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tv   DW News  PBS  April 26, 2017 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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♪ >> this is "dw news," live from berlin. tensions over north korea, tonight the u.s. going too far? washington has installed a defense system in south korea and beijing does not like it. washington says the technology is vital to countering the threat of north korea. we go to washington for more. and committed, arrests in turkey, more than 1000 detained by police, all of them allegedly connected to the failed coup attempt.
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to teach or not to teach? the hungarian prime minister defends a law that could shut down the university founded by george soros. we take a look at the controversy over foreign money, education and politics. and the u.s. presidents takes -- president takes his axe to taxes, a new program for businesses and individuals, but the president still have to get the plan through congress. ♪ brent: i am brent goff. it is good to have you with us. china has reacted angrily to the u.s. installing a controversy oh antimissile defense system in south korea. the u.s. and a south korea insist the system is necessary to counter the threat from a nuclear armed north korea, but china says the system undermines
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its own security. the chinese foreign minister has urged all sides to ease the tensions. while in washington, the senate is being briefed on the options of that the white house has. correspondent: not many south koreans are happy about the missile defense system being built, it will be operational within days and washington says it is a necessary step to counter the threat from north korea. >> with every test, kim jong-un moves closer to his goal and are given -- and the capabilities against new coat -- against american cities. defending our homeland is my top priority, so i must assume the nuclear plans are too and i know his aspiration certainly are. correspondent: but the region's
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bigger powerhouse sees its own security threatened. on a visit to bit -- two berlin, the chinese foreign minister asked them to engage in dialogue instead of military maneuvers. >> it is really up to the two parties, the u.s. and north korea, to conduct talks together and china is a responsible country and is north korea's biggest neighbor, that is why china must make a conservation and take an intermediary road. correspondent: but joint exercises underscore how serious the tensions are on the korean peninsula right now. brent: for the latest we want to bring in our washington correspondent who is on the story. good evening, maya. the u.s. military has been given an assessment of the threat from
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north korea. what can we take away from today? correspondent: i think we can read into the comments made earlier from admiral harry harris, the top commander of the u.s. forces in the asian pacific. i believe we have a clip. >> as president trump has made clear, all options are on the table. we want to bring kim jong-un to his senses, not to his knees. correspondent: so what we can see is really the u.s. taken a moderating stance, and he, the admiral made comments to the effect that he did not believe a lot of the rhetoric about their capabilities really matched with their actual abilities, he called this a capability gap. it looks like the u.s. is trying to contain the situation. brent: we know the entire u.s.
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senate was invited to the white house today to be briefed on the situation in north korea, the options that the u.s. has. what options does it have? correspondent: this is the big question that we are very sure the senators themselves will be asking. we know they will be briefed by four of the top u.s. officials in the administration, including the secretaries of state and defense. they will be allowed to ask questions. and we know that this will be a layout of the thinking behind the current strategy, but as you said a lot of questions remain, as to what new options the u.s. has met the previous administrations may not have had. it looks like there may not be any. brent: during the campaign and even after inauguration, we heard from the president it was about america first.
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a couple weeks ago, it was syria as the focus. now we are talking about north korea. how do you explain the shift? correspondent: it looks like the president has learned that being the leader of the free world involves engaging with the rest of the world and you cannot just focus on domestic issues. we still have troops in afghanistan, the u.s. does i should say, and there are complex all over the world that the -- conflicts all over the world that the u.s. is expected to take steps in. so the quest remains, how will this play to the president's base. his promise was to focus on improving the economy and creating jobs. brent: what about the mood in the u.s.? is there a strong backing for taking a hard-line with north korea or do americans prefer
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diplomacy and get it over with? correspondent: a lot of americans i think believe that the north korean issue does need to be dealt with, but there is little appetite for more worldwide military intervention. we have to remember, we are still involved in afghanistan, the war in iraq did not end well for americans politically or militarily. and the last time the u.s. was involved in asia, in vietnam, that was quite a blemish on the u.s. so there is little appetite for further military intervention anywhere in the world. brent: ok. thank you. maya, thank you very much. brent: in turkey, police have detained more than 1000 people in their latest crackdown following the failed to attempt the last year. warrants have been issued for
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3000 people and the interior minister says more arrests are on the way. correspondent: the arrests began at daybreak. turkish authorities rounded up hundreds of alleged supporters of an islamic cleric. many are suspected of being high-ranking members of a movement. the turkish media say they have infiltrated the police. one newspaper says turkish intelligence has drawn up a list of several thousand names. the interior minter called a -- called it a matter of national security. >> unfortunately, they have penetrated our law enforcement and they are trying to control them from the inside. they are trying to build a parallel state and pursue their own agenda. correspondent: the turkish government accuses fethullah gulen of orchestrating the coup last summer, the man that was once a key ally of the turkish president has denied the claims. on july 15, turkish soldiers
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seized key traffic points in istanbul and launched attacks on the parliament building in ankara. at the beginning of the year, the turkish government started legal proceedings against thousands of coup plotters, about 40,000 people up and -- people have been arrested. brent: reporting in turkey has risks and it is part of a group of nations where journalism -- the freedom of jerusalem is being -- journalism is being eroded. reporters without borders says the number of threats in europe has grown more than any other region. over all, two thirds of the 180 countries surveyed showed deteriorating conditions for journalists, in particular north korea, no surprise, turkmenistan, syria, china, vietnam, sudan and cuba. the media in all these countries is under strict government control.
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now the three countries with the best ratings, they are the nordic countries -- norway, sweden, and finland. and just under them, germany remains unchanged in 16th place. there were setbacks in poland and hungary. turkey is now far down the list in position 150. and that puts it even lower than russia. on thursday, the former dictator of chad will hear the final decision on his appeal against a life sentence for war crimes. he was sentenced to life behind bars last year by a tribunal. it was the first time a former ruler was convicted by an african union backed court. dw reports from the capital on
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how some are still seeking reconciliation and justice almost 30 years after he was ousted. correspondent: he is making his opinion heard. today is a special day. he and thousands of others were tortured or killed by the former dictator. exactly two years ago, the men that tortured him were convicted. he and othercompensation that ws promised. >> there is nothing to celebrate, but we are celebrating anyway. for us it is a victory that are executioners have been convicted. correspondent: hundreds have come to mark the occasion, survivors and relatives of those that did not survive. a 33-year-old born in prison, his mother was pregnant when
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this occurred please arrested -- secret police arrested her. she was pardoned and later died. this man first learned to walk in prison. >> i was the prisoner favorite, they did everything for me. even today, i'm friends with many of them. they never let me down. when they see me, they think of my mother. correspondent: even though the secret police played a role in his mother's death, he holds no grudges against them. >> one of the agents is my neighbor. i grew up with his son and we are good friends today. i do not know much about his father, only that he was and still is working for the secret service. correspondent: the son of the agent has the same name and he only learned about what happened
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and his father's role after people started talking in the neighborhood. the two sons have been inseparable since kindergarten. the revelations have not affected their bond. the story of his mother, that she was also a victim of the secret service, really touched me. actually, devastated me. then i found out my father was one of the torturers. that is just the way it is. correspondent: the people are still coming to terms with the crimes of the previous regime. they hope a film of the previous dictator will start a discussion. -- stir a discussion. >> i want to know what happened before i was born. correspondent: people talk about
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the president, but i hardly know anything about what happened then. tickets are free and many want to see the film. john is pleased so many people of, -- have come. >> you young people, you have not experienced things like this. maybe your parents told you something, but in the film you will hear from witnesses who prove what happened. [applause] correspondent: the survivors of the regime are fighting for two things, compensation for those tortured and killed, and to prevent such crimes from ever happening again. brent: you are watching dw news from berlin. still to come, closing the doors on a controversial school. the prime minister of hungry
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defend a law that could shut down the university founded by george soros. we will take a look at the controversy over foreign influence, politics, and education in hungary. those stories, plus we have the latest business headlines in 60 seconds. ♪ ♪ >> the dw media center, see it live. find it again. hear more of it. discover it. video and audio, podcasts and language courses. in the dw media center at ♪ >> on the steps of central asia, and expedition in search of an agent denizen of context on -- a
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year ago, scientists found evidence of a mysterious catastrophe. what killed so many of them and are those that are alive enngered? zigas in distress, find out more in our documentary at ♪ ♪ brent: welcome back. you are with dw news in berlin. china has reacted angrily to the u.s. installing a controversy over antimissile defense system in south korea. the u.s. says the system is necessary to counter the threat from a nuclear armed north korea. china says the system undermines their own security. are we talking about a trump triumph? the u.s. president has come up with a major new plan to get businesses on his side. tell us about that. daniel: we are talking about
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donald trump who has unveiled a plan to reform the country's tax code. the proposal would slash rates for personal and income taxes from 35% to 15%, the idea is that those with spare cash with -- will invest. but some people think the cuts go too far and could increase deficit spending. >> it is supposed to be the largest tax cut in u.s. history. tax forms of that will fit onto a large postcard, according to statements coming out of the white house. during the presidential campaign, donald trump promised tax cuts and you wanted to emphasize that on friday. >> people cannot do their returns, they have no idea what they are doing. they are too complicated. this reduction is the first that in a reform that will reduce rates, provides relief to the middle class and it lowers our business tax, which is one of
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the highest in the world and has stopped us from so much wealth and productivity. correspondent: the u.s. secretary of the treasury confirmed the plan in front of the press on wednesday. >> we will lower the business rates to 15%. we will make it a territorial system. we will have a one-time tax on overseas profits, which will bring back trillions of dollars that are offshore, to be invested in the united states, to purchase capital and create jobs. correspondent: the u.s. government wants to boost the economy and create jobs by lowering the tax rate from 35% to 15%. steve mnuchin expects the cut to bring growth to 3% and it could compensate for losses in tax revenue, but analysts are doubtful. past efforts have resulted in a larger deficit.
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brent: ok. daniel: we will bring in jose, investors must be jumping for joy, how did the markets react? jose: not at all, they have lost gains on wednesday as they have digested the tax reform proposal. the nasdaq managed to keep at the 6000 level. but investors did not seem confident after the u.s. confirmed -- the white house confirmed they are attacked -- cutting the tax rate, which will make companies more competitive from the current levels. there was disappointment, since we know that there will be a one time reparation tax on the trillions of dollars held by those u.s. companies overseas, but the treasury secretary said that the rate has yet to be determined. so this is a critical piece of information for companies like
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apple. daniel: seems like skip them is him. -- skip them is him -- can these taxes pay for themselves? jose: the u.s. treasury secretary appointed the question. according to his estimate, the plan will pay for itself with the growth and reduction of different deductions and closing those loopholes, but analysts point out that these kinds of tax cuts could balloon the budget deficit over time, even after higher tax revenue from greater growth. also, it not expect a congress will be able to pass the bill, at least until the end of the year. while the u.s. growth is not as much as we think. they are looking at growth of .5% in the first quarter so far. daniel: so not the positive result on wall street that donald trump hoped for. thank you for following up for us. donald trump is taken a hard
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line on soft wood, slapping a tariff on canadian lumber and it may not stop there as the president said, dairy could be next if canada does not play by the u.s. rules. this goes back decades. correspondent: lumber is big business in canada and exports to the u.s. totaled $5.5 billion last year. american producers claim the exports are subsidized because in donald trump's words, canada is rough on the united states in this sector and the government announced tariffs on monday. opponents say this is little more than ahone being thrown to the trump supporters now that the president is backing away from a real confrontation with china. but wilbur ross insists they are testified. -- justified. >> it is not a question of donald trump and the canadians, we believe the canadians
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violated a practice, and it should be corrected. just like steel dumping from china or any other trade infraction. correspondent: in the past, ottawa has made the case at nafta tribunals that canada does not subsidize the lumber industry, probably one reason why the canadian prime minister seemed relaxed when asked about the threat. >> standing up for canada's interests is my job, whether it is wood or -- >> whoa. >> there you go. [applause] correspondent: industry representatives found a less to laugh about. one of the reminded the u.s. presidents that the tariffs cut two ways. >> without the support of the lumber industry from canada, it is consumers that will be hurt. correspondent: as the u.s. president's first 100 days come to an end, donald trump must
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provide evidence that he is tough on trade. the simmering lumber issue is it easy target, though critics might say by taking aim in canada first, the president is just showing he cannot see the forest or the trees. daniel: and twitter shares surging after the company reported better-than-expected first-quarter results. they narrowed the net less -- $62 million, but they have yet to make a profit as they try to persuade advertisers to spend. i one-handed back over to brent. brent: thank you. we will get to hungary right now. the prime minister lashing out after the european union launched legal action over a new law that could shut down a major university in the country.
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the prime minister accused brussels of not being loyal, saying instead of siding with hungary it was backing the u.s. , billionaire investor george soros and the budapest university he founded. there have been protests over the new higher education law in hungary, which sets tough conditions for foreign-based institutions. budapest says that the central european university enjoys unfair advantages. our very own brussels correspondent has been following this story and we asked her to tell us more about the law and why the prime minister thinks it is needed. correspondent: he waffles, he says something like this exists in other countries, and it does not really mean anything. plus, the university has not yet been closed. however, really what this new law for higher education means, is for him an instrument to close down the university. and that is just a tool in his fight against george soros.
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soros for viktor orban is the great satan, he is the liberal billionaire who orban says is trying to influence development in his country. of course if you ask soros, he will say he wants to foster democracy. and if you ask orban, he is interfering in what they do there politically and he does not even live there. so that is the background to the change in this law. however, behind that is a long list of others, other changes -- a new ngo law has taken control. and so the european union is involved. brent: and that was barbara reporting in brussels. sports news my maria sharapova has won her first match after coming back from her doping ban. she was given a wildcard for the clay-court event in stuttgart, a
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move criticized by some players. she dispatched a veteran italian, to reach the second round. and a brazilian footballer has been ordered to return to jail in his role in a grisly murder, of his girlfriend. he admitted to conspiring with friends who murdered his girlfriend and fed her body to dogs, but denied any direct involvement. in february, he was released on parole, pending an appeal after seven years in jail and was hired by a second division club. it has been nearly 30 years since the film "silence of the lambs" terrified audiences. the director,jonathan demme, has died. the story of hannibal lecter,
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starring anthony hopkins, one best picture at the oscars and earned demme the best director academy award. he also directed "philadelphia" to critical acclaim. he was suffering from cancer and died on wednesday in new york at the age of 73. brent: after a short break, i will be back to take you through the day. we will be right back. ♪ [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit]
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