tv KPIX 5 News at 630pm CBS December 7, 2013 6:30pm-7:01pm PST
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>> pelley: moments after word came thursday evening that nelson mandela had died at his home in johannesburg, mourners started flocking there to stand vigil, though they did not stand still. there were tears, but there was song, as well. it was fitting that mandela's life was celebrated in song; music was a key part of that life. jazz master and cbs news contributor wynton marsalis gives us a listen to the soundtrack of a revolution. ♪ >> marsalis: nelson mandela's lifelong fight for freedom in south africa had a secret weapon: music. ♪
one of the masters of that music, and a man who knew nelson mandela, is legendary horn man hugh masakela. we got together to remember mandela and the music that propelled a people's revolution. ♪ i was honored to join him in playing "nkosi sikelel' iafrica," the south african national anthem. ( playing "nkosi sikelel' iafrica" ) >> marsalis: the story of nelson mandela-- in jail for such a long time, comes out to lead the country-- what was the perception of mandela when he was in jail? were you aware of him and what he had done? >> we all knew him, i mean, from when we were children. when he went to jail, he made
one of the greatest speeches ever, you know. >> "freedom is a thing i stand for, and i'm prepared to die for it." and then he disappeared for 27 years. >> marsalis: mandela went to prison; musicians like hugh and mariam makeba were forced into exile. >> ( singing ) >> marsalis: but both outside and inside the country, music powered the struggle... >> ( singing ) >> marsalis: ...and became the soundtrack of a nation. >> ( singing ) >> marsalis: we're talking about the power of music, that music can change minds and hearts and enlighten people.
>> well, the greatest example, south africa, is probably the only country historically where music was a major catalyst for its freedom. >> marsalis: can you give me an example of the type of song that you're talking about? >> there was a young man called mimi, and he was a major, major activist, and he was going to be hung. >> marsalis: but on his way to the gallows, mimi delivered a message to hendrik verwoerd, the architect of apartheid. >> ( sings "watch out, verwoerd" ) and all the people in the cells as he was going joined him. >> ( group sings "watch out, verwoerd" ) >> as this guy is going to his death and he's saying to verwoerd, "watch out, verwoerd. here comes the black man." i mean, to me, it's like the most... one of the most...
probably the most powerful, like, liberation song i've ever heard. >> marsalis: it's powerful hearing you sing it here today. >> ( singing "watch out, verwoerd" ) >> marsalis: "watch out, verwould" became one of the earliest anthems for freedom. the music moved and motivated an embattled people. our civil rights movement had its music, but, in south africa, hundreds of songs rang out. >> ( singing "nanku" ) >> marsalis: "nanku," recorded by mariam makeba, kept alive the spirit of mandela and others locked up on robben island. >> the nation's feelings when those guys were all in jail was how much they missed them. ( sings "nangue" )
and it says they are all rotting in jail. while we need them here, they are all rotting in jail. >> ♪ nan gue nanque nangue, mandela oh, my africa. ♪ >> you know, nobody had seen him since the 1960s. by the '80s, you were not allowed to say his name in south africa. ♪ >> marsalis: in the mid 1980s, hugh was far from home, making music in botswana when nelson mandela reached out to him. in 1985, he was still incarcerated. he took the time to write you a letter on your birthday. >> he just had this letter
smuggled out of prison. here's a guy who's been in jail for 20 years, but he's writing to me, giving me encouragement. i just stood there and said, "wow," and i then went to the piano and i started singing. ( sings "bring back nelson mandela" ) my wife came to me and said, my wife came to me and said, "when did you write that song?" "i don't know," i said. "nelson mandela just sent it to me." ( sings "bring back nelson mandela" ) >> marsalis: by the late 1980s, the entire world tuned in to south africa's struggle. >> free mandela! ♪
>> free nelson mandela! >> marsalis: through music, the cry for justice was heard by millions >> hugh masekela! >> and we did "graceland" with paul simon. we played for more than ten million people who'd never heard of south africa or apartheid before. and it really grabbed the world. ♪ bring back nelson mandela bring him back home to soweto ♪ i want to seem him walking hand in hand with winnie mandela. ♪ >> a salute for mister nelson mandela, walking strongly into freedom. >> the day he walked out of jail, when he came out like this, the whole world screamed.
>> africa, amandla! >> marsalis: when you are thinking of mandela, what is the thing that made him able to galvanize everything around him? >> when mandela spoke, when he spoke for us, it wasn't about him; it was about his people. >> we are one country, we are one people. >> mandela really epitomizes the symbolism of our freedom. he became the mouthpiece, and the amplifier and the horn. ( plays national anthem on trumpet ) no matter how busy your morning you can always do something better for yourself.
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inspired millions, but what will the next generation carry forward from mandela's legacy? we asked two young south african film students to share their dreams and show us their world. >> my south africa is one built with strength and hope. >> a country that's always moving and bettering itself. >> i'm nina oosthuizen, 25 years old, grew up in johannesburg. grew up half english, half afrikaans. i'm very much proudly south african. >> my name is lulama bongobi. i'm 24 years old. i'm zulu. proudly black. proudly african, i must say. >> well, i'm still trying to figure out this camera. i'm on assignment for cbs news, and i want to invite you into my world. i grew up in a very white, very
staunch afrikaans militarized school. i didn't have any black friends. you knew the townships were there. you drove by them, but that was a whole different world, a world that didn't touch mine. >> the township that i grew up in is called montedebe. it's far away from town. it's far away from all the good things in life. that's where i grew up. that's where i was born. there was no tar road; it was just dust. there was running water in the house, but there was no hot water. it was a four-room house, so we didn't have a toilet inside. food was... i guess it was enough. but it wasn't the best. when i was growing up, i didn't understand the apartheid and white people are treating us bad.
it really made me feel hurt to see how black people were treated. i'm still slowly getting over it. >> there was a culture of fear towards anyone of color, which is ironic because i had two mothers-- my mother and our maid, christina. this is christina. who basically raised me when my parents had to go work. so, this is basically my second mother. it's very ironic in a sense of we feared black people, or colored people, yet they were the people raising the kids. >> i first heard the name nelson mandela when i was really young- - a great warrior, this tall, you know, well-spoken man that everybody loves. >> nelson mandela, for me, was known as a terrorist. when they released him from
jail, we were scared. he's coming to lead this movement, and, of course, the afrikaaners are going to be fearful because what have we been doing all that time? >> my grandmother always said that life was better in the apartheid. it was better. they had jobs, they could work, but they weren't free. >> you'll always find a lot of guilt in my age group with afrikanners. that's just something we won't get rid of. we grew up in a time where we were too young to really do anything about apartheid, but we were too old not to understand what was being done. >> i do not trust white people. if a white person comes up to me and says, "lulama, i will give
you water," and they actually do give me water, it's not easy for me, lulama, as a black person, to believe them. but i do see the good in them. >> okay, so, i'm here at the mall. i was going to go meet my dad. this is the famous photographer, also my father. my dad worked as a photographer and journalist. he worked in sports for one of the right-wing newspapers. my dad met nelson mandela a couple of times when going to photograph him. what i remember about that is him telling me stories, saying, "old man, when are you going to retire now?" and nelson mandela said to my dad, "when you retire, old man." it was quite a fun relationship in that sense, and that really opened my eyes. if my dad has such positive feedback, something's wrong with what i was thinking about black people. the generation after me are quite oblivious to apartheid. it's so nice, it's so refreshing. they don't care if you're black
or white or this or that. that's exactly what was fought for, and that's what's happening. but, my worry about south africa is a lot of crime. and that's the problem about south africa is you feel hopeless. what are you going to do? not go out? stay behind your high walls? it's constantly there, and that's the sad part. this is what we do to keep secure. we have mean, mean dogs... ( dogs growling ) ...and spikes so that no one can get in. >> i would love to see the black people in south africa not being poor anymore. there are visions that i see in south africa that are not nice. i see people, people who i grew up with, they are sitting in the corner. they're not doing anything about their lives. so, it hurts me. i don't want to lie. in south africa, i'm really worried about where we're going as a country, especially with
the leaders that we have. the way i see it now in south africa is that they just telling us what we want to hear, but not giving me what i want to hear. >> how nelson mandela changed my life was to see that it's also okay to be a white person. it's also okay to be afrikaans. >> now that mandela's gone, are we going to start the war again? as a white man, are you going to now start and want to bring back the apartheid? so, there's that silence that no one is saying. >> there's been a big rumor amongst the afrikaners that the day that nelson mandela dies is the day that the black people are going to take up arms against the whites. but there's no way that would happen. i don't believe that for a second. >> nelson mandela does make me
become a better person. having a dream like i do for africa and for any other black person in africa-- or white person in africa-- it doesn't mean much if i don't actually fight for it and actually die for it. >> he was madiba. what that means is, he was the father of the country. he really took us all, just put his arms around us and said, "hey, you know, you had your squabbles. it's okay." so, for him to be gone is... ( sigh ) ...something that's going to keep south africa quite sad yet hopeful for quite some time. it's donut friday at the office. and i'm low man on the totem pole.
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>> pelley: nelson mandela's funeral will be sunday, december 15. but before that, there will be a national memorial service on tuesday. then, on thursday and friday, his body will lie in state so south africans and people all over the world can pay their respects. president obama will lead the american delegation attending the services.
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