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tv   DW News  PBS  February 3, 2017 6:00pm-6:31pm PST

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>> this is dw news live from berlin. migration crisis in the mediterranean sea as italian coast guards report a surge in the number of migrants pulled from the water, e.u. leaders agree on a plan to deter them from attempting the trip. also coming up a terror attack is thwarted. a french shoulder shoots a machete wielding man near the entrance to the louvre museum in paris. and the families forced to flee fighting in eastern ukraine. violence makes life unbearable as the simmering conflict between ukrainian forces and pro russian separatists boils over. it's good to have you with us. the migration crisis is back at
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the top of europe's agenda. europe and union leaders meeting in malta have agreed on a plan to reduce the number of migrants crossing the mediterranean sea from libya. the eu will support libya's coast guard and step up efforts to disrupt the people smuggling rats. >> united we stand. that is the slogan the eu council president promoted ahead of the summit. regarding the migrant crisis e.u. leaders showed unity bypassing a 10-point program to stem the flow of refugees to europe. >> we'll train, quip, and support the libyan coast guard to stop people smugglers and increase search-and-rescue operations. we will deliver economic assistance to local communities in libya to improve the situation. >> the deathly route across the central mediterranean is now the main gateway to europe with some 180,000 refugees arriving last year. eu sources say another 350,000
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are still waiting in libya for better weather conditions. apart from the ongoing refugee crisis and brexit after the early departure of british prime minister theresa may this summit was dominated by uncertainty over donald trump's policies. france and germany see only one solution regarding the new u.s. president. a number of leaders emphasized europe needs to stay united. we have our destiny in our own hands. where the situation allows it the eu should show more engagement. the council president thought the summit was constructive overall and provided some evidence. >> it's compared to the new
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president of the united states. >> the message coming out of malta is clear. europe needs to pilot its own ship through what many expect to be the rough waters of the trump presidency. >> our reporter max hoffman was at the press conference and sent us this wrapup. >> the german chancellor came here with one main message and she tried to hammer that home time and again here in malta. that is the european union can control its own destiny whether it be in the face of the migration crisis, the brexit, or the new administration in the united states and its president donald trump. she said about the migration deal that was struck with regard to libya that it was only a beginning. that this was a very complicated process and the eu would have to do a lot more work on it regarding the administration of donald trump she said that they would look for common ground and sometimes, on some topics, for example fighting international
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terrorism, they would find it and other topics they would not find it but what remains at the end is that the eu here expressed that it wants to find a new voice within the world and wants to find a stronger voice. >> libya is the departure point for most attempts to cross the mediterranean to europe. it is a perilous journey but it can be just as dangerous for those captured by libyan security forces. thousands of migrants are being held in detention centers there under appalling conditions. >> there is an eerie silence at the detention center. nearly all of the 250 women here try to cross the mediterranean to reach europe, but they were detained first by libyan security forces and taken to the center. cynthia is from nigeria and almost made it out of libyan waters, but her boat was stopped.
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>> then they shoot. >> cynthia was heavily pregnant at the time. she has to use the detention center toilet to change her baby's diapers. feeding her child is almost impossible. a german foreign ministry memo warns conditions in libyan refugee centers are like those in a concentration camps and reports regular killings, rape, and torture. the women and children held in this camp are desperate to leave. >> there is no food, no phone here. i have not spoken to my parents for five months. nobody. we are just here. >> what we are begging them for is just some compassion. that is all we need here.
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>> staff in some camps have even been accused of human trafficking. the camp director disputes this and accuses western countries of ignoring the detainees' plight. >> reporters show the problems and the poor conditions here, but no one is stepping in to help us. we're not getting any support. >> staff say medical aid is urgently needed at this detention center but even if it's delivered no one believes that will make much of a difference. >> the united states has imposed sanctions on iran in response to that country's test firing of a ballistic missile over the weekend. the sanctions affect 13 individuals and 12 entities that are based in the united arab emirates, lebanon, and china. earlier, a leading iranian cleric said missile tests would continue and that sanctions would violate the iran nuclear
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deal. the u.s. administration has put iran, "on notice" over this test and called the nuclear deal into question. we can cross now to washington, d.c. to the center for conspiracy policy a conservative think tank. she is also a former c.i.a. operative and has written for breitbart news. miss lopez, thanks for being with us. do you think the sanctions are justified? >> yes, definitely they are. the jihadist regime in tehran is deliberately pushing the limits of the new trump administration to see how far they can go, and the most recent iranian ballistic missile test this past sunday is evidence of that. >> now, trump has already expressed his disdain for the iran nuclear deal on twitter. do these sanctions mark the
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beginning of the end for it? >> well i sure hope so. i don't know if the new trump administration will outright abandon the deal or rather try to alter it in some way. because the deal paved a path for iran to deliver nuclear weapons while completely ignoring its vast clandestine nuclear weapons program, it definitely needs adjustment. >> you were reportedly on the short list for deputy national security adviser to president trump. at course of action would you like to see the president take in iran long term? >> i think the most important thing is what general mike flinn, head of the national security council, has just done, and that is to put iran on notice as he termed it. iran is an illegitimate or i should say the tehran regime is an illegitimate regime.
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it not only oppresses its own people with horrific human rights abuses, it is the number one state sponsor of terrorism in the world. it continues its pursuit of deliverable nuclear weapons and is a force for aggression in its geo strategic ambitions in the persian gulf. >> do these sanctions perhaps run the risk of pushing iran further away from the international community? >> i don't know how a regime that describes itself as a jihadist regime in its own constitution and declares that striking terror into the hearts of the enemy in its own constitution can be called close. to the international community. the actions of this iranian regime are destablizing to the region and its pursuit of nuclear weapons and support for terror proxies like hezbollah, which has a presence throughout europe as well as the western hemisphere, are destablizing to the entire world.
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>> okay. destablizing to the entire world you say. you, yourself, have called for regime change in iran. do you think the trump administration shares that goal? >> i certainly hope so. i think the iranian people, themselves, desoive our support as they try to seek their own way, their own liberty. when they stood up in 2009 by the millions in the streets and were gunned down by the regime as the world and the rest of -- the united states as well -- stood idly by and let it happen, those people deserve our support. the iranian people deserve to decide for themselves what their own future course will be free of terror and repression of the iranian regime. >> all right. clara lopez of the conservative think tank center for security policy in washington. thank you very much. >> thank you. >> well, turning now to other
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stories making news around the world. romania's government says it will press ahead with a decree that decriminalizes financial misconduct by officials. the move has sparked days of protest in bouquet rest shall the largest -- in bucharest, the largest since 1989 that led to the fall of communism in romania. the country's court is due to rule on the lee legality of this next week. a ship carrying emergency aid from myanmar's muslim minority has departed malaysia. human rights groups accused the government of committing atrocities against the minority group. the myanmar government denies the accusation. almost 90 have been killed and tens of thousands have fled bangladesh since a government crackdown began last year. angola's president has announced he will not run in
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august's general election. desantos ruled angola for 37 years and since he came to power in 1979 the country has seen civil war, followed by an oil fueled investment boom. wealth has not been distributed equally and millions of angolans live in poverty. a terrorist attack in paris has been thwarted. a man wielding a machete was shot near the entrance of the louvre museum. the president of france said there was no doubt it was a terror effort. the nation has been on high alert since the murder of charlie hebdo two years ago. >> french police give the all clear. officers remove the cord around the louvre allowing nearly 1,000 people to leave the museum and shopping center beneath it. officials took them to safe locations when the attack started and kept them insad pas.
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we're all deeply shocked. some of my colleagues are crying. the danger is over but we are still scared stiff. >> suddenly, people began panicking. we all started to run for our lives. we thought this might be it after everything that's happened lately. the incident happened at an entrance to the louvre shopping mall. a knife-wielding man shouting ala akbar attacked soldiers on patrol. they first tried to fight off the knife man before shooting him five times. the attacker is in serious condition. his identity is still unknown. one of the soldiers suffered a head wound in the attack. the french government praised the work of the security forces. >> i am deeply grateful.
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considering the extremely tense security situation our policemen and soldiers are doing excellent work guaranteeing the security of the french people. france has been hit by several terror attacks in the last two years. in november, 2015, the government declared a state of emergency. heavily armed officers have since become a comn sight in the streets of paris. with presidential elections in france just months away, security and terrorism are expected to be major factors in how people cast their ballots. >> you're watching dw news. still to come on our program, he has proms today make america great again, but will trump's protectionist policies end up hurting u.s. companies? we'll get the view from an economist. plus, the super bowl goes gaga. trump critic superstar lady gaga will appear in the world's biggest tv event, but will it
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be drama free? the world awaits. don't go away.
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>> welcome back. you're watching dw news. our top stories. european union leaders have agreed a plan to stem the flow of smuggled migrants across the mediterranean sea from libya. the eu will support libya's coast guard and step up efforts to disrupt people smuggling routes. and a french soldier has shot and wounded a man wielding a machete at the louvre museum in paris. french president hollande has said there is no doubt this attack was terrorist in nature. the death toll in eastern ukraine has climbed to more than 30 as clashes between government forces and russia-backed separatists intensify. the latest attacks in the industrial town have killed at least two civilians and disrupted humanitarian aid deliveries to residents. government shelling in the
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rebel stronghold has also killed civilians and damaged a number of homes. the renewed blood shed and the almost 3-year-old conflict has prompted the u.s. to condemn russia's aggressive stance. our reporter is in the eastern ukraine and he caught up with the deputy head of the osce mission that is monitoring the crease fire. >> the fighting here is the beginning of a new all out war in eastern ukraine. the wider area around us has always been a hot spot. we have seen here severe fighting in the past. what we have seen however since last sunday morning, early morning hours, is we have been counting over 10,000 crease fire violations in this area on a single day. this is the highest number since we've been on the ground in the ukraine. it is not the only fighting theatre. we have those also in the southern part and here to the
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east. what is the cause of this fighting is very clear. it is the proximity of the forces and the fact that the forces have not yet withdrawn their heavy weapons. in fact, they have been moving them back toward the conflict line. this has been documented ever since it has hit the ground here. >> how far can you right now exercise your influence on both sides to stop fighting? >> on a very small scale we are able to organ negotiate small -- organize and negotiate small crease-fires. these are not sustainable because it doesn't treat the cause of the continued fighting and the cause, once again, is the presence of the heavy weapons and the proximity of the forces in these locations. this needs to be changed and only then the crease-fire becomes sustainable. what we hear in the background now would disappear. >> apart from your work here on the ground, what needs to be done politically to find
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eventually a peace settlement? >> it is important that what has been agreed a long time ago is now finally implemented. politicians on both sides have committed to the agreement. it is the only platform at the moment that foresees measures to stablize the situation. we know the -- we've seen them withdrawing weapons. we've seen them adhering to the crease-fire. it is a question of will. there is no problem with command and control. there is no underlying group dynamic that is out of control. it's a question of will. difficult decisions will have to be made. the overseas special monitoring mission is here to document whether the decisions are made and whether they are implemented at the conflict line. >> thank you very much for your answers. >> thank you. >> another day, another executive order from president trump. daniel winter is here with the business news now. >> that's right. the banks are very, very pleased about this one. trump has signed another
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executive order to roll out parts of the dodd frank law this time. that is legislation which protects consumers from risky banking practices in the wake of the 2008 financial crisis. trump has pledged to remove regulations. he says that will help businesses grow and give the public more choice. the new administration has come under fire for bringing prominent bankers from wall street to the white house. the u.s. stock markets up on friday as data shows a surge in new job creation there last month. but it is a mixed bag as wage growth is pretty much nonexistent and the overall unemployment rate actually crept up. so could that change with a brash businessman in the oval office? >> buy american and hire american. the faces of donald trump's promise to put his country first. he's vowed to stop any more jobs from moving abroad.
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president trump: you go to pennsylvania, you go to ohio, you go to florida, you go to any of them, you go to upstate new york. our jobs have fled to mexico and other places. we're bringing our jobs back. >> listening to that rhetoric you'd be forgiven for assuming the u.s. economy is in the doldrums. how does it actually break down state by state? figures out this week show in pennsylvania, for example, the economy grew 3.3% in the third quarter of last year. and michigan, home to indebted detroit, saw growth of 4.2%. south dakota came out on top with 7.1% growth. texas posted a respectful 4.3%. california didn't do too badly with 3.3%. only oil-rich new mexico and alaska saw reduced growth of 0.1% respectively. the economy donald trump inherits appears in pretty good shape. he has vowed to pursue a protectionist, antiimmigrant agenda and that could destroy
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that. >> this could go down as the biggest tech ipo in years. snap, the owner of messaging app snapchat has filed documents to go public. it wants to raise up to $3 billion. that's the target you see there. but its valuation is likely to top 20 billion. some analysts have their doubts, though, calling the value of the stocks hyperinflated. the app is extremely popular with teenagers, though. they're an advertiser's greem. you can send photos and videos that disappear after a few seconds. the company says 158 million people use snapchat every day, creating more than 2.5 billion snaps. still, the company is losing money. and, get this. in the ipo papers, bosses admit that might not even change. snap says it may not achieve or maintain profitability. so how is that for a good deal? well, with super bowl weekend
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starting in the u.s., one of the most popular snacks americans enjoy while watching the country's biggest football game is corn chips with guacamole. now, where does all the avocado come from? you guessed it. from over the border in mexico. and what happens when you slap tariffs on those imports? >> it's peak season for guacamole, a word that means avocado sauce and mexico's native -- in mexico's native language. americans to the north love their av cados and consume around 35,000 tons of them mashed into guacamole on super bowl sundaylone and 8 of 10 of those fruits come from mexico. mexico has little to fear about proposals such a is a 20% blanket tariff on u.s. imports. >> if the u.s. is able to establish a tariff that would make the product more expensive
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for united states consumers. this is because there is no other country that can supply the amount of avocado that we in mexico can supply to the united states. 80% of those come from mexico. mexican imports of avocados to the united states were fully opened up 10 years ago just as reports about health benefits pushed the food's popularity to unimagined heights. guacamole has become so synonymous with super bowl parties that the marketing organization avocados from mexico ran primetime commercials during the game in 2015 and 2016. and will again this year. it's a high profile challenge to trump's verbal volleys about the $60 billion u.s. trade deficit with mexico. >> that's all of your business but start stocking up on the guacamole. we have more on the super bowl. >> thanks, daniel. it is not just guacamole. politics has taken over the days leading up to the super
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bowl like never before. some of the event's biggest stars are under scrutiny for their links to donald trump, including players and coaches. meanwhile, the star of the halftime show has made no secret of her staunchly anti-trump views. >> she may not have the best throwing arm in the u.s. but lady gaga will be center of attention at the super bowl. the singer protested president trump's election in november and has revealed little about her upcoming halftime show. >> i believe in a passion for inclusion. i believe in the spirit of equality. and the spirit of this country is one of love and compassion and kindness. so my performance will uphold those philosophies. >> the new england patriots have also become mixed up in the controversy surrounding trump, who is a friend of both coach bill belichick and quarterback tom brady. the pair have refused to answer questions about the new president ahead of the big game. >> i'm just not talking politics at all.
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why? because i just want to focus on the positive aspects of this game and, you know, my teammates, and the reasons why we're here. >> no. i'm focused on trying to get our team ready to play the atlanta falcons sunday night. that's where all of my energy and attention is. >> the super bowl is often called the greatest show on earth. but this year political sub plots have been stealing the lime light from the game, itself. >> a quick reminder of the top stories we're tracking for you this hour. european union leaders have agreed on a plan to stem the flow of smuggled migrants across the mediterranean sea from libya. the eu will support libya's coast guard and step up efforts to disrupt people smuggling routes. and the united states has imposed sanctions on iran in response to that country's test firing of a ballistic missile last weekend. the sanctions affect 13 individuals and 12 entities.
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iran has said it will impose similar sanctions on the u.s. in retaliation. you're watching dw news live from berlin. don't go away. i'll be right back to take you through the day. thanks for watching.
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