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tv   CBS News Sunday Morning  CBS  October 14, 2012 6:00am-7:30am PDT

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captioning made possible by johnson & johnson, where quality products for the american family have been a tradition for generations good morning. i'm charles osgood and this is sunday morning. it may be hard to believe, but this week marks the 50th anniversary of the cuban missile crisis. the soviet union had placed missiles on the island of cuba just 90 miles from the u.s. mainland. president kennedy and this nation were faced with a crisis of truly global dimensions. what happened and what didn't? that's the subject of our cover story to be reported by david
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martin. >> this government feels obliged to report this new crisis to you in fullest detail. >> reporter: 50 years ago, the world stood at the brink of nuclear war when the u.s. discovered soviet missiles in cuba. how powerful were these war heads? >> approximately 60 times the power of the bomb dropped on hiroshima. >> reporter: the cuban missile crisis ahead on sunday morning. >> osgood: when does crime pay? author patricia cornwell is writing about it in one of her many novels. this morning our martha teichner gives a read on what it takes to be a best selling crime writer. >> reporter: the size of the billboard should tell you how big a deal it is when patricia cornwell publishes a new crime novel. >> created the forensic genre. reporter: she creates murders, but could she solve one? >> you killed him or her just hypothetical. boom, boom, boom and you go like that and drop the knife it will
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be right there. >> reporter: we play stump the sleuth later on sunday morning. >> osgood: the osbourns aren't exactly your typical family but they certainly do stand out in a crowd. as lee cowan has discovered, they are never at a loss for words. >> reporter: sharon osbourn wasn't born into celebrity but she was born into the business. some think you didn't have much of a choice but to go into this line of work. >> i knew nothing else. hi, lisa. >> reporter: to her husband she's a lot of activity. >> she's on phone 24/7. the cell phone in her hand. >> reporter: like ozzie, both try to keep up with sharon osbourn later this sunday morning. >> osgood: some of us say ukelele. whatever you call it, the uke is a curious musical instrument.
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seth doane will tell us why it doesn't get much respect and how that may be changing. >> reporter: from something familiar to something unbelievable. that was it? >> that was the song that changed everything. >> that's the song. reporter: the ukelele unveiled ahead on sunday morning. >> osgood: with richard schlesinger we'll visit a memorial to president franklin delano roosevelt decades in the making. steve hartman introduces us to a traffic officer so popular folks seldom explain about a ticket. and faith salie is really worked up about the way more and more of us use the word "really" and more. first the headlines for this sunday morning the 14th of october, 2012. both president obama and his republican opponent mitt romney
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are spending the day preparing for tuesday night's debate on long island. romney is at his boston area home. mr. obama is at a resort in williams burg, virginia. millions of voters have already cast their ballots in the presidential race by voting early. the group human rights watch says syrian activists have posted videos online which provide evidence that government troops are using cluster bombs against the rebels. cluster bomb are banned by most countries because of the danger to civilians. the navy reports two of its ships collide off the east coast yesterday. no injuries were reported. the collision of an aegis cruiser, the san jacinto and a submarine the montpelier during what officials called routine training. after a night of slow but steady progress through los angeles streets the space shuttle endeavor is just about in position to launch the next chapter of its life. endeavor will be on display at
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the california science museum. in new mexico felix baumgartner it's try and try again. weather permitting, today could be the day he attempts to become the first skydiver to break the sound barrier. actor gary collins has died. although he had dozens of film and tv roles, he's perhaps best known for his years as master of ceremonies for the miss america pageant. gary collins was 74. the opening game of the american league championship series last night, the detroit tigers led the new york yankees 4-0 going into the bottom of the ninth inning only to see their lead disappear in dramatic fashion with two, two-run homers but in the 12th the tigers scored twice to win 6-4. the yankees lost not only the game but also their captain shortstop derek jeerter suffered a fractured ankle. the national league championship series between the giants and the st. louis cardinals starts tonight in san francisco. now for today's forecast.
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a general warm-up is underway across much of the country with some storms likely from texas up to new england. the warmer weather won't last long though. more seasonal temperatures will return by midweek. >> all ships of any kind bound for cuba...
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>> osgood: a half century ago for 13 days in the fall of 1962, the world stood on the brink of nuclear war. our sunday morning cover story national security correspondent david martin looks back at those 13 days in october. >> on act 14, a recon plane returns with the first hard photographic evidence indicating the presence of soviet offensive missiles in cuba. >> reporter: the picture that launched the cuban missile crisis. taken by a u2 spy plane flying at 60,000 feet on october 14, 1962. shown to president kennedy two days later by c.i.a. officers. >> medium-range ballistic missile launch site. two new military encampments. >> reporter: that briefing and other critical meetings during the 13-day crisis were secretly recorded and preserved for
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history. when the president saw that u2 photo, he had the same question you and i would have. >> reporter: faced with the prospect of nuclear-tipped missiles that could strike targets up and down the east coast of the u.s., many of the president's top military and civilianed advisors wanted to launch air strikes on the missile sites and follow up with an invasion of cuba. >> reporter: the president even prepared a speech announcing this attack. you can see it at the national archives where curator stacey has assembled a 50-year anniversary exhibit. >> so the first line of this speech would have gone, "this morning i reluctantly ordered the armd forces to attack and destroy the nuclear build-up in
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cuba." so i think these are the kinds of things that really bring home the fact of how closely actually we came. >> this government feels obliged to report this new crisis to you in fullest detail. >> reporter: the speech he did give stopped short of declaring war but not by much. >> it shall be the policy of this nation to regard any nuclear missile launched from cuba against any nation in the western hemisphere as an attack by the soviet union on the united states. requiring a full retaliatory response upon the soviet union. >> reporter: before he started a chain reaction that could lead to all-out nuclear war, the president needed better pictures of those missile sites, the kind that could only be taken by low-level reconnaisance flights. so on october 23, six navy jets -- one of them piloted by lieutenant gerald coffee -- took
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off from key west florida on an operation code named blue moon. >> flew across the straits of florida about 50 feet actually. when you pull up, the exhaust from the jet would make a big booster tail in the water. you're that low. >> reporter: officials from kruchev on down were denying any missile sites from cuba. but coffee could look down and see them with the naked eye. was it clear to you at that moment that these were really missile sites? >> absolutely. reporter: did you feel like it was a gotcha moment? >> we did because we knew that kruschev had been denying that there were any soviet muss ills in cuba. it was very grat tying to say, we just flew over them. >> reporter: the blue man pictures coffee's squadron took that day were shown to the president 24 hours later. the day after that, adlai
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stevenson, america's ambassador to the united nations showed them to the world and demanded an explanation from the soviet ambassador. >> you will have your answer in due course. >> i'm prepared to wait for my answer until hell freezes over if that's your decision. >> reporter: that same day the 25th of october, coffee was once again screaming over cuba at tree top level. >> unarmed, unescorted but fast and low. >> reporter: unafraid? i wouldn't say unafraid necessarily. but the excitement of doing something knowing that it was going to be really important i think overcame any sense of fear. >> reporter: what he found on that mission was a game-changer. >> i'm going to glance off to the left. i see what looks like a motor pool. it's half covered by camouflage netting and so on. just a bunch of vehicles that i couldn't really identify individually as to what they were but it looked important so
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i pulled real hard off to the side and made that sharp turn to the left. >> reporter: the cameras captured short-range frog missiles that could fire nuclear war heads against american soldiers and marines hitting the beach in cuba. 120,000 troops were gathering in florida but c.i.a. director john mccone told the president those short-range missiles were, quote, evil stuff that dramatically changed the odds for an invasion. >> so an invasion, whether or not it succeeded in taking out the missiles, really could have been a disaster. >> yeah. it could have sparked a nuclear confrontation. >> reporter: use the nuclear weapons first against the invading force. >> and then the united states would have had to retaliate somehow. >> reporter: afternoon there you go. >> yep. reporter: armageddon. yep. reporter: with u.s. warships blockading cuba, the crisis reached its peak on october 27 known to historians as black
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saturday. some of the missiles were now ready to fire. in the middle of another of the almost nonstop meetings at the white house, the secretary of defense received an alarming report. >> reporter: you could just hear the tension in their voices. >> yes. reporter: it is different from a recording. >> you can hear the pressure building. i think you do get a sense of even while these discussions are going on, the clock is ticking. time ticks away. the president says "because those missile sites are getting closer and closer to being operational." >> reporter: hanging over it all was a critical unknown. where were with the nuclear war heads that would go on top of the missiles? >> reporter: that mystery remains secret for more than
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four decades until historian michael dobbs found thousands of unpublished photos taken by the blue moon pilots. >> just sitting in the national archives waiting for a researcher to come and look at them. >> reporter: and there it was. in black and white. >> well, the most important photographs that i found were probably of what proved to be the main nuclear storage bunker for nuclear war heads on the island of cuba at a place which is a few miles south of havana. >> reporter: how powerful were these war heads? >> approximately 60 times the power of the bomb dropped on hiroshima. >> reporter: so one war head basically would have taken out washington. >> exactly. reporter: the photos showed the vans the soviet used to transport the war heads to their firing positions. >> i had actually talkd to one of the soviet officers who was responsible for preparing the
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missile. he told me that at the height of the crisis on black saturday they were within... they were ready to fire within two-and-a-half hours. >> reporter: but the very next day, kruschev announced he would withdraw the missiles in return for a promise the u.s. would never invade cuba. his words to his military are on display at the archives. "remove them as quickly as possible before something terrible happens." in the days after the crisis, president kennedy visited the blue moon squadron, personally congratulating each of the pilots. four years later, coffee was shot down over north vietnam spending seven years as a p.o.w. he's 78 now but you can still see the young navy lieutenant who took what historian dobbs calls the photographs that prevented world war iii. >> the guys that flew these missions are all a bunch of 20-somethings and 30-somethings. >> right. eporter: the boys of
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october. >> the boys of october, yeah, you could say that. ♪ winnie-the-pooh. >> osgood: coming up the bear facts. you know, because you been, you know, this is what you had been doing. you know, working, working, working, working, working, working. and now you're talking about, well you know, i won't be, and i get the chance to spend more time with my wife and my kids. it's my world. that's my world. ♪
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♪ winnie-the-pooh, winnie-the-pooh ♪ ♪ chubby little cubby all stuffed with fluff ♪ >> osgood: and now a page from our sunday morning almanac. october 14, 1926, 86 years ago
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today. the very sweet and sticky day for generations of young readers for that was the day winnie-the-pooh, by allen alexander, was published in great britain. here is edward bear coming downstairs now, bump, bump, bump on the back of his head behind christopher robin. he was edward bear in those opening lines but christopher robin soon nicknamed his stuffed friend winy the as he was ever known thereafter. he was named after a real bear winnipeg, winy for short at the london zoo and a pet swan named pooh that the author met on holiday. winy's constant companion was named after the author's real-life son. milne began writing stories after his son received a stuffed bear as a birthday present. he started collecting friends for pooh, namely piglet, tigger,
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eor, kanga and of course r oovment oovment. a steady stream of pooh stories have been published in almost every language. in 1961, the walt disney company bought the rights. >> stuck again. osgood: releasing a number of popular films. >> we'll get you out. no hurry. take your time. >> reporter: including winnie-the-pooh and the blustery day. ♪ bears love honey ♪ and i'm a pooh bear >> reporter: which won an academy award in 1969. a.a.milne died in 1956. his son christopher robin in 1996. but pooh lives on. you can even visit him, the original stuffed bear that started it all is on display at the new york public library. >> promise you won't forget me? ever? >> oh, i won't, christopher. i promise.
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>> osgood: countless children the world over will always have a friend in winnie-the-pooh. ♪ winnie-the-pooh, willy-nilly silly old bear ♪ >> osgood: ahead... freedom of speech everywhere in the world. >> osgood: tribute. we're sitting on a bunch of shale gas. there's natural gas under my town. it's a game changer. ♪ it means cleaner, cheaper american-made energy. but we've got to be careful how we get it. design the wells to be safe. thousands of jobs. use the most advanced technology to protect our water. billions in the economy. at chevron, if we can't do it right, we won't do it at all. we've got to think long term. we've got to think long term. ♪
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it was back in the 1970s that new york city approved plans for a memorial honoring president franklin delano roosevelt. finally set to be dedicated this week. mr. roosevelt's words etched in stone. what took so long? here's richard schlesinger of "48 hours." >> reporter: at the tip of new york's roosevelt island in the middle of the east river sits a small piece of land dedicated to big ideas. enduring themes of the island's name sake, franklin delano roosevelt's "for freed many" speech. >> reporter: it was f.d.r.'s call for basic human rights worldwide. the planet was being engulfed by world war. the new park is simple, almost stark, a granite and grass homage to the words of a great
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american president designed by a great american architect. >> you come up these big steps. reporter: the late louis kahn, nathaniel kahn's father. >> you spect a monumental statue of roosevelt perhaps very form formal. >> reporter: mounted on a horse. perhaps. but instead here you come and you look down there and what have you got? you get a one-on-one with the president. he's right there welcoming you. >> reporter: a visitor to the "for freedom's qua qua park is is drawn to the main event by the shape of the place triangular just 550 feet long. what some architects might have seen as a problem, louis kahn in his drawings made an advantage. a simple walk down a tree-lined path sets the mood. what are you meant to feel? >> i'll ask you, what are you feeling? >> here's the interesting thing. over there is, you know, the most populous city in the nation. but somehow it feels like we're,
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you know, in a park. >> good. it's working. >> reporter: and just past the bust of f.d.r., this is what louis kahn called simply "the room." open to the elements but devoid of distraction. the design almost forces the visitor to focus on the words. f.d.r.'s words delivered in january 1941. >> it was before the war began between the nazis and the russians. it was 11 months before pearl harbor. >> reporter: this man is a former ambassador, founder of the franklin and eleanor roosevelt institute and led the effort to build the park. >> as he gave the state of the union speech in 1941 to the congress, he ended it by saying that, "this is a terrible war that is being fought. and it will only have meaning if out of it we try to create a
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different world." that world, he said, has to be based on four essential freedoms. >> freedom of speech and expression. freedom of every person to worship god in his own way, freedom from want. the fourth is is freedom from fear. >> significant meaning of the four freedoms was that he addressed to it the world not just to americans because he ended everyone of those phrases with freedom of speech and expression for people everywhere. >> reporter: and now louis kahn's monumental tribute to the speech is about to open. even though it almost didn't get built. the project started in 1973, pushed by then new york governor nelson rockefeller. it was to be paid for in part by new york city.
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but before construction could begin, new york city went broke. nelson rockefeller left the governor's office to become vice president, and louis kahn, the architect with the vision for this place, died of a heart attack while carrying plans for the park in his briefcase. it began to look like all this would remain just a noble pipe dream. >> the office at 1501 walnut street was the last place i saw my father. >> reporter: then nine years ago, 30 years after the park was first commissioned, nathaniel kahn made a movie about about his father the architect and mentioned the f.d.r. park as a project that seemed to die when kahn did. >> the list of jobs that fell through and didn't get built kept getting longer and longer. >> reporter: the film helpd rekindle interest in finally building the park, enough interest to raise from private
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sources the $50 million it cost. to look around this room, this place, to feel him. it feels like his architecture. you know, after that many years, it... >> reporter: it means something. it means a hell of a lot. reporter: the structure is a at this timing tribute to the speech as clean and focused as f.d.r.'s words which are still inspiring even if they are, as yet, largely unfulfilled. >> osgood: ahead. i work as long as the characters are still talking to me. >> osgood: when crime pays. ask me what it's like when my tempur-pedic moves.
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author patricia cornwell has been making a killing writing about killings, all kinds of killings. martha teichner gives us a read on her prolific career. >> this is the patch which is the scales of justice and enlightenment. >> reporter: it's also on patricia cornwell's 3.5 million dollar helicopter. >> this is on clothing, jewelry. it's on stationary. it's on machines.
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>> reporter: the crest is for dr. k. >> hare s is an army green because she's always fighting. >> reporter: the fictional forensic pathologist cornwell created, whose high-tech crime solving skills have sold more than 100 million books. >> it's my way of saying thank you to this character who has given me such a life. do not pull on that. they're not for decoration or you will suddenly be gumby man in the back. >> reporter: the crest, the expensive toys. right away you find yourself wondering who is who here. patricia cornwell took up flying because one of her characters flies. there's always that kind of overlap. >> i created my characters, but they've also created me. i do things because of them. they do things because of me. it's a strange balance. >> reporter: but together their lives and hers have an outsized quality about them. note, the billboard in new york's times square. her next book, number 20, is out
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tuesday. but the patricia cornwell up there can't forget the child whose father walked out on christmas day when she was five. who was put in a foster home when her mother was hospitalized for depression. >> i learned to use my imagination as a coping skill because if the world was too painful, then i would make up my own. >> reporter: did you find that looking back as an adult that those kinds of ruptures left scars? >> they did. but you know what? i honestly wouldn't change a thing. i think that it has given me is a great deal of empathy. i still remember my mother sitting at the dining room table just desperate trying to figure out how she was going to pay the bills. i wanted so badly to take it away from her. i would go panning for gold in the creek behind the house. a little scavenger thinking i'm going to find treasure somewhere. then my mom won't be poor anymore. >> reporter: their neighbors up the hill in north carolina happened to be the rev. billy
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graham and his wife ruth. >> ruth graham just swept me off my feet in terms of being a friend. that was absolutely life altering because i thought if this woman sees something in me that makes it worth her spending her time on me, then maybe i'm not so bad. she gave me my first journal and said, "i want you to write. >> reporter: now cornwell uses her journals to take notes. >> this is going to the san diego medical examiner's office in 2011 so basically i'm describing gray clouds. so i can populate, you know, what i'm writing about with what it looks like just like a reporter does. >> reporter: this is her office in boston. >> i'm investigating gloves that you can't cut through with knife. you can't cut yourself with these because scarpetta might use those for something. >> reporter: cornwell has never before allowed journalists to see where she writes. how many hours do you work a day
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on writing? >> i work as long as the characters are still talking to me. >> reporter: kay scarpetta began talking to cornwell when she worked at the morgue in richmond, virginia. >> i thought, wouldn't it be interesting to have a woman character who works in such a dark place? when a really bad case comes into the morgue you almost feel like the weather is changing. you feel it in the air. it's like it's going to rain. >> reporter: post mortgage em, her first book was published in 1990. soon she needed body guards for crowd control at book signings. she was making tens of millions of dollars. the c.s.i. phenomenon had been born. on the best seller list. >> basically scarpetta created the forensic genre, the forensic thriller. now we're overwhelmed. you can watch autopsies on tv now. that has changed how i write. i give you a huge dose of forensic science and medicine
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but at the same time that's really not what story is about. the story is about what scarpetta is going through and how she gets to where she needs to be. >> reporter: and there we have the logo. but in every book scarpetta cooks, often her signature pizza. >> this is her way of taking off her armor when she comes home is to go in kitchen and to feed people. >> reporter: like wise patricia cornwell and her partner stacey gruber. >> smile. look like you like each other. >> reporter: no event goes untweeted. >> this will go to 300,000 people. >> reporter: gruber is a neuro scientist who also teaches psychiatry at harvard. cornwell met her doing book research. they married in 2005. >> i can't think of anything that has changed my life more dramatically than meeting stacey. we have so much fun coming up with imaginative technologies that i use in my books because she's a genius scientist.
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i'm sure i lost readers when people found out i was gay and i probably got readers because of it too. i just believe you can't lie. if you do, what you're really doing is disparaging a whole group of people because you're saying i don't want to be associated with you. that's just wrong. >> you just got flour all over the floor. >> reporter: watch them together. >> you made a bloody mess. she says okay. that's done. she throws her hands up and off she goes. it looks like a crime scene. >> i create crime scenes. that's what i do for a living. >> reporter: the proof is in the pizza. >> she just wants to wield the knife. >> for the record, i say while scarpetta is perfectly comfortable with anything no matter how sharp, i am not. >> reporter: but kay scarpetta is always the other person in every room. >> if you imagine like this is station one and scarpetta's medical examiner facility, her big autopsy room like this, this would be where she works. >> reporter: this was the model for scarpetta's facility. it's maryland's brand new
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state-of-the-art forensic medical center in baltimore. being shown off by michael eagle, who is in charge of information and technology here. >> compared to the very first book, how is this different from what existed in 1990? >> this is the jettisons. reporter: especially the giant whole body c.t. scanner used to perform lifeness autopsies. but if that isn't cool enough for you, look at this. why the horror movie make-up? because of the scene just upstairs at scarpetta house. >> we're not 100% sure if it's a triple homicide or a homicide. we're hoping you guys can help us out. >> reporter: maryland's forensic medical center recreates actual murders in order to train crime scene investigators. >> here's what's interesting about these blood drops they're completely circular which means they were dropped at a 90-degree
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angle. >> reporter: patricia cornwell donated scarpetta house as a way of saying thank you for help with her research. >> you killed him. you killed her. this is hypothetical. if you're then boom, boom, boom, boom and you drop that knife, it will be right there. >> reporter: she hasn't been coached. i would think this is double-murder suicide. i don't see signs of an intruder or struggle. this guy had no idea who hit him. >> how did she do? we were observing you from up the deck there. you pretty much nailed it. >> reporter: forensic investigator dan calhoun is fresh from playing a murder victim himself. >> it took us nine hours to come up with this and you solved it within an hour. >> reporter: and the corpses miraculously revived. >> next time she does it, kick her and fight. all right? >> reporter: patricia cornwell did say that unlike kay scarpetta she isn't fond of knives. but you could have fooled us.
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♪ get your add verbs here >> osgood: next really? than that though, here's me there's a kick to it. there's a pop. wahlalalalallala! pepper, but not pepper, i'm getting like, pep-pepper. it's kind of like drinking a food that's a drink, or a drink that's a food, zip zip zip zip zip! i'm literally getting zinged by the flavor. smooth, but crisp. velvety. kind of makes me feel like a dah zing yah woooooh! [ male announcer ] taste it and describe the indescribable. could've had a v8. woooo! could've had a v8. can it know when ite needs to be repaired? and when it doesn't? in industries like manufacturing and energy, they're using predictive analytics to detect signs of trouble helping some companies save millions on maintenance, because machines seek help before they're broken. and don't when they're not.
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you took action, you took advil®. and we thank you. contributor faith salie is really worked up by the use of a certain word really. i mean really? >> recently "new york times" critic expressed that he really has an issue with really as
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in... >> really? , congress? you held a congressional committee reproductive rights and you did not invite any women. really? >> really? eporter: then comedian jerry seinfeld an early adopter of the really wrote a public defense of the word summing up his defense with really. in case you don't watch much tv or spend any time under 40 really is the way to deliver a putdown. in today's abeef yaited world of texting and 140-character tweets this adverb says it all but adverbs aren't meant to say it all. they are meant to modify a verb, adjective or another adverb. they understand us things more vividly. really. the problem with really is that when it stands alone, it's an
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unimaginative repost. what if earlier generations had leaned on this iconic crutch? remember the famous exchange in which bessie brad dock said to winston churchill, sir, you are drunk to which he replied madam you are ugly but in the morning i shall be sober. if churchill had merely replied sober the world would have lost one of the great drunken comebacks of all time. we can only hope that really is having its moment because actually is is taking a breather. for the past decade you've probably heard the adverb actually in virtually every other sentence. actually i'm going to the market. in which case actually suggests that you're going food shopping is surprising or true that either our personal assistant always fetches your groceries or everything you've said before now is a lie. kids these days use actually so much that it literally kills me. did you catch that last adverb. did you catch it? did it come flying out of my mouth into your hand? i'm not actually perishing but i
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do feel like i die a little every time someone using literally to mean really the real kind of really not the really kind of really. if you are really cold, for example, you must put on a hat and gloves. if you are literally freezing to death you must use your frost bidden hands to die 911 and scrawl your last wishes in the snow that envelopes you. if you may succinctly finally really sum this up, i feel like a total fuddy duddy because i've just used the phrase "kids these days" like some kind of school marm who wants the hooligans off my grammatical lawn by it's not the kids' fault. ♪ get your adverbs here >> they just didn't get to learn adverbs in the old-fashioned groovy way that aged folks of my generation did.
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♪ i've got you under my skin >> osgood: ahead, the pursuit o,
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>> osgood: there's a trend that is sweeping china these days that truly has to be seen to be believed. you're about to. barry pederson has sent us this postcard from beijing. ♪ i've got you under my skin ♪ i've got you deep... >> reporter: this woman follows a careful morning routine. first applying four creams especially designed to lighten her skin. >> in china, there is an old
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saying that fairness covers 100 faults. >> reporter: then making special foods that she believes have skin lightening abilities. a special diet. what do you eat? >> milk and chinese food. if you eat dark like soy sauce, you will get dark. >> reporter: and keeping well hidden from the sun when she's outside. >> it shows that a woman takes good care of her skin and more people will be jealous of her. >> reporter: she might be forgiven for caring so much about her skin. she is, after all, the beauty director of the chinese language cosmo bride. tracking every new lightening cream pouring on to the market. >> white plus should be used twice a day. >> reporter: a trend that is one of the newest and oldest fashion statements in china.
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here's the new part. tv advertising is making sales of skin-lightening products a $2 billion a year business in china and still growing. in a country where a focus on beauty is one of the benefits of new-found wealth and where many chinese women think fairer skin makes it easier to get everything from a better job to a better boyfriend. and here's the old part. going back, say some, to 700b.c., as depicted in this 2006 film called "the banquet," a time when rich women at the imperial court used ground-up pearls as a white face powder to give them that light complex on. then, as now, fashion, driven by vanity, says hong kong professor frank de cotter who studies chinese culture. >> those who work outside, till
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the fields, of course, tend to acquire very dark complex on. whereas those inside -- nobles aristocracy -- highly value light skin as a result or lighter skin. women in europe, women in america tend to actually want to have a tanned skin whereas in china, what is wanted very much a clear complex on. >> reporter: and at a chinese beach, this will get a second look. the anti-sun mask. a full head and neck no tan system. for those with money to spend who want to take it a step further, there is another expensive fashion trend ready to help out. at the ever-care plastic surgery center in downtown beijing, this doctor shows off the before and after picture of noses reshaped and skin lightened with freckles gone thanks to laser treatments
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and whitening injections. >> no one would like to be call a yellow face woman. so we have to get rid of brown spots in order to have the color. >> reporter: which brings us back to the first woman. her magazine is a bastion of beauty making her one of china's arbiters of the perfect look. for you, what color are you trying to achieve? >> my ideal is to have even white luminous and smooth skin like the egg white of a boiled egg. >> reporter: perfect beauty that is all about being only skin deep. >> it happened. osgood: coming up, just the
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ticket. >> it's not that bad. ,,,,,,,,,,,,
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why is it that so many folks like los angeles traffic officer arthur simmons likes when he gives a ticket. >> reporter: this is l.a. sheriff's deputies elt onsimmons. i'll bet you don't like him already. see him there hiding in the shadows. why can't you catch real criminals you may be thinking. no wonder he has a record number of complaints. who wouldn't complain about a guy whose sole purpose in life is is to ruin your day. by the very nature of the business all l.a. county traffic cops can expect to get at least a few complaints every year. a lot of them are petty people just mad because they got a ticket. regardless they all get documented and placed in the officer's personnel file which is why captain pat maxwell was stunned when he started looking through simmons file. >> i said that's not possible.
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reporter: although he did see lots of commendations looking back over the last 20 years over the last 25,000 traffic stops captain maxwell couldn't find one complaint. a record. zero. >> i mean las vegas or m.i.t. could not give you the odds of the statistical probability of that. >> reporter: obviously he is doing something right. >> it has to be something. reporter: do you know what it is. >> no. reporter: you have no idea? until the captain told him, he didn't even know he had such a record let alone how he got it. >> reporter: so we trailed him for a day to see if we could figure out how he does it. the first thing i noticed was that he has this pitch perfect mix of authority. >> i need to take care of that. reporter: and diplomacy with none of the attitude that sometimes comes with a cop. >> sorry. that's okay. just be careful, all right. i'm here with you. i'm not up here. one thing i hate is to be looked down at. i can't stand it. i'm not going to look down at you. >> reporter: that's why in lieu of a lecture he gives most people the benefit of the doubt.
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>> it happens. reporter: of course they still get the ticket. just not the guilt trip. and drivers seem to appreciate that. >> you know it's not that bad. reporter: so much so that by the end some are downright submitten. >> it's your smile. you have a great smile. >> really? you're gigglal you novment. he's a nice guy. i mean, how can you be mad at that guy. >> reporter: apparently you can't. >> disarming. that's it. disarming. >> reporter: time after time ticket after ticket. >> never so happy to get a ticket in my life. >> reporter: we saw officer simmons melt away a polar ice cap of preconceptions. and his boss says there's a lesson in there for hard-nosed traffic cops everywhere. >> their excuse is well i give tickets all day long. i'm going to get complaints. well, that's not true. there's a way to do it. officer simmons is the way. >> reporter: certainly no complaints here.
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>> osgood: still to come. how many now? 14. osgood: talking the talk with sharon osbourn. >> osgood: and later, first string. y you want? can orencia help? [ woman ] i wanted to get up when i was ready, not my joints. [ female announcer ] could your "i want" become "i can"? talk to your doctor. orencia reduces many ra symptoms like pain, morning stiffness and progression of joint damage. it's helped new ra patients and those not helped enough by other treatments. do not take orencia with another biologic medicine for ra due to an increased risk of serious infection. serious side effects can occur including fatal infections. cases of lymphoma and lung cancer have been reported. tell your doctor if you are prone to or have any infection like an open sore or the flu or a history of copd, a chronic lung disease. orencia may worsen your copd.
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here's information you need to know. orencia is available in two forms, infusion and also self-injection. talk to your doctor to see if orencia is right for you. and see if you can change "i want" to "oh, yes i can!"
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>> i'm not one to be in a position to see people b.s. because i want to be in that position. that's not me. >> it's sunday morning on cbs, and here again is charles osgood. >> osgood: sharon osbourn of the talk show "the talk" is a talker all right. she's outspoken, on occasion outrageous but not talked out, not yet by any means. in this morning's sunday profile she talks to lee cowan. ready with the [bleep] button? let's go. >> reporter: to say sharon osbourn is colorful is about as big an understatement as her bright burgandy hair. >> you wanted it. you got it. now shut up.
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>> i would still like to have sex with you, mr. baldwin. i'm such a witch today but i'm loving it. >> reporter: from talk shows to talent shows. >> would you put a cork in it? reporter: she's the antidote to political correctness. >> i do not think that you should be allowed to breed, my dear. >> reporter: every story is is peppered with more than a hint of salty language. >> and i go what a crock of [bleep] >> reporter: but it's that honest, unfiltered four-letter way about her that hassles charmed many of her critics. having just turned 60 last week, she owns up to every word. >> you can't sit here and say, i didn't do that and i didn't know that wasn't me. yes, it was me. i did it all.
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>> reporter: did it all indeed. tv star, business woman, author, band manager, wife and mother. all with a man who is hardly a wall flower himself. >> if you [bleep], she'll come back. from hell. >> reporter: heavy metal super star ozzie osbourn has been at sharon's side for 30 years and is used to her frantic pace. >> it can be heavenly bliss. as soon as she walks in, every phone starts ringing. >> hi, lisa. reporter: it's been a while since we've seen this odd couple's antics together. >> [bleep] i have to get it. [bleep]. i have to get it and this one here. >> reporter: and very little has changed since they became the first family of reality tv. you're never off, are you?
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>> never off. [bleep] her rocker. >> what have you done with my gun, sharon? it's under the bed. >> reporter: it was ten years ago when their emmy-winning show the osbourns first aired. the highest rated series mtv had ever had. >> sharon! i love you all. i love you more than life itself. >> reporter: it offered a candid and sometimes funny look at the home life of sharon and ozzie. turn that [bleep] thing off. it's driving me mad. >> reporter: along with two of their children, kelly and jack. they put the real in reality television. sometimes a bit too real. how much do you think that show changed your life? changed your family's life? >> oh, my goodness me. it changedded our lives so much.
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our lives were never the same again. >> reporter: do you regret it? no. i am so happy that we stopped when we stopped. it was the right time. >> reporter: is there something that you'd like people to know about you guys that we don't know? >> not really. reporter: but it was heartwarming too. >> are you feeling all right? i feel fine. reporter: when sharon was diagnosed with colon cancer during the show, the cameras kept rolling. >> i watched my wife battle this cancer for nine months having three chemotherapy treatments a month for nine months. i'm watching my wife die in front of cameras. it started breaking me up. >> i had a responsibility to make my children feel safe so i carried on working as much as i could because if we had said cameras go, you know, winding down, it would have put a lot of
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fear into them. i didn't want them to think that i was anywhere near that stage. >> reporter: born sharon rachael levy in south london in 1952, she had always faced down the odds. her father, known as don arden, was an aggressionive and often shady music manager and promoter, less a good parent she says and more the al capone of pop. >> if you owed my father $500, he wouldn't sue you. he would get you by the neck, put a gun to your head or have you beaten up and say, now, give me my money. >> reporter: by age 15 she quit school and began working for her dad in the hard-core world of rock'n'roll. you have a pretty tough reputation too, right? >> because that's what i knew. if you don't do what i want you to do, i'll make you.
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>> reporter: especially being a woman was probably even that much tougher. >> it was tougher because i at first was the daughter of and then i was the wife of. and people would always think, oh, god she's here because of her father. really? do we have to talk to her? and if i'd have been a man they would never have done it. ever. >> reporter: to make up for that, you ended up like pushing someone down a staircase in some cases and things like that? >> yeah. on one case this guy who was a manager of another band when i walkd past him on a staircase, he was with some other guy and he smirked like, "jesus." i just turned around and i elbow him. he rolled all the way down the stairs. i'm like, "see ya." >> reporter: her father got the elbow too. when she felt that he had failed ozzie as a manager. sharon took over. >> i'm like your contract sucks. your lawyer sucked because he's
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really working for my father. we're not doing it. we're going. >> reporter: they fell in love and began a life of success and excess that nearly killed the both of them. >> everything was just extreme. you know, we'd love too much. we would fight too much. really a lot of it was alcohol-driven on both our sides. i remember ozzie and i had a fight. i threw a full bottle of scotch and i went like that. he was walking down a hallway. i thought i had killed him. >> reporter: hit him ride in the head. >> right at the back of the head. then he turned around, got me... got my shoulders slammed my head against a wall. my two front teeth fell out. >> pretty high highs and very low lows. >> reporter: how did you make it through it all? >> you just hold on, you know. it's easy to go i'm over. i'm out. good-bye. that's so easy.
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when you love someone, you've got to work it out. >> reporter: these days they are new grandparents. their mansion by los angeles by themselves. their kids have grown up and moved out. >> you come home and the house is empty and quiet. >> i love it. i absolutely love being quiet now. >> this is fantastic. she finds all this stuff. >> reporter: sharon's hobby is decorating. >> that's really creepy. reporter: even if ozzie can't keep it. >> i said to sharon, darling, it's a lovely house. ibuy it, can we at least let the paint dry. >> reporter: before you move again? >> yes. reporter: when she's not doing that, she's tending to her pack of pups. how many now? >> 14. reporter: she's nothing if not a multitasker both at home... >> we love you so.
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reporter: ... and at work. her daytime show "the talk" gives sharon a platform to say just about anything about everything. >> now that's what you need to do. >> that's right. reporter: as for judging those talent shows? >> and don't be sad, little ones, because it's my last show too. >> reporter: she says those days are gone for good. do you think she'll ever slow down? >> i hope so. i'm not getting any younger, you know. >> reporter: what is for sure though is without going quietly into that good night. after all quiet just isn't in the osbourn repertoire. >> i [bleep] [bleep] lied, beaten, everything you can think of in life. but here we jolly well are. >> osgood: just ahead. they sound more harp like.
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osgood: making beautiful music. >> versus more like a piano. me, explaining what i was doing at breakfast. and me discovering novolog mix 70/30 flexpen. flexpen is pre-filled with your pre-mix insulin. dial the exact dose. inject by pushing a button. no vials, syringes or coolers to carry. flexpen is insulin delivery my way. novolog mix 70/30 is an insulin used to control high blood sugar in adults with diabetes. do not inject if you do not plan to eat within 15 minutes to avoid low blood sugar. tell your healthcare provider about all medicines you take and all of your medical conditions, including if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. most common side effects include reactions at the injection site, weight gain, swelling of your hands and feet, and vision changes. other serious side effects include low blood sugar and low potassium in your blood. get medical help right away if you experience serious allergic reactions, body rash, trouble with breathing,
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osgood: once upon a time the ukelele was a big instrument on this network. in the hands of godfree. ♪ yes, sir, that's my baby now ♪ which brings us to seth doane and the story of an instrument with real pluck. >> reporter: so much sound from just four strings. in the skilled hands of this man, the ukelele is transformed. >> by the end of the performance you want to feel like, man, i gave it my all.
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( cheers and applause ) >> reporter: the 35-year-old virtuoso pick up the instrument when he as just four. as a young man he was relegated to performing at weddings and coffee shops. until this video first hit you-tube in 2005. he still has no idea who posted his rendition of george harrison's "while my guitar gently weeps." >> oh, my gosh. this is crazy. what is this? back then my name wasn't even on this video. it was just asian ukelele player. >> reporter: grabbing 10 million hits to date, you-tube says it's one of its first viral videos. >> you play so many different types of music. and your range goes from classical to jazz to blues. can you give a little example of
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a couple of different... >> sure. a combination that is very familiar to people. if you like something more rock'n'roll. ♪ you know, some blues in there. ♪ this is like a flamenco kind of strum. ♪ >> reporter: from his home base in hawaii, he has become an ambassador of sorts for this instrument. and no question it needed a little help. remember tiny tim? ♪ tiptoe through the window >> reporter: historically
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speaking why has the ukelele gotten so little respect? >> it's small. so it's easy to pick on. it's always been marketed as the instrument that anybody can play. you don't have to have any knowledge of music. >> reporter: at the university of hawaii, we met jim, a ukelele historian. yes, there is such a thing. his great great grandfather made some of the first ukes here in this last state to join the union. we think of the ukelele as distinctly hawaiian. in fact it's not. >> no. i'm still surprised that so many people are surprised that it's originally a portuguese instrument from the tiny little island of ma deer a which is off the coast of morocco >> reporter: they were brought to these shores by portuguese immigrants in 1879. at the time the hawaiian gazette referred to them as strange instruments, a cross between a guitar and a bang owe.
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but hawaiians quickly adopted what was originally called a machet and began crafting the ukelele out of a native wood called koa. that tradition is carried on here where a four-generation family business still makes the ukelele from that now trademark koa wood. >> if you're going to pick up one of these, you're picking up one of the best >> reporter: casey, the grandson, does the detail work. this factory once employed a number of deaf people because folks here believed the secret to perfecting these instruments was in how the wood vibrated. it was a concept taught by casey's father. >> you couldn't hear anything anyway because the machines were so loud. so what they did was he taught them how to feel the wood. so when he found one that was the right pitch or right sound, he gave it to them and said this is what i want.
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>> reporter: today their ukes are priced from around $800 to more than $5,000 for custom ones. like those designed by jake. in hawaiian the words mean flee jumping. it's no mystery why the name stuck. your fingers jump from string to string. ♪ tiny bubbles >> reporter: but not everyone. take, for instance, the slowest ever rendition of tiny bubbles. roy, jake's one-time teacher, assured me that i could learn to play in just a few minutes. >> that's two minutes and 12 seconds. you might not make the three-minute deadline. there you go. >> when people see it or they
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see other people playing it, they immediately think, oh, that looks like fun. oh, i can do that. let me try. >> reporter: the instrument seems even more fun in a place like hawaii. where the ukelele provides the perfect sound track to paradise. ♪ [ male announcer ] how do you turn an entrepreneur's dream... ♪ into a scooter that talks to the cloud? ♪ or make 70,000 trades a second... ♪ reach one customer at a time? ♪ how do you help doctors turn billions of bytes of shared information... ♪
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into a fifth anniversary of remission? ♪ or turn 30-million artifacts... ♪ into a high-tech masterpiece? ♪ whatever your business challenge, dell has the technology and services to help you solve it. [ feedback ]
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attention, well, everyone. you can now try snapshot from progressive free for 30 days. just plug this into your car, and your good driving can save you up to 30%. you could even try it without switching your insurance. why not give it a shot? carry on. now you can test-drive snapshot before you switch. visit today. >> osgood: here's a look at the week ahead on our sunday morning calendar. on monday 24-year-old rob wilson makes his debut as the price right's first-ever male model. tuesday, president obama and republican opponent mitt romney square off for their second presidential debate. thursday millions worldwide including a huge number of californians are expected to take part in the great shakeout,
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the world's largest-ever earthquake drill. and on friday 78-year-old franky valley marks the 50th anniversary of the four seasons' first hit. ♪ sherry, sherry baby >> osgood: with a limitedded performance on broadway. >> i want to become a doctor. it's my dream >> osgood: it happened this week. militants in pakistan tried to
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assassinate a 14-year-old girl. the taliban said it targeted the girl for her outspoken insistence that education isn't just for boys. >> they cannot stop me. i will get my education if it in home, school or any place. >> osgood: when she survived being shot in the head the group vowed it would again try to kill her. the cruelty set off a wave of anti-taliban demonstrations across pakistan. a group of islamic claireics even issued a fatwa condemning the would-be a sass ins of a child. the girl is still on a ventilator but said to be in stable condition. it's unclear whether she sustained permanent brain damage. now we go to bob scheiffer in washington for a look at what's ahead on "face the nation. "good morning, bob. >> schieffer: good morning,
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charles. what did happen in libya? and why was the administration so slow to say it was the work of terrorists? >> osgood: thank you, bob scheiffer. we'll be watching. next week here on sunday morning... >> we take the paper. we basically shred it by phrase and compare it in real-time against a copy of the internet. >> osgood: ... the price of plagiarism. and... ♪ i waited till i saw the sun >> osgood: miss nora jones. ♪ i don't know why i didn't come ♪ to help those affected and to cover cleanup costs. today, the beaches and gulf are open, and many areas are reporting their best tourism seasons in years. and bp's also committed to america. we support nearly 250,000 jobs and invest more here than anywhere else. we're working to fuel america for generations to come. our commitment has never been stronger.
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j.d. power and associates has ranked quicken loans "highest in customer satisfaction in the nation." call or go to to discover for yourself, why we're engineered to amaze. we leave you this sunday morning at the san juan national forest in colorado, home of the nation's newest national monument. chimney rock. goñoññ
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i'm charles osgood. please join us again next sunday morning. until then i'll see you on the radio. captioning made possible by johnson & johnson, where quality products for the american family have been a tradition for generations captioned by media access group at wgbh ,,
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