tv CBS Evening News With Scott Pelley CBS October 20, 2015 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT
>> pelley: a big change for millions of women. new guidelines for when they should be screened for breast cancer. also tonight, candidate in waiting biden is not waiting to go after the front-runner. >> we've had two great secretaries of state, but when i go, they know that i'm speaking for the president. >> pelley: a black motorist breaks down on a florida highway and winds up dead, shot by a cop. and we'll go back to the future. >> wednesday, october 21, 2015. >> pelley: because the future is about to arrive. captioning sponsored by cbs this is the "cbs evening news" with scott pelley. >> pelley: this is our western edition. we begin tonight with a story that could affect virtually every woman.
today the american cancer society revised its guidelines for screening for breast cancer, a disease that kills 40,000 american women every year. it now says that women should get their first mammogram years later than previously recommended. we asked our dr. jon lapook what's behind this change. >> ready? >> reporter: ready or not, today 49-year-old kimberly taylor finally got her first mammogram. >> i really took the advice of the doctor at first in consideration, but it was very confusing. >> reporter: in recent years medical groups have disagreed about when to start screening and how often to do it. a major task force suggested mammography every other year starting at 50. the american cancer society previously recommended annual screenings beginning at 40. today's new guidelines recommend women of isk be screened annually starting at 45, then every two years starting at 55. dr. kevin oeffinger of memorial
sloan kettering cancer center chaired the guidelines panel. >> from 45 on we felt that annual mammography gave us our best chance of both reducing premature mortality as well as balancing out the potential harms associated with mammography. >> reporter: those harms include false alarms leading to unnecessary biopsies and surgery. estimated lifetime risk of dying from breast cancer is 2.7% with no screening and 1.8% to 1.9% with today's new guidelines. the cancer society left room for screening women younger than 45. >> between 40 and 44 breast cancer is less common. so the risk for false positive so we felt that needs to be an informed, shared position between women and their health care provider. >> reporter: women in higher risk groups would need more aggressive screening depending on the severity of the risk, but for routine screening, today's guidelines narrow the gap between the cancer society and the major task force advising the government.
a better consensus may lessen the current confusion. >> pelley: jon lapook, thank you, doctor. an unusual number of rare cancers has the centers of disease control investigating in a community outside st. louis, missouri. and vinita nair is following that. >> you'll never forget the moment they tell you, we found legions on your lung and liver. >> reporter: mary osckso has stage four lung cancer. we met in her backyard with six of her neighbors. every one of these people has cancer or lost a parent and child. >> it was loaded with kids and it was young families. >> we all played outside, played flashlight tag and kicked the can. >> reporter: their neighborhood park is now padlocked while the army corps of engineers removes low-level radioactive waste discovered below the topsoil. jenelle wright was one of the first neighbors who noticed the common illnesses when former
classmates reconnected on facebook. >> if we did not have social media, we would not have put this together. >> reporter: the group put together this map showing 2,700 instances of cancer. >> within a six-house radius, a knew two people with brain cancer, one a child and another a young brother. i thought, that is really odd. >> reporter: the area where they live includes coldwater creek. for decades sites near the creek were used to store radioactive waste from america's nuclear weapons program. the waste came from st. louis's mallinckrodt chemical company, which the government hired to process uranium. tens of thousands of barrels of nuclear waste, many open to the elements, contaminated the soil in the nearby creek. >> what you see is an environmental health disaster unfolding slowly over decades.
>> reporter: county health director faisal khan says identifying a true cancer cluster is very difficult, but he says what's happening in north county needs long-term study. >> the rates of appendix cancer, which is relatively rare, we see about 800 cases across the nation year wide to, find seven or eight cases in one zip code or one small geographic area is rather unusual. >> reporter: currently engineers are testing the rest of the 15- mile creek. it will take years to be completed, years mary osckso doesn't have. >> my husband and i have had to sit down at night and have discussions on do i want to be cremated or buried. i want to be buried in north county. that's one thing i told him. i do not want to be buried where the soil is. >> reporter: several residents have filed a class action lawsuit against mallinckrodt and other companies that handled the uranium. it is very early in the legal
process, and mallinckrodt told us the company worked under the direction of the u.s. government and at no time did mallinckrodt own any uranium or its by- products. the atomic energy commission, which hired the clean-up company, no longer exists, so we're seeking comment from the department of energy and, scott, we will continue to follow this story. >> pelley: vinita, thank you very much. vinita nair. today the u.s. and russia agreed on ways to keep their warplanes separated over syria. the agreement sets up a hot line between the forces. the u.s. and russia are supporting opposite sides in the syrian civil war. thousands of refugees fleeing that war and the war in afghanistan are now being pursued by winter. in eastern europe, many are stranded in slovenia, cold and hungry, after croatia and hungary closed their borders. the refugees' destination is western europe.
desperate parents are now breaking up their families to save their children. charlie d'agata reports that 15,000 kids have applied for refuge in sweden. >> reporter: the ferry from germany broke through the gloom of a thick morning fog, leaving behind the heavy shroud of danger and uncertainty. among the new arrivals are a record number of teenagers traveling on their own. in sweden, children who qualify for asylum are granted residency, $275 a month, an education and a place the live. so many have arrived, this school has now become a transit center, a hangout for some of the thousands of adolescents on their own from afghanistan and syria. some are barely teenagers, like omar wahibbi from damascus. 13 years old. >> yes. >> reporter: and you came by yourself, alone? >> yes. >> reporter: omar told us his
parents made the decision when the war wouldn't let up. they said at least in sweden he wouldn't die. "my mother was crying," he said. "she was very upset i was leaving." >> reporter: do you remember the last thing your mother and father said when you left? >>"they said i should go," he told us. "and they hope one day to see me in sweden." for many that's the aim, to be granted asylum and then bring their families over, too. matilda brinck larsen is the social worker who runs the transit center. she says many of the children are traumatized when they arrive. >> if someone put his eyes on me, i have to put my papers away and just sit for a moment to share his story, and even if we don't have the same language, he can speak to me with his eyes, with his expression. >> reporter: she and her colleagues are trying to give them hope for a better future.
so when you grow up, you want to be a doctor? >> yeah. >> reporter: that's a big dream. >> yes. >> reporter: because of the increased numbers, scott, the asylum process can now take more than a year. now, they stay in transit centers for a number of weeks before they're sent off to places like empty nursing homes like when we visited or foster homes, but sweden is struggling to keep up with the demand. >> pelley: remarkable story. charlie d'agata reporting from sweden tonight. charlie, thank you. today in the holy land a palestinian aimed his car at a crowded bus stop and then tried to stab israelis. he was shot and killed. the renewed violence broke out a month ago after false rumors that israel was taking over jerusalem's holiest islamic site. some of the palestinian attackers are children and barry petersen spoke with the father of one of them. >> reporter: the video inflamed palestinians and shocked many israelis. a wounded palestinian boy in the street. an israeli man screams, "die,
die! another urges police to shoot him. it started when 13-year-old amend and his cousin chase israelis on the street, seriously wounding a 13-year-old jewish boy. hassan ran at police and was shot dead. acmed was hit by an israeli patrol vehicle and fell, stunned and badly wounded. but his father won't believe his son is a terrorist. if the israelis say that your son did this, will you believe them? "no," he says. i will not believe them. he's a child." in his first american television interview, manashra talks of a youngster who sleeps on a tom and jerry pillow. what did you feel? "my heart broke when i heard it," he said. "he's just a child. even if you see a dog or a cat
injured in the street, you help them. i don't understand how the israelis think." ahmed was hospitalized by the israelis. he's now in their custody and denying he tried stab anyone. and, scott, he's so far the youngest palestinian involved in these attacks over the last several weeks. >> pelley: barry petersen in jerusalem. barry, thanks. in politics today, vice president joe biden sounded more like a presidential candidate talking up his foreign policy credentials, doing some rewriting of his own history and firing a shot over the bow of the democratic front runner. here's nancy cordes. >> reporter: the vice president never mentioned hillary clinton by name, but it was all too clear the comparison he was making when he said this about his stature overseas. >> i will get sent to go speak to putin or go speak to whomever, and it's because the secretary of state, we've had
two great secretaries of state, but when i go, they know that i am speaking for the president. >> reporter: for the second day in a row, biden eluded to clinton's joke at last week's debate that republicans are her enemies. >> i still have a lot of republican friends. i don't think my chief enemy is the republican party. >> reporter: clinton may not be his chief enemy, but she is his biggest obstacle, a new national poll out today has clinton leading a third-place biden by 38 points. today he left her out of his story about the raid on osama bin laden's compound in 2011. clinton has always claimed she was a strong proponent, but not in biden's telling of it. >> there are only two people who were definitive, and were absolutely certain, leon panetta said go, and bob gates, who has already publicly said this, said don't go. >> reporter: back in 2012, biden admitted he had argued against the raid.
>> mr. president, my suggestion is don't go, we have to do two more things to see if he's there. but today he told a different story. >> i told him my opinion, that i thought he should go, but follow his own instincts. >> reporter: it's possible biden is trying the tweak his role in that pivotal decision in advance of a presidential run, but, scott, even president obama has said publicly that the vice president was skeptical about the operation that killed bin laden. >> pelley: nancy cordes in the washington newsroom tonight. nancy, thank you. cbs news will bring you the next democratic debate with or without joe biden from drake university in des moines, iowa, saturday november 14th at 9:00 eastern time. the debate will not be including former senator jim webb of virginia. he dropped out of the race today. webb is considering running as an independent. a stranded motorist is shot to death by a cop, and now the family is demanding answers. a man runs into trouble by running to catch a plane.
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>> i left him. he gave me a high-five. he said, "thank you. thanks for helping me out, coming out of your way." >> reporter: some time around 3:00 a.m., 38-year-old officer nouman raja arrived. the palm beach gardens police department said in a facebook statement it has since deleted "nouman raja on duty in a plainclothes capacity in an unmarked police vehicle stopped to investigate what he believed to be an abandoned vehicle. as the officer exited his vehicle, he was suddenly confronted by an armed subject. as a result of the confrontation, the officer discharged his firearm, resulting in the death of the subject." officer raja was not wearing a body camera and his cruiser had no dashboard camera. he joined the force six months ago. police say they did find a handgun at the scene where jones was killed and records show he had bought it three days earlier. the officer involved remains on administrative leave, scott, while a separate police agency investigates the shooting.
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that's huge for my bottom line. what's in your wallet? next at six. weather talent appears at wx center with generic pinpoint filling monitor then we take special >> pelley: we end tonight... tomorrow. jim axelrod now with a movie whose time has come. >> reporter: after his wedding day and the day his daughter was born -- >> wednesday october 21, 2015. >> reporter: -- tomorrow has always been the most important day on bob gale's calendar, exactly what you'd expect from the writer and co-producer of the "back to the future" movies. what's your relationship with this day on the calendar? >> forever and ever it will be known as "back to the future" day. how great is that? >> reporter: the trilogy traveled to past, present and future in a delorean. the day michael j. fox's marty
mcfly visited the future was, well, tomorrow. some things gale and his team got right. don't these look just like google glasses? and isn't that skyping on a flat-screen tv? >> how is it hanging, mcfly? >> reporter: in your mind, what's the coolest thing you got right? >> the coolest thing that's happening is the hover board thing. the hover board thing was a total flight of fancy. every kid in the world wanted one, and now we've got packs with a magnetic hover board. >> reporter: on the other hand, there is not a smartphone in sight, but fax machines, they're everywhere. fax machines. >> yeah, yeah, we blew that. they were so ubiquitous when we wrote it. >> read my fax! >> reporter: and while there is no "jaws 19" and no black and decker hydrator, bob gale predicted something no one outside chicago ever would have.
>> cubs win world series. >> reporter: as of tonight, the dream of getting that prediction right is still alive. >> the cubs might get in the world series, and they high win it. that's absolutely nuts. >> it is. >> reporter: and you love it. >> of course. how could you not love it? >> reporter: three decades ago, bob gale took a stab at the future for all to see. >> one of the things that gave us permission to let our minds go wild was to say, look, we know we're going to get this wrong, because nobody ever gets it right. >> reporter: now with the future officially upon us, his vision made a movie that positively timeless. jim axelrod, cbs news, new york. >> pelley: and that's the "cbs evening news" for tonight and tomorrow. for all of us at cbs news all around the world, good night. captioning sponsored by cbs captioned by media access group at wgbh
access.wgbh.org intersection... the latest accident caught on video... the push to make the crossi only on 5, cameras on a dangerous bay area intersection. the latest accident caught on camera. and the push to make the crossing safer. new at 6:00, from gang member to millionaire philanthropist. how one south bay man got his life together and is now giving back. >> and victims of their own success. why some people in wine country say the vineyards need to limit visitors. good evening. there are new calls tonight to do something about one of the most dangerous intersections in fact east bay. pedestrians have been hit several times at east 17th and fruitvale in oakland. the latest happened just last night. only on "5", our joe vazquez found out just how risky it is to cross the street. joe. reporter: i got to tell you this video is jarring to watch. and what makes it even more
heartbreaking is this intersection is a repeat offender. traffic is fast but at least during school hours pedestrians crossing the intersection of fruitvale and east 17th get help. >> i have seen people almost got hit. >> reporter: after the crossing guard went home last evening around 6:30 a man got hit and seriously hurt by a car speeding through the intersection. it was caught on video at the market. keep your eye on the man getting out of this white car. he is going to walk to the corner, stand at the crosswalk for a while, then try to cross. >> he doesn't see this car. hard to watch. cars sometimes don't adhere to the crossing coming in at high speeds. >> reporter: people crossing here are in constant danger. >> it has to stop. you know, it's an elected official and it's a neighbor. i live right around the block. >>is has to stop.