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tv   Newsline  PBS  January 7, 2017 12:00am-12:31am PST

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a military operation. the deployment was also viewed as a way for russia to demonstrate its military capabilities. but the russian carrier lost two aircraft that crashed into the sea while trying to land on the vessel. russia plans to hold peace negotiations on syria with turkey and iran later this month. the decision to withdraw the vessels is considered to be an effort to create a better environment for those talks. >> the move came a week after a nationwide ceasefire brokered by russia and turkey took effect in syria. the syrian government and opposition groups agreed to implement the ceasefire after government forces regained control of the major northern city of aleppo.
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the japanese government is taking action after a statue of a girl was put up in front of one of its consulate generals in south korea. the statue symbol ices those referred to as comfort women"and was installed by a group that supports them. >> translator: the governments of japan and south korea agreed in 2015 to settle the comfort women issue finally and irreversibly. the fact the statue was put up despite the agreement will have an unfavorable impact on bilateral relations. yoshida ogasuda says japan will temporarily recall diplomats including ambassadors and adds high-level economic talks will be suspended. tokyo has yet to decide how long that will go on for. suga says it is extremely regrettable japan is taking these measures against what he calls is an important neighbor. a spokesperson for south korea's foreign ministry responded. >> translator: japan's actions are extremely regrettable.
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>> he also stressed the importance of continuously working to develop bilateral ties despite any difficult problems. the issue was also taken up by japan's prime minister and the american vice president. the two spoke by phone on friday. joe biden said the u.s. government supports the 2015 agreement between japan and south korea. he expressed hope both sides will carry it out. shinzo abe said it wouldn't be constructive to go back on the deal. a court in south korea has sentenced a former president of a goods company to seven years in prison. the company made a disinfectant for household humid did i phiers that killed more than 100 people. the labelling on the product said it was safe for children. multiple brands of disinfectants sold in south korea between 2001 and 2011 contained toxic chemicals. they caused lung ailments that killed 113 people including infants.
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the largest number of deaths was caused by products from the company oxi legit bankeeser. it's a subsidiary of a british goods distributor. the sole central district court ruled that shin kwan yu falsely advertised when he was president of the company. the court also gave a seven-year prison sentence to the former head of the development lab. the executives at some labs were also found guilty. police in bangladesh say they've killed and islamist militant they believe was one of the master minds of last year's terror attack on a cafe in the capital daka. at our bureau in bangkok has details. >> 20 hostages, mostly foreigners, died in the hostage crisis that drew global attention to terror threat in the emerging market of bangladesh.
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commander of a center group of the muj ah hadid jihadist group was one of two people shot dead by counterterrorism police during a predawn raid on friday in dhakar. they believe he trained the five suspects in the cafe attack and instructed them on the day they carried it out. the militant faction calling itself a local a fate yat of the islamic state group claimed responsibility for the dhaka attack. the bangladeshy home minister said the other man sought dead was hussein who was said to be behind the killings of people including a japanese citizen. he was shot in 2015. kahn told nhk authorities were investigating possible links between the dhaka cafe attack
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and the murder of hoshi who was taking part in a farming project. so far bangladeshi police tracked down and killed about 40 suspected militants linked to the attack. fatal floods have hit southern thailand after unseasonal rains that have lashed the region for nearly a week, killing at least eight people and affecting about 150,000 households. nine provinces in the south are suffering from severe flooding. 6,000 households are without power. transportation systems have been disrupted. train services are suspended in some areas. the international airport in the city of nakafi hafarat will be closed through midnight saturday due to a flooded runway. stranded passengers are transferred to other airports. the national authority say the rain may continue for several days. the thai government is on the alert for possible further damage.
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philippine president duerte said on friday he hopes moscow will become his country's ally. he toured one of two russian war ships making a port call in manila . >> duterte has been lashing out at outgoing u.s. president barack obama for criticizing his brutal war on drugs that has led to the deaths of thousands of suspected drug users and dealers. the philippines is a long-time ally of the united states which provided the southeast asian country with $82 million worth of military aid in 2015.
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but duterte has been stressing the importance of his country improving ties with russia and china. analysts say duterte is supporting the rivalry between the u.s. and the two other super powers. and that will wrap up our bulletin. i'm in bangkok. u.s. president-elect donald trump says toyota should drop plans to build an auto plant in mexico. on thursday trump tweeted that the car giant should be slapped with heavy taxes if the factory is built. but officials with japan's largest carmakers say they are going ahead with the plan. he tweeted of toyota's plans. no way. build plant in u.s. or pay big border tax. trump demands a review of the north america free trade agreement or nafta. he says he wants to protect
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domestic jobs and will impose a 35% tariff on products made overseas by u.s. companies. following the tweet, officials at toyota have told nhk the plant in mexico will be a new facility and is not a relocation from the united states. they say the plant will not cut toyota's u.s. production or workforce and that they are looking forward to cooperating with the trump administration. prior to the tweet, toyota president said he has no plans to review the new plan for the time being. >> translator: once we decide to build a facility, we have to take responsibility for employment and the local society. >> toyoda said he wants to contribute to mexican society.
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>> japanese automakers consider mexico an important base for reaching the u.s. market, because under the north america free trade agreement tariffs are not imposed on autos exported from mexico to u.s. in addition to toyota, five other japanese automakers have plants in the country, they are nissan, honda, isuzu. their combination except for large buses and trucks exceeded 1.3 million units in 2015. that same figure was only 610,000 in 2010. mexico is now the sixth largest production base for japanese automakers after japan, the u.s., china, india and thailand. our senior economic correspondent naiko asked adam posan, president of the peterson institute for international economics, for his insights on the policies of donald trump's administration and possible risks they may pose. >> let me first ask you about the u.s. economy. how do you see the economic policies of the new trump administration and what would be your concerns?
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>> the biggest one would be are they going to start trade wars with mexico, with china, with other trading partners. and it seems we're being told that the things that were said in the campaign either were not fully intended or were merely threats. i hope that's true, but my fear is they're going to have a big trade deficit in the u.s. no matter what they do. the second worry is the proposals they have for fiscal policy in the u.s. involve enormous tax cuts and some not very good spending, and these will be things that will run up the debt without doing much lasting good. they will probably increase growth in the short-term, but they will not be sustainable. i worry about a repeat of the 1980s where we have a big boom and a run-up in the dollar and a trade deficit and then a crash. my third concern, as i'm sure many people you talk to, is about climate change and energy. they're going to deregulate energy and environmental issues
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quite a bit. necessary have the power to do so day one. again, short term it might be nice boost for certain sectors of the u.s. economy but it is bad for all of us. >> now, donald trump did say that he will submit his intent to withdraw from the trans-pacific partnership free trade deal on the day he takes office. do you think the deal still has a chance? >> i think it does. i think two things are going on. first is if you look around who he has appointed to his cabinet, almost everyone has publicly supported the tpp prior to the presidential campaign. so you have to hope that there is a majority of not just advisers but officials in the trump administration who know that the true interests of the united states are to pass tpp. i think the second thing is that mr. trump and some of the opposition to tpp on the hill will find that the absence of
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the u.s. having something positive to offer japan, australia, canada, other countries in the asian pacific, will lead to opportunism by china. i don't blame china for that, that's their right, but i think that that will also push them to revive tpp. so it may come with another name but i think we'll get it back. >> trump has announced a chinese favorite for his ambassador to the country but is also highlighting currency issues with china. what are your thoughts on this? >> it is kind of silly to attack china on currency right now. they were manipulating the currency roughly in 2005 and 2008 on a vast scale, and probably the u.s. government should have been harsher with them at that time, which we advocated. but for the last year and a half now the chinese government has been intervening to prop up the currency, to keep it from falling. more importantly, they have a reasonable self-interest in preventing capital flight and excessive movements.
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so if you want to criticize china you can choose different places, but currency argument right now is not justified. >> how would u.s./japan relationship change under the new u.s. administration and possibly affect japan's economy? >> i think the economic affects on japan of a relationship with the new u.s. administration will be small. early in the campaign mr. trump was saying some things about japan, when he would criticize china or mexico he would say similar things about japan, and most of the things he said about japan either were true in the 1980s and not true or were never true or were exaggerated. somehow some people managed to convince mr. trump that japan should no longer or not be lumped in with china or mexico. so from about midway this last year, mr. trump had toned down the talk about japan. it is more about japan will rise or fall in terms of how trump
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approaches the global economy. i am confident and i'm glad i'm confident he's not going to attack japan directly. i worry he may attack mexico or china directly. the world will get its first taste of a trump presidency in two weeks, and no one inside or outside the country knows quite what to expect. but there are signs it won't be business as usual, especially when it comes to relations with china. earlier nhk world's spoke with nihada in beijing, who has been looking at the situation from the chinese perspective. >> president xi jinping made it clear in his new year's speech he wouldn't soften his stance over issues that put his country at odds with the u.s.
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>> translator: china has resolutely defended its position on its territorial sovereignty and maritime rights while upholding peaceful development. the chinese will never accept any contrary view. >> china has been conducting exercises in the south china sea using ground aircraft carrier for over a week. this has been seen as a message to trump who has been critical over china's activities in the region. the chinese media are watching trump closely. the communist party affiliated newspaper, global times, warns that trump's threat of hostile trade policies will backfire and said he should cooperate with china. clearly leaders here in beijing are concerned, but experts are divided over whether trump will soften his approach when he takes office.
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>> i mean, that rhetoric and also gestures were for -- campaigns, and we hope that once he is in office he would adopt a more pragmatic and constructive approach on china, impose tax. the consumer goods in the u.s. would increase its price, the price would come up. and at the same time jobs would not go back to the u.s. why? because it is too expensive to produce those things in the u.s. trump has threatened china, imposing and increase of tariff as high as 40%. i don't believe he will and make this promise. but it is quite possible he will
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take some rather high tariff against some of china's exports to the united states. >> akido, tell us about relations with taiwan. we've seen trump rattle china and break from tradition by taking phone calls from the taiwanese leader. if he doesn't acknowledge beijing's one china policy, how will that affect relations? >> well, the relation backs the one china policy. the u.s. has acknowledged this policy since 1979 so it is a very important issue for china's party. it is related to the legitimacy. they were alarmed when he spoke
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directly. she's scheduled to visit north america and she is scheduled to transit to the u.s. if she makes contact with trump or his team, it's a warning from beijing. >> i think taiwan is not a card to play. while anyone who tries to play the taiwan card may get burned. it's a very sensitive issue. it should be carefully managed rather than playing with it. >> china's foreign minister spoke with u.s. secretary of state by phone on saturday. he stressed that the two sides needed to recognize the direction they should take. the comments appear to be a warning to trump who has suggested he will decide whether to uphold the one china policy.
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on the other hand, domestically it's a big year for china. the communist party will hold a congress this fall to discuss displacing senior members of the party. at times, china want to stop tensions with other countries especially the u.s. i think they obviously prefer ways to deal with this most unpredictable president. >> that was akihito yanagihara in beijing. experts in japan want to redefine what it means to be elderly. currently anyone age 65 or older falls into that category. but the japan society is recommending that the age be raised to 75. nhk world reports.
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>> reporter: 71-year-old yuriko matsumura spends her days at this nursing home, but she's not a resident. she's an employee. and five days a week she prepares meals and cares for people who live here. >> translator: i want to work as long as i can. i hate staying at home all day. the nursing facility will allow me to continue working until i'm 80, and that's what i want to do. >> reporter: this man is 83. in october, he took part in a body building contest. they're the new norm in japan staying healthy both physically and mentally well into their golden years. this group of japanese doctors and other professionals want that fact reflected by boosting the age of what is considered elderly.
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>> translator: japan is the world's top country for longevity. the age demographic widened for people remaining healthy and active. >> reporter: the government has unofficially characterized elderly people as 65 or older based on a 1956 united nations report. at the time, the average life expectancy in japan was 63 for men and 67 for women. since then through nutrition and advancements in medicine have changed things. the japanese now are living well into their 80s. >> translator: many healthy elderly people would change their role from being supported to giving support. i expect the dark image of the super aged society will change. >> reporter: so just how old is old? we went out on the streets of tokyo to find out. >> translator: i'm 68. i don't think of myself as old. i'm very active.
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>> most 65 year olds i know are like perfectly capable of, like, working and even, like, being fit and active. i wouldn't consider them to be elderly. >> translator: it's all about pensions. i don't agree with raising the definition of elderly to 75. >> reporter: it raises important questions including how social security and employment systems could be affected. the society plans more debate is nori nakamur nhk world, tokyo. let's take a look at the weather forecast for the weekend.
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a company in tokyo is promoting the 2020 olympics and paralympics with the winter
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sports. the firm has opened a skating rink in the city to start getting people into the spirit of the games. a real estate firm sponsoring the olympics set up the rink in the bustling shopping district. it can accommodate up to 200 skaters. parents brought their children out to enjoy the slippery sport as tokyo bass beings in sunny winter weather. >> translator: it's nice being outdoors. >> translator: i think it's great to have this kind of place in the middle of the city. i hope my daughter will learn how to figure skate. >> the rink will be open until 10:00 p.m. every day through march 5th. that's all we have for now on nhk "newsline." i'm ross mihara in tokyo. thanks for watching and have a good day.
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>> this week, global 3000 heads to senegal, where winning a wrestling match can mean a ticket out of poverty. in jordan, it's hard enough to find a job as it is, let alone for syrian refugees. what's the solution? but first, we go to argentina, where violence and discrimination against women are part of daily life. but the tide is turning. life for females can be a risky business. for that reason, in recent months, women have been taking to the streets in chile, in peru, in mexico, to protest against repression and violence, against a culture where they are denied the same rights as men. every year, around 60,000 women are murdered in latin america, ofn

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