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tv   DW News  PBS  October 17, 2017 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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>> this is "dw news," live from berlin. tonight, the biggest victory in the war against so-called islamic state. the city claimed as its capital, raqqa, has fallen. the announcement came after a three-month campaign to retake it from i.s. forces. but how damaged is isis after this loss? they fought together against isis and now may be fighting against each other. iraqi forces are pushing ahead with an offensive to retake areas controlled by the kurds.
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the u.n. and united states are appealing for calm on both sides. fresh protests erupted at the catalan capital of barcelona. the government is refusing to drop its bid for independence. plus, calls for justice growing louder in malta following the murder of an anticorruption journalist. demonstrators take to the streets to pressure the maltese government. and from great hope to great misery, south sudan is one of the world's newest states, but today, millions of the people there are reliant on food aid. we have a special report on one woman's struggle to survive and feed her family. brent: i'm brent goff. good to have you with us.
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tonight, residence in the syrian city of raqqa are bringing to a close their first day free of the rule of the so-called islamic state. the syrian city was the capital of the islamist group's so-called caliphate. troops fighting i.s. say they have captured one of the militants' last holdouts, the hospital you see right there. but there are still pockets of resistance in the city. one of them is reported to be a stadium complex in raqqa which was used by i.s. as a prison and arms dump. dozens of fighters have made a last stand there. once the state of the islamic state's -- the seat of the islamic state's power, the fight for raqqa has left all of the city in ruins. reporter: a five-month battle is over for the syrian, kurdish, and arab fighters. backed by the united states, they killed dozens of i.s. in
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the final push. raqqa is now a shell of a city. "there is nothing left. we are near the end. we have not seen any i.s. militants. we have not seen them near the stadium ideas are. that's either. -- we have not seen them near the stadium ieither." i.s. took control of raqqa in early 2014 and made it the capital of its self-styled caliphate. the militants imposed a strict interpretation of islamic law and used extreme means a such as beheadings and torture to quash those who opposed to their rule. it became home to thousands of jihadists across the globe after a call by iborra baghdadi to migrate to the city. in recent months, the so-called islamic state has steadily lost territory in his syria and iraq.
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the fall of raqqa is a major blow to the militant group, but the extremists still controlled territory in neighboring regions on the iraqi side of the border. a long road lies ahead to heal wounds and rebuild the ruins city of raqqa, despite the fighters' celebrations. brent: how long will a celebrations last? we want to cross over to a journalist who joins us from northern syria. good evening to you. we have got the liberation of raqqa today. does that mean that the back of islamic state has finally been broken? >> yes, of course, because raqqa was the capital of crisis in syria. i talked to those who said if god was with isis, he would have given them victory, but they are
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defeated. the fight is largely over in syria. brent: so the fight is over, but the people remain, particularly the residents in raqqa and around the city. how much support from area residents is still there for isis, do we know? >> i don't think there are many people who supported isis in raqqa. they depended on them for salaries. in support was very low. now that isis is defeated from nobody supports it, at least not many people, because it was foreign fighters in isis their prophetic and not the syrian crisis fighters. brent: now that the city is falling, the military campaign is over, what has to be done politically to restore some semblance of stability to the city -- civility to the city? wladimir: well, the u.s.
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coalition, u.s. aid, raqqa civilian counsel, they are working on reconstruction of raqqa. the problem is the many mines, clearing out the rubble. then they will start on preparing telecommunications preparing the telik mitigations network and the water and electricity. -- repairing the telecommunications network and the water and electricity. as the water and electricity will be back sooner. brent: and what are you hearing in terms of where the fight against isis goes from here? what is the next the next city, for example, that anti-i.s. forces will be targeting? wladimir: well, there is a very strategic city at the syrian-iraqi border. there is a sort of rice and competition between both sides.
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they are still fighting in that province against isis by the regime and sdf. brent: all right, journalist running us tonight from northern syria, talking about the fall of the axis capital, -- isis capital, raqqa. thank you very much could going to syria's neighbor iraq and another government flashpoint. forces say they have controlled major oilfields in the disputed north of the country, following cast on the heels of their capture of the kurdish-held city of kirkuk. reporter: celebrations into cork as iraqi for -- in." as iraqi forces role in. supporters of the iraqi central government cannot contain their joy. hours earlier, thousands of kurdish residents fled the city ahead of the advance. >> we are heading to erbil
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because the situation is getting worse. the iraqi troops have entered and it was no way we could stay. them are children were terrified. we were afraid there would be clashes and a mortar round would hit us. reporter: to cook -- kirkuk had been under kurdish controlled since iraqi forces fled and the islamic state militants swept through the region in 2014. now it is back under the control of the iraqi government. the advance comes three weeks after residents in the kurdistan region and here in kirkuk, voted overwhelmingly in favor of independence in a controversial referendum. kurdish peshmerga leaders say the seizure of kirkuk amounts to a declaration of war. brent: here are some of the other stories making headlines around the world. philippine president rodrigo duterte has declared malawi
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city liberated from terrorists from visiting the southern city one day after the last 2 islamist leaders there were killed. but military leaders say the battle is still ongoing. taliban militants in afghanistan have carried out a suicide car bombing and gun attack on a provincial police headquarters. it is an attack that killed at least 33 people. it was part of a series of attacks against police across the country that have left at least 78 people dead and hundreds wounded. u.s. president donald trump's third attempt to ban travel from several countries have spin blocked by a federal judge in hawaii. hours before it was set to go into effect. the judge said trump's order discriminated based on nationality and failed to show that people coming from the listed countries would be "detrimental to u.s. interests." portugal has declared three days of national mourning as for at least 41 people died in forest fires.
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firefighters have brought most of the 500 blazes under control. the government says the fire is the worst in more than a decade, and were caused by higher than average temperatures and drought. catalonia's regional government has said that madrid is "choosing repression over dialogue." that after spanish authorities jailed 2 leaders of the catalan separatist movement in a sedition investigation. around 200,000 protesters took to the streets of barcelona calling for their release. the spanish government warned catalonia that it must revoke its declaration of independence or face direct rule from madrid. but a catalan government spokesman says the autonomous region will stand by its decision. for more now, we want to go to barcelona where our correspondent is following developments for us tonight. good evening to you, barbara.
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the rest of these 2 separatist leaders has inflamed the situation, hasn't it? reporter: totally, because it has been relatively quiet throughout the past week, and it was like a standoff. every side was looking at the other end awaiting what they would be doing. however, after the high court in madrid decided to arrest of those 2 independence leaders, emotions are boiling up, and of course, the independence movement, the spokespeople of those are trying everything to really soak the fire. they announced their will be more demonstration in the days to come. this the first one, it was entirely peaceful. people behind us with candles chanting "liberty" and to free the two leaders now in jail. however, we will see the showdown on tuesday, whether madrid will impose rule over
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catalonia or not. brent: that is that the question, and if you consider what we are seeing tonight, knowing that this new deadline is, what, 48 hours away, it looks like crunch time, the next two days, has already been decided. would you agree with that? is the catalan president going to back down? barbara: absolutely not. what we see here is like 2 trains racing towards each other, and it will end in a big political crash, because both of them, the regional government in catalonia and, of course, mariano rajoy in madrid, have dug themselves and. they would've totally lose face if they turned around and said, ok, we didn't really mean anything bad. the time for that is passed. this is not going to happen. we will see the final showdown
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on thursday. brent: barbara, this is the biggest political crisis that spain has seen in decades. you have to go back to the early 1980's to find something this severe. you have been talking to a lot of people, gauging public sentiment. do you think is that the potential of spilling over into civil unrest? barbara: we don't know. so far, the independence movement stresses that we are completely peaceful, we want negotiations, but we want independence. on thursday, after 10:00, after the deadline runs out, if madrid then sense in the state police and even sense in troops and -- and troops are already in the harbor here in barcelona -- things could get nasty quickly, because emotions are running high here, and people feel that clearly something bad has been done to them. they say that spain is losing its democratic values since the
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2 independence leaders are in jail. nothing could be set at the moment that this will really stay quiet. brent: our correspondent barbara wesel reporting on renewed volatility between catalonia and the spanish government. barbara, thank you very much. and that crisis over catalonia weighing on the spanish economy. reporter: that's right, brent. it is a tired old phrase that businesses don't like uncertainty, but it is absolutely true. catalonia's bid for independence will have an impact on economic growth across the whole country, according to the spanish government. in catalonia itself, tourist activities down 15%. consumers, businesses alike are looking for a quick resolution, but both sides of the political divide are holding firm. reporter: this was the scene outside the headquarters of the catalan government on monday night. protesters expressing their outrage over the rest of 2
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pro-separatist leaders. it is only the latest twist in a battle of wills between madrid and barcelona, and the political turmoil is swiftly translating into economic uncertainty. the crisis over catalonia's quest for independence has prompted the spanish government to lower its growth forecast for next year from 2.6% to 2.3%. the move comes after economists raised concerns over the potential fallout over the crisis last week. "rating agencies have warned that the uncertain political and economic situation could affect the catalan economy, and if companies continue to lead, the result could be a recession. that would undoubtedly affect the growth of gdp." pro-separatists have long maintained that catalonia would prosper without financial obligation to spain. but since the crisis broke out, companies have been leaving the
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region in droves. the two biggest banks have moved their headquarters elsewhere, and smaller companies have packed their bags, too. accounting for over 1/5 of the national gdp, what happens to catalonia's economy happens to spain as a whole. daniel: nafta talks are said to continue into 2018. the negotiators on the trade deal between the u.s., canada, and mexico say there are still significant gaps left to fill. the talks were supposed to conclude this year. of course, it is not just the three countries that are affected. many foreign firms are hoping that a deal is reached as soon as possible. reporter: it is business as usual here. these workers are carrying on as normal. the uncertainty is high. no one knows whether the u.s. will impose import tariffs on cars produced in mexico. the u.s., canada, and mexico are renegotiating the north american free trade agreement, nafta. the u.s. has demanded that nafta
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is renegotiated every five years. "it isn't positiona -- it isn'tr mexicans and companies that make decisions for longer periods of time that five cycles." but other latin american companies are not as dependent on the usa as mexico. "south america has a stronger trade relations with china and the eu than the u.s. most foreign investments in brazil are from the eu." opportunities for companies are also immense. the colombian economy has grown more than 2%, and new doors for investment are opening up following the peace agreement between the government and the farc rebels. tourism, infrastructure, and the renewable energy sector. while there are many
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opportunities in latin america, there are several risks. the peace process in colombia is far from over. the situation in venezuela is extremely unstable, and corruption is a widespread problem, especially in brazil. anyone looking to invest in the region needs to closely examine where the money is coming. daniel: let's head over to wall street now. not long after trade had gotten underway today, the dow jones industrial average briefly broke through the 23,000-point mark for the first time. inmate feel like -- it may feel like dow records are coming faster than ever, and that is because they are. they smashed several thousand-point milestones along the way. and jns korte is at the new york stock exchange for us. what has let that fire under the dow recently? jens: well, an epic rally, that
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is what morgan stanley calls it. it is a mark the dow jones crossed for the first time ever since the presidential election. right now we are experiencing the fifth consecutive quarter that u.s. companies see an increase in profits. overall, the economy is doing rather well, and there are still the promises that there might be less regulation for the financial institutions, that we might see tax cuts at some point. there are fundamental reasons, and there is a little bit of hope that the administration might bring, why we see this epic rally. daniel: u.s. stock prices have had a blazing run of late, but is a correction around the corner, or as some predict, a crash? jens: stocks are certainly not cheap at this point. i just talked to a traitor here who was here 30 years ago -- trader here who was here 30
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years ago. we remember black monday. almost precisely 30 years ago. he told me that when he came in that morning, nobody experienced what would happen then, that the markets would crash by more than 20% just within one day. you never really know where the next crisis is around. by now we do not have a trigger, so the real reason to sell the market -- there are not that many alternatives. at this point, when he is still cheap. if money is still too. -- right now money is still cheap. let's say earnings growth cools the next two months or some other unexpected event happens. this market seems to be ripe for correction of some sorts. daniel: whether it is sooner or later, we will talk you over again. thank you very much. that is all your business. back over to grant. brent: daniel, thank you very much.
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mourners and amateurs have industries the streets in malta after an anticorruption journalist was murdered. daphne galizia had accused politicians of corruption and exposed money-laundering. she was still on monday. reporter: hundreds of maltese gathered to show outrage at the journalists murder. some pointed a finger at the state authorities. "we are here today to ask the state to protect us. the state did not defend daphne. he did not do anything. everyone who said she has gone too far and is honing in on personal issues, they are all guilty. we expect everyone to do everything for us, but these days we have to look after ourselves." two weeks ago, daphne caruana galizia told police she was
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receiving death threats. our car she was driving exploded not far from her home north of the island. "i condemn without reservation the barbaric attack as one against freedom of speech in our country. everyone knows that caruana galizia was a harsh critic, lyrically and personally. -- politically and personally. but nobody can justify this barbaric act in any way, against holding in the and civility -- against all dignity and civility." malta was long considered a tax haven, and it was the focus of catalan -- caruana galizia's reporting. she wrote many reports alleging government corruption. her accusations included the prime minister's family, suspected of owning a firm in panama that funnels funds to her from the leader of azerbaijan.
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one of the journalists's three sons took to social media to blame him and his government for his mother's death, saying "you are all complicit." he is saying she was targeted because she was the only journalist exposing ties between organized crime and the government. maltese investigators will work with forensic experts from the u.s. and the eu to determine the extent to which daphne caruana galizia's work is linked to her death. brent: hopes were high for south sudan when it became the world's nation six years ago. but today the country is in a disastrous state. more than 4 million people have been forced to flee their homes because of an ongoing civil war. over 6 million people need food aid to survive. tonight we follow the struggle of one woman who is trying to put food on the table for her family. reporter: she has been waiting
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for this moment for six weeks. she has walked for hours from her village to the refugee camp to get food to feed her family. >> i'm very grateful. now i have got some beans. next comes the children's food and the grain and oil, too. reporter: the ngo from germany, together with the u.n. world food program, provides food for more than 200,000 people here every month of the most difficult circumstances. there are frequent attacks, which require u.s. soldiers to protect the camp. but she doesn't live in the camp . for the mother of 4, the most dangerous part of her journey is just about to begin.
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>> transporting the food to the village is very difficult, but i have no choice. my family is starving. but if i take everything at once , armed men will take it all away from me. i have to make several trips. if i have only a little bit on me, they can only take part of the food away. reporter: government troops and rebels have been fighting here for years. what started as a political conflict between the president and his vice president quickly took on inventions -- quickly took on ethnic dimensions, pitting the dinka and nuer against each other. the minister for to monetary affairs is seen as one of the few balanced voices inside the government. he admits mistakes have been made. >> even within the government, there are some individuals who are unruly, and that is why i
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don't know whether you heard that some people were arrested and taken to court. reporter: but people like hannah have little access to the courts and justice. before embarking on the treacherous hike back to her home village, hanna visits her mother in the camp. hanna says she feels abandoned by her husband, who has gone underground to fight with a rebel group, but international community, because of the difficulty to keep food on her table, and above all, by her own government, whose soldiers she lives in fear of as she makes her way back home. brent: there is a reminder of the top stories we are following for you. u.s.-backed syrian forces every taken raqqa, a city i.s. militants considered their capital. although military leaders say that an operation is underway to clear out dozens of fighters who refuse just wonder. iraqi forces are celebrating the capture of kirkuk from the
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kurds. the u.n. and the u.s. have access fear that tensions between the 2 could escalate into conflict. pro-independence supporters by the thousands rallied in catalonia tonight in support of 2 separatists who were jailed by authorities in madrid. after a short break, i will be back to take you through the day . stick around for that. we will be right back. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] oo
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"america's heartland is made possibible by..." "croplife america. and it's member companies and associations in the crop protection industry including: the american farm bureau foundation for agriculture. more information at: agfoundation.org. sacramento's proud to be america's farm to fork capital visit: farmtofork.com i'm rob stewart. many consumers, are paying closer attention to issues about food safety when it comes to products making their way to your table. we will take you to california where issues around egg production are prompting changes in public perception and poultry production. hi, i'm sarah gardner. if you do some of your shopping at a local farmer's market, you're not alone. we'll take you to hawaii where one farmers market plays a roll in the kind of regional foods

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