tv State of the Union Address CBS January 12, 2016 6:00pm-7:31pm PST
captioning sponsored by cbs from washington here is scott pelley. >> pelley: good evening. this will be the president's seventh and final state of the union address. and it is likely to be the last time he speaks before a joint session of congress and the president's also mindful this could be the last time he'll have so large a national audience. mr. obama will be taking what you might call a valedictory lap as he heads into his last year in the white house, and the nation's attention begins to shift to the election to succeed him. we are watching live pictures of the house chamber now.
the sops shaking hands with members of the supreme court. preparations for the president's speech were interrupted today by a development in the persian gulf. iran detained 10 u.s. navy sailors after their small boat strayed into iranian territory. secretary of state kerry, who you just saw there, said tonight they will be released soon. the house chamber has a new look tonight. the speaker, paul ryan, is presiding over his first joint session. he'll be introducing the president. joining me to watch, listen, and share their thoughts are "cbs this morning" cohost norah o'donnell, and john dickerson, our cbs news political director and anchor of "face the nation." john what, are you looking for tonight? >> dickerson: well, the president tonight, scott, is going to talk about the future, but it's not the future of next year, not a future in which he and the legislators will try and make some gains and do some business. no, he's going to talk about the future of the next five to 10 years, and he's going to frame
this as a test. america is undergoing change, and in the past, they have-- there have been two roads you can take. one is the road where people are fearful of change and people demagogued that fear and scared people, and the other is the road the president will offer, and that's one in which people embrace change, and it will be a message of hope, his argument basically ending his presidency with that message of hope, the same one he came in with. >> pelley: and we are expecting the president in the chamber in the next four or five minutes as the room continues to fill. norah o'donnell, what are you expecting tonight? >> o'donnell: well, as the lame duck president, this is more about legacy than legislation. he's not going to be able to accomplish much with this republican congress in the final years. and so white house advisers that i spoke with said this is not a to-do list for the congress before him. this is more a broad appeal to americans about what they can accomplish in the future. as john mentioned, the next five to 10 years. this is vintage obama tonight. this is less about small ball
and little pieces of legislation. this is larger the ideals, that message of hope and change. he'll want to come full circle in his final year in office. and then i think we should be mindful we're in the midst of the 2016 presidential race. this state of the union is much earlier than it has been in years passed. why? because we have a republican and democratic debate at the end of the week. we have an iowa caucus three weeks away. but this president will not shy from politics. he will mention that, and he will also, i think, give a slight dig at donald trump, who has on his cap, "want to make america great again." as one white house adviser said, this president believes america is great now. >> pelley: the first lady there standing in her box with the governor of connecticut, governor malloy. or margaret brennan has been at the white house all day as the president put the final touches on the speech. margaret, what went into all this? >> reporter: well, scott, we know the president went through at least half a dozen drafts of this speech, one coming through at 3:00 a.m. this morning. and what aides say is that the
president is, in many ways, treating this final state of the union address as if it were his first. that is, he's going to sound a lot like candidate obama-- hope and change, a pushback against some of the negativity that the white house has-- the president has heard from republican candidates on the campaign trail. he is going to really focus in and try to tap into that very same sense of frustration among americans. that is, people who feel they've been rigged against by broken political system, left by the wayside by a global economy that's changing quickly and leaving them without jobs, and a world order that looks disorderly, not like the cold war era but this new international order, and the president's going to say, "i have a plan for that, and it's about collective action." >> pelley: margaret, thanks very much. also on capitol hill, nancy cordes, our veteran capitol hill correspondent. nancy. >> reporter: scott, paul ryan, the new speaker of the house, took a pretty dim view this morning of what he expects the
president will say tonight. he said the president will probably say that the state of the economy is strong. ryan said, no, the economy is a mess. foreign policy is a mess. he said he expects that the president will have a very glossy rendition of the past six or seven years, and that he'll put up strawmen only to knock them down, something that ryan argued was intellectually lazy. >> pelley: nancy, thank you very much. and there is the new speaker of the house, paul ryan of wisconsin, the passing of the torch to a new generation for republican leadership in the house. we understand the president is coming to the door shortly, and we will be hearing from the house sergeant at arms, paul irving, making the official announcement that the president has arrived. >> mr. speaker, the president of the united states! ( applause )
>> pelley: now, veteran watchers of the state of the union address know that this is going to go on for a while. the president is going to be coming down the aisle there in the 159-year-old house chamber, greeting just about everybody he can. and in fact, if history is any guide, some of these members of congress and senators have spent an hour or two or three in those locations, just so they could get the best possible position to say hello to the president. let's listen in for just a moment. >> happy new year. good to see you. good to see you. thank you. we're going to get there.
we're going to get there. happy new year. >> you, too. >> thank you. great to see you. happy new year. appreciate-- well, i just talked to roy about it. good. nice to see you. >> pelley: this is a chance for each of these people to lobby the president for about 15 seconds on whatever their pet project might be. >> hey, sam. >> pelley: mitch mcconnell, the leader of the republicans in the senate, right behind the president as he makes his way down the aisle. >> happy new year. good to see you. good to see you. good to see you. happy new year. happy new year. happy new year. hey, you! how are you? happy new year. great to see you. >> pelley: greeting the members of the supreme court, jon roberts right there, the
chief justice of the united states. and coming up soon will be members of the president's cabinet. a hug from ruth bader ginsberg, associate justice of the supreme court. sonia sotomayor, who was pointed to the court by the president. and there's general dunford, joseph dunford, the chairman of the joint chiefs of staff, the highest ranking military officer in the united states, a marine corps general and fairly new to the job. nancy cordes, both the president and speaker ryan have talked about finding areas of common ground, and in fact, before the turn of the new year, they did pass a budget and got a highway bill passed. what other areas of common ground might there be? >> reporter: well, we asked speaker ryan about that this
morning, scott, the things he thought he might be able to work with the president on the in year ahead, and that list of the woefully short. there were actually just two things on the list. one was appropriations bills, spending bills. that's something congress has to do anyway. and the second was criminal justice reform. speaker ryan said that as we get into the campaign season, it's going to get harder and harder for the two sides to work together. n, pelley: john dickerson, as you're watching this, what's your thought? >> dickerson: well, the white house is offering an olive branch a little bit to paul ryan, talking about that package deal you mentiond and how the president appreciated it, but also talking about how paul ryan has expressed an interest in doing something about poverty. ryan last weekend hosted a poverty summit for republican candidates, and the president is saying he'd like to work with him on that issue, which is very close to his heart. >> pelley: president handing copies of his speech to the vice president, the speaker of the house. here is president obama's final state of the union address.
>> members of congress, i have the high privilege ask the distinct honor of presenting to you the president of the united states. ( cheers and applause ) >> thank you so much. thank you. thank you. thank you very much. please, have a seat. thank you. mr. speaker, mr. vice president, members of congress, my fellow americans. tonight marks the eighth year
that i've come here to report on the state of the union. and for this final one, i'm going to try to make it a little shorter. ( applause ) i know some of you are antsy to get back to iowa. ( laughter ) ( applause ) i've been there. i'll be shaking hands afterwards if you want some tips. ( laughter ) i understand that because it's an election season, expectations for what we will achieve this year are low. but, mr. speaker, i appreciate the constructive approach that you and other leaders took at the end of last year to pass a budget and make tax cuts permanent for working families, so i hope we can work together this year on some bipartisan
priorities, like criminal justice reform and helping-- ( applause ) and helping people who are battling prescription drug abuse and heroin abuse. ( applause ) so who knows? we might surprise the cynics again. but tonight, i want to go easy on the traditional list of proposals for the year ahead. don't worry. i've got plenty, from helping student learn to write computer code to personalizing medical treatments for patients, and i will keep pushing for progress on the work that i believe still needs to be done-- fixing a broken immigration system. ( applause ) protecting our kids from gun violence. equal pay for equal work. paid leave.
raising the minimum wage. all these things, all these things still matter to hardworking families. they're still the right thing to do. and i won't let up until they get done. but for my final address to this chamber, i don't want to just talk about next year. i want to focus on the next five years, the next 10 years and beyond. i want to focus on our future. we live in a time of extraordinary change, change that's reshaping the way we live, the way we work, our planet, our place in the world. it's changed the promises amazing medical breakthroughs, but also economic disruptions that strain working families. it promises education for girls
in the most remote villages, but also connects terrorists plotting an ocean away. it's change change that can broaden opportunity or widen inequality. and whether we like it or not, the pace of this change will only accelerate. america's been through big changes before-- wars and depression, the influx of new immigrants, workers fighting for a fair deal, movement to expand civil rights. each time, there have been those who told us to fear the future, who claimed we could slam the brakes on change, who promised to restore past glory if we just got some group or idea that was threatening america under control. and each time, we overcame those
fears. we did not, in the words of fears. we did not, in the words of lincoln, adhere to the dogmas of the quiet past. instead, we thought anew, and acted anew. we made change work for us, always extending america's promise outward to the next frontier, to more people. and because we did, because we saw opportunity where others saw peril, we emerged stronger and better than before. what was true then can be true now. our unique strengths as a nation, our optimism and work ethic, our spirit of discovery,
our diversity, our commitment to rule of law, these things give us everything we need to ensure prosperity and security for generations to come. in fact, it's in that spirit that we have made progress these past seven years. that's how we recovered from the worst economic crisis in generations. ( applause ) that's how we reformed our health care system and reinvented our energy sector. ( applause ) that's how-- that's how we-- that's how we delivered more care and benefits to our troops coming home and our veterans.
( applause ) that's how we-- that's how we secured the freedom in every state to marry the person we love. ( applause ) but such progress is not inevitable. it's the result of choices we make together. and we face such choices right now. will we respond to the changes of our time with fear, turning inward as a nation, turning
against each other as a people or will we face the future with confidence in who we are, in what we stand for, and the incredible things that we can do together. so let's talk about the future. and four big questions that i believe we as a country have to answer, regardless of who the next president is or who controls the next congress. first, how do we give everyone a fair shot at opportunity and security in this new economy? ( applause ) second, how do we make technology work for us and not against us, especially when it comes to solving urgent challenges like climate change? ( applause )
third, how do we keep america safe and lead the world without becoming its policemen? ( applause ) and finally, how can we make our politics reflect what's best in us and not what's worst? ( applause ) let me start with the economy and a basic fact. the united states of america, right now, has the strongest, most durable economy in the world. ( applause ) we're in the middle of the strongest streak of
private-sector job creation in history. ( applause ) more than 14 million new jobs, the strongest two years of job growth since the 1990s, an unemployment rate cut in half. our auto industry just had its best year ever. ( applause ) that's just part of a manufacturing surge that's created nearly 900,000 new jobs in the past six years. and we've done all this while cutting our deficits by almost three-quarters. ( applause ) anyone claiming that america's economy is in decline is
pedaling fiction. ( applause ) now, what is true and the reason that a lot of americans feel anxious is that the economy has been changing in profound ways, changes that started long before the great recession hit, changes that have not let up. today, technology doesn't just replace jobs on the assembly line, but any job where work can be automated. companies in a global economy can locate anywhere, and they face tougher competition. as a result, workers have less leverage for a raise. companies have less loyalty to their communities, and more and more wealth and spectacular is concentrated at the very top.
all these trends have squeezed workers, even when they have jobs, even when the economy is growing, it's made it harder for a hardworking family to pull itself out of poverty, harder for young people to start their careers, tougher for workers to retire when they want t to. and although none of these trends are unique to america, they do offend our uniquely american belief that everybody who works hard should get a fair shot. for the past seven years, our goal has been a growing economy that also works better for everybody. we made progress, but we need to make more. and despite all the political arguments that we've had these past few years, there are actually some areas where
americans broadly agree. we agree that real opportunity requires every american to get the education and training they need to land a good-paying job. the bipartisan reform of no child left behind was an important start, and together we've increased early childhood education, lifted high school graduation rates to new highs, boosted graduates in fields like engineering. in the coming years, we should build on that progress by providing pre-k for all. ( applause ) offering every student the hands-on computer science and math classes that make them job ready on day one. we should recruit and support more great teachers for our kids. ( applause )
and we have to make college affordable for every american. ( applause ) no hardworking student should be stuck in the red. we've already reduced student loan payments to 10% of a borrower's income, and that's good, but now we've actually got to cut the cost of college. ( applause ) providing two years of community college at no cost for every responsible student is one of the best ways to do that, and i'm going to keep fighting to get that started this year. ( applause ) it's the right thing to do.
but a great education isn't all we need in this new economy. we also need benefits and protections that provide a basic measure of security. it's not too much of a stretch to say that some of the only people in america who are going to work the same job in the same place with a health and retirement package for 30 years are sitting in this chamber. ( laughter ) for everyone else, especially folks in their 40s and 50s, saving for retirement or bouncing back from job loss has gotten a lot tougher. americans understand that at some point in their careers in this new economy, they may have to retool. they may have to retrain, but they shouldn't lose what they've already worked so hard to build in the process. that's why social security and medicare are more important than
ever. we shouldn't weaken them. we should strengthen them. ( applause ) and for americans short of retirement, basic benefits should be just as mobile as everything else is today. that, by the way, is what the affordable care act is all about. it's about filling the gaps in employer-based care so that when you lose a job or you go back to school or you strike out and launch that new business, you'll still have coverage. nearly 18 million people have gained coverage so far. and in the process-- ( applause ) in the process, health care
inflation has slowed, and our businesses have created jobs every single month since it became law. now, i'm guessing we won't agree on health care any time soon. but-- a little applause back there. just a guess. but there should be other ways parties can work together to improve economic security. say a hardworking american loses his job. we shouldn't just make sure that he can get unemployment insurance. we should make sure that program encourages him to retrain for a business that's ready to hire him. if that new job doesn't pay as much, there should be a system of wage insurance in place so that he can still pay his bills. and even if he's going from job to job, he should still be able
to save for retirement and take his savings with him. that's the way we make the new economy work better for everybody. i also know speaker ryan has talked about his interest in tackling poverty. america is about giving everybody willing to work a chance, a hand up. and i'd welcome a serious discussion about strategies we can all support, like expanding tax cuts for low-income workers who don't have children. ( applause ) but there are some areas where we just have to be honest. it has been difficult to find agreement over the last seven years. and a lot of them fall under the category of what role the government should play in making sure the system's not rigged in favor of the wealthiest and
biggest corporations. ( applause ) and it's an honest disagreement. and the american people have a choice to make. i believe a thriving private sector is the life blood of our economy. i think there are outdated regulations that need to be changed. there is red tape that needs to be cut. ( applause ) there you go. yeah. but after years now of record corporate profits, working families won't get more opportunity or bigger paychecks just by letting big banks or big oil or hedge funds make their own rules at everybody else's
expense. ( applause ) middle-class families are not going to feel more secure because we allowed a tax on collective bargaining to go unanswered. food stamp recipients did not cause the financial crisis. recklessness on wall street did. immigrants aren't the principal region wages haven't gone up. those decisions are made in the board room that all too often put quarterly earnings over long-term returns. it's sure not the average family watching tonight that avoids paying taxes through offshore accounts. ( applause ) the point is, i believe that in this new economy, workers and
start-ups and small businesses need more of a voice, not less. the rules should work for them. and i'm not alone in this. this year, i plan to lift up the many businesses who figured out that doing right by their workers or their customers or their communities ends up being good for their shareholders, and i want to spread those best practices across america. that's part of a brighter future. in fact, it turns out many of our best corporate citizens are also our most creative, and this brings me to the second big question we as a country have to answer: how do we reignite that spirit of innovation to meet our biggest challenges? 60 years ago, when the russians beat us into space, we didn't
deny sputnik was up there. we didn't argue about the science or shrink our research and development budget. we built a space program almost overnight and 12 years later, we were walking on the moon. ( applause ) that spirit of discovery is in our d.n.a. america is thomas edison and the wright brothers and george washington carver. america is grace hopper and katherine johnson and sally dede. america is every immigrant and entrepreneur from boston to austin to silicon valley racing
to shape a better future. ( applause ) that's who we are. and over the past seven years, we've nurtured that spirit. we've protected an open internet and taken bold new steps to get more students and low-income americans online. we've launched next-generation manufacturing hubs and online tools that give an entrepreneur everything he or she needs to start a business in a single day. but we can do so much more. last year, vice president biden said that with a new moonshot, america can cure cancer. last month, he worked with this congress to give scientists at the national institutes of health the strongest resources that they've had in over a decade. ( applause )
so tonight i'm announcing a new national effort to get it done and because he's gone to the mat for all of us on so many issues over the past 40 years, i'm putting joe in charge of mission control. ( cheers and applause ) for the loved ones we've all lost, for the families that we can still save, let's make america the country that cures cancer once and for all. what do you say, joe? ( applause ) let's make it happen. medical research is critical. we need the same level of
commitment when it comes to developing clean energy sources. ( applause ) look, if anybody still wants to dispute science around climate change, have at it. you will be pretty lonely. because you'll be debating our military, most of america's business leaders, the majority of the american people, almost the entire scientific community, and 200 nations around the world who agree it's a problem and intend to solve it. ( applause ) but-- but even if, even if the planet wasn't at stake, even if 2014 wasn't the warmest year on record, until 2015 turned out to be even hotter, why would we want to pass up the chance for american businesses to produce and sell the energy of the future? ( applause )
listen, seven years ago, we made the single biggest investment in clean energy in our history. here are the results. in fields from iowa to texas, wind power is now cheaper than dirtier, conventional power. on rooftops from arizona to new york, solar is saving americans tens of millions of dollars a year on their energy bills, and employs more americans than coal, in jobs that pay better than average. we're taking steps to give oomeowners the freedom to generate and store their own energy, something, by the way, that environmentalists and tea partiers have teamed up to support. and, meanwhile, we've cut our imports of foreign oil by nearly 60% and cut carbon pollution
more than any other country on earth. ( applause ) gas under two bucks a gallon ain't bad, either. now we've got to accelerate the transition away from old, dirtier energy sources, rather than subsidize the past, we should invest in the future, especially in communities that rely on fossil fuels. we do them no favor when we don't show them where the trends are going. and that's why i'm going to push to change the way we manage our oil and coal resources so that they better reflect the cost they impose on taxpayers and our planet, and that way, we put
money back into those communities and put tens of thousands of americans to work building a 21st century transportation system. ( applause ) now, none of this is going to happen overnight. and, yes, there are plenty of entrenched interests who want to protect the status quo. but the jobs we'll create, the money we'll save, the planet we'll preserve, that is the kind of future our kids and our grand kids deserve. and it's within our grasp. climate change is just one of many issues where our security is linked to the rest of the world. and that's why the third big question that we have to answer together is how to keep america
safe and strong without either isolating ourselves or trying to nation build everywhere there's a problem. i told you earlier, all the talk of america's economic decline is political hot air. well, so is all the rhetoric you hear about our enemies getting stronger and america getting weaker. let me tell you something, the united states of america is the most powerful nation on earth. period. ( applause ) period. it's not even close. it's not even close. it's not even close. we spend more on our military than the next eight nations combined. our troops are the finest fighting force in the history of
the world. ( applause ) no nation attacks us directly or our allies because they know that's the path to ruin. surveys show our standing around the world is higher than when i was elected to this office, and when it comes to every important international issue, people of the world do not look to beijing or moscow to lead. they call us. ( applause ) so, i think it's useful to level-set here.
because when we don't, we don't make good decisions. now, as someone who begins every day with an intelligence briefing, i know this is a dangerous time. but that's not primarily because of some looming superpower out there, and it's certainly not because of diminished american strength. in today's world, we're threatened less by evil empires and more by failing states. the middle east is going through a transformation that will play out for a generation, rooted in conflicts that date back millennia. economic headwinds are blowing in from a chinese economy that is in significant transition. even as their economy severely contracts, russia is pouring
krsources into prop up ukraine and syria, client states they saw slipping away from their orbit. and the international system we built after world war ii is now struggling to keep pace with this new reality. it's up to us, the united states of america, to help remake that system. and to do that well, it means we've got to set priorities. priority number one is protecting the american people and going after terrorist networks. ( applause ) both al qaeda and now isil pose a direct threat to our people
because in today's world, even a hand full of terrorists who place no value on human life, including their own, can do a lot of damage. they use the internet to poison the minds of individuals inside our country. their actions undermine and destabilize our allies. we have to take them out, but as we focus on destroying isil, over-the-top claims that this is world war iii just play into their hands. masses of fighters on the back of pickup trucks, twisted souls plotting in apartments or garages, they pose an enormous danger to civilians. they have to be stopped, but they do not threaten our national existence. that, that is the story isil wants to tell. that's the kind of propaganda
they use to recruit. we don't need to build them up to show that we're serious, and we're sure don't need to push away vital allies in this fight by echoing the lie that isil is somehow representative of one of the world's largest religions. ( applause ) we just need to call them what they are-- killers and fanatics who have to be rooted out, hunted down, and destroyed. ( applause ) and that's exactly what we're doing. for more than a year, america has led a coalition of more than
60 countries to cut off isil's financing, disrupt their plots, stop the flow of terrorist fighters, and stamp out their vicious ideology. with nearly 10,000 air strikes, we're taking out their leadership, their oil, their training camps, their weapons. we're training, arming, and supporting forces who are steadily reclaiming territory in iraq and syria. if this congress is serious about winning this war and wants to send a message to our troops and the world, authorize the use of military force against isil. take a vote. ( applause ) take a vote. but the american people should know that with or without
congressional action, isil will learn the same lessons as terrorists before them. if you doubt america's commitment or mind to see that justice is done, just ask osama bin laden. ask-- ( applause ) ask the leader of al qaeda in yemen who was taken out last year or the perpetrator of the benghazi attacks, who sits in a prison cell. when you come after americans, we go after you. and it may take time, but we have long memories and our reach has no limits. ( applause ) our foreign policy has to be focused on the threat from isil and al qaeda, but it can't stop
there. for even without isil, even without al qaeda, instability will continue for decades in many parts of the world, in the middle east, and afghanistan and parts of pakistan and parts of central america and africa and asia. some of these places may become safe havens for new terrorist networks. others will just fall victim to ethnic conflict or famine, feeding the next wave of refugees. the world will look to us to help solve these problems, and our answer needs to be more than tough talk or calls to carpet bomb civilians. that may work as a tv soundbite, but it doesn't pass muster on the world stage.
we also can't try to take over and rebuild every country that falls into crisis. even if it's done with the best of intentions. that's not leadership. that's a recipe for quagmire, spilling american blood and treasure that ultimately will weaken us. it's the lesson of vietnam. it's the lesson of iraq. and we should have learned it by now. ( applause ) now, fortunately, there is a smarter approach, a patient and disciplined strategy that uses every element of our national power. it says america will always act, alone if necessary, to protect our people and our allies. but on issues of global concern,
we will mobilize the world to work with us and make sure other countries pull their own weight. that's our approach to conflicts like syria, where we're partnering with local forces and leading international efforts to help that broken society pursue a lasting peace. that's why we built a global coalition with sanctions and principal diplomacy to prevent a nuclear armed iran, and as we speak, iran has rolled back its nuclear program, shipped out its uranium stockpile, and the world has avoided another war. ( applause ) that's how-- that's how we stopped the spread of ebola in west africa. ( applause ) our military, our doctors, our development workers, they were
heroic. they set up the platform that then allowed other countries to join in behind us and stamp out that epidemic. hundreds of thousands, maybe a couple of million lives were saved. that's how we forged a trans-pacific partnership to open markets and protect workers and the environment and advance american leadership in asia. it cuts 18,000 taxes on products made in america. which will then support more good jobs here in america. with t.p.p., china does not set the rules in that region. we do. you want to show our strength in this new century, approve this agreement. give us the tools to enforce it. it's the right thing to do. ( applause ) let me give you another example. 50 years of isolating cuba had failed to promote democracy.
it set us back in latin america. that's why we restored diplomatic relations, opened the door to travel and commerce, positioned ourselves to improve the lives of the cuban people. ( applause ) so if you want to consolidate our leadership and credibility in the hemisphere, recognize that the cold war is over. lift the embargo. ( applause ) the point is, american leadership in the 21st century is not ray choice between ignoring the rest of the world, except when we kill terrorists, or occupying and rebuilding whatever society is unraveling. leadership means a wise application of military power,
and rallying the world behind causes that are right. it means seeing our foreign assistance as a part of our national security, not something separate. not charity. when we lead nearly 200 nations to the most ambitious agreement in history to fight climate change, yes, that helps vulnerable countries, but it also predicts our kids. when we help ukraine defend its democracy or colombia resolve a decades-long war, that strengthens the international order we depend on. when we help african countries feed their people and care for the sick it's the right thing to do, and it prevents the next pandemic from reaching our shores. right now, we're on track to end the scourge of h.i.v. aids. that's within our grasp, and we have the chance to accomplish the same thing with malaria, something i'll be pushing this
congress to fund this year. ( applause ) that's american strength. that's american leadership. and that kind of leadership depends on the power of our example. that's why i will keep working to shut down the prison at guantanamo. it is expensive. it is unnecessary. and it only serves as a recruitment brochure for our enemies. ( applause ) there's a better way. that's why we need to reject any politics, any politics that targets people because of race or religion. ( applause ) let me just say this-- this is
not a matter of political correctness. this is a matter of understanding just what it is that makes us strong. the world respects us not just for our arsenal. it respects us for our diversity and our openness and the way we respect every faith. his holiness pope francis told this body from the very spot that i'm standing on tonight that to imitate the hatred and violence of tyrants and murderers is the best way to take their place. when politicians insult muslims,
whether abroad or our fellow citizens, when a mosque is vandalized or a kid is called names, it doesn't make us safer. that's not telling it like it is. it's just wrong. it diminishes us in the eyes of the world. ( applause ) it makes it harder to achieve our goals. it betrays who we are as a country. ( applause ) "we the people." our constitution begins with
those three simple words, words we've come to recognize mean all of the people, not just some. words that insist we rise and fall together. that that's how we might perfect our union. and that brings me to the fourth and maybe most important thing that i want to say tonight. the future we want, all of us want opportunity and security for our families, a rising standard of living, a sustainable, peaceful planet for our kids-- all that is within our reach. but it will only happen if we work together. it will only happen if we can have rational, constructive debates.
it will only happen if we fix our politics. a better politics doesn't mean we have to agree on everything. this is a big country with different regions, different attitudes, different interests. that's one of our strengths, too. our founders distributed power between states and branches of government and expected us to argue, just as they did, fiercely over the size and shape of government, over commerce and foreign relations, over the meaning of liberty and the imperatives of security. but democracy does require basic bonds of trust between its citizens. it doesn't-- it doesn't work-- if we think the people who disagree with us are all motivated by malice.
it doesn't work if we think our political opponents are unpatriotic. or are trying to weaken america. democracy grinds to a halt without a willingness to compromise. but when even basic facts are contested or when we listen only to those who agree with us, our public life whithers when only the most extreme voices get all the attention. and most of all, democracy breaks down when the average person feels their voice doesn't matter, that the system is rigged in favor of the rich or the powerful or some special interest. too many americans feel that way right now. it's one of the few regrets of my presidency, that the rancor
and suspicion between the parties has gotten worse instead of better. i have no doubt, a president with the gifts of lincoln or roosevelt might have better bridged the divide, and i guarantee, i'll keep trying to be better so long as i hold this office. but, my fellow americans, this cannot be my task or any president's alone. there are a whole lot of folks in this chamber, good people, who would like to see more cooperation, would like to see a more elevated debate in washington, but feel trapped by the imperatives of getting elected, by the noise coming out of your base. i know. you've told me. it's the worst-kept secret in washington. and a lot of you aren't enjoying being trapped in that kind of
rancor. but that means if we want a better politics-- and i'm addressing the american people now-- if we want a better politics it's not enough to change a congressman or change a senator or even change a president. we have to change the system to reflect our better selves. i think we've got to end the practice of drawing our congressional districts so that politicians can pick their voters and not the other way around. ( applause ) i believe we've got to reduce the influence of money in our politics so that i hand full of families or hidden interests can't bankroll our election.
and if our existing approach to campaign finance reform can't pass muster in the courts, we need to work together to find a real solution because it's a problem. and most of you don't like raising money. i know. i've done it. we've got to make it easier to vote, not harder. ( applause ) we need to modernize it for the way we live now. this is america. we want to make it easier for people to participate. and over the course of this year, i intend to travel the scri to push for reforms that do just that. but i can't do these things on my own. changes in our political process and not just who gets elected
but how they get elected, that will only happen when the american people demand it. it depends on you. that's what's meant by a government of, by, and for the people. what i'm suggesting is hard. it's a lot easier to be cynical. to accept that change is not possible. and politics is hopeless. and the problem is all the folks who are elected don't care. and to believe that our voices and our actions don't matter. but if we give up now, then we forsake a better future. those with money and power will
gain greater control over the decisions that could send a young soldier to war or allow another economic disaster or roll back the equal rights and voting rights that generations of americans have fought, even died to secure. and then, as frustration grows, there will be voices urging us to fall back into our respective tribes, to scapegoat fellow citizens who don't look like us or pray like us or vote like we do or share the same background. we can't afford to go down that path. it won't deliver the economy we want. it will not produce the security we want. but most of all, it contradicts everything that makes us the envy of the world. so, my fellow americans, whatever you may believe, where
you prefer one party or no party, whether you supported my agenda or fought as hard as you could against it, our collective futures depends on your willingness to uphold your duties as a citizen. to vote. to speak out. to stand up for others. especially the weak. especially the vulnerable. knowing that each of us is only here because somebody somewhere stood up for us. ( applause ) we need every american to stay active in our public life and not just during election time. so that our public life reflects
the goodness and the decency that i see in the american people every single day. it is not easy. our brand of democracy is hard. over a year frome that a little over a year from now, when i no longer hold this office, i will be right there with you as a citizen inspired by those voices of fairness and vision, of grit and good humor and kindness that have helped america travel so far. voices that help us see ourselves not first and foremost as black or white or asian or latino. not as gay or straight, immigrant or native born. not democrat or republican. but as americans first, bound by a common creed, voices dr. king
believed would have the final word, voices of unarmed truth and unconditional love. and they're out there, those voices. they don't get a lot of attention. they don't seek a lot of fanfare. but they're busy doing the work this country needs doing. i see them everywhere i travel in this incredible country of ours. i see you, the american people, and in your daily acts of citizenship, i see our future unfolding. i see it in the worker on the assembly line who clocked extra shifts to keep his company opened, and the boss who pays him higher wages instead of laying him off. i see it in the dreamer who stays up late at night to finish
her science project. and the teacher who comes in early, maybe with some extra supplies that she bought because she knows that that young girl might some day cure a disease. i see it in the american who served his time, made bad mistakes as a child, but now is dreaming of starting over. and i see it in the business owner who gives them that second chance. the protester determined to prove that justice matters, and the young cop walking the beat, treating everybody with respect doing the brairvetion quiet work of keeping us safe. ( applause ) i see it in the advantag soldieo gives almost everything to save his brothers. the nurse who tends to him until he can run a marathon.
the community that lines up to cheer him on. it's the son who finds the courage to come out as who he is, and the father whose love for that son overrides everything he's been taught. i see it in the elderly woman who will wait in line to cast her vote as long as she has to, the new citizen who casts his vote for the first time. the volunteers at the polls who believe every vote should count because each of them in different ways know how much that precious right is worth. that's the america i know. that's the country we love. clear-eyed, big-hearted, undaunted by challenge, optimistic that unarmed truth
and unconditional love will have the final word. that's what makes me so hopeful about our future. ( applause ) i believe in change because i believe in you. the american people. and that's why i stand here as confident as i have ever been that the state of our union is strong. thank you. god bless you. god bless the united states of america. ( applause ) >> pelley: president barack obama, delivering his final state of the union address. the president has one year and one week left in his second term. so, how do you speak to a congress that will not pass your policies? well, you talk about the future, beyond your own term. the president, clearly tired of hearing republican presidential candidates talking about a falterings economy and weakness
abroad, he said those candidates are pedaling fiction. with us now, john dickerson, anchor of "face the nation." norah o'donnell, cohost of "cbs this morning." norah, what did you think? >> o'donnell: you know, we started this evening saying that this was going to be about the president defining his legacy, but i thought it was also about litigating his record. he seemed like he was itching to get into the political debate. i mean, the white house billed this as an optimistic speech but it was also combative. and he clearly was referring to donald trump many times during the speech without wout naming him, specifically saying, "our public life withers when only the most extreme voices get attention." and "that we should reject politics that targets people because of race and religion." that got applause from people in both parties on that particular note. and it struck me because in some ways, while obama's approval ratings currently are below 50%, the times when his ratings have been highest have been when he's in the midst of a political
debate, and he seemed to have wanted to go there tonight. he wanted to take on trump. he wanted to take on republicans who said america is in decline, rejecting that repeatedly. the whole section on foreign policy even seemed defensive at membership points. >> pelley: the president greeting members of his cabinet there as he makes his way out of the house chamber. john dickerson, what did you hear? >> dickerson: well, just picking up on what norah was saying, you know, he sketched a big historic choice, america can either go the right way or the wrong way. and then he associated the republicans with every wrong choice. there was not a single insult of the republicans. it was one, long, sustained, putting them in the basket of defort myers of climate change. putting them in the basket of helping isis by being reactionary about isis or isil's victories or strength, accusing republicans of wanting to roll back or following republican
policies would cause a roll back of civil rights gains, being out of touch with what's really happening with the economy. there was a long list of things that he associated the republican party as norah said, donald trump, you could see clear references to him, but this was a broader indictment of the republican party. and that's why paul ryan, who said he'd have to keep a poker face, barely moved during much of the speech, and when it was over could barely stir himself to a golf clap. >> pelley: well, that is the role of the leader of the opposition in these events, the poker face, as you said it, or the scowl of john boehner that we used to watch as he sat behind the president delivering his speech. to norah o'donnell's point, about veiled references to donald trump. another thing the president said was, "tough talk may work as a tv soundbite, but it doesn't pass muster on the world stage." nancy cordes, our veteran
capitol hill correspondent, is standing by for us right now. nancy. >> reporter: scott, what i thought was remarkable was how few times republicans seemed to like anything that the president had to say. by my count, they stood and applauded only once, and that's when he talked about the superiority of our troops. other than that, they sat on their hands, and i think that that is how they are going to receive his message going forward. he talked about the fact that, hey, the economy is a lot better than you all think. they argue, no, it's not. and they believe that the reason that wages have stagnated is because of the president's policies. they believe that regulations are choking the american people, and so when the president talks, for example, about new incentives that he wants to put in place to spur more clean energy, that is the kind of thing the republicans say they will fight tooth and nail in
congress. >> pelley: collecting autographs as the president makes his way out of the chamber. joining us now are a couple of members of john dickerson's "face the nation" crew, michael gersen who wrote a few state of the union addresses as chief speechwriter for george w. bush. mike is now a columnist for the "washington post." and germail beue, chief correspondent for "slate" and a cbs news political analyst. michael, let me start with you. you've written a few of these. what did you make of this speech? >> well, i think the theme of optimism was a powerful f.d.r.-like theme, and it works because of the contrast of the republican party, where the language of the party now is so apocalyptic and so negative, i think that that worked. it also was interesting how it's possible for us to agree on technical fixes so cancer or h.i.v., or malaria, called to
defeat these diseases was very important, but they're technical, not ideological, the one thing we can agree on. i thought on the revenge list, it was a lot of liberal policy, not a lot of creative policy. it was an invitation to bipartisanship on that side. in fact we have 21st century problems and the answers seemed to be 20th century liblg answers. >> jermail what, struck you about this speech. i noticed twice the president used the word "rigged," which has a shimmering quality in the democratic race right now. >> it showed how much of the speech was borrowing from the resurgent leftivism.
existed in a real tension with these parts that kind of bracketed the speech about civic engagement, civic nationalism, and this idea that all of us as americans have an obligation to at least work and oftentimes work together to get solutions done. there seemed to be just lip service given to the fact that americans really do have deep-seated disagreements, and that that, that working together, that cooperation really might not be possible, especially for the kind of agenda that barack obama has. if barack obama wants to preserve his agenda, then maybe, maybe the path to doing that doesn't involve cooperation. maybe it involves just winning. >> o'donnell: there was an element, scott, too, in this speech of, you know, the president poking at republicans. i mean, in the particular, health care reform. i mean, this is a congress that has repeatedly passed the ripeel of obamacare with the president having to veto that.
and the president mocking them saying at one point, "the only people in america who are going to work the same job in the same place with the health and retirement package for 30 years are the people sitting in this chamber." he said that at the beginning of his remarks. and at the end of the speech he said one of his deepest regrets was politics, rancor, and suspicion has gotten worse and not better under his term. and so, yet, he instigated some partisanship in some ways, and at the same time expressed regret that ho and change and unity and all of the things that he won on, campaigned on in two elections, and won by big margins, quite frankly, he's been unable to achieve in a town like washington, and by his own acknowledgment, has gotten far worse. >> dickerson: suggesting that republicans would have denied sputnik was in orbit when it went up was one of the first insults-- >> o'donnell: on client change-- go ahead, keep denying it. >> dickerson: michael gersen,
you know paul ryan would like to take the republican message that you said was apocalyptic and that the president was certainly referring to in several different places in this speech, and paul ryan would like to recapture that and grab it. was there anything in this speech that you think he can take a hold of and try to build bridges to the white house or at least try to defuse some of the partisan tension? >> well, the one thing that he mentioned was a reform of e.i.t.c., to include, you know, not-- men without children in that program. but he mentioned that last year. he actually called out paul ryan in last year's speech with the same offer on that issue. so, you know, as i said, i'm not sure they saw too much on that. it should be a uniifying national goal, social mobility, you know. democrats often talked about inequality and republicans often talked about opportunity. mobility should be something they can agree on, but i'm not sure there was much substance.
>> pelley: michael gersen and jamelle bouie, thank you very much. the president has now left the chamber. let us show you something that caught our eye as we tawched all of this. we call it the gregg of america. this is president obama in 2009, delivering his first address to the congress at age 47, with and each passing year, the brown hair gives way. and now at the age of 54, the president is almost totally gray, and i ask, "what's wrong with that?" we'll be back in just a moment with the republican response. nikki haley, the governor of south carolina, will be live on this broadcast, and we'll be right back.
the daughter of indian immigrants, married to a national guard captain who saw combat in afghanistan, and she is the mother of two children. >> good evening. i'm nikki haley, governor of the great state of south carolina. i'm speaking tonight from columbia, our state's capital city. much like america as a whole, ours is a state with a rich and complicated history, one that proves the idea that each day can be better than the last. in just a minute, i'm going to talk about a vision of a brighter american future. but first, i want to say a few words about president obama, who just gave his final state of the union address. barack obama's election as president seven years ago broke historic barriers and inspired millions of americans. as he did when he first ran for office, tonight, president obama spoke eloquently about grand things. he is at his best when he does that. unfortunately, the president's
record has often fallen far short of his soaring words. as he enters his final year in office, many americans are still feeling the squeeze of an economy too weak to raise income levels. we're feeling a crushing national debt, a health care plan that has made insurance less affordable and doctors less available, and chaotic unrest in many of our cities. even w even worse, we are facing the most dangerous terrorist threat our nation has seen since september 11th, and this president appears either ilwilling or unable to deal with it. soon, the obama presidency will end, and america will have the chance to turn in a new direction. that direction is what i want to talk about tonight. at the outset, i'll say this: you've paid attention to what has been happening in washington, and you're not naive. neither am i.
i see what you see. and many of your frustrations are my frustrations. a frustration with a government that has grown day after day, year after year, yet doesn't serve us any better. a frustration with the same, endless conversations we hear over and over again. a frustration with promises made and never kept. we need to be honest with each other, and with ourselves. while democrats in washington bear much responsibility for the problems facing america today, they do not bear it alone. there is more than enough blame to go around. we as republicans need to own that truth. we need to recognize our contributions to the erosion of the public trust in america's leadership. we need to accept that we've played a role in how and why our government is broken. and then we need to fix it. the foundation that has made
america that last, best hope on earth hasn't gone anywhere. it still exists. it is up to us to return to it. for me, that starts right where it always has. i am the proud daughter of indian immigrants who reminded my brothers, my sister and me every day how blessed we were to live in this country. growing up in the rural south, my family didn't look like our neighbors, and we didn't have much. there were times that were tough, but we had each other, and we had the opportunity to do anything, to be anything, as long as we were willing to work for it. my story is really not much different from millions of other americans. immigrants have been coming to our shores for generations to live the dream that is america. they wanted better for their children than for themselves. that remains the dream of all of us, and in this country we have seen time and again that that dream is achievable.
today, we live in a time of threats like few others in recent memory. during anxious times, it can be tempting to follow the siren call of the angriest voices. we must resist that temptation. no one who is willing to work hard, abide by our laws, and love our traditions should ever feel unwelcome in this country. at the same time, that does not mean we just flat out open our borders. we can't do that. we cannot continue to allow immigrants to come here illegally. and in this age of terrorism, we must not let in refugees whose intentions cannot be determined. we must fix our broken immigration system. that means stopping illegal immigration. and it means welcoming properly vetted legal immigrants, regardless of their race or religion. just like we have for centuries.
i have no doubt that if we act with proper focus, we can protect our borders, our sovereignty and our citizens, all while remaining true to america's noblest legacies. this past summer, south carolina was dealt a tragic blow. on an otherwise ordinary wednesday evening in june, at the historic mother emanuel church in charleston, twelve faithful men and women, young and old, went to bible study. that night, someone new joined them. he didn't look like them, didn't act like them, didn't sound like them. they didn't throw him out. they didn't call the police. instead, they pulled up a chair and prayed with him. for an hour. we lost nine incredible souls that night. what happened after the tragedy
is worth pausing to think about. our state was struck with shock, pain, and fear. but our people would not allow hate to win. we didn't have violence, we had vigils. we didn't have riots, we had hugs. we didn't turn against each other's race or religion. we turned toward god, and to the values that have long made our country the freest and greatest in the world. we removed a symbol that was being used to divide us, and we found a strength that united us against a domestic terrorist and the hate that filled him. there's an important lesson in this. in many parts of society today, whether in popular culture, academia, the media, or politics, there's a tendency to falsely equate noise with results. some people think that you have to be the loudest voice in the room to make a difference. that is just not true. often, the best thing we can d