 billion euros. swallowing the lion's share of a 16 billion euro fund the carmaker set aside to deal with the scandal. now germany, britain and the five other countries have two months to respond to demands for clarification. if it decides their authorities did not do enough to prevent carmaker malfeasance of the commission is prepared to take them to court. >> greece is facing a general strike and massive protests.
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both private and public sector workers walked off the job on thursday. all sectors from transport to schools are affected, and the unions are striking to protest planned austerity measures that include easier road foreclosures and relaxed rejections on business firings. reporter: more than 7000 protesters took to the streets of athens thursday, protesting against the latest austerity policies. the measures are required in exchange for new bailout loan payouts. the main demonstration passed through the greek capital by the parliament building without incidents. thursday had begun very quietly in athens, as the nationwide general strike close down ferry services, left hospitals with only emergency cover, and paralyzed the real services and other forms of public transport. not everyone supports the strikers. >> i think it is not productive. it is not useful.
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for the people that create communities, if they want to change something they have to propose something. to always say no and beat against something is not a solution. reporter: he strikes and protests came this week despite -- they are aimed at evening out the repayment schedule rather than reducing the total load. >> now we're going into the wild. brent: not very good news about giraffes. it is being called a silent extinction. the number of giraffes in the wild has declined by as much as 40% in the last three decades. that is according to the international union for the conservation of nature. that fall has prompted the union to list the world's tallest creatures -- they are called -- as part -- they are tall -- as vulnerable to extinction. reporter: visitors have a chance
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to get up close to these gentle giants. but in the wild come of things do not seem that upbeat with the species. humans are encroaching more and more on their habitat. >> people started clearing down -- to create room. as a result, dressed died. -- giraffes died. reporter: the statistics tell+ the story. giraffe numbers have fallen dramatically. there are now less than 100,000 of these creatures in the wild. that is half as many as in the 1980's. now the international union for the conservation of nature has put them on an extinction watch lists. that is a prospect that has people at this draft part word. >> -- at this giraffe park
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worried. >> we should learn how to keep them and protect them instead of, as i said, make them disappear from this world. reporter: unfortunately, that message is not getting across to the wider public. humans are making it more and more difficult for giraffes to survive. who knows how long these giants will be with us. brent: after a short break i will be back to take you through the day. stick around for that. ♪ [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
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