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tv   DW News  PBS  November 21, 2017 6:00pm-6:31pm PST

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♪ brent: this is "dw news," live from berlin. tonight, celebrations in zimbabwe after president robert mugabe resigns, bringing almost four decades of iron rule to an end. our correspondent was in the capital harare when it happened. chrstine: moments ago the news came out that robert mugabe has resigned. and literally within seconds you can hear the chanting. [inaudible] -- the opposition leader in this country.
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brent: we will take you live to harare for more on this historic day for the people of zimbabwe. also on the show, can she hold on? angela merkel under pressure as germany plunges into political uncertainty. after the collapse of coalition talks, the german chancellor says she would rather run in new elections than lead a minority government. is this the dawn of a post-merkel era? ♪ brent: i'm brent goff. it's good to have you with us. we begin with a zimbabwe minus mugabe. in a bombshell announcement delivered today in zimbabwe's parliament, the country's ruler, robert mugabe, resigned. it follows a tumultuous week that saw a military takeover, mass demonstrations, and a desperate mugabe clinging to
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power in the face of impeachment proceedings. and now the ending that few saw coming. reporter: joy and relief on the streets of harare. 37 years of robert mugabe's rule has come to an end. dw correspondent chrstine mhundwa on hand to witness history. christine: people are chanting things like robert mugabe -- who most likely is going to take the reigns for the foreseeable short term. perhaps even further. but people are not talking about the future right now, they're talking about the moment. reporter: just minutes earlier, members of the zimbabwe parliament listened as the speaker read out a statement from the president. >> i, robert mugabe, -- hereby
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formally tender my resignation as the president of the republic of zimbabwe with immediate effect. reporter: the speaker went on to read mugabe's reasons for stepping down. >> my decision to resign is voluntary on my part, and arises from my concern for the welfare of the people of zimbabwe, and in my desire to ensure a smooth, peaceful, and nonviolent transfer of power. national security, peace and stability. reporter: mugabe's departure marks the end of a crisis that began last week when the military intervened to stop the rise to power of mugabe's wife, grace. that then developed into a popular revolt. a new leader will be named
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within 48 hours but for now, people in zimbabwe are enjoying what begins a new era in their country. brent: we want to take you now to harare. that is where my colleague christine mhundwa is standing by. good evening to you, christine. i have to say, we have been watching you today, you have been right in the thick of it, right where history has been happening. what do you see right now? christine: the streets have exploded with excitement here in harare. we're in the middle of town. the crowd keeps getting bigger. revelry, really, it is. it feels like a big sporting event in the country has won. the flags are out. there is patriotism. people are chanting, cheering and dancing. full-on celebrations in zimbabwe's capital tonight.
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brent: the former vice president, emmerson mnangagwa, he is widely expected to take over from robert mugabe. you were there with the opposition leader just as mugabe's resignation was announced today and asked him for his views on emmerson mnangagwa. let's listen to what he had to say to you. >> he is an unknown character. the only characteristic that defines emmerson is that he is a -- he comes out with a very strong personality. very uncompromising but ruthless. i don't think that is what we need in this country. so yes, to change that character to institute the fact that i cannot create that image to perpetuate mugabe's image. brent: christine, it sounds like what we're hearing from him and
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the opposition is they are worried that mugabe is going to be replaced with someone who could be just as authoritarian as the president was. christine: certainly. and this is why for the opposition, the emphasis is to say, follow the constitution. the zimbabwe constitution says whoever takes over from a president who has stepped down or resigned need to only hold that position for the duration of his term. robert mugabe's term would've come to an end next year with a country holding a general election between july and august. what the opposition is calling for, in many ways this would be a test for emerson mnangagwa -- if he is to take over this transitional government. will he adhere to the constitution and only stand as president for the remainder of robert mugabe's term. brent: christine, what about
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robert mugabe and his wife grace? do we know where they are tonight and we know what is going to happen to them? christine: that's a very big unknown. there is a lot of speculation around that. the family owns a lot of properties and a number of places around the world. this includes south africa, singapore, a few other countries on the continent. we do imagine they have struck some kind of a deal that they will be protected if they choose to remain in zimbabwe. but we do not know what choice he will make. looking at the last few days, the defiance he has had, robert mugabe has really possessed this country. when he spoke of zimbabwe, he said my zimbabwe. i think it will be difficult for him to step up and leave and have to retire in exile, but that might be the best option for the family. but we don't know at the moment. we believe they are in the country as we speak. brent: that is probably the biggest unknown tonight.
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the end of what has been a historic day. and you have been right there in the thick of it. our colleague christine mhundwa in harare tonight. some excellent reporting today, christine. thank you for a much. police in nigeria say at least 50 people have been killed in a suicide bombing. the attack took place at a mosque in the town of mubi in the northeast of the country. police say a teenaged bomber targeted worshipers as they were gathering for early morning prayers. there has been no immediate claim of responsibility for the attack, but it bears all the hallmarks of boko haram extremists. nigeria's president has expressed his sorrow over the suicide attack and vowed once again to secure his country from boko haram. that's despite his claim nearly two years ago that the group had been defeated. so why is the government not able to provide that security? we put that question to our
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correspondent in abuja. reporter: they would attribute this to different problems. some see it as lacking of sharing of intelligence between the agencies to tackle these boko haram who might have ran away to the city and carried out these attacks. there is something in the way that they had been treated. those fighting boko haram have been complaining of so many problems, ranging from payment, and some have been staying there for long without changing where they live. you have been in the bush fighting boko haram for so long and it affects their patriotism and their commitment to fight boko haram. others are saying that we are going to continue to have this kind of attack because even if you degraded boko haram it is good to take a long time to get to the final solution of the
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problem. brent: that was our reporter from abuja. here are some other stories that are making headlines around the world. at least 24 people have been killed and dozens wounded in a suicide truck bombing in northern iraq. no one immediately claimed responsibility for the attack. iraqi forces retook the contested town from kurdish forces back in october. german police have arrested six syrians suspected of planning an attack in germany on behalf of the so-called islamic state. the suspects were detained during a series of dawn raids in four major cities across the country. they are thought to have been planning an attack on a christmas market. here in germany, the country's president has been seeking a way out of the political deadlock created after the collapse of talks aimed at forming a new coalition government. the man whose party scuffered those talks, christian lindner
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of the liberal fdp, met with the president steinmeyer earlier today. and the cochairs of the green party were also summoned to the presidential palace here in berlin. president steinmeyer is pressing the parties to avoid fresh elections. for her part, german chancellor angela merkel has already said that she would rather run again in a new election than lead a minority government. it's an unprecedented situation for germany. something that was very much in evidence during today's parliamentary session. reporter: newfound trust between germany's conservative alliance and the green party? these are uncertain times. the collapsed coalition talks loom large for the bundestag. >> there needs to be understanding for this difficult balancing act, which means everyone who bears political responsibility should shift away, if only partially, from
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their election platforms for a compromise that would benefit the majority. this is neither a failing nor a weakness. reporter: but the parties he referred to, the business friendly fdp and social democrats, threw the blame at each other. >> i think you should be very quiet today. you don't take have any responsibility for having long planned your exit. then you put on quite a show. >> you come who could barely wait for election results so you could cowardly throw in the towel. you can't blame us for anything. reporter: uncertainty has arisen in a country used to stability. when the acting defense minister emphasizedhat has long been regarded as a given -- >> germany stands for reliability, ladies and gentlemen. reporter: applause only came after a repeated prompt. >> germany stands for reliability, ladies and
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gentlemen. [applause] yes, that is perhaps not so easy in this situation. reporter: the specter of fresh elections is overshadowing the bundestag's work. >> you notice an uncertainty in people's eyes. what will happen in three to four months? a lot can change. >> how do you go on as normal? what do you do with your staff? a lot of jobs are dependent on members of parliament. mice -- >> my special focus is digitalization. i want to deal with the future. now all that has been put on hold. reporter: new elections within a few months or a minority government without a stable coalition? both would be a first for the bundestag and for germany. brent: you're watching "dw news," live from berlin. still to come, the plight of myanmar's rohingya muslims. amnesty international says their persecution is tantamount to apartheid.
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we will be talking with a human rights expert from the european parliament about their plight. time now to talk about a megamerger which u.s. president donald trump wants stopped in its tracks. daniel: that's right. people say the concern is justified but that trump might have ulterior motives. the u.s. department of justice is suing to stop at&t's proposed acquisition of time warner. the suit sets up the biggest antitrust court clash in dades over the $85 billion tie up. the u.s. government says the merger of telecom and the content creator would harm competition resulting in higher costs for customers. reporter: it is no secret that u.s. president donald trump does not like cnn. in fact, he seems to relish lashing out at the broadcast company, which he calls fake news. his most famous attack may have been a retweeted gif of him pretending to wrestle its logo. that could become exhibit a in
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the antitrust battle about to be waged between the u.s. government and at&t. the president's outbursts give life to a counter argument in the case, namely that the government is trying to squeeze a cnn by making it poison to its parent company, time warner. at&t appears ready to make just such an argument. >> there's been a lot of reporting and speculation whether this is all about cnn. and frankly, i don't know. but nobody should be surprised that the question keeps coming up, because we have witnessed such an abrupt change in the application of antitrust law here. so any agreement that results in us forfeiting control of cnn , whether directly or indirectly, is a nonstarter. reporter: yet trump was critical of the deal even before his feud with cnn. calling it unfair during his campaign. >> a deal that we will not approve in my administration because it is too much concentration of power in the hands of too few. reporter: that is hardly an extreme position. senators in both parties have openly worried the merger would
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hamper competition. supporters say the companies never competed with one another in the first place. trump's fixation on cnn now threatens to overshadow those arguments. it has become a recurring theme in his administration -- his own words as a burden to his own policies. daniel: equal access online. that has been the aim of net neutrality. and that's exactly what a new plan by an appointee of u.s. president donald trump would like to dismantle. internet providers must currently treat all traffic across the web equally no matter its destination. new rules would allow internet companies to charge users as they wish, and even block sites. critics say the move set for mid-december let's a few large companies steer internet traffic. advocates say it will boost investment in broadcast networks. they are out. the european banking of medicines agencies are moving away from london. paris and amsterdam will be hosting them post-brexit.
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there is still well over one year and three months to go but already the eu is making clear preparations for the divorce. reporter: this is the future home of the european banking authority. paris won the right to host the agency after winning a coin toss against the irish capital of dublin. competition to host institution had been fierce. though in the end, it came down to chance, france's minister described it as a testament to her country's standing in the block. >> some people said we did not have a chance, and yet we won. we managed to convince people that france is back on the year been stage, that we are serious about banking regulation, and paris is attractive as a european banking hub. the fact is that the eba will soon be in paris shows the attractiveness of paris as an economic and financial hub. reporter: this election was a blow to the german city of frankfurt, which had been hoping
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to cash in on its reputation as a center of european banking. >> it is a pity that the banking authority is not coming to frankfurt. of course people can see that germany is not on top right now, the french are just ahead. but still we will get the majority of the british banks that are currently still in london. frankfurt is and will forever be europe's number one banking location. reporter: another city in celebration mode is amsterdam. it won the right to host the year he and medicines authority. the ema currently employs some 900 people, but estimates suggest that 20% of positions could be cut as a result of the move from london. u.k. banks and london-based eu institutions. the 27 remaining membermember -- member states are already
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carving up the spoils of britain's departure from the european union. daniel: unemployment continues to be a major problem around the world, especially for people between the ages of 15 and 24. the latest report by the international labor organization estimates that more than 70 million young people are jobless this year. that's an unemployment rate of over 13%. global youth unemployment peake. it exceeded 75 million, but dropped steadily in subsequent years. until it began creeping up again, as you can see towards the end. the ilo says it could hit 71 million next year. although europe as a whole is not suffering too badly, young people in southern europe still often have few or no job prospects. in spain, every third person under 25 is unemployed. that's it for your business news. i'm going to hand you back over to brent and a look at the unfolding refugee crisis in myanmar. brent: amnesty international has
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published the findings of a two-year investigation into the crackdown by myanmar's military on the ethnic rohingya people in the state. amnesty accuses the authorities in myanmar of creating a system of apartheid, which is a crime against humanity. the rohingya have faced state-sponsored discrimination for decades, the report says, but this has worsened since 2012 when violence broke out between buddhists and the muslim rohingya minority. to date, 600,000 rohingya have fled to neighboring bangladesh. amnesty international has now called for the u.n. human rights council to hold a special session on the crisis. reporter: these are the latest rohingya arrivals seeking safety at the refugee camp in a bazaar in bangladesh. the camp is run by the international organization for migration. it has seen a massive influx of rohingya since last august.
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several hundred thousands are sheltering here and in the surrounding area. violence and persecution in their home country of myanmar drove them here. >> they beat us and forced us to work as forced labor, taking our identity cards from us. they burned down our houses. we cannot live there. we had to leave to come here. reporter: back in myanmar, the country's leader aung san suu kyi has expressed what appears to be support for the brutal crackdown. and for that, she has been heavily criticized abroad. the authorities in myanmar have accused the rohingya of terrorism and regard them as illegal immigrants. the rohingya crisis has also been overshadowing a meeting of asian and european foreign ministers in the myanmar capital. one glimmer of hope -- china has proposed a three-phase plan to end the violence, starting with a cease-fire.
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the plan has won support of myanmar and bangladesh, but that plan, if implemented, will take time to come into effect. and as the negotiations go on, the exodus of rohingya looks set to continue. brent: for more on this i am joined by barbara lochbihler from brussels. she is a german member of the european parliament for the green party with a focus on human rights. it is good to have you on the show. european and asian foreign ministers are meeting in myanmar this week. do they have any leverage to help resolve this crisis? barbara: yes, they do. i think they have the possibility to discuss with the chinese and myanmar government on this plan you just mentioned. and it is good that there is a cease-fire and it is good that they agree that all those refugees, the rohingya, have the right to return to their place of origin.
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what would is not in the plan of the chinese government is that we have to look who is responsible for these atrocities. which the high commissioner of human rights says amounts to ethnic cleansing. so the eu foreign ministers and asian foreign ministers have to insist that those were responsible for this have to be held accountable. brent: amnesty international claims that myanmar has effectively created a state of apartheid in its discrimination against the rohingya. if that is true, then the international community should be reacting and trying to stop that, shouldn't it? barbara: yes. i mean, one fact is that within myanmar, the rohingyas do not have any legal status or citizenship, and this is very essential. every plan and every possibility that they can return and have a decent life has this as its end.
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and yes, the human rights institutions and the united nations, but also the european union has to insist that this fundamental discrimination has to e. and there is a lot of discrimination on the side of the government, but also within the society. like buddhist groups, outrageous preachers and teachers hatred against the rohingyas, and the government has to address this. brent: you mentioned the government. myanmar's leader aung san suu kyi has been harshly criticized for her failure to stop the crackdown on the rohingya. what more can be done on her part to pressure her to act? barbara: clearly to see that for example the chief commander of the myanmar army should be held accountable. what he did in reaction to the attacks in august.
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i think all aung san suu kyi has to be more vocal and more determined to find a solution to it. she refers to a plan drafted by -- she is willing to do this. that is good. but this plan does not include all the atrocities and human human rights violations committed there. she has to be on the side of her people, and this includes the rohingyas. brent: ok. barbara lochbihler joining us tonight from brussels. ms. lochbihler, thank you very much. barbara: you're welcome. brent: now to a touching story in israel, where a 102-year-old holocaust survivor has been reunited with a nephew that he never knew he had. they discovered their family connection thanks to an online database of holocaust victims created by israel's holocaust memorial.
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reporter: it may be one of the happiest days in his long, long life. eliahu pietruska has finally met the nephew he never knew existed until two weeks ago. he thought his entire family had perished in the second world war. >> i am so happy i can talk to you and see you. such a good man. and you are a copy of your father. reporter: alexander is the son of pietruska's younger brother, who died six years ago. now he has come in his father's place all the way from russia. >> it really made me very happy that there is at least one other remnant from my brother, and that is his son. reporter: pietruska was only 24 when he fled poland for the ussr in 1939.
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his parents and one of his younger brothers died in nazi death camps. but his other brother managed to escape and set up later in russia. >> it's a miracle. i never thought this would happen. reporter: and now having gone from complete strangers to the closest the family, the two are about to make up for lost time. brent: after a short break, i will be back to take you through the day. ♪ [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
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