tv Matter of Fact With Soledad O Brien KOFY January 21, 2017 7:00pm-7:31pm PST
>> today, on a special edition of "matter of fact," president trump -- president trump: i, donald john trump, do solemnly swear -- >> and the state of our union. what is the state of america as the trump era zpwhins we go coast to coast. listening to america. we can all come together and unite as one country. and from new york city, >> soledad:welcome to federal hall national memorial in lower manhattan. i'm soledad o'brien, and this is "matter of fact." thanks for joining us. we're inside federal hall national memorial, located across the street from the new
york stock exchange. the site is where the first united states congress met. and it's the site of george washington's first inauguration in 1789. washington took the oath of office here. and in his inaugural address, reflected on the challenges he ahead. what challenges face our 45th president as he takes his place in history? how quickly will donald trump take action on issues he campaigned on, like healthcare, the economy, climate change? oren cass is a policy analyst from the conservative manhattan institute. he advised 2012 g.o.p. candidate mitt romney. it's nice to have you with us. appreciate it. oren: thanks for having me. soledad: donald trump ran, of course, as a republican. do you consider him a republican, a conservative sflen oren: by definition he's a republican. he won to republican nomination. participants are coalitions of interests. the republican party doesn't
have to be conservative. it wasn't always and maybe it won't always be. he is a republican. i don't think you'd call him a conservative. soledad: where do you see potential rifts with the conservative part of the republican party, which you represent, and what trump supporters represent? oren: conservatives have tenled to focus on the size of government and the role of government in society and to be fairly skeptical of it. to recognize that government can only do so much and when it tries to do more than that it might have bad effects instead of good ones. i think trump has shown less skepticism of that and a lot of confidence that his policies can create the jobs, he can keep the factories where they are, give people the benefits they want without worrying as much about whether that's an appropriate thing for the government to do and who's going to pay for it. surf and that potentially could be problematic on the
conservative side? oren: if you want to bring factory jobs back, you have to puffer sue the policies that are going to make those academically viable in those places. soledad: you can't order them by twitter back. oren: you might be able to one at a time but that's not going to have the effects across the country. some : let's talk about of the folks trump has.com denominated. mike plue it is being grilled by clip max. he said i do not believe that climate change is a hoax. oren: i think general pruitt said the right thing, which is it's not a hoax. that's not the same thing as saying that president obama's policies make any sense and we have to put policies in place that will benefit the american people at the end of the day.
soledad: what advice would you give around those policies for, let's say, the e.p.a. oren: the most important thing is to understand what the benefits we think we're getting are and what the costs are. and we have serious economic challenges. we need to keep the environmental gains we've made but recognize that our next big priority shouldn't be making even more industrial rules but making sure we get industrial activity going again. soledad: you have talked about the toxic aura of trump. we probably have different lists but they're probably both fairly long. do you worry that trump becomes republican? is that a concern of yours? oren: it's going to be very interesting over the next few years to see what extent thoughtful republicans can say we agree on president trump on
health care and tax reform and we're going to work with him on those but we disagree on how we talk about women and minorities and how those communities are feeling in this country right now and that matters too and it should be possible to do both, but in washington, it's awfully difficult to juggle that and i don't know that they'll have very much success. soledad: it will be interesting interesting the -- to watch. oren cass, thank you so much for coming to me. >> coming up, american stills bracing for mass importations. will this sanctuary city be able to protect 1/3 of its citizens? and, they callture ham, the new city of the south. find out what these millennials are doing to make north carolina a better reflection of america. plus, hear more of soledad's conversation with oren cass about the environment
♪ soledad: today we're bringing you a snapshot of america. welcome back, everybody. uncertainty is a word we're hearing a lot of in one california city that is bracing for president trump's first days in office. santa ana is one of the most densely populated stits in the nation and of the 350,000 who live there, nearly 80% or latino. most from mexico and nearly 30% are undocumented. president trump's electoral victory was met by protests in santa ana where anxiety is high over his calls for mass deportation. as correspondent jessica gomez tells us, many here are corey dor worried the rhetoric is about to become reality. >> blink, and you might feel
like you're in mexico. santa ana, california, a blend of colors and cultures. santa ana business own luis and his family flip-flop between english and spanish, symbolic of their life here. and until recently it felt just right. >> a lot of the things its we weren't dealing with anymore came back. >> like this family, almost everyone here has a coworker, friend or neighbor who's undocumented. santa ana has one of the highest cons trages of illegal immigrants in the u.s., some who have be here for generations. >> there's a person standing behinds us in the grocery store, the person getting gas right next to us, the pressure waiting to sign their child into day care behind you. they are every day people. >> like this be man, coming from
mexico four years ago. his dream is to become a teacher but he's undocumented and worried. >> my concern primarily as a parent and i might not be there for my children. i feel like i might not be able to support them because i can't have any rights to work in country. >> just last month, the all-latino city council here voted to make santa ana a sanctuary city. joining a growing list of u.s. cities with large latino population trying to protect on paper anywhere undocumented residents. the ordinance limits what kind of information and health local law enforcement can provide to local immigration norlts. during hiss campaign, trump said federal funding could be threatened. >> just let the people here know we're going to protect them.
>> this group of young actty lobbied hard. >> carlos perea, who jumped a border fence at age 14 by himself looking for his mother is now a college graduate. he's part of president obama's dreamer program, which offers temporary protection to -- to those who came here as children. it could be overturned by periaa is more concerned about goes with -- those with no protection. >> it should be easier to allow folks to come in here to give them the protection they need so they can come out of the shadows. >> in a city where whites are the minority, there seems to be little concern over the legal status of their neighbors. >> orange county is pretty mull cultural. >> so many of them have been here for so many years and are well-established and contributing to the community.
>> they are all here trying to achieve better lives for ourselves, education for our kids. >> in the meiera family, the future, college for both girls looks bright. they want the same for their friends. >> it's going to continue to grow and i believe it has to be communitied. >> i'm jessica gomez for "matter of fact." >> coming up next >> i know it's not black and white. >> what does our most diverse city have to say about why americans are having the tough talks about race? it's the absolutely middle of the country. >> it's not about the party, it's about the country. >> what does this city of 200 hope to see f
hall. the first congress met on this site, and it was here they drafted the bill of rights a document that lives at the national archives and you can find easily on line. type in the word *millennial online. we found 49 million hits. it's just one indication that this group, ages 20-36, is one for the history books. that's especially true in north carolina. in durham, millennials make up 40 % of the population, with white, black and latino's represented in nearly equal numbers. in the presidential election, they gave hillary clinton 79% of their vote. but durham's vote didn't swing the state. trump won. correspondent diane roberts discovered that millennial voters are focused on revitalizing their city, refusing to be paralyzed by the lectoral bitterness. diane: durham, north carolina, population almost 230,000.
it's emerging as the "it" city in the new south taking aim at recruiting and retaining millennials. >> it felt right to settle in and grow some roots here and build that kind of wide community. diane: megan jones' 5 year old business fits right in. the 29 year old is co-owner of mercury studio, selling workspace memberships to entrepreneurs, similar to what you buy at the gym. >> i benefited from the city financing in that and i'm so grateful. diane: as the city replaces long standing industries, like big tobacco megan is aware some are being pushed out. >> and i think now the gentrify occasion versus urban development is right in our faces when you drive downtown. diane: geoff durham, yes, that's his real name, is president and c-e-o of greater durham's chamber of commerce and is trying to balance pain with >> i like to believe that through public and private partnerships, through community outreach we will found a way to really balance growth, job
growth, economic development. diane: despite durham's best efforts to attract and retain young talent, 20 year old nursing student gabrielle mcardle doesn't picture herself staying her after graduation, even though she loves durham's diversity, evident in her own circle of friends. we had a hal lankan, half indian, black, white, and it didn't register with me because they're my friends. diane: so when you look at 2017, new year, new president this is the new south what are your hopes and dreams for this area? >> i hope people can just be more kind and see that we have more alike than unlike. diane 19-year-old computer science major marcus williams wants to see more kindness too. he fears four years of divisiveness after a campaign he found distasteful. >> as a young african-american
and as a millennial, in looking at this election during the primaries, i wasn't going to vote because i didn't like either candidate. diane: when this graffiti showed up after the election he was personally hurt. >> decisive and sometimes hos still and racist to people of color or minorities but we can all come together and unite as one country and like i said before try to come together and get through these four years. >> do you think that can0happen, marcus, truthfully? >> its' going to take a lot of work and strong willed people need to have0conversations instead of acksdz ever actsdz stanley cup scolingt bugs i said bags and forbidmented soledad: up next, we brave the ice storms to visit middle america. the absolute center of the united states. >> i think it will mean more
soledad: at this truly historic site, george washington became president. at the time, u.s. territories extended west only to the mississippi river. there was no middle america. today, lebanon, kansas, a town of approximately 200 people, is definitely "middle america." at the very geographic center of the lower 48 states, the men and women you are about to meet call lebanon home. this is trump country, where he won more than 2/3 of the vote. they're hoping for change but fear their way of life may be
disappearing. the ice melts and the sun rises in lebanon, kansas. it's a new day here. miles and hours from the nearest major city. >> lebanon's small. it's an elderly community. soledad: that's now how it used to be. >> we had schools here, which we don't have now. soledad: the schools aren't the only thing gone. lebanon had seven grocery stores, more farms and more people. main street was filled with houses and businesses. now there are fewer than 200 people. gladies kennedy will be 100 next month. she's watched her city disappear. >> there was a doctor and a hospital at one time. there were more people farming then. >> we continue to be overregulated and restricted in what we can do. so it affects jobs and life in general. soledad: rick chapin has lived here his whole life. he's the mayor and volunteer
firefighter. >> we need to make it a place that people want to come to and live and raise your children. soledad: denise mark ham is the city library. -- librarian. she came after living in denver. >> i enjoy the calm and peace here. soledad: she knows something needs to change. >> we need some younger people. even as the librarian. the library is struggling right now. even as we sit here we are open and nobody is coming in i wonder what will happen. surf lebanon is too important to vanish. the city is the exact geographic center of the continental united states. 81% of smith county, where lebanon sits, voted for trump. now there's mixed feelings about the newly inaugurated president trump. >> you don't ever get to vote for someone you really think is going to do the job. it's the lesser of twoest. soledad: mayor chapin voted for
gary johnson. >> i was hoping a third party would have a better showing. soledad: gladys has seen more new presidents enaugust rated than most people. she voted for trump. >> i think things are going to turn around. soledad: denise, the librarian, didn't vote. >> i didn't like the choices i had and i wasn't going to just pick one to pick one. i'm a strong believer in voting. i took my son down to see the polls and the process but i explained to him why i wasn't voting. soifpble her husband didn't vote either. >> he disliked hillary but he couldn't bring himself to vote for trump. >> i'm very hopeful that things will be better. soledad: for many, it's not a lack of home. >> i believe he's going to do his best. >> you have to be realistic. in the center of the united states that's the way they think and people keep wondering why nothing gets done.
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soledad: as we consider inaugural history, standing on the site where our first president took on that office we reflect on a journal entry washington made the day he left mount vernon headed to this spot. it says in part -- i set out with the best disposition to render service to my country in obead yens to its call but with less hope of answering its expectations. today we've shared some of america's expectations for our new president and we leave you told -- today with images of this moment in history as
- [voiceover] get ready as we crush it, crash it, and then thoroughly wash it. (upbeat music) and it's all just for laughs gags. welcome to the show. hey, ever wonder what optimus prime does between transformer movies? (audience laughter) he's actually one of our pranksters. (audience laughter) (fast paced music) (audience laughter) (audience laughter) (audience laughter) (audience laughter)