tv CBS This Morning CBS September 12, 2016 7:00am-9:01am PDT
night. >> miss california made the finals. >> have a great day. this special broadcast of "cbs this morning" is being brought to you with limited commercial interruptions by target and toyota. good morning to our viewers in the west. it is monday, september 12th, 2016. welcome to "cbs this morning" from the smithsonian national museum of african-american history and culture. we're giving america its first extended look inside the national mall's newest treasure. it was a century in the making. >> we'll show you key moments of history that are on display. including a cabin that held more than a dozen slaves. and a lunch counter school from greensboro sit-in for civil rights. also muhammad ali's gloves, and chuck berry's cadillac honoring
groundbreaking figures in sports, and music. >> plus our guests include several historymakers, general colin powell, congressman john lewis, and attorney general loretta lynch will help us explore this museum's role in telling america's story. >> we'll also have all the other news of the day, including the latest on hillary clinton's health. but we begin this morning with a look at today's "eye opener," your world in 90 seconds. >> there's phony strength and there's real strength. and it's phony strength to not know what you're talking about. real strength is leveling with the american people. >> health scare shakes up clinton's campaign. >> the campaign knew on friday that she did have this pneumonia diagnosis. >> it's clear that she tried to hide this and this is going to hurt her certainly in the short-term. >> the trump campaign is expected to hammer hillary clinton today on her controversial comments calling half of donald trump supporters a basket of deplorables. >> this comment kind of gets
very close to the dictionary definition of bigoted so it gives trump a talking point he'll go back to again and again. >> cease-fire scheduled to go into effect in syria. >> this after at least 90 people were killed over the weekend in a wave of airstrikes. >> 15 years since the terror attacks on 9/11 the country paid tribute to the lives lost. >> in the end, the most enduring memorial to those we lost is ensuring the america that we continue to be. >> operations are back to normal at the albuquerque airport after a security scare. a fake bomb was found in a screening area which was evacuated. >> miss america 2017 is miss arkansas. >> and the new miss america is -- >> all that. >> the last man standing, wawrinka, dethrones the world number one. >> i don't know what's happening right now. >> and the pick is no good! >> we know that tom brady's at home watching. you want to say anything? >> love you buddy. >> and all that matters. >> walking into this building i just almost felt as if my ancestors were rejoying in that
moment. i hope that the sense of freedom will overwhelm you. >> really powerful. >> wow, i just got goosebumps. >> on "cbs this morning." >> it's a story that's gone beyond the sports world, colin kaepernick's protest sparked a national conversation before the game the seahawks interlocked arms as a demonstration of unity. ♪ and the home of the brave >> this "eye opener" is presenteddy toyota. let's go places. >> welcome to a very special broadcast of "cbs this morning." we're on the front lawn of the smithsonian national museum of african-american history and culture. a people's journey. a nation's story. that is the mantle that guides this remarkable achievement. the museum sits on the national
mall next to the washington monument. it tells america's story. this is a shared history, no matter your ethnic background. >> that is so well said. believe me we can't wait to take you inside where everywhere you look pieces of the past make a dark return from a jim crow era railroad car, to a world war ii era plane flown by tuskegee airmen. i was also struck by the quotes and phrases. there are 487 of them that line the calls like making a way out of no way. and what they do is illustrate an important path through our shared history. >> it was so important, remember lonny bunch told us that he never saw black voices displayed and he wanted to make sure that that happened here. it's an amazing place. this museum also celebrates triumphs in politics, sports and entertainment. it took 100 years and more than half a billion dollars to build it. more than 100,000 donors contributed to make it happen. families all across america
donated their heirlooms. you're going to see a lot of them this morning and we are so excited with a capital "e" and exclamation points to be the first television show to broadcast live from the museum before it opens to the public. so many people thought this could never happen, it can't be done. >> how honored we are to be here. >> i was just thinking very honored. >> i feel that. >> we have a lot to show you. first let's get to the latest on the presidential campaign, and hillary clinton's health. video from yesterday shows her appearing to lose her balance, and start falling as she was helped into her motorcade. she left the september 11th memorial in new york city early. her doctors said clinton was dehydrated, and diagnosed with pneumonia on friday. clinton's campaign canceled a planned trip to california today. nancy cordes is in chap yeah, new york, where the democratic nominee lives. >> good morning. clinton was supposed to attend several fund-raisers and give a speech on the economy in california, but late last night we were informed by the campaign
that they were canceling the two-day trip. news of clinton's pneumonia came as a surprise to the reporters who cover her because they were not nfd on friday about her doctor's visit or the diagnosis. the first sign that anything was wrong came yesterday morning when she faltered. a bystander captured clinton's difficult departure from ground zero. her legs buckling, once, as she waited for her van to arrive, and then again as she was lifted into it. clinton had been at the 9/11 memorial service for just over an hour when reporters noticed she was missing. it would be 90 minutes before her campaign explained where she went. announcing that she felt overheated, so departed to go to her daughter chelsea's apartment three miles away. >> it's a beautiful day in new york. >> reporter: clinton was all smiles when she left the apartment two hours later. >> are you feeling better? >> yes, thank you very much. >> reporter: but six hours later, her doctor announced that clinton had actually been
diagnosed with pneumonia on friday after experiencing a pallergies.ough related to clinton was coughing on monday in cleveland. and during a press availability on her plane. sunday's incident re-ignited conspiracy theories online about clinton's health. theories that have flourished ever since she got a stomach virus in 2012, got dehydrated and fell. suffering a concussion, and a blood clot. >> you take my -- take my pulse. >> reporter: clinton has tried to laugh off the rumors. >> make sure i'm alive. >> oh, my god there's nothing there. >> clinton is expected to teleconference in to one of her fund-raisers in california today, and we are still waiting, norah, to find out if she'll be resuming her campaign schedule with a stop in nevada on wednesday. >> all right, nancy, thank you so much. cbs news medical contributor is a cardiology at lennox hill hospital in new york. good morning, doctor. >> good morning, norah.
>> let me ask you, hillary clinton's campaign said she started antibiotics on friday. we know she canceled this trip to california. how long does a recovery usually take? >> so pneumonia is a lung infection that can range from mild to severe. that difference in severity depends on the age of the patient. their underlying health conditions, and what type of pneumonia they have. if the infection is mild it can be treated with antibiotics, rest and fluid and usually people recover within days. and sometimes it can take up to weeks for the fatigue to go away completely. but if it is more severe then they can require hospitalization. for most cases in outpatient pneumonia you start to see improvement in a couple of days. >> what's interesting to me is her stumbling as she got into the vehicle at the motorcade. is that an impact of having this kind of pneumonia? and what causes that losing your sense of balance? >> right. without being her doctor, i can't comment on her particular medical condition. but i can tell you that with pneumonia, you can get shortness
of breath, fatigue, fever, increased heart rate. you can have a cough. and then when you combine that with dehydration, which is not uncommon in pneumonia, you could certainly feel unwell, or appear unwell. the dehydration itself can be caused by changes in thirst or appetite from the infection. it can be caused by the increased respiratory rate or sweating or potentially some of the antibiotics or medicines like antihistamines can cause a drying effect. >> her health has certainly come up in the campaign before. what do we know about her health issues exactly? >> what we know is based on a letter that her doctor released last july, in july 2015. that says that she has a history of hypothyroidism, seasonal allergies, prior deep venus thrombosis or blood clots as well as a concussion that led to a clot in the brain. in addition her doctor mentioned she's up to date on all her cancer screenings, as well as had a negative cardiac evaluation.
>> all right, we thank you this morning. hillary clinton and donald trump are virtually tide in the battleground states of arizona, florida, nevada, and new hampshie. trump is leading by three points in georgia. at a fund-raiser last week clinton called half of trump's supporters deplorables. major garrett is here with us outside the museum with how donald trump and his allies are responding to that. major, good morning. >> good morning. before hillary clinton's health scare the biggest political story of the weekend was clinton's blanket denunciation of millions of trump supporters, a generalization clinton later at least partially retracted. but that trump said illustrated her elitist disdain for large parts of america. >> you could put half of trump's supporters into what i call the basket of deplorables. >> hillary clinton's comments at an lgbt fund-raiser friday night gave new meaning to identity politics. >> the racist, sexist, homophobic, xenophobic,
islamaphobic, you name it. >> reporter: clinton said she regretted calling half of trump supporters deplorable bigots. but stuck with the accusation trump has given a national platform to hateful views, and voices. trump turned the other cheek on twitter, writing, while many of her supporters will never vote for me, i still respect them all. but trump's campaign is looking to turn wounded trump backers into political gold with this new tv ad. >> xenophobic, islamaphobic, you name it. >> people like you, you and you, deplorable. >> reporter: clinton's comments stirred memories of our fund-raiser blunders such as mitt romney's 2012 declaration that president obama already had the support of 47% of the country that didn't pay income taxes. >> there are 47% of the people who will vote for the president no matter what. >> reporter: then-president obama also paid a price in 2008 for telling backers that rusch
america had an attachment to god and guns and a fear of the outside world. >> they cling to guns or religion or antipathy towards people who aren't like them. >> reporter: obama survived that mistake. romney did not. trump advisers know this will stoke supporters of theirs, but they also have to motivate independent and still squeamish republicans. they also know clinton's comments, charlie, were designed to scare those voters off or at least to keep them on the sidelines. >> thanks, major. cbs news political director and face the nation moderator john dickens is here. >> good morning. >> quickly want to turn to clinton medical issue but first this deplorable thing. will that do damage to her? >> it depends how it gets designed going forward. the trump people would like to define it as hillary clinton writing off a whole half of the country, a bigger percentage if that's the case, that's not good for clinton. what the clinton people would like it to be about is about what donald trump has said and the fact that he was called out for racist comments by somebody even house speaker paul ryan.
it depends how this gets thought out going forward. it was not a great moment for her when she said it. >> and the medical issue. is this going to be problematic for her throughout this campaign? >> i think it's problematic for three reasons. one it's a health question. how healthy is she? there will be a lot of questions about let's see the full medical record. i think there's also the transparency question. what is their instinct in a moment like this? that's an achilles heel for her candidacy and this goes right at that central question voters have about her trust. and finally it's a distraction. they've been trying to talk about the solutions hillary clinton has for voters that's going to be obscured for several days now. >> transparency because she was diagnosed on friday. she became ill on sunday. and then disappeared from the protective travel pool and didn't disclose until much later in the late afternoon that this is what was the problem. >> i think the transparency question with hillary clinton in particular, but both candidates is what is their instinct? so when no one is looking, are they telling the truth? when they get caught, do they tell the truth? and finally is there a group around them? are they cocooned by people who
protect them? what is the cocooning function for both of these -- >> i also think it's the reminder she is 68, donald trump is 70 years old. they're the oldest nominees in american history. in the past medical records have been disclosed. to the public and to the press. and that's not the case this time. >> yeah. john mccain's medical records were over 1,000 pages. i mean you could sit on them like a chair 73 >> can they get away with it after this? >> medical records and also donald trump hasn't released his taxes, and the point here about cocooning is when you get in the office, everything in the office of the presidency cocoons you. it keeps you away from unpleasant things. if that's already your instinct, that's only going to be exacerbated when you become president. >> donald trump normally has something to say about everything pertaining to hillary clinton has said nothing about this particular issue. what do you make of that? >> it's restraint. which we have not seen from donald trump. what he knows is the obvious political thing which is when your opponent is having difficulty, you stay out of the way. but he has impulses of a kind
we've never seen before and this is an instance in which those impulses have in check. the people around him no doubt have said stay out of this story. >> especially since he's raised issues about her health before in this campaign. >> all the more reason to stay out of it. >> the first presidential debate is september 26th. just a couple weeks away. how long is the debate? >> 90 minutes. >> 90 minutes. >> yeah. well you know, that's -- this is the nagging health question on the hillary clinton front which is campaigning is hard and gruelling and brutal. and lingering question is out there. if the health records haven't been put out, just normal campaigning is withering. and so every little hangnail then gets into a, you know, several hours of analysis which again distracts from whatever her message is. >> thank you, john. >> thank you so much. we should note that tomorrow charlieible ter views former president bill clinton. we'll get the latest on hillary clinton's health plus the clinton foundation ahead of its final clinton global initiative conference. that is tomorrow right here on
"cbs this morning." >> now back to what brought us to washington, the completion of the 19th and newest smithsonian museum. >> it has been 100 years in the making. the smithsonian national museum of african-american history and culture is about to open its doors to the public. yesterday norah and i joined the museum's founding director for a tour of what makes this museum so special inside and out. >> on the mall it's mainly white and i thought could we do something that gave a little color to this. >> in more ways than one. >> that's what i realized. >> wrapped in bronze and inspooired by the three tiered crowns used in west african art the national museum of african-american history and culture shines brightly near the center of the national mall. >> this is a cabin from edisto island, south carolina. >> to give a sense of the african-american experience you have to go below the surface, five stories down. >> at its peak it would hold between 8 and 16 people.
would be in that cabin. >> a cabin for slaves in shackles small enough to restrain a child. reminders of america's regretful past. >> after world war ii, the notion of sit-ins really caught on. >> while a stool from a greensboro, north carolina lunch counter represents a resolve to move beyond segregation. >> what i see is something very simple. sitting in a chair is transforming. >> this museum will challenge your emotions. tears will be shed here. but there's joy to be found, too. >> got to say this is cool. >> like chuck berry's cherry-red cat lack. did you sit in this? >> you're supposed to treat artifacts with respect. but of course i sat in there. are you kidding me? >> about 40,000 artifacts have been collected. the fact that less than 10% of it is on display is emblematic of the pride and dedication that made this museum a reality. >> so i'm very humbled. i think in some ways my biggest worry was could we find this stuff?
>> after president george w. bush signed legislation to create the museum in 2003, congress designated 270 million or half of what it would cost to build it. over 300 million more came through fund-raising efforts while corporate partners, business leaders and celebrities were the top donors. 4 million came from people giving whatever they could afford. like the million dollars pledged by the congregation of the alfred sweet baptist church in alexandria, virginia. >> the church tried to emphasize that every gift matters. and wanted every member to believe that no matter how large or small your gift, you're making history. >> they're going to be able to leave their stories behind, ultimately their picture and their story will be here. >> visitors can add their history, too. using an interactive display. but the newest smithsonian museum is not a time capsule. it's a place where you will be encouraged to explore current events, including the complicated conversations of race that continue today.
and the great lonny bunch. that's your new title the great lonny bunch, joins us at the table. bravo, bravo to you. >> thank you. >> i've heard you say that it's like taking a cruise ship while building the cruise ship at the very same time to get this stunning structure built. >> i mean i think the reality was that we had nobody to start it, had a staff of two. didn't know where the building was going to be. so the notion was, we were actually going to make it up as we go along. >> when you first came, lonny, you couldn't even get into your own office. you had to break in. they didn't know who you were. >> when i went to where the offices were the security said we don't know who you are and i went down to different offices and they said we don't know who you are. finally a maintenance guy drove by and he had a grow bar in his truck. so we broke in. >> what's wonderful about it is to sit here and there is the washington monument, you're right here, elevated next to the washington monument, a president who owned slaves, and you're telling right next door that this is slavery and its connection to us today. >> well i think that the key is,
being on the national mall allows us to make those juxtapositions so this history is seen as part of everybody's history not a separate history. >> one of the things about washington, you can go to different museums. you see a lot of quotes on the wall. but they're mostly from former presidents, white presidents, white members of the administration. you tried to really address that in this museum. >> it was really important to me to realize that often black people didn't get a chance to voice their own opinions. so i always thought it was important to give voice to the anonymous. to let people speak for themselves so that we realize that we're not talking about a mass committee. we're talking about individuals who lived and died. >> but everybody had an idea about what should be in this museum. how it should be represented. you had many voices in your ear. tell us about that and how you sorted it all out to get to this? >> well i think there were a lot of debates. should it be a holocaust museum. everything is really horrible and tough. should it be a story of famous fists and positive images. what we did was spent two years going around the country talking to people. just finding out what they knew,
what they didn't know. and then i brought the best scholars in and said, okay, tell us what you think. and then i told everybody go away and we sat down and we said, this is the story we want. we want to find the tension, between resiliency and tragedy. >> one of the most important things you say you have here is emmitt's coffin. >> he is obviously the person whose life and death resparked the civil rights movement and because in chicago i got to know his mother, i thought it was really important to make sure that her wishes, that the world would see what they did to her son would be part of this museum. >> that's why she kept the coffin open? >> i think it was the most important thing was for her to say my son was crucified on the cross of racial injustice, i want the world to know and she changed the world. >> you know what's so interesting coming in there was a white construction worker outside and i was asking him about working here. he said i have to tell you it's been an honor and a privilege working here. i learned so many things that i didn't know before and i said, me, too. that's how we all feel.
and isn't that what you want for people. it's black and white, it's not just an african-american history here. >> no, this is an education for all americans. if we do it right, we'll know how all of us have been shaped by this story. and that would be made better by it and that we basically realize that one of the great strengths of this museum is all kinds of people helped to make it work. it's a good story for what america can do. >> congratulations on the journey of a lifetime. >> thank you so much. >> i appreciate it. >> thank you for having us here this morning. scott pelley and general colin powell are also here with us this morning. at this museum. scott went to africa for 60 minutes to report on the recovery of historic artifacts from the slave shape and general powell was the first black joint chiefs chairman he fought racism as a young soldier. his story is on display at the museum. for our kpix 5 studios in san francisco. good morning. this sour weather camera, looking out towards the
transamerica pyramid. we have gray skies out there. we have cool temperatures. 51 degrees in santa rosa with areas of drizzle this morning from this enhanced marine layer. pushing coolinger air mass all the way into our inland areas. 73 in livermore today. 15 to 18 degrees, unseasonably cool. the oenlt current african-american members of the senate. >> they put politics aside in this emotional conversation with charlie. >> walk in here, understanding the weight of history. the gravity of the circumstances that we face as a nation. encouraged me, saddened me, and made me understand the important role that we can play in making this country better together.
>> the news is back in the morning right here on "cbs this morning." we are so proud to support the national museum of african-american history and culture. today is an opportunity to celebrate an important part of our past and future. i think you'll be moved by the museum's power to transcend boundaries. a story that unites us all. we hope you'll enjoy this spe special edition of "cbs this morning." . set hut... is that too hard for you?
earlier this morning, first good morning. it's 7:26. the urban shield training program wraps up today. early this morning, first responders from san bernardino trained for an active shooter scenario. it's designed to simulate incidents like the deadly mass shooting in san bernardino last december. the city of oakland is hosting a forum tonight to give pub be lick input on the search for the next chief of police. it starts at 6:00 at the north are oakland senior center. artifacts from an 18th century slave ship are on display in a few museum. stay with us. traffic and weather in in just a moment. ,, ,,,,,,
time now is 7:27. let's take a look at your bay area hot spots, starting in the east bay on the altamont pass, coming off 205 on to the pass, will take you a heavy 30 minutes on to the dublin interchange, but if you're traveling into downtown san francisco, here is look at the mastodon town west bound. will take you up to 30 minutes, and heavy traffic along the east shore freeway, as well, and the same story along the span here of the san mateo bridge. a heavy 30 minutes. and here is look at your south bay travel times, looking red all the way through. roberta? >> i picked this view this morning, because it really patient it is the picture. it appears cool and cloudy, a little bit of drizzle as we look out towards the port offing oakland. later today, temperatures a good 15 degrees below average, only the low 70s across the santa clara valley. 58 to 79 today, pretty similar
♪,,,,,,, this is our home this morning and we are sharing it with you. the smithsonian national museum of african-american history and culture right here in washington, d.c. we are here live and in color. visitors can see the white house from here. this is the first black commander, he wind down his time in office, president obama will get a close-up view of the museum when he and first lady michelle obama come to the opening ceremony one week from saturday. look at where the museum sits on the last five acres available here on the national mall. that is a big deal. >> it is. you can see it not only takes its place along the washington monument but down the way of the lincoln museum who freed the
slaves and down from the martin luther king jr. memorial, "i have a dream" speech welcome back to "cbs this morning." tim scott and cory booker share a personal meeting it has for them coming up. the first remnants are display at this museum. scott pelley is here with a story he has been covering a long time for "60 minutes." >> general colin powell was the first black joint chiefs chairman. he donated this army uniform for the display. his military career began in the middle of the civil rights struggle. he retired from the pentagon as a four-star general. >> general powell became the first black secretary of state. he and his wife are not only donors to the museum but served on the museum's council. we are pleased to have general colin powell back to "cbs this morning."
>> thank you, charlie. great to be here. >> speak to the idea of what this means to you, what it means to african-americans, and what it means to americans. >> let me start with america. it means a lot to america because is this isn't just african-american history. it's american history and it's filling a gap that has existed in the american history for so many years. this has been in concept for a hundred years. now it's here and it's beautiful. it's magnificent. and it's different from any other thing on the mall. it's striking and, of course, i've been associated with it for a number of years and i think the american people are going to love coming to this place and completing this part of our wonderful history of this great country. >> and to african-americans? >> and to african-americans, of course. you know, i want to go in there and see chuck berry's cadillac and i wanted to see my uniform. and other things like it. i've been into the museum a few times and a lot of of it was under construction then. it is going to be a treasure for african-americans but it isn't -- we didn't design it just for african-americans. >> but it's important to understand the structure and how
it connects to america today. >> understand the struggle. i mean, i came into the army just after segregation ended and it was still a situation where i could go to ft. banenning georg and get my training but if i went outside of this it was sill segregated and i couldn't get a hamburger. we have come an extremely long way over the last half century of my public life but long way to go. we see the problems. we shouldn't think it's over. but this is a symbol what can be achieved and how we have worked so hard for this long period of time to give african-americans the recognition they deserve and also to show our fellow americans of all races and denominations imaginable that this is part of american history, an essential part. >> who do you make of the timing of it now, general powell, when we are really having some racial issues again in 2016 that this museum is opening now at this
point in time with barack obama in office? >> i think it's important at this time for this museum to open. it shows we have come a long way, but the struggle is not over. and i tell all of the audiences i speak to. remember what the founding father said. we are always striving to become a more perfect union. they never said we are perfect. we are striving to become more perfect and that is a striving that has to continue and the problems that face us now are more than just the color of your skin, it's economic opportunity, educational opportunity, housing opportunity and what we have to work on. those are theish that i think we are still facing the country, especially african-americans. >> general, you brought this as an century-long struggle. as you know, it started with black veterans of the union army. >> yes. >> proposing this idea. >> yes. >> of some sort of a museum. and in this museum, there is a whole section about blacks' contribution to the u.s. military and where your uniform sits. >> yes. >> lonnie had it set up so it overlooks the washington
monument and you can see all of the flags. what do we need to know how african-americans have contributed to our military? >> african-americans were always willing to serve the nation that was not yet willing uniform, put buttons on my uniform that say u.s. and give me a rifle, they were determined to prove that if they could do that, they could do anything and -- in this country. a famous confederate general who said he heard putting black people on line he wrote to president jefferson, don't do
this. use blacks for chopping wood or cleaning up or doing things like that. if you tell them they can fight like a white soldier, if they can carry a gun and you terrorist them to do that, then our entire history of slavery is wrong. it took another hundred years to prove -- >> from slavery to today, there has been accusations of racism in this campaign. there is also questions of the examination of the issue of community and law enforcement. how do you see this campaign so far? and does it cause you to consider as your colleague and great friend did, endorse hillary clinton? >> i've always waited until i've seen more of a campaign before saying anything about the candidates. and i like to see the conventions. those are over. who is the vice presidential nominee. i also want to see at least one debate where i can see them face-to-face. in due course i will, you know,
express my opinion about this, but i want to wait a little longer. >> you will make an endorsement later? >> i will express my opinion who i may vote for, who i will vote for. >> in 2008 you voted for barack obama. >> i'm not leaning. to charlie's point, i never use the term racism in describing anything because you immediately shut down conversation. yes, i am, no, i'm not. what i have said over time is that there are elements in my party, the republican party that show some level of intolerance that i don't think is worthwhile for the party to demonstrate. and so i hope that in the debates that we see ahead, these issues will join. >> is that reflective of the nominee? >> everything is reflected in the party. i talk about the party, not the particular nominee. we will see what happens in the debates. i'm anxious to see them. >> i wanted to go back to the museum for just a second,
because i was struck when you talked about seg gregationsegre. you talked about serving your country and can't get a hamburger. how do you overcome something like that? does it leave a deep scar for you? >> i don't like to carry scars around. when i came back from vietnam the first time, i had been away for a year, with a new wife and infant son i had not seen and get back home to ft. benning, georgia. the army was the head organization in the country at that time and the other services as well. we were socially progressive. but as soon as i walked off ft. benning and went to columbus, georgia, i couldn't go into a story, i couldn't get a hamburger. that told me keep working harder and keep demonstrating my color doesn't affect my potential and civil rights act of '64 and voting rights act of '65 came along.
>> let me ask you. >> we have a protester. >> is he one of yours? >> he definitely is not one of ours and here to harass the show. >> that very point i just wanted to make that you had in the military section, it's called the double v section of the museum because you fight for victory abroad for victory at home. many source were fighting for victory aborder but not here at home. >> it really exploded after world war ii when we had tens of thousands of black soldiers coming home with their white buddies and they had realized that we should no longer tolerate the conditions under which we are living. and so it "v" set set forth lookses to allow president truman to sign the executive order. it took another five or six years after that before see seg
g -- desegregation was a reality. >> very sorry for that interruption. i'm not sure what he is hollering but he is very sgre d disstressed. >> that is the freedom that. >> thank you for your work on this museum. >> thank you. >> one of the most poignant exhibits obtains a vessel that sank off cape town, south africa, killing 212 slaves locked below the deck. last year, scott pelley >> reporter: water only make the work harder.
surf tosses the divers in sand and vacuums away for hours but after 300 dives this is what they have recovered so far. these are nails that pin sheets of copper over the hull for protection. >> as you can see -- >> what looks like a lump of concrete is marine growth on a wooden wooden pulley block you see here. the x-ray shows the two white spaces were rope was threaded around the wheel. the divers discovered wood that a lab would later trace back to mozambique. this is what it shows, a shackle similar to this, used to bind slaves. >> scott pelley joins us here at the museum. scott, good morning. >> good morning! >> i'm still a little shaken up what happened here so i'm glad that you're here.
let's talk about the slave ship for a second. how could they confirm that was the real deal? >> that is such a great story, gayle. they went into the archives capetown, south africa. archives that go back to the 17th century. because this slave ship was wrecked and about half of the slaves on board were killed, property was lost, so there had to be an investigation. the investigation determined precisely where the ship went down. they had the coordinates for exactly where the ship sank according to these ancient record. i had the book in my hand. it was 400 years old. they towed magnetometers behind the boats and the magnetometers lit up because all of these cannons and iron bars beneath the sand and how they found it and authenticated this was a
portuguese slaveship. >> they are here as artifacts of slavery. >> amazing thing about this story, lonnie bunch, the director of the museum, searched the world over. no one, no one had artifacts from a ship that was carrying slaves in the world! all of these ships were at the end of their lives. they had all sunk and been lost. and so these are the first known artifacts on earth from a ship that was actually carrying slaves. >> that is what to me is so remarkable about this museum. there are so many first's inside this museum and you really brought that story to us first to think about what they were able to discover is remarkable. >> absolutely. 400,0 400,000 african slaves from mozambique just from that one port. >> they had it couldn't be done and here we are.
>> you came here to do this story? >> yes. >> to see it now. >> it's amazing. the last time i was here, it was just concrete slabs. and to see this! it's a triumph on the national mall! >> thanks, scott. >> great to be with you. >> democratic senator cory booker of new jersey and republican senator tim scott of south carolina do not have a lot in common politically, except they are the only african-americans currently serving in the united states senate, both elected. they came together thursday to visit the museum for the very first time. the senators spoke to us about growing up as african-americans, as well as their hopes for the future of the country. >> i tell you, when i walked in here, i first thought of my grandfather who passed away in january of this year. i thought about taking him to vote for the first african-american president, a day that he never thought would come. walking in here, understanding
the weight of history, the gravity of the circumstances that we face as a nation, encourged me, saddened me, and made me understand the important role that we can play in making this country better together. >> reporter: as senators? >> yes, sir. >> reporter: what is interesting too, you come from two very different backgrounds. you're the democratic senator from new jersey and republican senator from south carolina. >> yes. >> reporter: you came from single mother households. >> poverty. >> did not do really well in school. my story is almost flunked out of high school. you got a rhodes scholar over here so a contrast in our experience growing up and where we are today. >> reporter: and what unites you? >> i think a lot. people would expect somebody who -- i joke with him far out there on the right and myself on the left. >> yeah. >> but there is a kinship and
bond i felt with tim almost instantly, a friendship, a commonality of experience and we come out of two different backgrounds but share the common heritage and experience and i think both share a common mission when it comes to our country as a whole as well as when it comes to african-americans in the country. >> reporter: that sense of service led both senators to step across the aisle and fight together to reform the criminal justice system. >> we have a country right now where there is no difference between blacks and whites for using drugs or even dealing drugs. but african-americans almost four times more likely to be arrested for doing things that the last two presidents have admitted to doing and it's such a massive reality that our prison populations and jails are filled with poor, mentally ill and drug addicted. we are the land of the free and the incarceration nation of the planet earth and affecting every area of american life. and so what what i rejoice in
i'm cosponsoring legislation with tim, both sides of the aisle, beginning to see common urgency from a physical prudency perspective to the land of liberty that we need to do this a different way. >> i have, however, felt the pressure applied by the skills of justice when they are slanted. >> reporter: speaking of the contemporary issues of conflict between community and law enforcement, you gave a moving speech on the senate floor. would you talk about how many times you had been stopped by police as an elected official? >> yes. seven times in one year. for me, what i had hoped to do with that speech was to bring light to a very old issue. my goal was to validate those of us who have been in that situation, who have had that experience, who have felt threatened sitting in your car, who, just because of what you look like, you've had an experience that shakes you to
your core. it's hard to articulate with words the frustration, the insecurity, the sense of being invisible and then completely visible. it's hard to validate those of us who have been in that situation, especially when you've done nothing wrong. >> reporter: and then below it is a slave -- both senators hope this historic museum will serve as validation, as well as proof of how far we have come. >> it does seem necessary for us to remind ourselves of where we have been. >> reporter: and an inspiration for how far we need to go. >> i hope that one of the beauties of this museum being here will be an understanding and appreciation of the depth of
the pain, agony, and tragedy of slavery. >> i hope that the weight of the past will slow your gait and bow your head. and as you walk out of here, i hope that the sense of freedom and a sense of expectations will overwhelm you and that you will feel individually responsible for making america the most amazing country for every single citizen in our land. >> reporter: what is amazing about these two eloquent men, only two time that two african-americans have served elected in the united states senate, is they found common ground which is exactly what washington misses. >> it shows you that it is possible to find common ground even when there are differences. the designers of this museum felt the weight of our nation's history. ahead we hear from the architects about how their building t
good monday morning. here is your view from the transamerica pyramid, looking due south towards the peninsula. we have overcast skies, but no reports of any local airport delays. 59 in san jose. unseasonably cool today by a good 15 degrees at least. 50s and 60s be, only into the 70s, warmer weather by midweek. ,,,,
you're looking at a sculpture by nigerian slaves. the klee columns on top help inspire the overall design of the museum. you can see how the jagged edges of this sculpture are in the design's multilevel building. >> it is beautiful, indeed. the structure is a result of a collaboration between a team of renowned architects. phil freeland and david odjay submitted their proposed design
in 2009 and they meet some of the world's no influential architects to win the commission. freelon and adjay showed us how their target came to life and is part of this inside. >> we felt the weight just about every day, because we knew we were building something, not for the next ten years but the next 100 years that would represent our culture. >> the museum really is not just about making any shape for the sake of it. it really tries to make from the very silhouette a story for people to ask why and tries to bring you back to central and west africa so you think about the kind empires in that kind appear the history that the african-american community have, but also that the geometry, like coming to america, defers to the monument of washington, 17 and a half degrees to show it's integral and part of this place, america.
>> the site is really important. if you think about the mall and the other buildings that are important to washington, this five-acre site is the very last site that could accommodate something like this. so, in many ways, it's going to be there as a reminder of the importance of this institution, because of its location, literally within the shadow of the washington monument. >> it took three years to complete this master plan. last, but not least, i think this completes it and makes you understand what the founding fathers was trying to achieve with the notion of palace of culture to educate the people and i think this museum comes at an opportune time to send it into the future. >> it's really beautiful. it's like a crown that sits here in the middle of the national mall! >> like you were on to something, especially when you see that sculpture. one of the guys told me this morning it's the only one on the mall that looks like a
sculpture. it doesn't look like anything and not a piece of marble on it. it looks so special. >> everything about it. >> makes it stand out. >> we like that. we have much more and you can see more of the museum's impressive architecture on our website at cbsthismorning.com. >> this museum is a century in the making and not just a figure of speech. ahead, jan crawford goes behind the scenes with a judge who helped deliver the vision of the black civil war veterans and we will look into the battle that lasted into the 21st century. plus, civil rights icon congressman john lewis and attorney general loretta lynch are join us. she introduced 13 bills to try to create this museum. you're watching a very special edition of "cbs this morning." we will be right back. ♪ dance to the music target is thrilled to be partnering with "cbs this morning" to create a sneak peek for viewers at this iconic
silcon valley. palo alto-based h-p is buying ung electronics another big business deal in silicon valley, hp is buying samsung electronics printer business. the transaction announced this morning is just worth over a billion dollars.. in the next half hour of cbs this morning, a look at new museum of african-american culture on the national mall in washington d.c. we'll have traffic and weather in just a moment. ,,,,,,
roads, start energy in the south bay here. westbound 237, before the 101 connector, we have a stalled car cause interesting major, major slow traffic here, as you can see, just went down to 6 miles per hour on 237. also tonight, expect heavy delays on the freeway, as well, because of that 49er game. here is look at the rest of your south bay travel times. downtown san jose, will take you 40 minutes, and its red all the way through. a slow commute through the east bay into san francisco slow through the toll plaza. how is it looking outside, roberta? >> very gray. very gray and cool. it's on the breezy side. right now current air temperatures standard in the 50s. 51 in santa rosa to 59 degrees in oakland. unseasonablely cool, very autumn-like today. 58 in pacifica, though clearing there. low 70 a across the santa clara
this special broadcast of "cbs this morning" is being brought to you with limited commercial interruptions by toyota, and target. ♪ good morning to our viewers in the west. it is monday, september 12th, 2016. welcome back to a very special edition of "cbs this morning," special is the word, don't you think? >> big time. >> we're now inside the smithsonian national museum of african-american history and culture, just underneath a very historic plane flown by the tuskegee airmen back in the day. we're first to bring you live inside before the museum opens to the public. >> congressman john lewis and attorney general loretta lynch are here with us, both played a firsthand role in that history. >> james brown talks with an olympic champion about changing
the world on and off the field. but, first, here is today's eye opener at 8:00. >> hillary clinton's pneumonia came as a surprise to the reporters who cover her. >> how long does a recovery usually take? >> usually people recover within days. and sometimes it can take up to weeks. >> hillary clinton's health scare, the biggest political story of the weekend was clinton's blanket denunciation of millions of trump supporters. >> will that do damage to her? >> it depends how it gets defined going forward. the trump people would like to define it as hillary clinton writing off a whole half of the country. if that's the okay that's not good for clinton. >> services were held across the country marki inin ining the 15 anniversary of the 9/11 attacks. >> we'll never forget and you'll never be alone. >> in syria, cease-fire is expected to begin as part of the agreement between the u.s. and russia. >> this has been in concept for
a hundred years and now it is here and it is beautiful. it is magnificent. i think the american people are going to love coming to this place. >> we got to say this is cool. >> will you sit in the driver's -- >> you're supposed to treat artifacts with respect. of course i sat in it. are you kidding me? >> it is not just african-american history here. >> this is education for all americans. if we do it right, we'll know how all of us have been shaped by this story. >> this morning's eye opener at 8:00 is presented by toyota. gayle king and norah o'donnell, we have just entered the smithsonian national museum of african-american history and culture here in washington. this magnificent new building sits on the national mall. >> magnificent is the word, we're standing next to a mural that was recovered from the 1968 resurrection city usa protest right here on the mall. the six-week camp out was inspired by dr. martin luther king's final project, the poor
people's campaign. >> we mentioned this earlier, this museum is not just about the black american experience. the slowigans show the multiethc makeup of the cause. the museum has ten stories of exhibits, half of them are underground, more than 3,000 artifacts are on display. you can spend hours here, probably weeks. i mean, we were here for hours and i feel like we got a small splice of it. >> plan to spend the day. everywhere you look, there is something you want to see that you didn't know before or something you knew before that you want to know more about. >> a history lesson. >> it really is. >> it is. we'll have more about the museum in a moment, including the 100 years it took to create it. but, first, the latest on hillary clinton's health, donald trump was asked about it this morning. he said it was, quote, quite sad, and hopes she gets well soon. we go to nancy cordes in chappaqua, new york, with the latest on the democratic candidate. nancy, good morning. >> reporter: good morning. we're told clinton is recuperating at home, and will not be traveling to california
where she was supposed to be doing a few fund-raisers and giving a speech on the economy today and tomorrow. all of this after she appeared to falter while getting into her van after leaving the 9/11 memorial early yesterday morning. her campaign initially said she was feeling overheated, but later her doctor revealed she was diagnosed with pneumonia on friday after being treated for prolonged cough related to allergies. if she hadn't been caught stumbling yesterday, we would not have known she had been diagnosed with pneumonia or that she had visited her doctor on friday. which had been a very busy day for had her, where she did a couple of fund-raisers, she held a bipartisan meeting on national security, held a press availability, and did an interview, charlie. >> thanks, nancy. we're inside the smithsonian national museum of african-american history and culture, which offers an unprecedented view of how america got to this point.
the museum's own path is also vivid. time lapse video captures the construction of the newest national treasure. the groundbreaking took place more than 4 1/2 years ago. the final piece of steel was installed in 2014. >> did such a beautiful job. we should note there are more than 3500 panels that make up the bronze colored and class facade. it is called the corona. jann crawford shows us how bringing all this together took 100 years. >> gives me goosebumps to see it happening. >> reporter: it has been a long road, and the story of this museum, like the african-american experience, is one of trial and triumph. >> see it finally happen after all this time is just really overwhelming. >> reporter: it was a century in the making, a dream for generations. it became reality through tireless work by people like judge robert wilkins who helped build coalitions so the full story could be told and shared for generations to come.
the effort goes back to 1915, black civil war veterans, their contributions to winning their freedom ignored, pushed for a memorial to honor their service, funding never came. >> this has been one of the great days of america. >> reporter: decades later, civil rights movement swept the country. reigniting the effort to recognize african-american history, but the roadblock seemed almost insurmountable. civil rights icon, congressman john lewis, introduced 13 different bills to create a museum, opposition came from multifronts. >> once we approve this museum, we will be called upon by other minority groups and they will be justified in doing so to provide museums for their particular groups. >> so many said why do we need a special place to tell those
stories? >> reporter: gentlemjanetta cols on the advisory committee. >> when there isn't an acknowledgement of a people's history and culture, there is no acknowledgement of those people. >> reporter: another obstacle, federal land use groups argued against another building on the national mall, which they considered overcrowded, and pushed for a different site on the edge of the city. >> it would be appropriate to place a monumental building on this site. >> reporter: judge wilkins was part of the committee that urged congress and then president george w. bush to build the museum on the national mall. >> i think that symbolically it is very important because the history of african-americans had been you're in the back, you had to enter white person's home from the back door. >> reporter: wilkins was there when the president signed the museum bill into law in 2003. museum director lonnie bunch began the difficult task of raising $270 million in private donations, and collecting the
thousands of artifacts needed to fill such a large space. in 2012, crews finally broke ground. >> it is amazing that we have gotten here. it is a miracle that we have gotten here. >> reporter: a miracle? >> it is. and i don't think that that's overstating it. it is a miracle. >> reporter: for "cbs this morning," jan crawford, washington. judge wilkins chronicled the history of the decades long effort to get the museum built in his book "long road to hard truth." let's go to gayle who just walked down two levels to a very special exhibit. she's with a pioneer of the civil rights movement and part of the museum dedicated to this historic struggle. gayle? >> not walked two levels, sort of ran two levels, in high heels. as someone who knows me, you know, i take an elevator from the first floor to the second floor as opposed to walking the steps. it is a big deal to walk -- to run in high heels for me. thank you so much. it is a very good reason why we did this because georgia congressman john lewis risked his life many times in the fight for civil rights.
he's been a central figure in that movement for more than half a century now. he also fought in congress for 15 years to create this museum. congressman, thank you, thank you, thank you for joining us. congratulations. so good to see you. >> good to see you, gayle. i'm delighted and honored to be here. this is my first time walking into this building. >> i would love to know your thoughts when you walked in the building for first time. you thought what? you felt what? >> i felt good. i almost was overcome. i didn't want to cry. and i've been holding back tears because so many of the exhibits, so many of the museum remind me of the struggle. >> yeah. >> that we went through to get the legislation passed, get it signed into law. >> congressman lewis, they're calling you, sir, the godfather of this museum because you first introduced the bill back in 1988, was rejected, it took you over 15 years. who was the most resistant to
you? >> well, i was a senator from the state of north carolina, that would put a hold on the bill each time it got to the senate. and we were never able to get it through. and i remember on one occasion the democratic leader of the senate and the republican leader came to me and said, john, we don't have anything to treat this. but we never gave up. we never gave in. we persist and we came together, we passed it. and president george w. bush signed it into law. >> it is interesting it took george bush in 2003 to finally make this a reality. do you consider yourself just a patient man, that you never gave up? >> well, i believe that you see something that you want to get done, you cannot give up, you cannot give in, you have to be persistent. this museum is about my giving up. i heard over and over again, you can make a way out of no way. and -- >> that's one of the main themes
of the museum. can i look at you here, how old were you here in this picture? look at you? >> in that photograph, i'm 23 years old, i have all of my hair, a few pounds lighter. speaking at the -- >> what was he thinking? what were you thinking back then? >> on august 28th, 1963, i was serving as a chair of the student nonviolent coordinating committee, better known as sncc. i was the youngest speaker and i can never forget that day when they said i now present to you young john lewis, the national chairman of the student nonviolent coordinating committee. and i went straight to the podium. i looked to my right. i looked to my left. and i looked straight out. i said, this is it. i started speaking. >> congressman lewis, were you not afraid? that was a major crowd? >> not afraid. we had been waiting for that day. we have been organizing. and --
>> not everybody was on your side, though. >> no, but we had had to do what we had to do. we had had to speak truth to power. >> you lived through segregation and even your parents told you when you were a little boy, listen, racial protests, segregation, that's how it is. john, don't get yourself in any trouble and we look over there, across from us, there is a picture of your mug shot, john, you got yourself in trouble. >> well, i was inspired by rosa parks. martin luther king jr. and others, to get in trouble. >> didn't listen to your parents. >> well, i listened to them, but sometimes you see something that is not right, not fair, not just, you move, you are inspired to do what you must do. and i got in the way, i got in trouble. i call it good trouble. necessary trouble. and that's been arrested in mississippi, in may of 1961, during the freedom riots. >> sometimes getting in a little trouble leads to big major life changing changes which is what you did. thank you for joining us today. >> thank you for having me. >> we appreciate it.
>> attorney general loretta lynch is also here this morning, james brown will be here inside the museum with how america's black olympians, like simone manuel, are still making history and overcoming hurdles. >> there is a lot of emotions that went into that, just going back to when i even first started swimming and just the whole journey, the highs and lows that i had. >> some lows?
>> yeah, some lows. i mean, one of them was a social aspect of not feeling like i fit in. >> that's ahead on this special edition of "cbs this morning" from the smithsonian national museum of african-american history and culture. ♪ my brother and i have always been rivals. we would dream about racing each other, in monaco. ♪ we were born brothers. competition made us friends. wish bold in the 2017 camry. toyota. let's go places.
,,,,,,,,,, and now we're introducingew free pancakes for kids. who's crazy idea was this? well, we're pretty sure we know who. for a limited time, kids get our new pancakes in any of these flavors, free. take a look. this is a restored railroad car on display here at the smithsonian national museum of african-american history and
culture. it was used as a segregated passenger car in the south from 1940 to 1960. white passengers sat in the front and african-americans in the back with a divider in between. the car is so large, it had to be installed before the museum was finished. the building's walls went up around it. museum visitors will be able to walk inside to understand the daily reality of jim crow era segregation. one of the most celebrated protests of the civil rights era happened in greensboro, north carolina, in 1960 and we are at an exhibit about black college students with a sit-in at woolworth's store to desegregate their lunch counters. loretta lynch became the first african-american woman to be the united states attorney general. we are happy to have her here with you. great to have you here, attorney general loretta lynch. >> good morning. >> you were born in greensboro.
>> yes. >> to think, now, look, here is one of the stools from the lunch counter sit-ins. what does that era and time mean to you? >> when i see this i have a great sense of pride in those students and when i think about that era the fact that it illustrates that ordinary people can make a tremendous difference when they see inequality. this whole museum is really a collection of the stories of ordinary people who said, we have to have quality in this country and we want the basic human rights that everybody is entitled to and sounded small but was huge. for me growing up in greensboro and later durham and hearing about this sit-in and my parents role in it i think everybody can play a part in advancing equality. >> what was your parent's role in it? >> my mother was a librarian and my dad allowed the organizers and sit-ins to use the basement of his church, providence
baptist church to sit in before they had the marches and sit-in. >> your father's church was one of them? >> another black church allowed them to on have office space to plan and in the basement of providence, they had meetings before the marches to service important for him to support that movement. >> gale and i and lonnie bunch, the director of this museum, were talking about this. would i have the courage to do something like this when i was 18 years old? i think i wouldn't and the incredible courage but these four men and it grew day after day. there were white women college students that joined. >> yes. >> then finally what they decided is they would no longer patronize these lunch counters and sales dropped by a third and guess what. that pushed the change. >> yes. yes. when shows you how integral african-americans are to not just culture life, political life but economic life. we are all part of what makes this country great, what makes it grow. we have to recognize everyone's contributions.
these poor students really had the view that they just did not want to stand for the injustice any more. and in addition to my dad's supporting them, my mother had decided when she was a young teacher, driving across segregated state of north carolina, that for her, she wasn't going to use the segregated water fountains any more. that was her stand area her view. she just was through and she was done. she had that this was not the america she believed in. of course, there was no basis for or any of that so that was her own private protests. >> how does that influence your role now as attorney general? >> i think what people are doing today to point out how so many people in this country still do not feel a part of this american dream or american progress, but i think it highlights the importance of the role that young people can play in this, it highlights the importance of the roll that people of all background and all edthnicities can play to support the ideals
for america so it's never far from my heart. >> you're one of the chief law enforcement officers. the ability to vote, voter i.d. laws. in federal courts, the country have struck down a decision striking down or requiring changes to voter i.d. laws that have disproportionately hurt minorities. is it still harder for minorities to vote in this country? >>ive unfortunately, we are see situations it is harder for people to vote as a minority. >> reporter: how is it making it harder for them to vote? >> it's making it harder for young and older people and in particular minorities. they do not have the commonly held i.d. that students have and certain people have certain types of jobs have and will accept other i.d.s not typically found in the minority community or see discussions about how to oppress the vote and shows this is an evolving issue.
people who have trouble accepting everyone's full participation in american society but when we are all involved, we are all stronger. >> i know this was emotional too for you to be here. >> yes. >> thank you so much. we appreciate you being here on this very special morning. thank you so much. >> thank you, norah. >> movie director ava duvernay is part of this. she didn't know about it until we told her! that is coming up on "cbs this morning." >> announcer: this special broadcast of "cbs this morning" is being brought to you with limited commercial interceptions by target and toyota. set hut... is that too hard for you? nice catch! wish bold in the 2017 camry.
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american olympians holding up their hands and >> announcer: this is a kpix morning update. good morning. it's 8:25. the annual tech crunch conference gets underway in san francisco. the three-day event will introduce new start-up and new innovations. hillary clinton is taking a break from campaigning after her doctor announced she's battling pneumonia. she canceled her planned appearance at a fundraise in san francisco today and will go on as scheduled. next on "cbs morning," a director reveal what is the museum of african-american history and culture means to her and gayle king makes a revelation. that's next. but first, traffic and weather when we come back. ,,,,,,,,,,
good morning, everybody, time now is 8:27, and we have slow-moving traffic throughout the south bay if you're heading in that area. san bernandino 680 after mckee road, three-car crash there blocking middle lane and cars are heading around 11 miles per hour so very slow moving conditions in san jose and let's head to the rest of your san jose and south bay travel times, downtown san jose to highway 85 will take you northbound about 30 minute and then that bad lupe parkway to 101 northbound, 30. if you're heading to san francisco out of the bay bridge, the mesa downtown westbound will take you 15
minutes but that east shore freeway onto the bay bridge will take you at least 30 to 40 so very heavy and san mateo bridge heavy but looking pretty outside, roberta. >> not bad at all. i heard you mention san jose so i thought we would look at the blue sky in the santa clara valley. we have a breeze, up to 13, air temperature 59. it's cool in santa rosa with drizzle, 51, oakland, upper 50s. it will feel autumn-like, officially arriving in ten days but will feel like it today, 50s cloudy skies at the seashore, 50s and 60s bay side, 70 livermore. should be right around 91 degrees this time of the year and a good 15 degrees below average today, similar tuesday, high pressure nestles in on wednesday with warmer conditions through the weekend. ,,,,,, several floors
above where we are right now. he is with james brown of cbs sport. hello! >> the great j.b. is here. when you think about sports, think about him. this exhibit shows the rich history of black athletes and thousand their excellence helped advance the nation. target is helping us present this look inside and our special correspondent james brown shows us the role of sports in the march toward a more equal society. j.b., good morning. >> good morning, charlie. good to see you again as well. no question that the impact of sports on america has been significant.
and blacks have played a major role in that regard. overcoming tremendous barriers in the arena and subsequently affecting and effecting change in society. this exhibition here chronicles the stories of these athletes and their struggles and olympic swimmer simone manuel was in awe as she toured the museum just a few days ago. >> it's great to be here and just see all of the exhibits, and just to be a part of history. >> reporter: simone manuel made history at the rio olympics. >> it's down to the wire! >> reporter: she became the first african-american woman to win an individual gold medal in swimming. what was going through your mind when you turned back and looked and then the tears came? >> a lot went through my mind. a lot of emotions went into that just going back to when i even first started swimming and just the whole journey, the highs and lows that i had. >> reporter: some lows? >> yes, some lows. one of them was a social aspect not feeling like i fit in and
just looking back on the history of swimming and knowing a lot of people who have inspired me to stay in the sport. there is cullen jones and so many others before me whose journey to get to this level wasn't easy. so hopefully this bridges the gap and kind of makes it easier for people that come behind me. >> every generation has to add its contributions to a struggle. >> reporter: dr. harry edwards has studied the impact of black athletes on american society for over 40 years. he says athletes like manuel stand on the shoulders of trail blazers like jim brown, bill russell, muhammad ali. >> the first of her race to win the title in wimbledon, england. >> our gandhi was jackie robinson. he laid organizers in the community to prepare black people in the stand where they
would hear the epithets. like jackie had to be cool on the field, they had to be cool in the stand. by the time martin luther king came along, we had already been involved in nonviolent direct action for ten years. >> reporter: a whole nation of people saw themselves and what these athletes were able to accomplish on the field and cheer it, in hopes of having the impact in society? >> absolutely. so if there is not that struggle, you don't have tony dungy hoisting that lombardi trophy. and without that level of dignity and respect, there is no way that they ever look at a barack obama and say, yeah, he could be president. sports need that contribution. >> reporter: edwards says the olympics has been a powerful international platform from jesse owens four gold medals at the 1936 plxs in nazi, germany, to the protest of tommy smith
and john carlo in the 1968 games and he helped organized and still organized in the museum. >> still strong in you? >> absolutely, absolutely. it's history. it's the most iconic sports image of the 20th century. >> reporter: and that history is not lost on 20-year-old simone manuel. and now you're in the same museum of the likes of jesse owens. >> he has done so much for his sport and he's done so much for america. i think i parallel some of that. hopefully, i can live up to that and just be an inspiration to others. >> reporter: this exhibit boasts some 300 objects and six statues which is a tremendous representation of a rich history in sports. it's been said by dr. edwards, this is representative, but not exhaustive or comprehensive in terms of what is actually out there. >> well said. for more for the conversation about the modern day athletes' struggle with j.b. and dr. edwards, go to our website cbsnews.com.
>> we are at an exhibit ting contributions to popular culture. good stuff here. ava duvernay. >> it's on continues loop for visitors to see and a significant date in black history and ava's idea. who knew? august 28th, emmett till's kidnapping to march on washington and barack obama accepting his first presidential nomination, among others, happened on august 28th. ava spoke about the exhibit and something else you can find of hers in this building. >> this is a permanent, expansive, like structure that will always be there any time along the national mall, like, in a place of prominence where it stand as, you know, a beacon for all of us. >> reporter: they have quotes all around the museum but one of them is this. it's not about knocking on closed doors, it's about building our own house and having our own door. ava duvernay said that.
there you are with james baldwin has a quote and there is your quote in the museum. >> okay. well, i haven't seen it and i didn't know about it until you just told me. >> reporter: you didn't know that? >> no. >> reporter: that is a wowser, a ava! >> that is. >> reporter: explain that to us. >> it's about permission. it's for women, it's for people of color and anyone in their life feel constrained to have to get permission to be what you want to be and do what you want to do. i said that being a black woman filmmaker and feeling i was knocking on closed doors and nobody was answering. i said i'm going to stop knocking and build my own thing. i'm so thrilled that quote is there! who knows what they could have used. i really believe that. >> our full interview with ava duvernay airs later this month on "cbs this morning." that's why we wanted to talk to her originally about her projects she is doing now. august 28th, anyone this until she said it.
august 28th this year was the first time colin kaepernick held a news conference why he is not going to stand for the national anthem. now she says every year she looks at august 28th to see what will happen and i will too. >> build your own as she said in that quote. we should say 40,000 objects now have a home inside this museum and many of them came from american families. >> these are just a few of the precio precious heirlooms donated to the museum that is isn'try in the making. i'm jericka duncan. coming up on "cbs this morning," i'll show you some of the personal artifacts that made all of this possible.
a latest generation blood thinner. then i made the switch. xarelto® significantly lowers the risk of stroke in people with afib not caused by a heart valve problem. it has similar effectiveness to warfarin. warfarin interferes with vitamin k and at least six blood clotting factors. xarelto® is selective targeting one critical factor of your body's natural clotting function. for people with afib currently well managed on warfarin, there is limited information on how xarelto and warfarin compare in reducing the risk of stroke. like all blood thinners, don't stop taking xarelto without talking to your doctor, as this may increase your risk of a blood clot or stroke. while taking you may bruise more easily, and it may take longer for bleeding to stop. xarelto may increase your risk of bleeding if you take certain medicines. xarelto can cause serious, and in rare cases fatal bleeding. get help right away for unexpected bleeding, unusual bruising or tingling. if you have had spinal anesthesia while on xarelto watch for back pain or any nerve or muscle related signs or symptoms. do not take xarelto if you have an artificial heart valve or abnormal bleeding. tell your doctor before all planned medical
or dental procedures. before starting xarelto tell your doctor about any conditions, such as kidney, liver or bleeding problems. to help protect yourself from a stroke, ask your doctor about xarelto. there's more to know. xarelto. this cabin was parart of th largest t amererican townn fouoy formrmer slaves s and all throu ththis museum,m, c can you lear ststories of h hundrdreds of gr americans. >> that's right. thousands were represented here by priceless family heirlooms to donated to help the museum share their experiences. target is helping us present this look inside. jericka duncan shows us some of those keepsakes going on display. >> reporter: good morning. you can almost say our ancestors
foreshadowed this very moment and thanks to their careful preservation of heirlooms that allow us tond our past and how it connects to where we are today. >> you can pick up this and touch it and know that it was in his hands. now, doesn't tahat send a chill down your back? it. >> reporter:. this freedom paper allowed to the great, great, great grandfather of 83-year-old elaine thompson. trammell protected his freedom using this tin box, knowing the paper held his only proof that he was no longer someone's property. >> as long as he had this, they could not enslave him. not easily any way. >> reporter: his freedom paper, thompson says, offers an image of who joseph trammell was during a time photos were rare. he was 5'7" in height with several marks on his body.
>> one thing that i was curious about was the scars that they mentioned. probably he was beaten at some point. >> reporter: the tin box is the only one like it here. during our interview, founding director of the museum lonnie bunch, he came by to personally show his appreciation. >> this means a lot to me. really does. >> reporter: nearly 40,000 items were donated. that's more than any other smithsonian museum. pictures, clothing, furniture, jewelry. >> they fill vast silences in the record. >> reporter: curator paul dargulo calls each one of these personal heirlooms treasures. >> these are thingser rye placeable and priceless. >> reporter: they have a way to dig up old wounds. >> my dad flew missions during world war ii. white guys were going home after
50 missions. >> reporter: rosemary donated this jacket, that belonged to her father woodrow wilson crockett. a member of the tuskegee airmen, the first black military personnel allowed to fight in world war ii. >> when they came back from overseas, they came off the liberty ship and there was a sign saying, white this way, color that way. they get back to the same, you would have to bleep that out. a situation that they left. >> reporter: and sharing that important history to future generations keeps people like rosemary crockett and elaine thompson giving what is left of a story that should never be forgotten. when people look at these painful times and slavery is over, we should move forward, we should quit talking about it. what do you say to that? >> the past is never over, because it influences what
people do later on. >> reporter: and people continue to donate personal items. curators here tell me they are already making plans for this museum to evolve just like history. gayle? >> just like history. thank you, jericka duncan. see more about family heirlooms donated to the museum on our website and that is cbsthismorning.com. so interesting they go from nothing to having close to 40,000 artifacts and 80% were donated. >> and ongoing process. >> just from here they have share your story which lonnie bunch says if you come here, you can speak into the camera. they are going to build it as part of this larger project. they are going to discover, i think, all of these incredible stories. >> just because it looks this way today doesn't mean it will look this way five years from now. >> absolutely. when african-americans made history, cbs news was there. we dig into the archives to show how we covered those historic moments. plus some final thoughts from the smithsonian national museum
♪ this has been such a wonderful experience. we are now back underneath the tuskegee plain from world war ii. cbs news has, over the years, documented more than a half century of the african-american experience and we are very proud to have most of it retained in our archives with the help of toyota, here are some of those historical highlights. >> i stand here today humbled by the task of force and grateful for the trust you've bestowed and mindful of the sacrifices worn by our ancestors. ♪
>> more than 200,000 of them came to washington this morning in a kind of climax to a historic spring and summer in the struggle for equal rights. >> we are in a revolution. >> they want their freedom and they want it now. >> a demonstration of progress that is definitely being made. >> at 5'1", rosa parks was an acorn and stood up to an oak tree. ♪ ♪ people >> sydney poitrer. >> this is going to do good. >> if it doesn't? >> if it doesn't, i will still do well. >> there it is. a win for the ages! >> the first black quarterback to win a super bowl! >> just won her 20 th match. >> so good. >> i got to believe you feel good about the way you look.
>> if you don't like yourself, nobody else will. >> do you think you've met those expectations? ♪ the rocket's red glare >> we honor those who work and so we must work. we work would soledad o'brien our children will soar and we will not grow weary because we believe in the guy and we believe in this country's sacred government. >> to do something like this it requires a remarkable group of men and women behind the scenes so our credit and your credit to them. >> very much so. when you examine here, expect tears at emmett till's cass at any time and soul train costume. i love this quote, i, too, am america, which is in big, bold letters over ourselves and sums it up. >> please come. >> you got to taste what this smithsonian national museum of african-american history and culture brings. we will bring you more in the coming days and weeks on "cbs
ounced she's good morning. it is 8:55. hillary clinton is taking a break from campaigning after her doctor announced she's battling pneumonia. she canceled her plan to appear at a fundraiser in san francisco today. the event will go on as scheduled. three people are dead after a paul is plane bound for san carlos crashed in a parking lot at tahoe-reno international airport. no one was hurt on the ground. the cause of the crash is under investigation. the city of oakland is hosting a forum tonight to get public inpunt on the search for the next chief of police. now here is roberta with the forecast. >> good morning, everybody. we do have gray cloud by sky
cross san francisco, all are it blue and sunny in san jose. we do have a bit of a breeze, as well. temperature-wise right now, we're pretty much in the $50 across the board. looks like temperatures out on the coast with a little bit of drizzle, into the 50s. 58 in concord, later today, numbers stacking up from the 50s, and daily city and in pacifica to only the low 70s in the santa declare a valley. bottom line is a good 15 degrees easily below average today. similar conditions with breezy winds on tuesday. a bit of a warmup begins on wednesday. seasonable by the weekend. roqui, along for the ride, up next.
time now is 8:58. let's look a at your bay area roads. starting in the south bay. heavy traffic, especially in the valley area. south bound 17 after the when wood cutoff. overturned truck here blocking that right lane. but as you move up, you have some heavy traffic into the south bay. on 101 in san jose to highway 237, you've got a 44-minute drive northbound, and then 280, the highway 85, a 27-minute drive. and then also the guadalupe parkway to 101, 40 minutes, so very heavy within the south bay. a look at your bay bridge, looking good. for more, check out good day.
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