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tv   CBS Evening News With Katie Couric  CBS  January 21, 2011 5:30pm-6:00pm PST

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free t-shirt and 7700 calories, like enough food for four days. >> what size is that t-shirt? >> extra large! >> couric: tonight, wounded congresswoman gabrielle giffords leaves tucson for rehab in houston and doctors are very optimistic. >> she's going to do remarkably well. >> reporter: i'm katie couric. also tonight, an emotional good- bye from the teen that saved her life. >> my exact words were "gabby, i'm proud to say i voted for you before and i will vote for you again." (laughter) >> and she smiled. >> couric: scandal in rome, the vatican says the prime minister's amore is immoral. and the so-called tiger mother's extreme version of chinese parenting versus the reality in china. captioning sponsored by cbs from cbs news world headquarters in new york, this is the "cbs evening news" with katie couric.
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>> couric: good evening, everyone. congresswoman gabrielle giffords was moved today from tucson to a hospital in houston to begin months of rehab. her doctors are very optimistic, one saying he expects her to do remarkably well as she recovers from a gunshot wound to the head. she can't talk, but they say there's no question she knows what's happening and she's interacting with the people around her, including her husband. it was a very emotional transfer from tucson to houston. ben tracy is in tucson. dr. jon lapook is in houston tonight. first, ben, it's a milestone for the congresswoman and for the city of tucson. >> reporter: it sure is, katie. and it's pretty great to report tonight that now every single person injured in this shooting has been released from this hospital here in tucson. and earlier today congresswoman giffords made quite an exit. in a city still scarred by tragedy... (cheers and applause) ... this was a moment so many just had to see.
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>> there's something really redeeming and powerful about her speedy recovery. >> reporter: doctors say giffords could hear the cheers inside the ambulance. she smiled and even teared up. a police escort brought her to the local air force base. she was lifted on to a medically equipped private jet for a 2:15 flight to houston. among those on the plane: her husband mark kelly, her mother gloria and trauma surgeon dr. randall friese. her communications director was on board, too. he says the rest of the staff may soon follow. there's already talk about the staff getting an r.v. and making a little road trip to go visit. >> reporter: yet it's clear giffords is only on loan to houston. tucson wants their congresswoman back. >> this is the type of woman that you want to see your daughter emulate. >> reporter: giffords' husband mark kelly thanked the community in this twitter message.
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>> i'm happy she's getting help and making great progress. >> reporter: doctors say her progress is nothing short of miraculous. it was just 13 days ago when she was shot in the head, a bullet tearing through her brain. on thursday, still in her hospital bed, giffords went outside for the first time since the shooting, taking one last look at the catalina mountains before taking off for the uphill climb of rehabilitation. now, a lot of people have wondered what will become of this makeshift memorial here at the hospital. well, the hospital tells us they're going to keep it up for another week. a lot of items will then be given to the families of the injured and those that died. as for the 600 stuffed animals sent to congresswoman giffords' office, those will be donated to a local children's hospital. >> couric: sounds like a great idea. now to dr. jon lapook in houston where, at least at in the beginning, giffords will be getting her rehab in the intensive care unit. jon, the congresswoman's wound is obviously very serious.
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how concerned were her doctors about moving her today? >> reporter: katie, doctors are always concerned about the handoff of a patient from one hospital to the other. but this transfer, they say, was flawless. >> she looks spectacular. and always from a neurological point of view first, she came into the i.c.u. and she was alert, awake, calm. she looked comfortable. i think we were already feeling some interaction, which is important. >> reporter: doctors say she has very good movement on the left side of her body. muscle weakness is a major concern. >> she has maybe some movements of her legs and when there's what we call "tone," she might be able to support herself, but she may not be able to move it when she wants. on her arm, at this point, we're not seeing much tone and we're not seeing any movements. >> reporter: however, after a 30-minute evaluation, doctors are optimistic.
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she has great rehabilitation potential. i think those three words will sum it up. great rehabilitation potential. great rehabilitation candidate. she will keep us busy and we will keep her busy as well. >> reporter: she was scheduled to start therapy this afternoon. three hours to start. >> for somebody with a gunshot wound, excellent. really in the top 5% of what we would expect. >> reporter: then her tucson nurse spoke emotionally about caring for the congresswoman. >> i'm going to miss her a lot. i mean she's a very gentle person and her personality is coming out, with her touches, the way that she touches us, the way that she looks at us. and i'm very lucky to know her. >> ... and we worked for 36 straight hours. >> reporter: dr. john holcolmb, retired army colonel, will help r.ad giffords' treatment team here in houston. >> where she will end up, i don't know. but what we do know is that intensive rehabilitation earlier ends up with a higher level of functioning later. >> reporter: giffords will have to overcome a very serious
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wound. the bullet penetrated the left hemisphere of her brain-- the area controlling vision, speech, information processing and personality. but neurologists are learning that damaged parts of the brain can actually borrow function from healthy areas. >> the brain clearly does rewire itself. it has what's called plasticity. so it's able to respond in different ways. and clearly people with severe brain injuries can relearn how to function, speak, move to a certain degree. >> reporter: first doctors will thoroughly evaluate giffords, then design a plan that can include therapy for speech, walking and the basic functions of daily life. it might even include ground- breaking virtual reality systems that allow patients to practice living in a safe, simulated environment. as giffords was leaving tucson this morning, patients at this tirr branch in galveston were immersed in challenging and often tedious therapy. tiny steps to relearn the simplest of skills. >> the bullet came in through my
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left cheek over here and it exited through my right top of my forehead up here. >> reporter: these soldiers know what giffords may face. each did rehab at tirr. >> rehab? it's hard. i'm not going to lie to you. there's some days i get frustrated. >> reporter: 29-year-old kenny adams was blinded after being shot through the head in afghanistan eight years ago. before rehab, he couldn't walk and his speech was badly slurred. >> very tough, just lots of work. >> reporter: 26-year-old steve schulz suffered a brain injury from a roadside bombing in iraq. after five years of therapy, he has this advice for congresswoman giffords. >> keep your head up. that's where it needs to be. keep looking forward, because that's where you're going. >> reporter: two courageous young men, katie, and a great example for the congresswoman as she fights to recover in the months to come. >> couric: jon, such a moving piece and it's so gratifying to hear doctors are very optimistic about gabrielle giffords' rehab potential. but what can we expect to see
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next, or what are we waiting to hear about? >> reporter: well, my sense from the doctors is that they're trying to recalibrate expectations. the recovery so far has been what they're calling miraculous, but recovery with rehab tends to be not in days or weeks, but in months or even more. but one good piece of news today, the doctors said she was definitely trying to move her lips, and so the hope is that's the first step in her trying to talk and learning to speak again. >> couric: and the fact that she seems so alert. all right, jon lapook reporting from houston tonight. jon, thank you very much. now turning to other news, the focus today was on creating jobs when president obama visited a g.e. plant in schenectady, new york. the plant will soon be retooled to make high-tech batteries for locomotives. the president has chosen g.e.'s chief executive, jeff immelt, to run his new panel of outside economic advisors. having the right c.e.o. is essential, of course, to any company.
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but what if that person gets ill? it's happened at several companies recently. do investors have a right to know? here's our senior business correspondent, anthony mason. >> so this, for instance... >> reporter: when hugh mar martin, c.e.o. of pacific biosciences, faced a health crisis last january, he called his employees together. what did you tell them? >> i said, you know, i have cancer of the blood. it's called multiple myeloma. >> reporter: martin's silicon valley company was at a vulnerable moment. he'd raised $260 million to develop a d.n.a. sequencing machine. were you worried that going public with your illness could risk the funding for your company? >> absolutely. >> reporter: the 56-year-old c.e.o. was afraid investors would abandon ship. >> my biggest nightmare was that i might pass away quickly, that the company would have serious problems and all i'd worked for could all be at risk and that was a very, very scary thought. >> reporter: martin chose to
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disclose everything, but frequently executives don't. when apple's c.e.o. steve jobs announced his third medical leave this week, apple cited only unspecific health reasons. but legally, that may be all they have to say. >> the law says that the company has to tell you anything that's important, anything that might affect your understanding of the riskiness of the investment. it doesn't say that you need a complete medical report. >> reporter: sara lee took a similar approach to apple. last summer when the company announced its c.e.o. was taking a temporary medical leave, at first it didn't mention that she'd had a stroke. but corporate governance experts say steve jobs is special. >> he's not just the c.e.o. he's the company's brand and he's their most important asset. >> reporter: the creative genius who gave us the ipod, the iphone and the ipad. >> and he is what the investors and the employees and customers are betting on. so, yes, we are entitled to some candor. >> reporter: at pacific
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biosciences, hugh martin is glad he was candid. he's back on the job. there's still no cure for multiple myeloma, but the drugs are working. you're in remission now? >> there isn't even a trace. >> reporter: in october, the company successfully went public, proving that full disclosure doesn't have to be bad for business. anthony mason, cbs news, new york. >> couric: and still ahead here on the "cbs evening news," knit one; pearl two; help countless kids. thanks to her american spirit. but up next, a tiger mother sets off a ferocious debate over how to raise children. [ male announcer ] it's simple physics... a body at rest tends to stay at rest... while a body in motion tends to stay in motion. staying active can actually ease arthritis symptoms. but if you have arthritis, staying active can be difficult.
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oh, bayer aspirin? i'm not having a heart attack. it's my back. it works great for pain. [ male announcer ] nothing's proven to relieve pain better than extra strength bayer aspirin. it rushes relief to the site of pain. feel better? yeah. thanks for the tip. >> couric: jackie kennedy once said "if you bungle raising your kids, nothing else you do really matters." so perhaps it's no surprise that a book about a chinese-american mother's no-nonsense approach to parenting has become a best- seller and a topic of heated debate. consider this: asians make up less than 5% of the u.s. population, but they account for nearly 13% of the students at harvard and 34% at u.c. berkeley. we have two sides of the story tonight from two sides of the world. first, michelle miller. >> reporter: on a chilly san francisco street this week, people lined up to hear how a petit yale law school professor
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imposed her iron will on her daughters. >> this book is not a research project. it's a memoir about a lot of my mistakes, you know? it's more like a "don't try this at home" as opposed to a how-to guide. >> reporter: but critics say amy chua's "battle hymn of the tiger mother" is a how-to guide to extreme parenting-- that only the best is good enough. three hours a day of piano practice, no play dates, nothing less than an "a." you really struck a nerve. did you expect it? >> no. i didn't. >> reporter: reaction to this daughter of chinese immigrants has lit up the blogosphere, calling her a lunatic and heartless. death threats? >> i've had a few. >> reporter: she concedes she called her daughters names. is it okay to call your kids garbage? >> i think that's harsh. >> some people would say that's abusive. >> nothing abusive.
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but they may judge me harshly. >> reporter: mother of four islet waldman reflects a deep maternal fear. >> we have this deep wellspring of anxiety that we're doing it wrong. that we're screwing up, that we're somehow preventing our children from succeeding. >> reporter: when we see china succeeding economically, when we see asian-american kids getting ahead in school, we worry. >> because we're so afraid all the time, we are looking for ways to make ourselves feel better and the best way, the easiest way to feel better, is to find the mother that you can identify as the bad mother. >> how mad can anybody be about somebody's memoir? it's just my life. >> reporter: the answer is plenty mad. but consider her kids' take on their mother's book. daughter sophia: "i'm amazed that my mom turned our totally boring life into such a comedic, dramatic and meaningful story." michelle miller, cbs news, berkeley. >> reporter: i'm celia hatton in beijing, where the chinese mother doesn't fit the american stereotype. wang li and her daughter are
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inseparable, whether they're on the ice or sharing their love for music. like most in china, wang isn't familiar with amy chua's book "battle hymn of the tiger mother," but this chinese mother is sure she doesn't fit chua's ethnic typecast as the tough-as- nails disciplinarian. "as a parent, you are your child's closest friend" she says. "you are supposed to give her as much attention as you can instead of verbally scolding her." amy chua's books talks about chinese mothers, but in a country of 1.3 billion people it's tough to make any generalizations about how parents raise their children. most chinese families are only allowed one child because of the country's strict family planning rules. the chance to be a parent just once, the pressure to get it right, has led china to have its own fierce disputes over childrearing. spoiled only children and lax parenting are a national obsession linked to a host of issues from internet addiction to soaring child obesity.
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on the flip side, some pressure their children to succeed academically at any cost since just a fraction of the country's children will land a spot in a top college. chinese schools have long relied on rote learning and memorization, but many moms and dads are now questioning that. they're encouraging their kids to discover their own passion. "i won't force my son to do what i want him to do," this stay at home mom explains. "i hope he'll be grown up enough to make his own decision." as china's astrological year of the tiger draws to a close, many here hope the myth of china's fierce tiger mothers will, too. celia hatton, cbs news, beijing. >> couric: and when we come back the pope, the prime minister and a growing scandal. right now, all over the count discover customers are getting five pcent cashback bonus at restaurants.
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>> couric: every country has political scandals, but italy's rubygate is in a class by itself. it features the prime minister and a teenager who may be a prostitute. today even pope benedict had something to say about it. from rome, here's allen pizzey. >> reporter: a nightclub dancer who goes by the name of ruby heartstealer. any other politician would run a mile from that smile-- anyone but italy's prime minister silvio berlusconi. she was still 17 when he invited ruby to what were called bunga- bunga parties at his mansion. and ruby was not alone.
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italian prosecutors are investigating berlusconi's relations with a string of show girls who are said to have stripped, danced, bumped and grinded their way into the prime minister's legendary affections. news of the criminal investigation forced the 74- year-old berlusconi to go on t.v. and insist he'd done nothing wrong. parties, yes, sex, yes, but he never paid for it. and he had no idea some of the women were underage. he accused the investigators of being politically motivated. but for an italian public long used to their leader's sexual hijinks, this may have been one bunga-bunga too many. so much so that today the pope took a swipe at the sex scandal. "public officials," he said, "must set a good moral example." >> he doesn't seem to be in control any longer. so it's not just a matter of how you behave personally and sexually, it is that he seems to be a bit too much into that.
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>> reporter: as usual, public opinion here is bad news/good news for berlusconi. according to the latest poll, while 79% of italians think he should answer questions about his personal behavior, barely a third think it will have any political effect. >> berlusconi is like... he likes nice women. what's the problem? it's natural. >> reporter: but the scandal could cost berlusconi a few female votes. as an italian woman are you embarrassed by your prime minister? >> yes, very embarrassed. >> reporter: but don't expect an apology. berlusconi says he intends to stay in power until his mandate runs out in two years-- about the time ruby turns 20. allen pizzey, cbs news, rome. >> couric: all righty, then. and coming up next, a story to warm both the heart and the head.
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♪ a man can only try... and try...and try. [ male announcer ] honey nut cheerios tastes great and can help lower cholesterol. bee happy. bee healthy. behind the scenes. next on cbs 5 the bay area university called a sham... at 6 >> couric: finally tonight, to viewer chris raider of wenatchee, washington, a tip of the hat for giving us a tip about some hats and the woman who makes them with yarn, love, and the american spirit. in the close-knit community of wenatchee, washington, aida bound has found joy in knitting. but the 73-year-old social worker wasn't content to make baby booties and mittens for her grandchildren. she decided she could keep kids
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warm and seniors busy. >> the hats are basically made with love. >> okay, everybody. >> reporter: her yarn starts at a local retirement center, where many elderly residents were more than happy to find a stitch in time. >> she handed me a crochet hook and a pattern and said "go do it." i can't do very much, but i can sit and do this. this keeps my mind occupied. >> it's like a tranquilizer. >> couric: and it's good for the heart-- literally. a recent harvard study found that knitting can actually lower blood pressure. >> i've made 650. it goes for a good cause. thank you, everybody, for these beautiful hats. you know where they're going. hello, everybody! i'm going to put hats on the table and you can pick a hat for yourself. >> this hat looks like i'm from paris. >> it matches my outfit. >> couric: these kids don't have hats or homes. >> pizza! >> we're in a bad situation
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right now, and it's very nice for somebody like her to do something kind like that. >> couric: all told, thanks to aida and her helpers, nearly 15,000 hats have been donated. now she's known simply as "the hat lady." >> it's a cycle where they make the hats and feel better and put their love in it, and then the children pick them up and put them on their heads and feel it. you like that one? you can see it in the their faces. they don't have to say anything. >> couric: but they do. >> thank you for the hat. >> thank you for the hat. >> i think it's a good thing to have this hat. >> couric: a simple gift spreading plenty of love... >> look how beautiful you look! >> couric: ... and delight. if you'd like to know more about the hat project or tell us about someone you know who exemplifies the american spirit, go to cbsnews.com. that is the "cbs evening news." i'm katie couric. thanks for watching this week. russ mitchell will be here tomorrow, and i'll see you again on monday.
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until then, have a great weekend. good night. you would think tonight our best look yet at the cracks and falls in the san bruno pipeline and the response to the latest findings. they called it a university, but it was something else entirely. why this bay area school has been shut down by the feds. three years after a murder in a restaurant, the reward police are hoping can crack the case. good evening. i'm allen martin. tonight the feds confirm the pipeline that ruptured in san bruno last september had faulty wells. that work came just hours ago as the safety board released its first factual report. >> allen,

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