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tv   DW News  PBS  July 12, 2017 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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host: this is do you do be in news, live from berlin -- dw news, live from berlin. a stunning fall from grace for the country's first working-class president who one global admiration for his social policies. he is not the only top politician accused of corruption. what is wrong with politics in brazil?
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what does it mean for the environment in the southern oceans? the united nations starts delivering aid to people in syria's northeast for the first time in three years, in hopes to reach 2000 people still trapped in a war zone. good to have you with us. 9.5 years behind bars is the sentence it resilient george -- judge has slapped on lula da silva. it is part of a massive corruption case that has seen several politicians and business executives jailed. lula had been considering
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running for president again in next year's elections. he will reportedly remain free, pending an appeal. join now by alex, an expert on brazilian politics of author of the book brazilianaires. it is good to see you again. let's talk about lula da silva. he was a top contender for next year's election. now he has been sentenced to prison. what does this ruling mean for him as a potential candidate? >> it is not promising, for his future as a candidate. more than a leader in the polls, he is an a massive figure in brazilian politics. the first brazilian president who ever grew up poor. he over soon -- oversaw one of the greatest economic booms,
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he was known around the world, he became a symbol of brazil's economic attentional. this conviction is not just about the election of 2008 teen, it does -- 2018, it is about one of the fall of one of brazil's great political phil gears -- figures. >> they are all implicated in corruption cases. what does this tell us about brazil's political elite? >> right. corruption is endemic in brazil and it always has been. it has always been the grease in the gears of the system. part of lula's pitch when he was
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running for president in 2002, he was going to break with that system, but he ended up playing the game. to an outsider it can look like things are going absolutely wrong in brazil, and in many ways, they are. all of these allegations we are seeing is also the sign of something positive, that this endemic corruption is finally being investigated. host: would you say then,, alex, we are seeing checks and balances in the political system of brazil that are working? >> what we are seeing is the political system in brazil may be starting to change, may be starting to become cleaner. maybe in the future congressman, instead of doing things for bribes, are going to do things with their constituents in mind.
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it is too early to say. lulu's conviction may be part of that transition. we need to see convictions from other parties. the president of the country is accused of corruption as well. it is a long way to go still. it could be the start of a new era in brazil. host: all right. helping us understand the events in brazil tonight. alex, as always, thank you very much. >> now to the united states. donald trump's nominee to lead the fbi says he fully supports robert mueller's melding in the- meddling in the u.s. election. christopher wray said that he does not believe the probe is a
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witchhunt, as trump has repeatedly labeled it. wray's predecessor james comey had been leading the investigation before trump fired him in may. let's understand what is going on in washington. good to have you on the show. let's talk about what you have been seeing today. mr. wray pledge to support the ongoing investigation of russian contt with donald trump's campaign. do you believe that? >> i think so. i do think he is a good choice. what we also know, and what he knows donald trump knows, donald trump can fire him. that is basically the elephant in the room. that is a reality. you can be a really good fbi director, and be terminated at the presidents will -- president
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's will. like you and me, he reads the news, he sees the news, you know how sensitive the democrats will -- he knows how sensitive the democrats will be on this issue. he would like to slide through with the confirmation. host: he is aware of what is being reported. does that make his testimony more credible, or just more polish? >> he is a polished man. he also has plenty of government experience. when are they telling the truth? when are they putting spin? it takes a professional politician and administrator to figure that out. i think that he did make a good impression on the democrats, who
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have no reason to trust anyone coming from the trump white house, who would otherwise be recommended. host: there was an exchange with lindsey graham from south carolina, who basically asked him, if someone comes to you, and says they have information about a candidate, and that person coming to you is from a foreign country, what do you do? he pushed him on it. he said you should call the fbi, first. two things i want to ask you about. common sense, and the second is the truth. that exchange showed they want someone to tell the truth. they have to dig for the truth all the time now. >> he is in a position where they have to pursue criminals and follow the law.
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it is not good when he gets ahead of the story. i think that it is good for him to be cautious in such matters. on the other hand, he could have just said the gore campaign, when they were given bush briefing books, they turned directly to the fbi. host: but that was not mentioned. we will see if that does come up again. the hearing will continue. two syria now, the united nations is delivering much needed aid, that for the first time in three years. the u.n. hopes to reach 200,000 people living in rural areas near raqqa.
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>> fresh food supplies arrive at this refugee camp in iraq. much to the relief of the thousands living here. reopening of roads means those who fled here can expect regular deliveries for the first time in many months. >> i am from montserrat. the islamic state militants not lead us leave. there was no food, no pet, no water, absolutely nothing. >> the islamic state destroyed my house, took my documents, my sheep am a 50 hens. they took everything. >> until now, the road was
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controlled by the islamic state, forcing the united nations to airdrop food to these displaced people. recent gains made by u.s. backed opposition forces have restored land links to the refugee camps. >> we did not have access by road since 2016. this allows us to support 250,000 people with life-saving food and assistance every month. it allows us to help the displaced people in raqqa city. [indiscernible] >> the u.n. furloughed -- food delivery, a sign that the problem is abetting. host: let's pick up where that report left off. with vladimir, he joins us in
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iraq. the world food program says it can deliver to promote parts of syria's east for the first time in years. how much is this a sign that anti-i.s. forces are cheerful? -- pushing forward? once this is the first time the u.n. is delivering food through an air bridge. so this is a positive sign. another sign is the syrian democratic forces fighting in the city of rock and now, that is why they need support. host: anti-i.s. forces are reportedly in control of parts of raqqa. how close are they to proclaiming that city and pushing out i.s.?
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>> in the beginning of the operation, one month ago, he operation was going very fast in the beginning, but now it is facing more resistance of isis. they have taken 20% of raqqa now. the expectation the rest of the fight will be very tough. it will be several months before raqqa is retaken. host: what is i.s.'s capacity to strike back as it loses ground in iraq and syria? >> isis is slowly move -- losing much of its territory, this doesn't mean -- they have sleeper cells and support. you still have to defeat their ideology. there is still a possibility in syria and iraq will be attacks by isis, maybe even in
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europe. we don't know that yet. host: vladimir, thank you very much. here are the other stories making headlines around the world. turkish police have killed five suspected i.s. militants in a firefight they erected -- that erupted in a syrian city. the raid came after a tipoff that the militants are planning to target an event commemorating last year's failed coup. the u.n. says 38 mass graves have been discovered in the central congo. they were found in where thousands have been killed since the start of the militia uprising against the government last year. 80 mass graves have been identified so far. german police have made a number of arrest in connection with the theft of a giant gold coin.
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the 100 kilogram coin, gallup -- valued at $1 million, was stolen in march. two suspects west to the coin away -- whisked the coin away on a wheelbarrow. after a 62nd break, we will be back -- 62nd break, we will be back -- 60 second break, we will be back. ♪ >> every woman, every man knows that a child needs food. before mary's meals came we had a lot of problems. >> they were eating nothing. >> that could have easily been us. anyone of us.
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♪ host: welcomeack here with the dw news live from berlin. our top story. a brazilian judge has sentenced the former president lula da silva to nine, .5 years on corruption charges a case that has seen several politicians and business executives jailed. it is one of the biggest icebergs and reported history, bigger than the u.s. state of delaware. years after a crack first appeared, it has finally broken away from the antarctic ice
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shelf. it could take two or three years to melt if it doesn't break into smaller pieces first. >> the birth of an iceber. the huge crack spreads along the ice shelf known as larson see. it has been growing over the last few years, but it's speed increased are medically. the crack has reached the sea, following in the process known as carving. it is now drifting north away from the antarctic, and projected to float east, moving at a speed of 10, there's per day. -- 10 kilometers per day. it covers 6000 square kilometers. that is seven times the area of germany's capital of berlin, or twice the size of luxembourg. the biggest iceberg ever reported was double that, but
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868 is in the top 10. scientists say it should not pose a risk to global sea levels. >> it is part of a night -- natural cycle. it's no flows on the continent. the force of gravity pushes ice into these massive shells over the sea. there is concern over sea level rise. it is not going to happen because of this ice. -- it is a similar situation with this ice shelves. they are resting on the water. >> experts are worried about what the carving could mean for the future of the bigger ice shelf. larson sea can be destabilized.
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with antarctica losing ice at an historically unprecedented rate. host: earlier we spoke to professor alan? -- professor angelica, specializing in place you knowledge hin glacieology. >> ice shelves are always [indiscernible] -- affected by climate. there is no clear temperature trend. there is too few data on ocean changes in temperature. there is no clear link that we can really have a causal link between global warming and the carving event of this ice shield.
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we have a link between ice shields responding to global warming. host: that was professor angelica, speaking to us earlier. a warning shot to those wanting to snap of germany's most important companies. >> some think merkel is doing a trump. protectionist or smart policy? the worry is germany could be losing expertise to powers abroad. last year a record number of 873 firms fell into foreign ownership. top of the list, china. >> for some it is already too late. german robot maker coup go went to a chinese investor. the deal sparked debate about the government's power to the two acquisitions of german companies. trade associations warned that
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important know-how was being passed on and germany could risk losing its competitive edge. the new ruling helps the government probe takeovers and veto sales and strategic sectors come anything from hospitals to electricity grids. they will have more time to examine a bid, four months as opposed to the previous 2. stefan meyer said we are calling on germany to demonstrate clearly that it is a company open to foreign investors. one taker her bed was already projected last year. chinese investors wanted to buy out german and -- german technology firm ace. the deal was rescinded at the last minute.
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this kind of government intervention is something foreign investors in germany could see more of in the future. host: investors, listen closely. they had of the federal reserve will keep interest rates, in line with many predictions of a further hike this year. janet yellen said the healthy economy says the fed will wind down its huge bond portfolio. growing household wealth would be likely to boost growth, and janet yellen expects inflation to rise to 2% over time, despite unusual factors holding it back right now. so, sophie, janet yellen sounding up the there? -- upbeat there. >> yellen noted [inaudible]
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as in previous decades. this means the level of the federal funds rate probably won't create a serious threat to the equity market. yellen also did give a mostly positive outlook on the economy, another thing investors were hoping to hear. another topic, the shrinking of the balance sheet as the fed is still holding mortgage backed securities worth $4.5 trillion. host: speaking of that financial crisis, some still paying the price for their activities in 2008. what can you tell us? >> right now we are talking about the royal bank of scotland. there they are. toxic mortgage bonds, a reminder of rbs behavior that caused the financial crisis together with other involved banks.
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rbs was the largest non-us bank engaged in this practice. mortgages were packaged up and sold between 2005 and 2007. now the bank belongs mostly to british taxpayers. the penalty of $1 billion is more than they had been expecting. it is largely covered by existing provisions. the chief executive said that is the price they are paying to get rbs into a better -- into much better shape. host: toxic fines for those toxic securities. thank you. to change things up, when german submarines roamed the seas in the second world war, millions of tons of allied shipping were sent to the bottom of the atlantic. the subs communicated with the enigma coding machine. a genius british mathematician broke the code.
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the german navy's u-boats turned from hunters to prey. here is one you may not have known, few of the original enigma machines actually survived. every now and then a buyer can get lucky, especially if they know what they are looking for. >> the typewriter was in fact a german enigma one, a world war ii cipher machine. starting price, 9000 euros. this collector bought it may flee market, labeled as a typewriter. he's a cryptography professor. he knew what he was buying. this was possibly the transaction of his life. an online bidder bought the machine for 45,000 euros. [applause]
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the enigma was used to code messages sent by the various branches of the nazi military. alan turing and his team cracked the code. last month, christie's set a record when a more advanced model went under the hammer for $547,000. historians say there are probably many other cryptographic machines waiting be discovered. host: that is it for your business and tennis. >> we are going to talk tennis now. shocking events at wimbledon. 24th-seeded sam query defeated world number one andy murray in five sets. murray appeared troubled by a hip injury. a shoulder injury forced novak djokovic to abruptly retire from
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his match. he will now take on roger federer. here is a reminder of the top story we're following for you. a present your judge has sentenced lula da silva to 9.5 years in prison on corruption charges, part of a massive corruption case that has seen several politicians and business executives jailed. after a short break, i will be back to take you through the day. stick around for that, everybody. ♪
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♪ seoul, capital of south korea. one community in the center of this city is drawing widespread attention.

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