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tv   DW News  PBS  January 25, 2017 6:00pm-6:31pm PST

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♪ >> this is "dw news" life from berlin. tonight, trump gives the go-ahead for his wall. president donald trump has signed an executive order to start tilting the wall along the border with mexico, but who will ultimately foot the bill? we get reaction from mexico city. also coming up, a money milestone. the dow jones industrial average sets a new record. u.s. investors are hoping for a sustained trump boom. previously, germany's most
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influential man in brussels will take on chancellor angela merkel in brussels this year as the new standardbearer of the social democrats, the agent of change. also coming up, living in limbo on a greek island. the flow of refugees to europe has slowed but not stopped. we will have an exclusive report about the plight of refugees stuck in greece. i'm brent goff. it's good to have you with us tonight. we begin in the united states where president donald trump has signed an order to build a wall along the u.s. border with mexico's. -- with mexico. trump said construction will begin in coming months. he says u.s. taxpayers will pay for it initially, but he wants
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mexico to pay the money back. trump also signed another executive order, strengthening laws against unauthorized immigrants. we're joined now by laura carlsen, the director of the americas program at the center for international policy in mexico city. thanks for taking the time to talk with us. we just heard the u.s. president on his plans to build a wall. he says it will start immediately. what is the immediate reaction in mexico? >> reaction in mexico is furious. that has been the reaction since he first started talking about this as a cornerstone of his campaign. the idea that mexicans are a threat to the united states turns the whole financial relationship on its head. what has really got their ire of is the fact that he has always insisted that sooner or later, mexico could pay for what could
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be a $15 million wall. that adds insult to injury. >> what effect could the wall have on mexico in economic terms ? i've heard one reports say that mexican companies could actually see a boom in construction. >> the construction boom would be short-lived at best. the long-term effect would be disastrous. we're talking $584 billion in trade a year that crosses that border. we know from experience that any delay his or obstacles to that trade have an instant and heavy impact on many businesses on both sides of the border. you will have the same protests from many border states in the united states. besides that, the effect of keeping immigrants in the united states and sending them back is a very grave concern for mexico because there is capacity in the economy to absorb many of those
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people who would either be stuck in mexico or deported to mexico. >> what about on the diplomatic level, relations between the united states and mexico? what can we expect once the foundation is laid for this wall? >> it is going to be a rocky relationship. it has never been very easy. it has had historical ups and downs. there has been a historical relationship because there is collaboration in the drug war. the president of mexico has decided to cozy up to donald trump despite his attitude toward mexico. the people are very much against this attitude and want to see the president stand up, so it is having a huge affect an already very unpopular with a 12% approval rate for the president here in mexico. as mexico comes closer to an economic and political crisis as
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a result almost directly of these trump policies, it could cause a crisis in the financial relationship and have repercussions in the united states. >> all right, laura carlson, dement -- director of the americas program in mexico city. thank you for talking with us tonight. an estimated 11 million people could be affected by president trump's plans to limit immigration. during his campaign, for young people taken to the united states when they were children, so-called dreamers, these are very uncertain times. for many, the u.s. is the only home they have ever known. >> it's not without irony that a discussion of the american dream was scheduled for a riverside sociology student the week of the donald trump inauguration. the president has announced his
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plans to cancel the scholarship program, which has protected the 19-year-old so far from deportation. like most so-called dreamers, he came to the united states when he was very young together with his parents. >> we are pretty much americans in every aspect except our papers. you are right, dreamers might be the first affected by the trump administration. they have our addresses, our phone numbers. they know where we lived here you know where to get us. >> an estimated 11 million people in the u.s. are undocumented. most live in california. to prevent families being torn apart, an increasing number of unauthorized immigrants have been seeking free legal help at a nonprofit in los angeles. >> if you don't have legal representation, you only have a
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chance of 10% or 20% of winning your court case, but with the help of an immigration attorney or organizations like this, your chances double. donald trump has threatened to freeze federal funds in california if lawmakers failed to comply with deportation orders. lawmakers are preparing for a long fight. >> a large percentage of the jobs in the united states. we are one of the economic engines, so to hurt us means you hurt the country. it would be foolish to do that. >> does a good chance california will be the first sanctuary state. democrats have a majority of the votes their and our print -- determined to protect the state's immigrant community. this activism has energized him. he plans to continue his studies at ucla next semester. >> a milestone for america's most-watched stocks index. it's a good day to hold stock.
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>> party time in new york. thank you. the dow jones just set a new record, trading for 20,000 points for the first time. the market has been marching steadily higher since 2009. the rally continued after the action of donald trump, elected as president in november. >> it's a record -- 20,000 points. did not take long for reaction from the u.s. president who found the numbers great. donald trump assured his progrowth policies are behind the jump. the dow jones has staged a comeback from the economic crisis. the fed's recent decision to start raising interest rates also signaled a firm recovery to investors, but in recent weeks, there's no doubt the trump factor has played the main role.
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although his economic policies were remarkably vague during the election campaign, his generally pro-u.s. stance engendered the beginnings of a bull market. these factors have raised the perception that a change for the better could come faster than expected. >> we asked our correspondent on wall street if this is part of a trend or simply a trump jump. >> the policies of president trump are one reason the market trades at those levels, but there are also other factors. at central banks around the globe, money is still very cheap, and there are not very many options for investors but to invest in the stock market. as we arrive in earnings decision, the recession we saw for five quarters ended recently, so ultimately, profits
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for corporate america, are also a factor for this rally, but there's no doubt this bull market is going for about eight years, so the air is certainly getting thinner at those levels. >> we will revisit this later in the show. that to you. >> now to the highly anticipated election in germany set to take place in september. the person to beat is german chancellor angela merkel, so the social democrats picked a new challenger, the men you see behind me, martin shields, the former president of the european parliament, but the spd is trailing badly behind merkel and her christian democrats. >> one thing has become clear of this meeting of social democratic lawmakers in the bundestag -- martin shields has become a symbol of hope for the spd practically overnight -- martin shields -- martin schulz.
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he has one message he wants to get across -- make social democrats great again. >> the spd wants to lead this country, but again -- of course, that means we want to fill the position of chancellor of germany. >> shields -- schulz set the tone today for his upcoming campaign. the social democrats want to be once more seen as the party that fights for social justice and sides with ordinary. a strategy designed to position the party against angela merkel but also to regain ground lost to right-wing parties. the relief within the spd parliamentary group could not have been greater today.
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>> we believe that the nomination of martin schulzwill be a successful starting point for the upcoming elections. he is highly credible and is someone who understands the problems of ordinary people and who speaks their language. on sunday, schulz will be officially proclaimed candidate for chancellor. >> we have heard that margitin schulz wants to ensure the spd is the protective barrier against enemies of democracy. how does he plan to be that? >> he means right-wing
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nationalist populism, which has been on the rise here in germany and is challenging democracies elsewhere. he basically threw down the gauntlet to populism both today and yesterday, saying that people need to feel that they are real participants in their countries' political and economic systems. they need to feel secure, protected, that their children will have it as good as they do. he says many people do not feel that politicians are listening to them. he wants to change that. he says we have to show that we understand the concerns of the ordinary man and woman out there and he himself has been putting that into practice for years. he said starting out when he was a mayor in a small town in germany at the tender age of june -- at the tender age of 31. he says he wants to go out and give people the feeling he is listening to what they care about.
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many politicians say such things. we will have to see if he delivers. he is known as a man of great authenticity, a man who is very direct, a man who does pay attention to what he hears, so perhaps he can deliver. >> he is being sold as an outsider, despite the fact he spent 23 years in the parliament. can he really be a threat to the popular chancellor angela merkel? >> he is an outsider to german domestic politics, and that has some advantages. he comes in as a fresh face. many people have the feeling that all mainstream politicians are under one big blanket far removed from the concerns of ordinary people. he will be saying that he's coming of fresh and can change that. he does not come in with a lot of baggage. he will have a lot of media interest. all of that could make him something of a contender. despite that, he's quite popular. his popularity ratings are up
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where the chancellor's are. the spd is still coming from behind, but this does put a new, fresh turn on things. >> our chief political correspondent tonight from berlin. thank you very much. we will take a quick break and be back in 60 seconds.
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>> welcome back. you are with "dw news." we want to get back to president donald trump and the executive orders he has signed. he has been speaking in front of the department of homeland security. he said he wanted to work with mexico to improve border security, and then he came to the wall. president trump: we already know the crisis on our southern birder, the unprecedented surge of migrants is harming both
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mexico and the united states, and i believe the steps we want to take starting right now will improve the safety in both of our countries. going to be very, very good for mexico. a nation without borders is not a nation. beginning today, the united states of america gets back control of its borders. gets back its borders. >> that was u.s. president donald trump they're speaking earlier. in germany, police have conducted raids this morning across the country against far right extremist suspects accused of plotting attacks of refugees, jews, and the police. law enforcement officers, searched apartments including right here in berlin. they also arrested a 62-year-old man, who is believed to have leaked to the far right movement that reject the authority of the german state an existing
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national borders. it's almost a year since the european union signed a deal with turkey aimed at stemming the flow of turkish into europe. it dramatically cut the number of people arriving in the european union, but the situation has not improved for the tens of thousands stranded in greece. we have this report from the greek island of saw most -- of samos. >> on the way to his tent, mohammed has to cross fields of guards. much is makeshift at the camp. nearly half of the 1400 inhabitants are sleeping in uneven tents not prepared for winter.
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>> we asked for covers in order to protect us from the rain. they gave us this. >> when he arrived here last summer, he had no idea he would still be here in winter. those like him who arrived after the eu and turkey reached a deal to stem the influx of migrants are not a love leave until their cases are reviewed. like here, thousands of migrants are stranded on the greek islands. 10 months after the you-turkey deal was implement it the number of new arrivals has come down significantly, but the situation continues to be dire. caps on are overcrowded. hygiene is bad and while temperatures are freezing cold at night, there's not enough heated accommodation. the hotspot houses twice as many migrants as it should.
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humanitarian aid organizations want conditions to improve, but that is a rare exception. one family from syria told us they were happy to have this house to themselves. they're uncertain future is now their biggest worry. their request for asylum has been denied twice over the last year and a half, but it's not their only concern. >> until now, our children did not go to school. and my children were the best students in their schools. >> mohammed would be happy to just have a roof over his head, and he might able to reach samo's -- samos soon. after half a year of waiting, his application was finally approved. he knows most migrants here are not that lucky. >> many say they are lucky if they can find work.
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that brings us back to germany, a job fair for refugees. >> exactly. companies are looking for employees and refugees are seeking jobs, so why don't both work together? this is what germany's biggest job fair is able to do. first off, what kind of educational training is needed to get a job? the venue tries to give a healthy hand to thousands of refugees dealing with numerous challenges once they are here in germany. >> learning quickly everything has to sparkle in the hospitality sector, he came to berlin as a refugee from iran. for the last seven months, he has been working for the berlin event company on a part-time contract for minimum wage. "work is very important, and i find it is improving my german. i speak german with my colleagues.
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these refugees want jobs, too, so they have come along to the job market. over 4000 managed to get tickets to the expo. many more would have liked to have gone, but there are no tickets left. companies are desperate for new staff. berlin event is here again. the company managed to take on an extra 20 people last year. the managing director was very happy with the refugees he hired. "they always arrive on time, and they are extremely well motivated. they always make a positive contribution whatever we give them to do." this 31-year-old is also looking for work. he has been looking for work since fleeing his home in syria. he's trying hard to learn german and is well-qualified.
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>> i studied physics in syria and worked as a teacher and also worked for a year in the pharmaceuticals industry. i'm looking for a job preferably in that sector. >> 35,000 skilled workers are urgently needed in berlin right now, and the number is growing. last year, 2500 refugees found jobs, 10% of the total currently living in berlin. the federal labor agency says that in the long term, they will integrate well. the majority of the people who come to us do not have the paper qualifications we are used to in germany. that has to be said, but it does not mean that these people cannot do anything. it's only that they do not have the paperwork and employer needs to see. he did not find a job today, but he is hopeful that one or two of the contacts he made will eventually lead to something new. >> talking about jobs, this
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comes as a shock. business confidence in germany dipping suddenly last month due to widespread expectations the economy was headed for a strong start in the year. germany's ifo institute measure of business confidence fell. it was at an all-time high prior to september prior to the u.s. election. >> let's check out some sports now and check in on the australian open. tennis in melbourne. you may know that rafael nadal plus career has been dog by injury in recent years, but the champion has looked back. minas raonic -- milos raonic blocking his path to the finals. >> rihanna's did not have his
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a's impact. the first set would go to the matchup, nadal was quoted saying if he's not playing aggressive, he is dead. he showed that aggression, plus the agility needed to take an early lead in the second set. raonic held on as long as he could, but mistakes can he canadian under pressure. and out of reach for hand gave him the lead. history-your string without a major semi ended with raonic coming up short. nadal took it in straight sets. >> nadal will play griego dimitrov of old area -- grigor dimitrov. the american second seed, who could play older sister venus in the final, crushed britain's joanna conta -- konta.
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usain bolt has been stripped of one of his nine olympic gold medals. his jamaican team made in the beijing 2008 relay team has tested positive for a banned substance after reanalysis of samples taken at the time. this means that bolt along with the rest of the team from beijing has been disqualified. the 30-year-old plans to retire after the london world championships in august. legendary u.s. television icon mary tyler moore has died. she was 80 years old. her publicist said the actress died in the hospital in the company of her friends and husband. mary tyler moore rose to fame in the 1960's after winning emmys for her part in the dick van dyke she then earned her own sitcom in the 1970's where she
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worked in a tv newsroom and later went on to win an oscar nomination for "ordinary people" in 1980. here's a reminder of the top story we're following for you. president donald trump signed two executive orders, one authorizing the building of a wall along the border with mexico. today, he says the u.s. gets back control of its borders. after a short break, i will be back to take you through the day. stay tuned for that. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit]
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