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tv   DW News  PBS  November 29, 2017 6:00pm-6:31pm PST

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brent: this dw news live from berlin. a courtroom turns into a crime scene at the united nations tribunal former former yugoslav -- for a former yugoslav. a bosnia-crow at general is dead after drinking poison after judges upheld his 20 year sentence for crimes. also coming up, the european union and african union me in ivory coast to discuss ways to deal with the flow of refugees from africa into europe. and, >> it is a situation we will
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handle. brent: donald trump president -- donald trump threatens north korea with new sanctions after pyongyang tests its newest missile, that some say's capable of reaching the east coast of the united states. ♪ brent: i'm brent goff. it is good to have you with us. we begin tonight with poison in the courtroom. a former bosnian-croat military chief has died after apparently swallowing poison at a hearing at the un's tribunal for the former yugoslavia. slow but don praljak drank -- slobodan praljak drank the poison after judges upheld his
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sentence for crimes against humanity. >> praljak was going to prison sentence for what would probably be the rest of his life. the judge confirms a 20 prison sentence, and then this. >> i'm not a war criminal. i oppose this conviction. >> stop, please. and please sit down. >> confusion at first, and as the judge was on to the next case, calls come from within the court. >> i have taken poison. >> ok. we suspend the, we suspend. please, the curtains. >> later, it became clear that praljak had died from the effects of the poison. nowhere was the war crimes tribunal followed more closely than this town. one prominent croat war veteran
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had this to say about the tribunal and praljak's suicide. >> i would do the same. it would be hard to serve time in prison while people are mocking you. this product will lead to reconciliation between bosnia and herzegovina. the court should be accused of being a criminal enterprise, itself. >> others held in camps during the war saw some justice in the verdicts. >> they did those things. it's bad that they were sentenced for a war crime. all of us who had been in camps expected at least the confirmation that this was a criminal enterprise. >> the tribunal may have finished its work but reconciliation is still clearly some ways away. brent: four more we want to go across to ida, from our bosnian service.
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ida, good to see you. today croatia's prime minister called the rulings of the war crimes tribunal unjust and unfounded. why? >> yes, the croatian prime minister held a press confernce and told reporters that, actually, what praljak did, which was a suicide, was a symbol of the deep, moral injustice for the six osteen-croats. that was indeed which symbolizes how deeply he was convinced that the thing that he did it was the actual right thing for the bosnian-croats, he said. actually, by this final verdict, icty confirmed that croatia was involved in the conflict during the 1990's. and this can bring a lot of consequences for the relationship, from croatia and bosnia-herzegovina, and
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indicates massive responsibility and guilt of croatia as a country, for the war crimes. and that can be actually a reason why the prime minister stated this today. brent: ida, this speaks to the fact that there remains a lack of clarity when we are talking about culpability in the war. what does this mean for any chance of reconciliation today? we are talking about something that happened more than 20 years ago. >> yes, actually. it happened more than 20 years ago and this verdict, or this reaction on the verdict, doesn't tell any good for the re-conciliation of bosnia-herzegovina and the whole region, i would say. people are still ethnically divided into croats, serbs, and bosnians and they still have
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divided schools were pupils from the same class are learning different history, depending from which ethnic group they come from. at the same time, a lot of citizens are leaving the country. they are not employed. and this can only worsen the situation in the whole regn. for example, in n the biggest croat city in bosnia, they are already officially morning mr. praljak, which tells also that in bosnia, croats are not accepting today's verdict. brent: briefly, we are running out of time, but we are talking about the perpetrators your. but what about the victims? what kind of legacy does this leave for the people who were victims of the atrocities? >> well, international criminal tribunal for the former
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yugoslavia is closing now after 25 years. and this will leave a lot of, i have to say, still-unresolved things. the victims are not always satisfied. they are partially satisfied. for example, about the verdict for mladic, victims are satisfied about the genocide and the verdict that he is to be blamed about genocide in server neederbrenzi, but he wasn't blad for genocide and six other cities. the closing of this court is historic for the whole region, but only with the will of political leaders, the reconciliation can only begin. brent: ida, with dw's bosnian service, tonight.
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ida, thank you. >> thank you, very much. brent: other stories making headlines around the world, police in pakistan say gunmen have opened fire on worshipers outside a mosque in islamabad. three or four attackers on motorbikes shot it members of the shiite community after evening prayers. at least one person was killed and several others were injured. zimbabwe's high court has acquitted an activist of plotting to overthrow former president robert mugabe, one week after the longtime leader resigned after a military coup. a pastor led large antigovernment protests last year and he called on the country's new leadership to drop similar cases against other activists's. bali's international airport has reopened after wind blew away volcanic ash and smoke, thrown out by mount o.
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flights were canceled over concerns the cloud post a threat to flight safety, leaving tens of thousands of travelers stranded on the indonesian island. leaders from across europe and africa have pledged to do more to tackle illegal migration. that, amid an international outcry over migrant slave markets in libya. germany's chancellor and 80 other european and african american -- and african leaders are taking part in a two-day summer it on the ivory coast. tackling the root causes of migration is the priority, as is jobs for africa's young and rapidly having growing population. dw correspondent max hoffman joins us now from ivory coast. good evening to you, max. why is europe suddenly so interested in africa's young people? max: you just said it, brent.
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as the population is rapidly rising. it's the population with the youngest, i think the compto consonant with the youngest population and the highest rate of youth unemployment. and this is only going to get worse if the economies there don't start lifting their fair share. the europeans know that. at the same time they have the migration crisis on their hands, so the thinking is if they don't do anything about the situation, help the africans do something about the situation, then the migration prices -- the migration crisis is going to get worse. that is the simple explanation of why the european union suddenly seems to care about the youth of africa. brent: aren't european leaders more interested in keeping refugees and illegal migrants out of europe? max: they are, in the short-term, interested in that. but they know, and many have
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said that, including the german chancellor or angela merkel, but they won't be able to do that if they don't help african countries get up to speed with their economies. some african companies -- african countries are looking to the north, to europe for their future. brent: our max hoffman, tonight at that summe summit in ivory coast. u.s. president donald trump says the u.s. will, quote, handle the situation. he's referring to the latest ballistic missile test by north korea. he says america will impose additional sanctions on pyongyang. he is also calling on china to use all available levers to influence north korea. china has voiced grave concern and has called for more talks to resolve the crisis. pyongyang claims its latest test launches a new type of missile, and some experts believe that it
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is capable of hitting the united states mainland, including washington d.c.. ♪ >> north korea triumphantly claims it has become a global nuclear power, and after a lull of over two months it has fired another internet -- and other intercontinental ballistic missile. this one flew much higher than previous ones before landing in the sea of japan. state media announced the news in a special broadcast. it said the lost -- it said the launch was complete success and the new missile represented a giant leap forward. pyongyang claims this brings the whole u.s. mainland within its reach, a direct challenge to president donald trump. but this time his reaction was more muted than before. after meeting with his secretary of defense, trump refrained this time from issuing threats. >> i will only tell you that we
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will take care of it. we have general mattis in the room with us, and we will have a long discussion on it. it is a situation that we will handle. >> north korea's immediate neighbor was less restrained. within minutes, south korea responded by firing missiles into the sea to demonstrate its ability to's right pyongyang's launch sites. the south korean president said the international community had no choice, but to continue applying pressure and sanctions to the north. >> this action does not only increase tension on the korean peninsula, but gravely endangers international peace and security. we strongly condemn north korea's reckless behavior. >>seoul has warned of the situation could spiral out of control. the un security council will hold an emergency meeting to discuss the situation. brent: for more on the
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implications of this latest missile test, we want to bring in lisa collins from washington dc. she's a fellow with the korea chair at the center for international and domestic studies. a lot of people are saying, another missile test. isn't it time for the international community to accept that north korea is a nuclear-weapon's estate, and try to coexist peacefully? >> so there are experts who do argue that. that we should do exactly that, acknowledge north korea is a nuclear state and then deal with the situation. and there are other experts who disagree and believe if we allow that to happen, and acknowledged north korea as a nuclear-weapon state, that it would do great damage and would give other countries around the world an excuse to develop their own
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nuclear weapons. so there are arguments around the world on both sides. brent: there is a lot of cruise it -- there is a lot of criticism and call for more action, and more sanctions. can sanctions get more severe against north korea? >> i think they can. one of the best thing we can do with regard to sanctions is better implementation. there's also an argument that china needs to do better with implementing some of the sanctions that have already been passed to the united nations security council. so i think we should follow up on that. and there is also secondary sanctions that the united states has been ramping up in recent months. i think the trump administration has even announced there will be more sanctions, probably coming down the line today. so i think more pressure, in regards to financial institutions in china and other countries that are facilitating north korea's money-laundering and in illegal activities, are probably what will be targeted next.
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brent: it begs the question, why haven't these sanctions been instituted earlier? and what will it take to make kim jong-un take notice, and care? >> i think there are a number of reasons, with regard to the multilateral sanctions that go through the united nations security council. there are a number of reasons why they may not have been as strong in the past, and that has a lot to do with china and russia's influence in the voting on the security council. and with regard to unilateral sanctions on the part in the united states, i think in previous administrations, the obama administration wanted to work with china more closely and was afraid of the north korean sanctions taking a toll on the u.s.-china relationship and so they held back on some of the secondary sanctions. but we see the trump administration really getting rid of that hesitation. brent: lisa collins with the
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center for strategic and international studies, joining us tonight. lisa, thank you very much. you are watching dw news. still to come, white house press spokeswoman sarah huckabee sanders defense president trump's retweets of anti-muslim videos posted by a far right british group. we will tell you how this latest misstep is going down on this side of the atlantic. time for business news now. china is putting pressure on german firms operating in china. >> that's right, brent. china claims it is open to foreign firms but actions speak louder than words and it is not the easiest business climate. china's communist party is trying to infiltrate german companies, subsidiaries there, to increase influence over management decisions. that's according to a german industry body. it reports beijing is trying to increase its influence through
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party councils inside the companies. >> chinese law requires companies with three or more employees who are members of the communist party to allow those members to set up a party cell. for a long time these were just symbolic units but now, german companies in china report increasing pressure to actively set up new cells are strengthened -- new cells or strengthen existing ones. china's huge market is critical for many of germany's best known multinationals. some 5000 german companies have operations in china. last year alone they invested 6.7 billion euros in the company. volkswagen employs 95,000 workers at its factories in china. engineering companies are also major force, with one company having 60,000 people on its payroll. siemens has just over half of that. >> first of all, i think you can set up these party cells when
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there are three party members within a company. i think the difference, where we have some examples is, that they have been, the companies have connected lee approached to support that. i think -- the companies have been actively approached to support that. i think that's the difference. but it's not a completely new thing in china. >> beijing says the cells are meant to help companies better understand china and settle disputes. a quarter of the firms recently surveyed highlighted legal and regulatory reasons for not increasing their investments in china. >> the brits are set to cough up on the brexit bill and it looks like they will be paying a little bit more than prime minister to lisa may -- prime minister theresa may intended. we are talking about things like investment programs, infrastructure projects, and
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agreed to before the brexit referendum. the actual amount is what has caused such a stir. critics accused the british prime minister of selling the u.k. short. a settlement could mean real negotiations about future relations with trade could start soon. >> newspaper reports say the two sides have reached an agreement in principle for the u.k. to pay between 45 billion euros and 55 billion euros in a brexit bill with the eu. the payment is a sticking point in the recently stalled negotiations, led by british minister david davis on the british side. the eu was demanding 60 billion euros from the u.k., as a tab for brexit. promises expected from the u.k. for the you -- from the u.k. through the year 2020. the eu has vowed not to move forward until the bill is settled. the u.k. needs to move beyond the divorce phase of talks before it can negotiate a future trade pact with the block him a
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a critical issue for its post-brexit at economy. the possibility of leaving withoua deal is widely viewed as an economic worst-case scenario. the eu chief negotiator, michelle bonnier, said he was hopeful that you could be reached before a december council meeting. >> we are working hard on these issues, so that i can say to the european council, on behalf of the european commission, that in a few days time we have reached a sufficient level of progress for the european council to move onto to the second stage of negotiating the future relationship. other stumbling box remain in the divorce phase of negotiations, among them the border between ireland and post-brexit u.k.. >> the u.s. economy continues to pick up pace. the government has just posted a 3.3% rise for the last quarter, the largest expansion in three years.
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and despite the nation being hit by two big hurricanes, business investment is up and a strengthening economy would warrant continued interest-rate rises. that analysts have slashed four-quarter growth estimates due to a slowdown in consumer spending and sluggish wage growth. meanwhile, that rapidly swelling its going bubble could be set to burst and spectacular fashion. the crypto currency, skyrocketing, slamming through the $10,000 barrier just hours ago, and now 11,000. but there has been a flurry of crypto hedge fund launches in futures trading platforms, boosting its value with the prospect of the controversial currency crossing over into the mainstream. it will be interesting to see if and when it does. some bankers call it fraud. the lenders could be made redundant by the country as it bypasses them as middleman.
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retweets and can be perilous. let's hope this next story serves as a caution of what not to do on broader -- not to do on twitter. brent: a spokesman for the british prime minister says u.s. president donald trump was "wrong" to retweet anti-muslim videos from a far right group in the u.k.. mr. trump we treated the post -- mr. trump retreat in th-tweetede post that shows my that shows violence carried out by muslims. donald trump is promote -- is promoting the propaganda of a far right racist group. his invite to the u.k. should be withdrawn. but prime minister theresa may says the product -- says the plans for the viisit remains
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in place. one video has the caption, muslim migrant beats up dutch boy but the platform that hosted the original video denies that the perpetrators known to be either a muslim or a migrant. reporters asked white house press secretary sarah huckabee sanders today whether it matters if the videos are fake. here's what she said. >> i think you're focusing on the wrong thing. the threat is real and that is what the president is talking about, is the need for national security, the need for military spending, and those are very real things. there's nothing think about them. ♪ brent: fake news. in formula one, i'll thought romeo are set to return to the sport after more than 30 year hiatus. the car manufacturer will sponsor a formula one team next
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season as part of a multiyear partnership. the italian carmaker were last involved as a constructor in 1985. alpha has a rich history in the sport, winning the first two formula one titles in 1950 and 1951. feifa has unveiled the poster for next year's world cup in russia. ahead of friday's group raw, russia has unveiled its world cup-inspired designs from moscow's subway system. >> russia's pr machine was in full swing at the poster launch. as well as honoring russia's space program, a legend was appropriately placed front and center. regarded by many as the greatest ever goalkeeper, is the only shot stopper to have one that prestigious palm d'or.
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and his reputation still resonates with players and fans today. >> this is very powerful because he is a big figure who is known worldwide, even today. i'm sure in several hundred years this man will still be remembered. the country's trains are ready, and the stadiums are on schedule, too. now all eyes will be on friday's world cup draw which will determine the matches. despite russia's slim hopes of success fans are hopeful their nation can still be competitive. >> the final will be between brazil and germany. we have to be realistic. we will support russia but if we qualify from the group that will be perfect. >> after investing 9.6 billion euros, russia believes the world cup is in safe hands. brent: here's a reminder of that top story we're following. a former bosnian-croat general has died after apparently swallowing poison during a
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hearing at the war crimes tribunal for the former yugoslavia. slow bulobodan praljak drank the poison from a small bottle left of the court upheld is 20 or sentence for war crimes. after the break, i will take you drop the day. stick around for that. ♪
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(xylophone music) - [narrator] after decades of relative stability the us energy revolution is beginning to shift the geopolitical dynamic. where once it was dependent on the middle east for much of its energy, the us is now producing more of its own, allowing it to potentially forge a new foreign policy. a geopolitics of oil. next, on great decisions. (trumpeting music) - [narrator] great decisions is produced by the foreign policy association in association with thomson reuters. funding for great decisions is provided by pricewaterhouse coopers, llp. - [narrator] nations have always been in competition with each other. often, it's in the search for natural resources like oil and gas.

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