tv DW News PBS August 7, 2017 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT
sarah: this is "dw news," live from berlin. with hours to go before kenyans had to the polls, the country remembers the dead come hoping to avoid the violence that claimed 1200 lives after elections a decade ago. also coming up, a defiant response from north korea to new sanctions. pyongyang says its nuclear weapons program is not negotiable. plus come israel moves to close the office of al jazeera in jerusalem, alleging the broadcaster incites violence. ♪
sarah: i am sarah harman. thank you for joining me. kenyans go to the polls tomorrow to choose a new president and a new parliament. public opinion surveys show a tight race between incumbent uhuru kenyatta and opposition leader raila odinga. the race has an overshadowed life fears of a repeat of deadly violence that broke out after the 2007 election. back then, 1200 people lost her lives. -- lost their lives. a mob set a church on fire in a small village. our reporter met with eyewitnesses. reporter: she is a shadow of her former self. 10 years ago, her dreams went up in flames. she lives with her two children.
now, a ghost village which was the scene of the worst post-election violence in kenya's history. >> as the results came in we're there was a tribe that did not want a candidate from another tribe to win the presidency. so i tried to go to my mother's house but there were roadblocks everywhere. reporter: suddenly, once-friendly neighbors grew suspicious of each other. sensing the attention, her mother -- the tension, her mother suck refuge in a nearby church. unable to reach her mother, she learned her family's house had been torched, livestock slaughtered, and her mother burned alive. >> she should not have died like
that. not like a thief. it is so painful because she did nothing. she did not even vote. she did not even vote. they should have burned me instead. reporter: the church once stood in this weight -- wasteland. grazing animals are the only visitors that come here now. >> the church faced this way. reporter: m but -- an elder tells me -- >> when the fire started their mothers through their children out the windows here and here. men with machetes were waiting outside to kill anyone who made it out. reporter: 38 people had that day. most of them -- died that way. most of them women and children. only 14 were identified.
for the families of the dead, this graveyard is simply too painful to return to. one of the things that struck me as about just how far the houses are from each other. but it was not always like this. after the violence, people moved. but one woman who was in the cupidity accused of creating the clashes decided to come against all odds, remain. she was not the bravest or the strongest, but she had nowhere to run and nothing to hide. she stayed and watched as the victim's families left followed by the perpetrators. even know the military came to intervene, she stayed. today she is known as a peace broker. >> now we're are on our knees praying for peace. because when elections draw near, people get scared. but i can see we have peace.
reporter: but she is afraid for her children. she says she will leave and return only after the election. he says -- she says she cannot trust the current calm. sarah: edith kimani joins me now from nairobi for more insight. people are going to vote and some are still haunted by mental these of the past. -- memories of the past. edith: they are. people all around me seemed to be leaving and their leaving -- they are leaving to rural places. that way they can create a buffer anticipating any kind of violence erupting. but the wound is still really raw because like the woman was spoke to, she is still living
side-by-side with people she claims perpetrated the violence. it is still very traumatic for her 10 years later. sarah: opposition candidate raila odinga said he will accept the results even if he loses. let's take a listen. >> in the unlikely event that i lose fairly, i will definitely accept the will of the people. sarah: d think his statement is likely to ease the tensions? edith: certainly that is what kenyans want to hear. they want the president to say no matter the outcome he's going to step down peacefully and there also looking forward to hearing that from raila odinga. his critics saying he's keeps adding a caveat like if i lose fairly, or in the unlikely event that i lose -- they say this is a sign he might not be able to do that as easily as his claims.
but the kenyan people want to hear this, they want the election to be done with. some people say they don't even care who wins, so long as there is peace in the country. sarah: how might tribal rivalries affect this election? edith: in the same way that they had in kenya's political history. we believe being that if i vote for somebody who is in my tribe, whatever power they amass and whatever resources they have will eventually trickle down to me. how true that is i really don't know, but this is a belief that has been there in kenya since time immemorial. this time i don't think it will be any different. on social media people are making statements by some other tribes, based on assumptions who you will vote for. what everyone is hoping as i mentioned earlier, is that no matter how vitriolic people
speak on facebook it doesn't transform the streets into bloodshed. sarah: i know we will be covering that election for us tomorrow as kenyans head to the polls. thank you very much for your reporting. many young kenyan voters feel that most politicians are not in touch with the people and the candidates certainly would be wise to get the youth vote. because 60% of kenyans are under 24 years old. the economy is key for them because youth unemployment currently is at 24%. opportunities for young people to be better -- could be better. reporter: he knows where he is from and he is sick of the corrupt people in charge. he entered the parliamentary race as an independent candidate. he is sitiing himself as a n of the people. his mother was from the streets like us, so he knows how we live, what we eat, and how we sleep.
his mother knows. he really understands our problems. reporter: most politicians are not in touch with the people. that's the sentiment of most kenyan voters. >> the issue of youth empowerment is very low. there is no development. reporter: kenya's population is young. 60% of kenyans are under 24. but opportunities for that a group -- age group remain poor. youth unemployment has gone down, but at 24% is still much higher than in the general population. one problem is the educational system. almost all kenyans go to primary school. but many schools are badly equipped and are inadequate in preparing young kenyans for work. especially poverty-stricken youth from rural areas. their chances of finding a job
have not improved. the candidates of the big parties tried to influence voters with promises and with presence. the clinical activist warns voters not to make decisions for a son those incentives. >> if you give me money and alcohol, i would take the money and drink the alcohol. but for certain -- vote for someone who is going to work for you. reporter: people suspect young voter's discontent will work against rival candidate raila odinga. you can see most voters are under 35. they will be the ones to decide who runs kenya at the next five years. -- for the next five years. sarah: what are the main
economic issues that the winner of the election will have to tackle? >> as you mentioned, kenya -- those who are registered to vote, 19 million people, half of that is youth. unemployment is a major issue when it comes to the elections this year. we have a lot of youth who don't have jobs and those were trying to start businesses cannot access money. that's because recently the central tank reduced the cash flow. that's one of the issues. there's also the issue of agriculture. recently kenya has been experiencing drought and both parties running for this election have always said they will try to find ways to make sure the agricultural sector is revived because it has been
experiencing a decrease over the last couple years. experts say as much as their rhetoric and give this rhetoric, the main investment should be in technological farming methods that can help in sustaining security within the country. those are the major issues. >> what would business leaders like to see come out of this election? >> when it comes to business investors, we're talking about peace. that's the main issue they want to be upheld. we have had the government assuring business investors that there will be peace during this election and after the election. then you have countries like rwanda that are looking to tanzania to import goods rather than kenya because ginny has been a pillar when it comes to trade within the larger east african region. now you have countries looking
at other countries other than kenya. what investors want is an assurance that they can actually have stability within the country. >> thank you. back now to sarah. sarah: south africa's president jacob zuma is to face another vote of no-confidence in parliament following a string of corruption scandals. he has survived multiple measures in the past but this on the ballot will be secret, which increases the chances that members of his own party might vote against him. and there are plenty of south africans who would welcome just that. reporter: crowds of anti-zuma protesters hope many turn on him on tuesday's vote. but expectations remain divided ahead of the secret folk in parliament. -- vote in parliament. >> even know they decided on a secret palette -- ballot, he
could still survive. reporter: dog by corruption and fading popularity, he is under pressure. several members of his own congress. already say they will vote against them. >> all members, including -- this is a victory for the opposition. this is a victory for south africa. reporter: more demonstrations are expected before the vote. zuma is a proven fighter. he already survived several previous votes of no confidence. sarah: still to come, turning off a news channel. why the israeli government is moving to ban broadcaster al
♪ sarah: welcome back. opinion polls in kenya shall both major presidential candidates neck and neck ahead of tomorrow's elections. voters will also be choosing members of parliament and local representatives. many fear a repeat of the violence that claimed 200 lives after the election in 2007. north korea says it is great to teach the united states is if your lesson in response to strict new u.n. sanctions drafted by washington. the sanctions are a response to
pyongyang's repeated missile tests but the regime responded with defiance, valentin never put its nuclear program on the negotiating table. reporter: outside pyongyang's central station it was more trade wars than trading on the mind of commuters. the state to be news anchor kluber the government's latest -- delivered the government's latest threat. >> it will be reciprocated thousandfold. if the u.s. thinks it will be safe because it is on the other side of an ocean, that's a big misunderstanding. reporter: the conflict was top of the agenda to regional security over the weekend. north korea's foreign minister was at the talks. he met face-to-face with his south korean counterpart. china is hopeful that meeting could decrease tension on the
korean peninsula. >> my feeling is that the north did not entirely reject the positive proposals raised by the south. for china as a neighbor of both north korea and south korea, we of course hope pyongyang and soul can increase operations. reporter: the u.n. impose new sanctions that could cost north korea $1 billion u.s. over his nuclear program. the u.s. also said it was ready for dialogue with the communist state. only if the north koreans stop their missile tests. >> the best signal they can give is to stop these missile launches. we have not had an extended period of time where they have not taken some type of evocative action by launching ballistic missiles. reporter: under the fresh sanctions, north korean products
are banned. china has committed to enforcing the new rules 100%. sarah: and as the international has condemned the broadcaster al jazeera. the alledge e -- they have asked networks to block al jazeera and to revoke past credentials of its staff. it comes after coverage of recent coverage at a jerusalem polling stations. reporter: clashes between israeli security forces and palestinian worshipers last month. the violence followed the killing of two policeman and the installation of metal detectors at the temple. during the clashes, al jazeera published a video of an officer praying it -- taking a praying
palestinian. benjamin netanyahu accused the network of inciting violence. they are going to attempt to remove the press credentials of all staff in the country. in the cafes of jerusalem, out jerusalem's -- >> i think they support hamas and support terrorism. i think because of that they should be shot out of israel. only because of that. >> if the people are here with an agreement and to have got the right pieces to get into israel, they can express any opinion they want, even if it is at the -- if it is against what i think , and i really do not like al jazeera. reporter: it was business as usual, buses denied and -- the accused israel of riding on
the coattails of authoritarian nations. >> we will challenge this legally in the courts. because we believe in our goal and we believe in due process. that's the route we are going to go. reporter: the station is currently blocked in saudi arabia and other gulf states. kept our, -- sarah: some big investment is coming to the u.s. industrial heartland. reporter: taiwanese electronics giant foxconn has announced it is planning to build a multi-billion-dollar facility in michigan dedicated to developing self driving car. a week after the group announced it would invest $10 billion in wisconsin. u.s. president donald trump said
that investment would actually tripled to $30 billion but politicians are concerned that foxconn is receiving a $3 billion incentive package, meaning a portion of t thousands of jobs will just be taxpayer-funded. time to check in with our financial correspondent on wall street. jens, news of the foxconn plant in michigan. can we expect similar moves from other manufacturing giants? jens: probably. is not just what is happening in the u.s., this seems to be a global trend. the indian government said they want to so iphones in india, they better have production in a country. -- that country. labor is not the deciding factor anymore so it makes sense to produce iphones or other
products within the united states, where and general labor is more expensive than in china or taiwan. but also the amount of jobs probably will be limited to a certain degree because of all the supply chains for now will probably remain mostly in asia. helena: the dow jones still over 22,000 mark. can we expect that to continue through the trading week? jens: well, we are waiting for some form of a correction for months now, we have crossed a number of record marks lately. the ninth consecutive trading date we closed on a new all-time high. we look forward to this week. news flow will be a big limited. we will not get the big economic
reports within this week. the fed is done with their latest meeting of the federal reserve. when theres not such great news flow, sometimes investors take advantage and take some profits. who knows, maybe august will be a week or month -- wearker month. august after september is the second weakest month of the year. helena: thank you. out with the old and in with the new. authorities have been on a mission to clean up the city for decades, and that includes driving up prostitutes and and section surround times square. -- and sex shops around times square. reporter: pawn parl --
>> i think there's been a whitewashing of the times square area. a sanitizing. these are businesses that should not necessarily just be pushed away because you disagree with the expression they offer. reporter: some but not all new yorkers are turned off by the presence of the x-rated businesses. >> they are paying taxes. i don't think there's a need to take them off. >> ultimately i would side with the city in this situation because times square is a brand that the new york city owns and they have a right to protect it. >> i think they should stay. it is all part of bringing in the tourists. it is part of what is new york. reporter: if the court of
appeals does not reconsider, the shops will elevate their legal action to the supreme court. they say sex sells, but soon the gentleman's boutiques could be selling no longer. helena: that's the latest from the business desk. sarah: what an interesting report. two members of pussy riot had been detained after rallying for the release of a ukrainian filmmaker. the women were stopped by police after unfurling a banner in siberia outside a prison where he is serving a 20 year sentence for conspiracy to commit terrorism. the film director is a vocal opponent of crimea's annexation and the international community excesses conviction was politically motivated and has called for his release. use a reminder of the top stories we're following for you.
opinion polls in kenya show both major presidential candidates neck and neck ahead of tomorrow's elections. voters will also be choosing members of parliament and local representatives. many fear a repeat of the violence that claimed 1200 lies after the election 10 years ago. north korea has threatened to teach the united states when it calls a severe lesson after the u.n. impose new sanctions over pyongyang's missile test. president trump and south korea have agreed to apply maximum pressure. thank you for watching. ♪ [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] ♪
steves: for a more lively way to enjoy paris and cap an exciting day, steve and i have hired a car and a driver for a blitz of the city's best nighttime views. and this isn't just any car and driver. this company employs a fleet of historic deux chevaux cars, and they're driven by local students. man: the different districts are like a snail, going around the island, the city. steves: the french raise flood lighting to an art form. and with a city as beautiful as paris, it's no wonder. les invalides, with its golden dome marking napoleon's tomb,
is magnifique. the naughty blades of the moulin rouge keep turning, and its red lights tempt lost souls in pigalle. just to be out and about at this hour, the energy of the city is palpable. notre dame is particularly stately after dark. sightseeing boats enliven the river and its sparkling bridges. the pyramid at the louvre glows from within. and the eiffel tower provides a fitting finale for this victory lap through the city of light.
♪ [theme music] welcome to potus 2017, where we keep watch on the oval office and pour cold hard facts on the overheated political rhetoric. i'm brian lehrer. today ending obamacare, not easy. the gop has been divided on this and the democrats are not part of it, at least not yet. will a new healthcare bill ever get passed? senator john mccain just diagnosed with agressive brain cancer has his doubts. in a powerful speech to his