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tv   DW News  PBS  January 15, 2018 6:00pm-6:31pm PST

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♪ ♪ brent: this is dw news, live from berlin. turkey's president threatens a military attack on a u.s.-backed force across the border in syria. resident erdogan says the troops are a terror threat, due to the presence of kurdish fighters. our -- are two nato members headed for a clash? also coming up, make or break week for germany's chancellor, angela merkel. her future rests in the hands of the social democrats leader. he is trying to persuade his skeptical party to back coalition talks with merkel's
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conservatives again. and the moment a floor collapses at the jakarta stock exchange in indonesia. scores of people injured, but police say it was not a terror attack. i'm brent goff. it is good to have you with us. tonight, threats and outrage coming from turkey, based on a clash along the border with syria and iraq. the force would defend territory held by the syrian democratic forces, which are led by kurdish forces. president recep tayyip erdogan views the kurds as terrorists and has threatened to "drown the force before it's born."
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halida: in aleppo, this footage posted online by the syrian government. they say the army has captured dozens of villages in the past three days and is closing in on rebel forces. further north, turkey has threatens to attack the kurdish-held town. monitoring groups say schelling has begun. ankara had been hoping for washington's support. instead, a fresh conflict is brewing between the countries. the u.s.-led coalition says it is setting up a 30,000-strong security force to inhibit the activities of the so-called islamic state along the borders of turkey and iraq -- areas controlled by the syrian democratic forces, the u.s. militia alliance led by syrian kurds. the turkey regards the kurds as terrorists and does not want them controlling territory at its border. speaking in ankara, erdogan accused the u.s. of acting against turkish interests. president erdogan: the usa
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technologies to has established an army of terror along our country's border. it is up to us to drown this army of terror before it is born. halida: the syrian government and its key ally, russia, denounced coalition plans. at a news conference in moscow, russian foreign minister sergei lavrov warned the move could lead to syria's partition. lavrov: even if we take into consideration that i.s. has not been completely destroyed, as the americans say, because some groups still remain, current u.s. actions show they do not want to maintain syria's territorial integrity. halida: despite being on opposing sides, russia and turkey have recently supported each other in a did to bring peace to syria. it is unclear how turkey's threats might affect that
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cooperation in the future. brent: strong language there. for more, we go to correspondent dorian jones. good evening to you, dorian. we have erdogan threatening to use military force against the u.s.-backed order force in syria. how much of this is bully to bully bellicose talk, versus a threat of armed conflict between nato allies? dorian: well, i think certainly that is what washington will be asking. it is true that president erdogan has made this threat many times before, but this by far seems to be the most serious, and that is because turkey has been building its forces on the border over the weekend. there was heavy artillery bombardment in the region, this kurdish enclave in syria which president erdogan has said they will attack. there are unconfirmed reports
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already that turkish commandos have been carrying out cross-border operations into this region. there is one point that it is an area there are no u.s. soldiers present, so it does seem on kara is -- ankara is key to avoid the scenario of turkish soldiers facing off against american soldiers. brent: judging by erdogan's words today, it appears he was caught off guard by this u.s. announcement. is that the case? dorian: well, it does appear to be the case, but you have to realize there has been this whole issue of the washington backing the syrian-kurdish militia. in has been a major point of tension between washington and ankara, because washington has been arming this group for many months. it did appear last year that some agreement had been reached between the presidents. the turkish president claimed that president donald trump had agreed to end the arming, and was scaling back support of this group.
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now, this proposal of a 30,000-strong frontier force mainly made up of syrian kurdish fighters has caused absolute outrage. it does appear ankara has been shocked by this. they see this as another case of what they see as washington's hypocrisy if not the trail. brent: what -- if not outright betrayal. brent: what about the role of russia? does erdogan have moscow's support? dorian: that is a big question. moscow has been playing a double game here. on the one hand, it has been happy to see this deepening row between nato allies. ankara has been gravitating toward moscow, causing alarm in washington. on top of that, moscow has been supporting behind the scenes the same syrian kurdish militia, the cause they see the syrian kurdish militia as an important force in the future outcome of syria. moscow will have in many ways to make a big choice, it ankara
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does go ahead and launch this operation. in particular, there a russian forces in this area which ankara is threatening to attack. on top of that, ankara will be looking for permission to let its planes cross into syria to carry out air support. until now, moscow has been reluctant to do that. moscow is facing a big choice and will be trying to calm tensions. it will be forced to choose one side or the other. brent: before we let you go, when you look at what is happening with turkey and what we are hearing from russia and the palestinians, do you get the sense that there is ebola sense of willingness to challenge u.s. influence and supremacy in the middle east or in global geopolitics at the moment? dorian: well, i think that will be a feeling that is coming across the region, particularly because the turkish presiden has been so outspoken, although he has not personally challenged president trump.
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he does feel that in many ways he has little choice in this. he feels his country is facing clear and present danger from the syrian-kurdish militia, which will get stronger given the support of washington and moscow. but the fact that he is seen to be openly challenging a superpower will lead to growing questions about how much power and influence washington does have in the region. brent: it appears to be a growing question as time moves forward. dorian jones on the story tonight in istanbul. dorian, thank you very much. in iraq, at least 38 people have been killed and more than 100 wounded in twin bombings in central baghdad. two suicide bombers detonated back-to-back explosions during rush-hour in a square. the area has been targeted by similar blasts since 2003. there has been no claim of responsibility so far, but the latest attack is similar to previous bombings by so-called islamic state.
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here are some of the other stories making headlines around the world. a french court has dismissed a case against soldiers charged with raping children in the central african republic. soldiers tasked with keeping mooring factions apart were accused of abusing children in refugee camps. the court found no evidence to support pressing charges. the allegations were first published in britain's "guardian" newspaper. north and south korea have begun a second round of talks to hammer out the details for the north's participation in the olympics in pyeongchang. -- pyeongchang. they have agreed to include a troop from the north, and mayfield a joint women's hockey team. authorities say one woman has died after a boat fire off the coast of florida. the craft was packed with gamblers taking part in an offshore casino cruise.
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about 50 other passengers and crew managed to reach safety after jumping into chilly waters and making their way to shore. here in germany, the social democrat leader, martin schultz, has started a big push to persuade his party members to support coalition talks with angela merkel's conservatives. schulz has started the tour of the party's branches after marathon talks last week that saw party leaders agree to start coalition talks. on sunday, social democrat delegates will vote on whether to officially back that decision. many oppose another grand coalition, as it is known. they want more concessions from merkel and her conservatives. what do the young members of the spd want? to talk about that, i am joined by and at the close -- anika close, share of the young socialists in berlin. give me your take on where things are right now.
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do you think martin schultz is going to be able to convince the party, the grassroots level, to say yes to this grand coalition again? anika: i think it is a really open question at the moment. it is difficult to tell if he is going to be able to convince them or not. the young socialists are totally against a new grand coalition. brent: what do you want? anika: we want a strong social democratic party. we want politics in germany that support social justice. brent: the last election, you had your historically bad, low turnout for your party. anika: exactly. we had the worst turnout after coming out of the grand coalition for four years which we had. we went into this grand coalition with the same debate. can we support our project and values in this coalition? after four years, we notice that we have the worst outcome ever out of the elections.
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so do we do a grand coalition again? brent: did you communicate this with martin schultz and the leaders of the party? are they listening to the young people? anika: of course we communicate that. what is strange is that right after the election, mart schulz and the entire board of the party voted unanimously against a grand coalition and forth opposition. they have turned around, 180%. brent: do you know why? have they communicated why they made that you turn? anika: the other coalition talks have failed. many social democrats think it would be the duty of the social democratic party -- brent: to save angela merkel's conservatives? anika: kind of. to see how many social democratic projects we can now try to manage and make for people. i think it is a good thought.
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i think it is the wrong way to take, to say we make angela merkel chancellor again and hope to get some crumbs of the cake. brent: the crumbs that are left on the floor for you. what about new elections? does it seem all the political leaders are afraid of new elections? anika: i think many people do not know in our party what is going to be the turnout of those elections. many think maybe there is not going to be a big change in the election results, and we are going to have the same problem all over again. but i think we need to be strong and be faithful, the cause when the social democratic party now decides not to join angela merkel and pushes for social democratic ideas and values, we can gain a firm new elections. brent: your party is so far away from that place you would like to be right now. don't you think your party reflects what we see in politics right now in germany? young people in particular are really not listened to or
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represented when it comes to legislation and policies. don't you feel like people are ignoring you? anika: they are not ignoring us, but i think we are underrepresented at big times. it is not only young people who are underrepresented, but left-wing people are not very represented in the social democratic party. and also not that much in parliament. many people who maybe share left-wing values don't vote anymore. think part of the problem is they don't trust the social democratic party anymore. brent: why not save the social democrats, the grains, and the left party -- why don't you join forces and create a party? do you discuss ideas like that? anika: in berlin we have such a coalition. this is a model that i think could also work on a national level. but there is some distrust between those parties and we need to work on that, so that this becomes an option for
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left-wing politics on a national level, with having a left-wing chancellor. that is a very important point also for new elections. brent: who would you like to see as the spd's next chancellor candidate if we do have new elections? anika: i think at this point it is very difficult to say. i would like to have a woman as a chancellor candidate. the spd never had a woman in this position. brent: are the names you would name? anika: we have to see how people position in the great coalition. i would like for someone to be credible for leading the party to a new election, and not someone to be totally for this big coalition. i think that would not be very trustworthy. brent: we will have to see what happens. if we have snap elections, we will call you back and talk with you again. i think your analysis is worth hearing. anika close with the young socialists in berlin.
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thank you for being on the show. anika: it was fun. brent: a mezzanine floor overlooking the main lobby of the stock exchange in jakarta collapsed today, injuring 70 people. there were no deaths reported. the building was the target of a car bombing by islamist militants in 2000, but police have ruled out a bomb attack this time. javier: video captured the moment of the collapse. students on a mezzanine had no time to react. miraculously, no one on the landing or in the lobby below was killed. the patient with the most serious injury has a bone fracture. another three people were also suspected to have broken bones. we will need to confirm that with an mri or ct scan. the high rise in the center of the offices of the world bank. islamists targeted the building
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with a car bomb in 2000. but in this case, officials were quick to rule out terrorism. the culprit appears to be substandard construction. the country is known to be lax on building standards. but with no rest for the weary, the exchange managed to resume trading in time for the afternoon session. brent: time for business now. javier is here. we talk about saving money, austerity, and greece again. javier: we have heard that before. it is a topic that is a problem for many people in the country. a small majority in the great parliament has approved a new package of spending cuts. passage of the bill means greece will continue to receive international bailout money throughout the summer. as in the controversial bills included limits on union right to strike as well as a more efficient property foreclosure
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process. more than 10,000 people demonstrated against the bill before the parliament building. greece since 2010 has needed bailout money to avoid defaulting on its loans. it says it will stand on its own starting in september. some corporate news now. could this be the end of the largest commercial airplane in the sky? european giant airbus says it might and production of the a3 80 superjumbo. the two-story plane was supposed to revolutionize air travel with a capacity of up to 500 passengers, but it's most important customer, emirates, is not ordering enough lanes to keep the program alive. reporter: what was hoped to be the biggest success is turning into a disappointing defeat, with just over 300 planes sold empty one order. airbus says it will stop making the a380 superjumbo if it does
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not get more business from emirates, which is now buying planes from boeing. emirates says the dubai-based airline is key for its business. >> they are probably the only one who has the ability in the marketplace to take a minimum of six a year for a period of eight to 10 years, and we can add some on top of that. quite honestly, if we cannot work out a deal with emirates, i think there is no choice but to shut down the program. but i am hopeful we will work out a deal with emirates and others can and airplanes on top of that area -- of that. reporter: some hope remains, but the revolution will have to wait. javier: here is another revolution that has to wait. the detroit motor show gets underway and it seems like a blast from the past. bigger is better. power is cool. e cars are boring. the spotlight is on huge pickups and suv's. germany's top brands through in star power to let their cars
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shine. reporter: it does not get bigger than arnold schwarzenegger, the man who turned the hover into a consumer vehicle in the 1990's. he was hawking a mercedes g class, an suv that averages 12 miles to the gallon of wrestling. utility vehicles are more popular than ever in the u.s. high profit margins combined with low gasoline prices have pushed carmakers to ramp up production in recent years. they have been rewarded with record sales. it is a much different environment than europe and china. passenger cars are the focus. electric is the keyboard. carmakers like the m w and volkswagen have vowed to invest billions on new electric models. in detroit, the focus was on pickup trucks, including the return of the ford ranger. ford also introduced its midsize edge xt to go on sale this summer. >> you can see the hottest segment gets even hotter with in
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new edge st, our most powerful suv ever. reporter: books introduced its new jetta dax -- folks wagon -- volkswagon introduced its new jetta. overall sales have already started weakening. overproduction and discounting our new watchwords. but those are concerns you will not hear from the stage in detroit. javier: it is all about generating emotions. that is all for business. brent: we want to talk about the militant islamist group boko haram. they have released a video which purports to show some of the girls kidnapped from a nigerian town nearly four years ago. in the video, one of the young women pledges her allegiance to boko haram. she also says she pities the
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girls who were returned to their families following talks between the goverment and the militants. about 100 of the girls are still thought to be in captivity. for more on this, i am joined by our correspondent adrian kriesch. he is in lagos, nigeria. bring us up to speed on the story here of the girls and what we know right now. adrian: brent, it is a must for years ago that those girls were abducted. you might recall that about two years -- for about two years, there was little information at all about the whereabouts of these 219 girls, despite international outcry and the "bring back our girls" campaign abroad, but also here in nigeria . only in october 2016 and march 2017 was the time we got big news -- when there were mass releases of about 100 of the girls. it was a deal brokered by the
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swiss government, and they achieved that. on the other hand, there were officials that said that in exchange for the release of the girls, the government had to pay a substantial amount of money, and had to release high-ranking boko haram fighters. while this is very worrisome, especially if you think of the future of the terror group, it was also a welcome development not only for the parents of the more than 100 children who were still missing, but for everybody living in the northeast of nigeria, because it really showed the willingness of negotiating, the willingness of talking on both sides. brent: the women in this latest video are purportedly some of the remaining girls. in this video, they say they do not want to go back to their families. if this is true, why would boko haram release the video now? adrian: we have had a similar
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video released a few months ago, where we saw one of the girls holding a gun, saying she does not want to go back. it does not come as a surprise for many observers. these girls have been in captivity for a long time and they were brainwashed. this is what we hear from other girls who were released. he said each of them had different ways of handling the situation, and some of them accepted their fate. they decided to get married to some of the fighters. others, the majority ofesilient. the question, why did they release this video now, is difficult to answer. it is likely timing. he wants to show boko haram still has strength. he wants to make clear the group is not defeated as the president has repeatedly been saying. brent: four years later, and still so many unanswered questions about the girls. correspondent adrian kriesch on the story tonight in nigeria. thank you very much.
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boko haram is not just a nigerian problem. the militant group also operates in neighboring countries. the region has long been plagued by terrorism, as well as human trafficking and drug smuggling. hopes now lie and cooperation between the g5 countries, which include mauritania, niger, burkina faso, and chad. today, defense members of the region are meeting in paris. french president emmanuel macron has been pushing to create an international anti-terror force in the region. at the meeting today, he aims to set down a concrete timetable for that force. france says that donor countries have pledged a total of around 300 million euros. saudi arabia has paid 100 million euros. the u.s. has put in 50 million euros, as have the european union and the g5 members. the force will include 5000
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soldiers, and they will target groups like so-called islamic state, boko haram, and al qaeda, all of which are active in that region. correspondent lisa louis is in paris and has been following that meeting. she sent us this report. lisa: g5 member countries and france announced today a second mission of their joint and the terror force. that comes after a first mission late last year, a patrolling mission. about this new mission, we know very little. as they put it themselves, they did not want to threaten the success chances of this new mission. what they wanted to show here, and what the defense minister has said as well, is that this anti-terror force was on its way to be fully operational in 2018. however, they did not talk about a crucial point, and that is money. so far, the g5 member countries
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and their supporting countries have gathered about 300 million euros, but they will need more than 400 million euros for their operational budget, and billions of euros in the long run. that is important for the africans to be able to take care of their own security, but also for france. france has something at stake. they have based about 3000 soldiers in the mission in the region, and they want to get at least a large part of these 3000 soldiers out of the region. brent: that was lisa louis. we will be right back. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] ♪ ♪
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reyes: it's the place where 3 south american borders meet and where security often falls through the gap. i'm elaine reyes in washington, d.c., and this is "americas now." [siren] first up, is it a triple threat? richards: so this is the only motorway... reyes: correspondent joel richards explores the challenges paraguay, argentina, and brazil face in keeping drugs, arms, and illegal business away from their shared border. next, information that can save lives. we meet a researcher who is using technology to pave new paths to healthcare in rural guatemala.

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