hello an a very warm welcome. it is 10:00 a.m. in tokyo. trump has ordered the construction of a wall on the border with mexico. the first of a series of actions he wants to take to crack down on immigrants and boost national security. >> beginning today, united states of america gets back control of its borders. gets back its borders. [ applause ]
>> trump signed an executive order for the plan on wednesday at the homeland security department. he has insisted that mexico pay for the wall. the country has rejected the idea. just ahead of signing the directive trump told abc news that the u.s. will pay the initial cost and find a way to get reimbursed, and he said construction will begin in months. trump plans to meet with mexican president henrique pena nieto next week. the wall is the top of the agenda along with the review of the north american free trade agreement. they're in fear of potential deportation, they're in fear of potential rape. they are living day-to-day,
wondering what's going to happen. >> but they weren't the only group. members of greenpeace also rallied over trump's environmental policies. they scaled a construction crane near the white house to ensure their message was heard. >> i'm standing here on top of a crane 300 feet in the air over the white house, where we have just deployed a banner. this banner is a message to the administration. >> the protest continues for nearly four hours. police closed nearby roads to traffic. there was a rally on with wall street. on trump's promise to generate jobs. and the dow jones industrial average closed above 20,000 for the first time ever. >> trump is putting a lot of effort into infrastructure. he has okayed oil pipeline projects and even the wall, someone has to build that.
investors like that aspect of it, that hexd create jobs and growth. he may be hoping there will be more infrastructure investment in store. wednesday's session started strong and by the end of the day, the dow jones closed at 20,068. that's up 155 points. sentiment was boosted further by corporate earnings. trump reacted through his usual means on twitter. his one-word tweet read great. the dow has made huge gains since the financial crisis. it was at the 6,500 level in 2009, but as the u.s. economy recovered, so did the dow topping 18,000 in 2014. it surpassed 19,000 last november after trump was elected. we asked paul sheer about the dow's latest feat. >> you have this new administration, unconventional in many ways, but trump administration that is seems to be setting the bar quite high.
so market participants don't really know exactly how that is going to play out. i do think they are responding favorably to the message of make america great again. >> sheard also expressed concerns he said if the new administration decides to push protectionist policies that could trigger trade wars or provoke retaliation. he said that scenario would take a toll on both growth and the markets. investors cheered as the dow reached that milestone. the nasdaq as well. now, tokyo's stock prices were boosted by optimism that pruch is carrying out his stimulus pledges. tokyo shares opened 1% hire. the nikkei up by 1.25%. the industrial materials and financial sectors are leaning the gains.
let's switch to currencies. despite the stock rally, the dollar is weaker against the yen and inching towards the 112 level. it's at 113 spot 14 to 2 yen. some traders are worried about trump's stance on trade and whether he'll maintain a focus on stimulus policies. on to markets opened this hour akroz the asia pacific. we are seeing seoul's kospi trading higher by just about two-thirds p percent. australian market is closed for a holiday and china markets open in less than half an hour. the hit game pokemon go introduced millions to augmented reality. the technology superimposes digital images on to real life settings and it's not all fun and games. ar is now making its mark on the business world. nhk world's akiko okamoto shows
us how. >> reporter: businesses like ikea japan are using augmented realit to connect with consumers. an app with digital images lets customers visualize what products might look like in the real world and there's no need to go to a store. shoppers can do everything from the comfort of home. some companies are now using air technology to help their employees work faster. one operates a major railway line in tokyo. keikyu has returned to ar to prepare for emergencies. service provided by telecom giant kddi lets station staff connect in real time with a remote command center. we got a glimpse of how it works during a fire drill. live video from the station comes into the command center
from 40 kilometers away. the commander instructs the station staff to check equipment. instructions written by the commander appear on the station worker's screen. more than half of keikyu's stations are already using the service and it plans to install at all 72 of them. >> translator: it allows the train stations and the command center to mutually grasp the station and with a.r., we can immediately give instructions so in an emergency we can respond faster and resume service more quickly. >> reporter: this construction company has introduced a.r. to help improve efficiency. one of the many tasks involved in building projects is ensuring soil safety.
workers at the firm's lab check samples to make sure they don't contain anything harmful. analyzing the soil involves up to 150 chemicals, each requiring special care. a.r. gives them the information they need in a flash. they use smart glasses to scan qr codes on the chemical containers. detailed instructions for handling the chemicals and any risks pop up, right before their eyes. the glasses free up workers' hands and save time. the lab can handle 40 more cases per month than it used to. >> translator: we are getting more samples from construction sites every day. i think our industry needs to use technologies like this to further improve efficiency. >> reporter: augmented reality, a technology that's caught on through games is now turning into a useful tool for business. akiko okamoto, nhk world, tokyo.
that technology is making enroads into education as well. one of the world's largest trade shows on education and technology has kick ed off in london. edge karts and more than 900 companies from over 100 countries are taking part in the exhibition. hewlett-packard brought along a prugt that teaches letters of t the alphabet. >> i can put one down here and it used a technology called augmented raeld that throws a 3-d animation on top of the cards and now, i learn s is for sa seal. >> google is showcasing a service that provides excursions to the world's ancient remains, scenic spots and even to the moon and mars. visitors can try their hand and programming ultra small computers. >> i think we are starting to take a big wave, which is going to shift completely.
a senior official from japan's foreign ministry has discussed joint products. the deputy of the european affairs bureau. he sat down wednesday with the governor he is it is a crucial time and japan wants to apply a mutually beneficial path. >> they will discuss specific ideas, but he is likely to be heavily involved in the joint efforts. >> the government maintains the islands are an inherent part of the territory. it says the islands were illegally occupied after world war ii. usain bolt has lost one of
his 2008 olympic gold medals after a teammate from the men's relay was found guilty of doping. the international olympic committee has stripped the jamaican relay team of its medal lowing his teammate's disqualification. he had won three golds at three consecutive liolympic gyms. carter tested positive p for a banned stimulant from his 2008 samples. japan will moou up to silver and japan will get a bronze. he said he feels it's now too late to reallocate medals.
>> north korea leadn leaders ar trying to send a strong message to the world. they've used state television to display their missile technology. the footage appears in a documentary about kim jong-unjo. he can be seen talking to scientists in front of what looks like a replica of a nuclear bomb. behind him, what may be a new type of ballistic missile. he said the north will test an icbm soon following a series of missile tests. it also featured a warhead undergoiunde underreentry tests. some experts question whether the north is close to acquiring the technology to conduct a test. a south korean court has acquitted a university professor on charges of defaming people. she conveyed her opinion using
her book using abstract expressions. she said they came to be comfort women in different ways. the professor argues against the common understanding in south korea that 200,000 young women were forcibly taken by japan's military. she said that doesn't represent the overall picture and wrote that the women formed a comrade like relationship with japanese soldiers. they demanded a three year prison sentence and caused enormous pain to the women. in its ruling, the court said park did not write that they chose that path and said a comrade like relationship is an abstract relationship that represents her opinion. it also stated advances by
questioning againsting beliefs and values. >> i appreciate the reasonably and just ruling. i hope it will become a turning point for us. to overcome the challenges we face. and create a new society. a former comfort woman said the ruling is totally unacceptable. one community is trying to hold on to its culture. it's looking at people with japanese roots living in southern -- russia controlled the area in 1945. seven decades later, they're struggling to stay on to keep their identity. >> these areas saw fierce fighting during world war ii.
the remains of seven japanese army soldiers were found near here. they were cremated recently and the ashes taken back to japan. >> translator: even after all these years, for the remains of these soldiers to return to their homeland in japan is deeply moving. >> reporter: before the war, 400,000 japanese nationals lived in southern sakhalin. today there are fewer than 50. their average age is around 80. one of them is 79-year-old hatsua watanabe. she was born in hokkaido, not in japan. her family moved to sakhalin in 1939, just before the war.
two years later, her father died. >> translator: this is a family photo. >> reporter: most japanese returned to the mainland after the war. watanabe also wanted to back, but the family wanted to stay in sakhalin as her mother had married a man from a korean peninsula. >> translator: when i was young, i had a bit of a grudge against my mother. >> reporter: decades later, she still listens to japanese radio stations. ♪ >> translator: japan is close, really close. >> reporter: she also studied the language of her birthplace, making up for the education she missed as a child. others in sakhalin with japanese roots have similar feelings. some attend language classes
funded by the japanese government. >> translator: the previous generation has already gone. we are the only ones left, so we want to protect our language and our culture. >> reporter: another way locals stay connected to their heritage is by visiting memorials. like this one on the island. but as the people age, the task of maintaining the memorials becomes more difficult. the japanese government has sent experts to see how it can help. community elders also want to get the younger generations
involved. >> translator: i keep coming here as long as i'm healthy. i also ask my son to help me look after the memorial. >> reporter: japanese in sakhalin are determined to keep hold of their identity and to carry their past into the future. yana kim, nhk world. the year of the rooster isn't off to a good start. they've been grappling with one of the worst bird flus this year and the worst is the price of eggs. >> they make one specialty.
sponge cakes. they run a popular location. eggs are his main ingredient. on an average day, he breaks 600 of them. but the nation like -- by the bird outbreak have left him scrambling. >> translator: we need to buy eggs in bulk, but now t the supply is short. he discovered longer buy eggs from his supplier and had enough for two days, so he had to purchase independently at a price and the hike ran down into the cost of his cakes. >> it's a heavy burden on my business.
>> the outbreak started in november and spread across the country rapidly. over 300 farms are affected and that means a maskil of more than 42 million birds. egg farms are tak greatest hit. as for the majority of birds are hens. farmers are blaming authorities saying they were too slow to stop the problem. the reports with the president's impeachment, leaving the country in a political crisis. and why government officials did hold an emergency meeting early on about the epidemic, they waited a month to raise the alert level. they made moves to ease the shortage, importing 1.5 million fresh eggs from the u.s. for the first time.
and experts are offinging solutions saying the system needs to be improved. >> one of the main cause sss is is that distributors have a lot of contact with egg farmers that could cause the spread. >> but for now, prices remain high and only some are shelling out. >> translator: i bought some eggs because we can't do without them. >> we have much less demand because of the high prices. >> south korea is not alone in its battle. nearly 50 countries have reported outbreak, including japan and it's warning that cases need to be monitored and reported to avoid a human flu pandemic. nhk world, seoul. shifting gears now for a
check of the weather. people across japan are dealing with temperatures well below average. robert speta joins us now to look at the forecast. >> the good news is that if you do not like the cold weather, things are going to start to warm up as we go into the latter part of this week into the weekend. there are several factors for this. one of the main reasons is that we are starting to see the northwesterly winds. high pressure is coming in, but look here towards the west. there's t cloud cover making its way into the picture. that's another low. with that, we had strong southerly winds coming out of that. that's going to invekt our warm air in. unfortunately, that leads to the threat of river flooding, something we want to watch out for. but if we look at the four-day outlook, tokyo, about 15. even again on sunday.
osaka, similar and if you want to go somewhere where it feels summer like, how about naha. up to about 25 to wrap up your weekend once this low pushes by. a look at the bigger picture, it's staying chilly back towards the west. seoul, a high of 4. well below the freezing point. same in beijing. the cold spot on the map with minus 15 and some snow there in your forecast. talking about the snow. here in northern india, around cashme cashme cashmere, we have been seeing a tremendous amount of snowfall. more snow is in the forecast, so rather unfortunate. you see people there cleaning up, trying to get there u this. this area is currently getting
throu through. it's basically consistent sub zero temperatures. from here on out, it should start to get warmer. the east, new delhi, probably going to see scattered showers. the rest of india, if you are traveling here, you're not going to be seeing the -- making its way into turkey combined with cold air from the north. high pressure very chill bringing snowfall out there. istanbul, an cara, all have snowfall. that's going to stay in place. temperatures well below the freezing point the, but it is keeping this storm system west and with that, we're going to be
>> welcome to "in good shape." coming up -- herbal medicine -- treating colds with natural remedies. freerunning -- an exciting way to stay fit. and video games -- when entertainment becomes an addiction. and here's your host, dr. carsten lekutat. dr. lekutat: it is a dream, true for every computer nerd to be on the same steps as my heroes. computer gaming can be addictive. that's what we are going to talk about