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tv   Newsline  PBS  December 26, 2016 7:00pm-7:31pm PST

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hello, welcome to nhk "newsline." i'm miki yamamoto in tokyo. japan's prime minister has started a three-day visit to hawaii. he will remember the victims of japan's surprise attack on pearl harbor 75 years ago error the strike on the u.s. naval base pulled the americans into the second world war. shinzo abe is paying tribute to american war dead at the national memorial cemetery of the pacific. about 50,000 people are buried at the cemetery, including u.s. military personnel who died in the pacific and vietnam wars. several japanese prime ministers have visited the site since world war ii.
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abe has also visited a memorial to a japanese fishery training vessel that sank off hawaii in 2001. it was hit accidentally by a u.s. submarine, killing nine people, including high school students. on tuesday, abe is scheduled to hold his last meeting with barack obama. the president's term ends next month. the leaders will also visit the "uss arizona" memorial where they will offer flowers and deliver remarks. ahead of the visit, the governor of hawaii gave an exclusive interview to nhk. david ige is a third-generation japanese-american. he says hopes for deeper ties with japan and worked hard to make abe's visit happen. >> the real opportunity for president obama and prime minister abe being here is truly demonstrating to the world that there can be peace.
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even after a violent and horrific war. >> ige added the event can be seen as a symbol of hope for the future. japan's defense ministry is expected to resume work to relocate a controversial marine base within okinawa. it comes after the southern prefecture's governor reversed its decision to cancel a permit for landfill work. the defense ministry's okinawa bureau is poised to resume the relocation work. it's been suspended since march because of the governor's decision. the defense ministry plans to restart the work for building storage facilities on land and placing floats in the sea. defense ministry officials say the ministry also plans to resume a seabed survey early
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next year. governor onawa wants to increase opposition to the relocation plan. a recent crash landing by an american transportation aircraft has fueled concerns about the relocation. >> translator: we will keep trying to block the construction of the new base. and also to cancel deployment of the ospreys. >> onaga was forced to reverse his decision because of a supreme court ruling last week. japan and taiwan are on alert after a chinese aircraft carrier entered the pacific ocean. a spokesperson says it shows china is expanding its naval capabilities. >> translator: the government will keep close watch over the activities of chinese naval vessels around japan. we will do all we can to conduct surveillance activities. >> officials of japan's maritime
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self-defense force confirmed the sighting of the carrier. they say it and other warships passed between okinawa's main island and miago island on sunday. they also say it was the first time they'd spotted a chinese aircraft carrier in a high sea exercise in the waters. taiwanese defense officials spotted it and five other vessels on sunday between taiwan and the philippines. they say the fleet was heading west near the prontus island in the south china sea. the islands are controlled by taiwan. officials say they're monitoring the fleet from the air and sea. china hit back saying the exercise was planned as an annual drill. >> translator: there's no need to read too much into it. such as whether it was targeting any country. the relevant drill is in accordance with international law and international practice. >> the spokesperson also said she hopes all sides respect
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china's rights according to freedom of navigation. beijing's maritime activities are causing other concerns. japan has lodged a protest over chinese patrol ships entering its territorial waters in the east china sea. japanese coast guard officials said three vessels were seen monday morning off the senkaku islands. the ships sailed in the area for about an hour. the japanese foreign ministry lodged a protest with the chinese embassy in tokyo and it reaffirmed that the islands are an inherent part of japan's territory. japan controls the islands. china and taiwan claim them. japan denies that there are any grounds for a territorial dispute. the russian government says the deadly crash of a military plane bound for syria was probably accidental. it ruled out terrorism as a possible cause of the sunday accident. the plane went down in the black sea in southern russia.
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it was en route to an air base in syria where russia has been supporting the government. the defense ministry says all 92 people aboard are dead. they include soldiers and members of a military choir. the transport minister says a technical malfunction or pilot error were likely causes of the crash. the military is working to recover the wreckage. a government panel is investigating the cause. pope francis has used his christmas message to call for peace in syria. the pontiff spoke to thousands of people from around the world at st. peter's square on sunday. ♪ he urged immediate help for what he called the exhausted population of aleppo. the pope said the international community needs to work hard for a negotiated solution to syria's civil war. he said civil coexistence must
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be restored to the middle eastern country. the pontiff also wished peace to people who have suffered because of terrorism and he offered prayers for refugees and migrants. security around the vatican was tight after a truck rammed into a crowd last week at a christmas market in berlin. women living in the biggest slum area of bangkok often struggle to find well-paying jobs, no matter how talented they might be. the sewing skills of a group of women have caught the eye of a japanese accessory designer and now an unusual cooperation is under way. >> reporter: these women come from one of the poorest areas of bangkok. they are sewing bags imagined by a japanese accessory designer.
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the 35-year-old says their work is impressive. >> translator: they're careful sewers and happy to use a ruler to get the exact measurements on the design drawings. >> reporter: the women live in thailand's largest slum and home to about 100,000 people. fujita says he wanted to help local women working long hours for low pay. this person makes and sells women's accessories. even on good days she struggles to make ends meet. >> translator: i cap make up to 100 a day. but my daily income is less than $3. >> reporter: fujita believes combining his designs with local skills could be a winning combination.
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>> translator: we can increase each product's commercial value with the power of design. >> reporter: looking for authentic inspiration, fujita spends time staying with a family. his host, a 49-year-old sewing worker, was born and raised here. three generations of her family live under one roof. handmade ornaments and small details of construction catch the designer's eye. >> translator: see how they've added a bottle cap between the nail and the wood to make it stronger? they try hard to improve their quality of life. >> reporter: the area is full of
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inspiration. people here make the most of what they have. >> translator: they use everything from vinyl tubes to wood and corrugated metal plates. i can tell how much they enjoyed it when they made these things. >> reporter: fujita gets to work putting ideas down on paper. the sewers turn his designs into physical samples. this piece was inspired by life in the slum, which can be a bit rough around the edges. the golda signs on this bag were influenced by the bottle caps in her home. >> translator: they're innovative and beautiful. we'll be happy if they sell well. because we made them with our own hands. >> translator: hopefully they'll
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have confidence in themselves if people start to think of it not as a slum but as a place where beautiful things are made. >> reporter: collaborating with the foreign designer has given women here the tools to stitch together new ambitions for themselves and their families. japanese researchers want to dig deeper when it comes to disclosing of nuclear waste. they want to find out whether it's possible to bury it some 5,000 meters deep compared with the government's current plan of more than 300 meters. the researchers are from the government-affiliated japan
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agency for marine earth science and technology. they will carry out a basic survey after next april at a remote island that lies on the geologically stable pacific plate. they'll use a research vessel to collect data on the topography and geology of the area. no technology now exists to bury nuclear waste 5,000 meters deep. government officials are planning to bury high-level radioactive waste from nuclear plants in final disposal facilities more than 300 meters deep. they're now looking for potential sites. nagasaki university professor suzuki is a former member of japan's atomic energy commission. he says it's too soon to discuss technology that has yet to be developed, but he thinks the agency's research could lead to more options. the japanese government estimates it will take more than 40 years to decommission the crippled fukushima daiichi nuclear power plant. one challenge is encouraging
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young people to become engineers and researchers to continue the process. so a network of technological institutes has held a robotics competition to spark interest. >> reporter: students from technology colleges around japan are developing robots for decommissioning the fukushima daiichi nuclear power plant. this is the daiichi facility. the students will build robots to help with decommissioning the plant. the machines will compete against each other here. the contestants must create a robot that can work within the current environment of the nuclear plant. because the plant has thick walls, the robots can't be controlled by wireless signals. they have to work in the dark, operated remotely. and because of the high radiation levels, cameras and
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semiconductors will only work for a short time unless they are covered up. each team has to choose between operating their robot over rough terrain or climbing up stairs. and it has to carry an object or survey the surrounding area. >> translator: working with practical restrictions makes it more interesting. >> translator: i want to apply what i've learned at school in a place where this technology is needed the most. >> reporter: a team from fukushima is developing a robot that can carry objects up stairs. >> translator: we're the closest school to the power plant. we want to create a robot that can be used in decommissioning work. >> reporter: their college is about 50 kilometers from the crippled plant.
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yusuke itoi is designing the group's robot. since the nuclear disaster, he's been learning about atomic energy, and now he wants to contribute to the decommissioning work. >> translator: this is the main crawler that moves the machine itself. and this subcrawler is used for climbing the stairs. >> reporter: the team decides to make a type of reinforced plastic to protect the robot's camera from radiation. they have mixed copper powder with polyester resin to go between layers of fiberglass. >> translator: it's pretty cool to make your own material. >> reporter: the material will block 50% of the gamma radiation. this will give them extra time in the competition. >> translator: this is our first attempt. we intend to work on each challenge as it arises.
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>> reporter: 15 teams have come from around the country to take part in the contest. the fukushima team makes its final adjustments. they are attaching rubber to the belts to help the robot climb the steps. the ka camera's radiation shield is now in place too. the competition begins. each team has come up with creative approaches.now in plac. the competition begins. each team has come up with creative approaches. but they all find it hard to complete their missions. many have problems controlling their robots remotely, as they can't actually see them. it's time for the fukushima team to get to work. the stairs are quite steep. and the robot is unable to handle the 41-degree angle.
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the robot only manages to climb one step before the time runs out. the winners were the team from osaka. they scored high points for using two robots together. one pushing and the other pulling. the fukushima team won a special prize for its radiation shield. >> translator: i realize now that nuclear decommissioning will not be easy. i want to make more improvements and use these ideas in designing robots. >> reporter: robots will be essential for the work of decommissioning the nuclear plant, so the challenge now is to inspire future engineers to develop the technology needed to complete the task. people around the indian ocean have looked back 12 years
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to remember the victims of a devastating tsunami. thousands attended a memorial service in indonesia. the country was the hardest hit by the 2004 disaster. the waves triggered by a powerful earthquake struck coasts from southeast asia to east africa. more than 220,000 people died or have never been found. the death toll in aceh province exceeded 160,000. international support has helped with the reconstruction of houses and roads. but there was a setback earlier this month after a powerful earthquake struck. the tremor toppled homes and more than 100 people were killed. people in indonesia treat motorcycle taxis as a daily necessity. they're fast, cheap, and available to almost anyone. thanks to a young entrepreneur and some special machines, people with disabilities can now
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ride. >> reporter: you don't even need to get out of your wheelchair to get into this sidecar taxi. the vehicles are modified to help passengers with disabilities get on and off with a minimum of assistance. i'm getting on the modified motorcycle for disabled people. i feel comfortable because the space is enough for one person. indonesian cities are expanding, but facilities such as pavements for the visually impaired and wheelchair ramps are still a rare sight. that means transport for the >> translator: it was comfortable. >> translator: now i can go anywhere. by just making a call.
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tra torna . >> translator: this man founded the company. he suffered polio as an infant. he launched the taxi business after meeting others with disabilities and getting to know their challenges. >> translator: i knew their situation. that made me feel i should do something for them. >> reporter: he bought used motorbikes. and barrier-free sidecars. he hired people with disabilities as drivers. he says they understand their customers' needs. this motorbike is specially modified. controls are moved to suit the driver.
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>> translator: i'm glad i could join this firm. get a job and have colleagues. >> translator: people used to see those with disabilities as poor and incapable of doing anything. but now they can show how they can be useful to others. >> reporter: demand for the taxi is rising. 41-year-old rana teaches at a school for children with special needs. she lost most of her sight after a childhood illness. the taxi has cut her commuting time by more than half. >> translator: i can now spend my time more efficiently. i'm enjoying my family life, and i'm not the only one who feels life has changed. my daughters feel the same. they're happy because i come home earlier. >> reporter: indonesia's economy is growing fast.
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by helping those with disabilities to live normal lives, the taxis ensure some people are not left behind. it's time now to check the weather with meteorologist robert speta. people in the philippines are cleaning up after typhoon nock-ten swept through the region over the christmas holidays. what's the situation there now? >> indeed. the good news is that conditions are vastfully improving. our storm system is tracking off here toward the west. you can see it on our satellite picture just over here. continuing to actually weaken out. behind it, clear skies across the philippines. but this made landfall back on saturday into sunday into southern luzon as a very powerful typhoon. there has been several reports of casualties at this time. the good news, it could have been worse if not for massive
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evacuations out ahead of this storm system. first i'll show you some video we have coming out of southern luzon just to give you an idea of what i'm talking about, with the damage this brought as it came onshore. in fact, where this video is coming out of, about 60% of the infrastructure was destroyed due to winds and flooding and storm surge, winds in compels of 250 kilometers per hour at times. now crews are out there cleaning up, helping to get that power restored. and also helping to get that line of transportation open. because we have a lot of people who have traveled who were stranded over the holiday weekend. you have to remember christmas is a big holiday here in the philippines so a lot of people still want to get back home, maybe assess the damage. the good news, about 300,000 people spent christmas in shelters. that's better than being on these cole these coasts in the bankrupt of the storm. it really missed that metropolitan area of 900 million
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people before heading out to the west. now going to weaken out. the northeast monsoon bringing an abundance of vertical wind shear and dry air. you can see in our rainfall accumulation outlook, it stops out into the south china sea. all of this is associated with the northeast monsoon, typical for this time of year, still could bring scattered showers with it. all this weather is connected. the storm down here, monsoon coming in with high pressure and all that cold and dry air. and that's also feeding into the storm system? japan which is bringing rough weather today. in fact there have been tornado advisories put in place across parts of the pacific coastline just toward the south of tokyo. heavy rainfall, winds could be gusting up to 120 kilometers per hour at times across the pacific coast of japan. if you are traveling today, bring an umbrella with you at the very least, there's diagnose going to be some heavy rain. warm air ahead of it. cold air diving in behind it. the classic winter weather setup will be in play.
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and even over towards sapporo. temperatures will be dropping, snow there for you. nagano as well. rain changing to snow. also if you are in tokyo, i know today it feels pretty warm out there. dropping down to more average temperatures. same in kyoto. a lot of people like to travel there during the new year's holiday. it's looking pretty decent but it's gng to feel muc more wiike, temperaturen sickngle dsingle digits. rough weather ontario towards quebec. blizzard conditions wer felt into bismarck and across north dakota. poor gentleman trying to shovel out his car. that's not all just snow, it's combined with the winds and you create that wind drift piling up and burying a lot of vehicles. heavy snow in the northern and eastern areas of canada. line advisories, slick travel for you. cold air diving in, take a look at some of your temperatures. toronto, chicago just at the freezing point.
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i'll leave you now with your extended outlook.
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now recapping our top story. japan's prime minister has started a three-day trip to hawaii. he will visit pearl harbor where a surprise japanese attack 75 years ago pulled the americans into the second world war. shinzo abe is paying tribute to american war dead at the national memorial cemetery of the pacific. about 50,000 people are buried there. on tuesday, abe is scheduled to hold his last meeting with barack obama, the president's term ends next month. that's all for nhk "newsline." i'm miki yamamoto in tokyo. thanks for staying wilt us. xnóx
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♪ announcer: euromaxx highlights. here's your host, carlos mcconnie. carlos: howdy everyone! how's it going? thanks for joining me on this edition of euromaxx highlights. it should be a fun half-hour. let's begin by taking a quick look at what we have coming-up for today's show. love affair -- why germans give their cars nicknames. looking good -- designer spectacles from berlin are in hot demand. open spaces -- levalet is a talented street artist from paris. to start the show we will be visiting a famous german christmas market. and that is where we will have the chance to taste a very special holiday treat.

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