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tv   CBS Evening News With Scott Pelley  CBS  June 22, 2011 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT

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at 6:00. and with more on the president's prime time speech tonight "cbs evening news with scott pelley" is next. >> caption colorado, llc elley: tonight, president obama speaks to a war-weary nation. >> starting next month, we will be able to remove 10,000 of or troops from afghanistan by the end of this year, and we will bring home a total of 33,000 troops by next summer. there's news in women's health-- dr. jennifer ashton with a report that a surprising number of breast implants will have to be replaced. a close call for jumbo jets. bob orr has the reaction of the tower when one plane takes a long turn. >> cancel take-off plans! >> and michelle obama's message for a people facing an uncertain future. >> what do you say? yes, we can! what do you say? >> yes, we can! captioning sponsored by cbs
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this is the "cbs evening news" with scott pelley. >> pelley: and this is a special western edition. good evening. 1,632 americans, $433 billion. that's what 10 years in afghanistan has cost. it has purchased a decade without another attack on american soil from al qaeda in afghanistan. tonight, president obama told the nation the time has come to wind down the war. as with everything in afghanistan, his decision is troarl. we have four reports tonight on this turning point for america. first, chip reed at the white house. chip. >> reporter: scott, the president said 10,000 troops will be withdrawn by the end of this year, and all 33,000 surge troops will be withdrawn by september 2012. >> after this initial reduction, our troops will continue coming
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home at a steady pace as afghan security forces move in to the lead. our mission will change from combat to support. by 2014, this process of transition will be complete, and the afghan people will be responsible for their own security. >> pelley: he said the expedited withdrawal is made possible by success on the battle field, especially the killing of osama bin laden. >> we're starting this draw-down from a position of strength. al qaeda is under more pressure than at any time since 9/11. together with the pakistanis, we have taken out more than hamp of al qaeda's leadership, and thanks to our intelligence professionals and special forces, we killed osama bin laden, the only leader that al qaeda had ever known. this was a victory for all who have served since 9/11. >> reporter: scott, one factor in the president's decision that he did not talk about tonight is politics. the liberal base of the democratic party has long called
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for pulling troops out of afghanistan, and with election season heating up, it appears he may be listening. >> pelley: thanks, chip. so what does this mean on the battle field? david martin is at the pentagon. and, david, you've learned this isn't exactly what the generals wanted. >> reporter: that's right, scott. this is a faster draw-down than many in the pentagon wanted, but both defense secretary gates and military leaders will support it. one pentagon official said pug the first 10,000 troops out by the end of this year was "more aggressive "than recommended by general petraeus who constant he warned the hard-fought gains made by the surge were fragile and reversible. a second official said the military wanted to keep the bulk of the surge force in afghanistan through the end of next summer's fighting season. under the president's timetable, the draw-down of the final surge forces will occur during that fighting season. still, officials said that although military leaders did not get their way, they are
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"okay with the president's decision." the cost it costs about $1 million to keep a single soldier in afghanistan for a year, so bringing 33,000 home would ultimately save more than $30 billion. that would reduce the annual cost of the war from the current $113 billion to around $80 billion. it would also relieve some of the strain on the troops who currently get two months home for every month in theater and could allow the army to reduce the length of combat tours from 12 to nine months. and most important of all, scott, fewer troops in afghanistan should result in fewer casualties. more than 700 americans have died there since president obama ordered the surge. >> pelley: thank you, david. the big question in afghanistan tonight is whether that country's military can pick up the slack as the u.s. leaves. mandy clark met some students in kabul today who aren't so sure.
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are the ones who will inherit the country that the coalition troops leave behind. 24ed nearly nasria and 27-year-old habib graduated last year. both of them fled afghanistan during the 1990s as the brutal civil war took hold. now nasria worries that the u.s. troops are withdrawing too soon. >> i would call it a mistake but that may not be the right word. >> reporter: by 2011 coalition troops will have spent $40 billion to recruit, train, and equip the afghan forces the trouble is many afghans don't believe their own security forces are up for the job. in fact a recent report from nato came to the same conclusion. it found even after ten years of working with coalition troops, afghan forces still suffer from poor training, lack of professionalism, and corruption. with afghan troops not ready and american support dwindling, there's also fear the taliban might come back.
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>> reporter: the heaviest price so far has been paid by the afghans themselves. according to the u.n., more than 8,000 civilians have been killed in the last four years of this war. mandy clark, cbs news, kabul. >> pelley: as david martin mentioned earlier, the united states is spending more than $100 billion a year in afghanistan. and here at home, with so many unemployed, tension is rising in the political debate. we saw that yesterday on the floor of the senate. the senators were preparing to vote unanimously to approve leon panetta to be the new defense secretary. joe manchin took the opportunity to call for an end to the counter-insurgency mission in afghanistan. >> we can no longer afford to rebuild afghanistan and america. we must choose, and i choose america.
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>> pelley: which brought an unusually personal response from republican arizona senator john mccain. >> i view the senator from west virginia's remarks as at least uninformed about history and strategy. >> pelley: we sat down with both men today. first, senator mccain. >> it's a decision which i don't think is in comport... comports with the recommendations of our military leadership, but more importantly, the realities. we need this fighting season and the next fighting season. we have enjoyed great success, and i might add, at great sacrifice. as you know, well over 1,000 young americans have already given their lives, and i would hate to see us take an unnecessary risk by withdrawing too early. >> pelley: the urgent question now seems to be: have times changed? after ten years, the country is hurting. unemployment is high. how can we justify spending
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about $100 billion a year in afghanistan when the money's needed here? >> if you want to retreat to fortress america, you can. but the consequences of doing that are very severe. >> pelley: but unemployment in arizona, for example, is 9.1%. what do you say to people who believe that the money should be spent building bridges in tucson and not in kabul? >> i believe the united states of america can do both. if i didn't believe our national security interests were at stake here, let's not forget that 9/11 began in afghanistan. >> pelley: for his part, senator manchin says the mission in afghanistan is all wrong. he told us the u.s. is trying to build a country when it should be dramatically reducing the force to concentrate on terrorists. to those who argue that we have expended a great deal of blood and treasure in afghanistan and that this is the wrong time to let off the pressure, you say
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what? >> i would say it's the right time to go back to the war on terror because we have shown that we have the determination, and we have been able to be successful. and we were able to expend the time it took to get osama bin laden and to do it and do it right. >> pelley: are you saying that we can't afford afghanistan? >> i'm saying that it's coming down to a choice. can you afford afghanistan at the present rate that we're doing? we've spent $443 billion. we're on track to spend another $485 billion, almost a trillion dollars being spent on that war. so here we are in a... trying to build a nation by all accounts that doesn't maybe want to be rebuilt or has no nation to build around with an infrastructure and economy that's not there. we are the economy of afghanistan. >> pelley: and that's not
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something, in your estimation, the american people should be doing? >> absolutely not. >> pelley: bob schieffer is our chief washington correspondent and anchor of "face the nation." what are the political realities the president addressed tonight. >> it was almost in his speech as if senator marchian wrote the last page. the president said, "it is time to focus on nation building here at home." i mean, that was the signal of how the priorities are shifting here, scott. i mean, yes, the military wants to go more slowly, and there's considerable criticism on the left from some-- from the right, on some military people tonight who say this is not a good strategy to be withdrawing this quickly because of the fighting that's going to come next summer. but the president's looking at these polls that say 56% of the american people, the majority, now want to leave afghanistan. that's justice the political reality here. >> pelley: bob, i wonder what you make of the fact the president says he's going to
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pull 33,000 troops out just weeks before the presidential election. >> well, i don't think that's a coincidence, scott. there's an election coming. >> pelley: and he's aware of that. thank you, bob. there is also medical news tonight about silicone breast implants. here in washington today, the f.d.a. said the implant are safe but they don't last very long. our dr. jennifer ashton is in her office in englewood, new who get them for breast reconstruction will need to have them removed within ten years. >> reporter: well, one reason, scott, may have to do with radiation therapy because women with breast cancer who have been treated with radiation and then go on to have implants, it's important to remember that radiation is very effective in killing the cancer but it also does damage to the healthy
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tissue, and that could increase the risk for things like scar tissue formation or asymmetry down the road. also, women could elect to have their implant revised because they want to change the size or the shape. and lastly, if the breast cancer recurs, that could require that the implant be removed in treating that recurrence. >> pelley: so how can women with breast implants monitor their safety? >> well, i think it's important for both women and their doctors to realize that these implants are not meant to last a lifetime, so both women and their doctors need to be on the lookout for things like pain or sagging or asymmetry in the future. also, any woman with breast cancer who is considering implants as a reconstructive option should absolutely speak to a reconstructive plastic surgeon before her initial breast cancer treatment because that could have bearing on her future reconstructive options. >> pelley: thank you, jennifer. disaster was narrowly averted when two planes carrying hundreds of passengers wound up on a collision course. in north carolina, people who
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were ordered by the government to be sterilized are telling their stories. and a rousing address by michelle obama bringing her "yes, we can" campaign to a people desperate for hope. we can start losing muscle -- 8% every 10 years. wow. wow. but you can help fight muscle loss with exercise and ensure muscle health. i've got revigor. what's revigor? it's the amino acid metabolite, hmb to help rebuild muscle and strength naturally lost over time. [ female announcer ] ensure muscle health has revigor and protein to help protect, preserve, and promote muscle health. keeps you from getting soft. [ major nutrition ] ensure. nutrition in charge! a fiber that dissolves completely,
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>> pelley: so how can women with breast implant coming up, disaster was narrowly averted >> the federal reserve said the economic recovery is indeed slowing down. >> it says the economy could grow as little as 2.7%. that news sent stock prices lower. the dow lost 80 point today. on monday evening, two big jetline liners came very close to colliding at high speed at kennedy international airport in new york. one pilot watching from another plane called it quite a show. that was an understatement as bob orr shows us. >> reporter: lufthansa flight 411 with 286 passengers bound for munich was speeding towards takeoff monday evening when the cockpit radio crackled with an urgent command. >> reporter: an alarmed air traffic controller in new york's j.f.k. tower saw another passenger jet about to stray into the path of the lufthansa airbus 340.
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>> reporter: the lufthansa pilot slammed on the breaks. >> reporter: and the pilot who witnessed the incident gave voice to everyone's fear. >> reporter: the egyptair boeing triple seven was supposed to turn left on the taxiway. but the egyptair pilot missed the turn, crossed the hold short line, and came within 250 feet of the active runway. the lufthansa flight stopped short of the intersection, but it was close. >> reporter: another pilot who watched the potential collision play out expressed relief with a bit of humor. >> reporter: but the f.a.a. is not laughing. while serious runway incursions
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have been dramatically reduced from 67 in 2000 to six last year, investigators want to know how this kind of lapse is still happening. bob orr, cbs news, washington. >> pelley: the head of the t.s.a. told congress today that he's changing the policy for screening children at airports. there was an uproar when a video turned up on the internet in april showing a six-year-old girl getting a pat-down in new orleans. today, t.s.a. chief john pistol said every effort will be made to reduce pat-downs for children, though they won't be eliminated entirely. north carolina is trying to make amends for a wrong committed years ago. we'll have that story in a moment. [ male announcer ] you sprayed them. thought they were dead. [ laughter ]
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>> pelley: there was a time in north carolina when if the state deemed you unfit to have children, it could have you sterilized. it happened to more than 7500 people. today, in raleigh, victims of the practice told their stories to lawmakers and kelly cobiella was there. >> say hello! >> reporter: at 57, elaine riddick has a house full of godchildren, great-nieces, and nephews, but only one child of her own, a son. when she was 14, riddick was raped.
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the day she gave birth, doctors sterilized her on orders from the state of north carolina. her illiterate grandmother signed the sterilization papers with an "x." >> i've always been able to take care of myself. i've never been promiscuous. so how can people use these things to describe a child that had been abandoned or that had been raped by the neighbor, and then again raped by the state of north carolina? >> reporter: what happened to elaine riddick in north carolina happened to more than 60,000 people in 32 states from the early 1900s to the 1970s. >> the people who were the focus of this kind of movement were people who were the dispossessed of society. they were poor people, and in some cases, simply people of color.
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>> they slandered me. >> reporter: north carolina is the first state to consider making amends with a cash payment-- $20,000 for each victim. it sounds to me like you're still... still... >> hurt? i am devastated. i am mad. i am mad! and i'm tired of hiding my feelings, and i want everybody to know what... who should pay. >> reporter: a decision on compensation could come some time next year, but, scott, lawmakers would still have to approve the funding, $69 million to pay the victims. >> pelley: kelly, thank you very much. in north dakota tonight, the souris river is more than seven feet above flood stage and rising. that forced more than 10,000 people in the city of minot to leave their homes. the river is suppose to crest there at record levels. first lady michelle obama borrowed an old campaign slogan as she challenged south africans to keep fighting for change.
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wyatt andrews has our story. >> yes, we can! what do you say? >> yes, we can! >> reporter: it's a side of the first lady we rarely see. >> you can be the generation. >> reporter: the rousing michelle obama challenging a group in south africa to lead all of africa forward starting with the treatment of women. >> you can be the generation to ensure that women are no longer second-class citizens. >> reporter: but it wasn't just what she said. it was where she said it. she was speaking in soweto, where the anti-apartheid movement was born. 35 years ago to the week, an estimated 10,000 protesters erupted from the slums of soweto, and police fired into the crowd, killing 23 people. soweto changed south africa, mrs. obama said, just like the civil rights movement changed america. >> the story of young people 20 years ago, 50 years ago, who risked and sacrificed everything
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they had for the freedom they deserved, it is because of them that i stand before you as first lady of the united states of america. ( applause ) >> reporter: nelson mandela's wife graca machel even called the first lady the queen of our world, meaning in the eyes of young black women, especially in africa, barack obama is important, but michelle obama is the world as it should be. >> thank you all so much. god bless you. ( applause ) >> reporter: wyatt andrews, cbs news, london. >> pelley: that's our special western edition of the cbs evening news. with thanks to the jones at a law firm for its window on the capitol, i'm scott pelley. for all of us at cbs news all around the world, good night. captioning sponsored by cbs captioned by media access group at wgbh
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your realtime captioner is linda marie macdonald. you know, in the opinion polls right now, everyone is thinking we're not doing our job and... >> not to mention plenty of people thrilled that you're not getting paid! how much money the state is saving with unpaid lawmakers and how long the free labor might last. the city budget may be running dry, but in san jose, there's still some money left to let kids splash around this summer. just ahead, why this is considered by some to be a form of crime prevention. i was shocked. i was completely shocked. >> just who should and should not be allowed on an airplane? tonight new pictures that have some seeing a double standard. good evening, i'm elizabeth cook in for


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