tv 60 Minutes CBS September 18, 2016 7:00pm-8:01pm PDT
captioning funded by cbs and ford. we go further, so you can. >> kroft: if you don't recognize them, the tall guy on the left is vice presidential candidate bill weld. the shorter one is former new mexico governor and presidential nominee gary johnson. their rallies usually attract only a few hundred people. but they can still make some noise, and are not without enthusiastic support. >> gary, gary, gary! >> bill weld: the next president of the united states, gary johnson. ( applause ) >> gary johnson: you rock. you rock. thank you. >> one-three-zero. one-one-zero. water peak. eight-four. >> martin: the u.s.s. "kentucky," rising to the surface off the coast of hawaii.
nearly two football fields long, it is the deadliest engine of destruction in the american arsenal, able to carry almost 200 nuclear warheads atop the missiles loaded beneath those hatches. if this boat were a country, you'd be a nuclear power. >> that's true. yes, sir. >> martin: there's a new cold war brewing between the u.s. and russia, and tonight, you'll see what it looks like from inside strategic command headquarters. >> holly williams: in the remote hills of eastern china, this is a magic kingdom that not even walt disney could have dreamed up. it's called hengdian world studios, and at over 7,000 acres, it's the largest film lot on the planet. you're going to use hollywood directors, hollywood stars... >> yes. >> williams ...to make english- language films to compete with hollywood? >> yes. >> williams: and make global blockbusters? >> yes. i think we'll be doing it in the next one or two years.
>> i'm steve kroft. >> i'm leslie stahl. >> i'm bill whitaker >> i'm david martin. >> i'm scott pelley. those stories, tonight on "60 minutes." >> cbs money watch update sponsored by club: >> good evening. fuel supplies in five states are threatened by a gas pipeline spill in alabama. on tuesday the c.e.o. of wells fargo testifies about two million unauthorized accounts the bank had opened. and a letter abraham lincoln wrote to his first fianceeée sod for $100 million.
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alternatives to hillary clinton and donald trump. and for the first time in 16 years, third parties could well determine the outcome of the election. right now, of the two alternatives, the libertarian party has the most support and is the only one on the ballot in all 50 states. the ticket of gary johnson and bill weld is currently favored by about 8% or 9% of the electorate, even though 70% of the voters don't know who johnson and weld are. we thought it was time to give you a primer. if you don't recognize them, the tall guy on the left is vice presidential candidate bill weld. the shorter one is former new mexico governor and presidential nominee gary johnson. right now, they can stroll through a park unmolested by the press and the public. their rallies usually attract only a few hundred people. but they can still make some noise, and are not without enthusiastic support.
>> gary, gary, gary! >> bill weld: the next president of the united states, gary johnson. >> gary johnson: you rock. you rock. thank you. >> kroft: why are you doing this? >> johnson: i think that we would do a really good job. >> weld: i feel it's something of a patriotic duty, given how the election season is unfolding. we feel a responsibility to offer the country sort of a sober, sensible alternative. >> johnson: has life in this country ever been better? >> kroft: they are not political neophytes. each one won two terms as republican governors in heavily democratic states. do you really think you have a chance to win? >> johnson: neither of us would be doing this if we didn't think that that was a possibility. >> kroft: let me be a little skeptical here. i mean, right now, the people-- >> weld: we expected no less. ( laughs ) >> kroft: right. right, yeah. the people that do this for a living, to try and do polling, and public opinion surveys and make odds-- some of the most
prominent experts put your chances at about less than 1%, less than 1%. >> johnson: i think that donald trump started out that way. and i would've given him that-- i would've given him that percentage at the very start. but-- as crazy as this election season is, i think it could be the ultimate crazy, and that is, is that the two of us actually do get elected. >> kroft: right. and how does that happen? >> johnson: well, presidential debates-- a third alternative, 70% of america doesn't even know who we are. and yet, we exist. i think there's a lot of opportunity here. and there's still a lot of time left. >> weld: we are, in a way, breaking a glass ceiling-- >> kroft: they're hoping to get a place in at least one of the presidential debates, but right now they don't meet the threshold of 15% in the national polls. are you running against a two- party system? >> johnson: absolutely. >> weld: absolutely. >> johnson: and i-- and i do
believe this is going to be the demise of the republican party. >> kroft: so you see yourself as a protest vote? >> johnson: no way. i think-- a conciliatory vote. look-- this is-- this is how we want to come together. >> weld: it happens, steve, if people do think for themselves and focus on the choices available, because the polling shows that nationally, people do tend to agree with our approach. as gary sometimes says, you're a libertarian. you just don't know it yet. >> let's bring back liberty. >> kroft: the libertarians were founded 45 years ago, as an off- shoot of the republicans. they tend to be fiscally conservative and social liberals who want the federal government out of their pockets, out of their schools, out of their computers, and out of their bedrooms. >> so, the hats are all $25. >> kroft: they support the right to bear arms, even assault weapons. but they also believe women have the right to an abortion, gays have the right to marry, and adults have the right to smoke pot. >> anybody looking for a bumper sticker? >> kroft: they oppose almost every federal program not
mentioned specifically in the constitution, including social security and medicare and the regulatory agencies. you're making yourself seem like mainstream candidates. but in fact, you know, your positions and the positions of the party aren't mainstream, you know. you're for phasing out medicare. you're for doing away with private health insurance-- as a way to bring down medical costs. you're talking about, abolishing the i.r.s. and imposing a 29% or 28%-- sales tax, essentially a sales tax. you call it a consumption tax. talk about eliminating the department of homeland security. i mean, these aren't exactly mainstream opinions. >> johnson: well, what you can count on the two of us to provide is consistency. we're going to always be consistent in looking for lower taxes. and much of what you cite is the libertarian platform, which, you know, we are the libertarian nominees for president and vice president. but we're not looking to eliminate medicare.
we do believe in a safety net. but there has to be reforms for medicaid and medicare and social security. and if we're going to put our heads in the sand, if we say we're going to do nothing in any of these areas, it's a fiscal cliff. >> weld: and nobody can tell me that no changes are necessary in washington. those bozos think that unless the appropriation of every single account goes up 5%, they call that a cut. well, that's not how we approached our state budgets. and that's not what we would do in washington, either. >> kroft: do you think most people want to do away with the department of homeland security? >> johnson: yeah. ( laughs ) i do. i do. i think there's a real-- skepticism-- i mean, really, we have the f.b.i. why another agency? i mean-- and all these homeland security cars driving around these days, what are they doing? >> weld: there are functions that you'd have to retain and make sure they were attended to. but there're some who remind me of the, you know, muddled bureaucracy in washington that nobody can quite tell you why they're essential. and that's where i would go
hunting. >> kroft: they also want to abolish the departments of education, commerce and housing and urban development. they want to cut the defense budget by around 20% and get american troops out of korea. as they've said, they don't agree with their party on everything-- sometimes they don't even agree with each other. gary johnson earned a fortune in construction before making his political name as the first governor to ever advocate the legalization of marijuana, and until earlier this year, he was c.e.o. of a marijuana branding company. >> kroft: until recently, you were a consumer-- >> johnson: that's correct-- >> kroft: --of marijuana. >> johnson: one of 100 million americans who have consumed-- marijuana. i am-- i am guilty. the unforgivable in life, hypocrisy, saying one thing and doing another-- telling the truth-- i hope more than anything, i'm credited here with-- telling the truth. >> kroft: but you're not using marijuana now? >> johnson: i'm not.
>> weld: running on the libertarian ticket. live free or die, baby, you know what they say. >> kroft: former massachusetts governor bill weld is a card- carrying member of the eastern establishment, whose libertarian bonafides are still questioned by the true believers. until his nomination in may, he was a member of the nearly- extinct political species known as "moderate republicans." you weren't a libertarian until a couple of months ago. >> weld: well, i considered myself a "small l" libertarian since the 1970s. and people called me the libertarian republican. >> kroft: they run a frugal, low-key campaign in jeans and sneakers and keep a very loose schedule that can change hourly. when we were with them, their version of a presidential limousine was a rented red toyota. do you have a motorcade? >> weld: no. we don't have a motorcade. >> kroft: you stop for red lights? >> johnson: we do stop for red lights. >> kroft: do you have a campaign plane? >> weld: we don't have a campaign plane. >> johnson: no. no, we don't.
>> weld: we do fly commercial. >> kroft: do you have a campaign headquarters? >> weld: yes. >> johnson: yes, we do. but it's-- but if you went to the campaign headquarters, you wouldn't find anybody there because this is-- you know, this is social media. come on, get selfie-- get selfie ready! >> kroft: they have a big presence on the internet, and claim to have 50 million followers-- most of them young people. johnson and weld are good friends and say they plan to run a co-presidency sharing the same staff. on the campaign trail, they often stay at each other's homes. they've tried just about everything to get more attention in hopes that their campaign would go viral. and for a while, ten days ago, it did. >> willie geist: governor, good to have you with us. >> kroft: but it was the wrong kind, when johnson was unable to identify aleppo as the center of the humanitarian crisis in syria. >> mike barnicle: aleppo. >> johnson: and what is aleppo? >> barnicle: you're kidding. >> johnson: no. >> kroft: you've been on the front page a lot this month. you made a big splash. and it was a belly flop.
we're talking about aleppo here. tell me about aleppo. i mean, how did that happen? >> johnson: well, the-- i-- i blame no one but myself. i understand the underlying policy. >> kroft: people have said, "this guy's not qualified to be president." he doesn't know what aleppo is. how do you react to that? >> johnson: well-- that-- that i am human. i have a filter. and it starts with honesty. it starts with the truth. it starts with transparency, and i would serve as president in that capacity. when i was asked the question, the first thing that came into my mind was, "this is an acronym." aleppo-- american, l-- >> kroft: did it sound familiar to you? >> johnson: well, it didn't. or i think i... but, but look, i do not, in any way, want to make an excuse for myself. you know, so many people have said, "look, 90% of america doesn't know aleppo." well, 90% of america is not running for president of the united states.
no excuse. no excuse. >> weld: but at the-- at the end of the day, this is just my view, is, aleppo is a very important place name. but it's a place name. does that mean they're disqualified from running for president? i mean, you'd have very few people at the debates if that sort of thing was a disqualify-- disqualification to run. >> johnson: thanks, bill. but nonetheless-- ( laughs ) look, we are running for president and vice president. >> kroft: you're-- you're acknowledging that your candidacy has some flaws. >> johnson: as do all candidacies. but i think-- >> kroft: but nobody-- i-- i-- i'm trying to remember a presidential candidate admitting that. >> johnson: well, that is the difference here. that's-- that's what you're going to buy into is, is that it will be transparent. and there's no quicker way to fix mistakes than actually acknowledging them in the first place. >> kroft: do you-- do you have foreign policy advisors? >> johnson: well, certainly. >> kroft: do you have military strategists? >> weld: i wouldn't quite say that, but, people that have worked for me, and-- alongside me in-- foreign policy area. >> johnson: and what your-- >> kroft: do you have any idea who you would appoint secretary of defense if you were elected?
>> johnson: no. but i will t-- >> kroft: weld says he has a short list of three or four candidates in mind, but he didn't want to name them. >> johnson: the country is in really deep trouble. >> kroft: when johnson ran for president four years ago on the libertarian ticket, he drew just 1% of the vote. this time, there is considerably more momentum and much higher expectations. what's changed? >> johnson: well, a lot of it has to do-- with-- trump and clinton being as polarizing as they are. i've always said this, tongue and cheek. if-- mickey mouse were the third name on any poll, mickey would be at 30% because mickey's a known commodity. but mickey's not on the ballot in all 50 states. and i think that when we get known-- 70% of america right now doesn't even know who we are. >> kroft: even if you are not in the debates, you are going to alter the course of this election. >> weld: you're right, steve. we're going to alter the course of this election, whether or not we're in the debates.
and i think someone trying to guess-- what that influence is going to be-- that's very hard-- very hard to predict. >> kroft: right now they're not even close to winning a single electoral vote, but they already have enough support to tip the scales to either clinton or trump in almost every battleground state. who are you taking votes from? >> weld: i think at the end of the day, it'll be more likely-- from-- trump than from clinton. other people say, "no, we have this big appeal to the millennials," so it'll be more from clinton than trump. >> kroft: this is my observation-- you're much more antagonistic towards donald trump than you are towards-- mrs. clinton. >> johnson: oh, no-- >> weld: you must've done well in school. >> johnson: maybe. that may be bill's, bill's outlook. but for me, this is, this is-- both sides. this is-- man, this is both barrels. and-- i'm not going to lose one minute of sleep ruining this two party-- monopoly that is going on. i-- i think they are dinosaurs. and-- i think we're the comet in this whole equation. and i'm-- i'm glad for it.
i'm proud of it. >> kroft: the latest cbs news/"new york times" poll of likely voters shows hillary clinton leading donald trump by two percentage points in a head to head race. but when the libertarians and the green party are added to the poll, clinton and trump are in a dead heat. >> the libertarians have other surprising things to say about the november election. go to 60minutesovertime.com. sponsored by prevnar 13. what if one piece of kale could protect you from diabetes? (crunch) what if one sit-up could prevent heart disease? one. wishful thinking, right? but there is one step you can take to help prevent another serious disease, pneumococcal pneumonia. if you are 50 or older, one dose of the prevnar 13® vaccine can help protect you from pneumococcal pneumonia, an illness that can cause coughing, chest pain, difficulty breathing, and may even put you in the hospital.
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the cold war as we knew it may be over, but both the u.s. and russia still keep enough nuclear weapons on alert to end civilization. and now, a new cold war is brewing with both sides developing more sophisticated and more accurate weapons. tonight, we're going to show you what this new cold war looks like from inside the u.s. strategic command. stratcom, as it's called, trains every day for the possibility of nuclear war and takes extraordinary measures to make sure one person and one person only-- the president of the united states-- can give the order to launch a nuclear weapon. >> one-three-zero. one-two-zero. one-one-zero. water peak. eight-four. >> martin: the u.s.s. "kentucky," rising to the surface off the coast of hawaii. nearly two football fields long, it is the deadliest engine of destruction in the american arsenal, able to carry almost 200 nuclear warheads atop the
missiles loaded beneath those hatches. commander brian freck is the captain. >> freck: the warheads that can be carried on my missiles are extremely powerful. >> martin: compare them to the bomb that leveled hiroshima. >> freck: much more powerful than that. much more powerful than hiroshima. >> martin: up to 30 times more powerful, and, on any given day, a number of these submarines are hiding somewhere in the world's oceans, ready to respond to a launch order from the president. when you're out here, are other countries looking for you? >> freck: i always operate under the assumption that someone's looking for me. >> martin: has anybody ever found you? >> freck: no. not even close. >> martin: you sure? >> freck: yes, i am. >> martin: "60 minutes" found the "kentucky," but only because we had arranged a rendezvous to go aboard. if this boat were a country, you'd be a nuclear power. >> freck: that's true. yes, sir. >> martin: does that ever give you pause to have all that power under your command? >> freck: it's a lot of responsibility, but with that
responsibility comes a lot of training and practice. >> dive, dive. all vents cycled. all vents shut. >> martin: operating at a depth of 160 feet, the "kentucky's" crew practiced the procedures needed to launch its missiles. >> set condition one sq for training. this is the captain. this is an exercise. >> set condition one sq for training. com weapons, aye. >> stand up all missiles. >> chief alaud, sound the general alarm. >> sound the general alarm, aye, sir. >> i have permission to fire. com weapons, aye. >> martin: before that trigger can be squeezed, multiple keys-- including one that unlocks the missile tubes which take up approximately one-third of the ship-- have to be brought out from different safes. >> freck: no one person can make a launch happen. so, i have keys in my possession, other members of the crew have keys in their possession. >> martin: one key is carried to the captain by two sailors, who both must hold it. >> captain, the launch is
authorized. >> martin: and here's the thing you need to know about the safe where that key is kept. >> freck: no one on board has the combination. we get that combination with the launch order. that is my way of knowing that the president has ordered the launch, is when the combination he gives me opens that safe. the president literally gives you the combination to the safe that the key is in. >> freck: yes. >> you have permission to fire. >> two weapons. we have permission to fire. aye, sir. weapons con, you have permission to fire. >> martin: the "kentucky" and other nuclear missile submarines, along with intercontinental ballistic missiles and nuclear bombers... >> attention on deck. >> martin: ...are under the command of admiral cecil haney. >> col. cody: your nuclear forces are capable of executing all assigned missions. >> martin: head of the u.s. strategic command, haney is the most powerful military officer you've never heard of-- in command not just of the nation's nuclear forces but its space satellites and cyber weapons as well. >> lt. col. majorsen: there are no significant solar activity causing impacts to satellite operations or communications.
>> martin: his morning briefing at strategic command headquarters in omaha, nebraska, is classified above top secret. >> thank you. i appreciate the update. >> martin: that clock, marked potus-- short for president of the united states-- tells haney what time zone president obama is in, in case he has to reach the commander-in-chief in a hurry. so, who in the united states government has the authority to order the use of nuclear weapons? >> haney: only the president of the united states has that authority. >> martin: does congress have to approve? >> haney: no, congress does not have to approve. >> martin: so, these really are the president's own weapons. >> haney: it's our nation's weapons, with the president's authority. yes. >> attention on deck. >> martin: haney took us to his global operations center, a top secret facility three stories underground. if a missile were launched against the united states, the warning would be received here and that clock would start ticking down. colonel barbara buls was the watch commander. i see this sign up here-- "red
impact," "blue impact time." so, "red impact" would be an enemy missile? >> buls: that is correct. >> martin: and you would have a time. >> buls: we would have a time to impact. and "blue impact" would be any u.s. counterattack. >> martin: lt. col. brian hyland would pull out the options for a retaliatory nuclear strike. >> hyland: my responsibility as the stratcom nuclear strike advisor is, be the expert on the nuclear decision handbook and the alert status of all u.s. nuclear forces. >> martin: the nuclear decision handbook. >> hyland: yeah, also known as the black book. >> martin: black book. so, is there a copy of the black book down here? >> hyland: there is. it's in the safe down here, sir. >> martin: an identical copy of the black book is in that briefcase which follows the president wherever he goes. so, he's never away from the options. >> haney: that's correct. >> martin: and, would they tell him what kinds of weapons you would use, what targets you would hit? >> haney: they would be that specific, yes. >> martin: would they give him an estimate of casualties?
>> haney: yeah, we would have to give the president answers to a lot of different questions. that's one that i would expect to get. >> martin: admiral haney would go to a room called the battle deck where he would talk directly to the president. and is this the phone you would use? >> haney: this is one of the phones that i might use, yes. >> martin: chairman of the joint chiefs of staff, secretary of defense. i don't see the man who controls... >> haney: you're looking for the president. >> martin: i am. >> haney: i can speak to the president directly from this microphone. >> martin: and in a crisis, how long does it take to get the president on the line? >> haney: not very long. >> martin: if russia launched a missile from a submarine off the coast of the united states, it would take only minutes to reach its target. so, how long, in fact, does the president have to make a decision? >> william perry: he has minutes-- 7, 8, 9-- depending on details. but less than ten minutes. >> martin: former secretary of defense william perry was a key architect of nuclear weapons during the cold war with the soviet union.
if the weapons can be launched within minutes, does that mean we're still in the same old hair trigger... >> perry: yes. >> martin: ...standoff that we were during the cold war? >> perry: that's right. and we still have launch on warning, the same policy we had then. we still have the same hair trigger response. >> martin: so, what's changed since the cold war if we're still on this hair trigger alert? >> perry: fundamentally, nothing has changed. >> martin: but the numbers of weapons are much lower now than during the cold war. >> perry: the number of weapons are sufficient to destroy, obliterate all of civilization. >> martin: still? >> perry: still. it doesn't take that many. we still have more than 1,000 nuclear weapons on alert ready to go. it doesn't take 1,000 to destroy civilization. >> martin: at the end of the cold war, both sides pledged to point their missiles at the open ocean, but it would take just minutes to change back to real targets.
that provides a small hedge against an accidental war triggered by a false alarm of the kind perry experienced in 1979, when a watch officer mistakenly inserted a training tape into a computer. >> perry: it looked like 200 i.c.b.m.s were on the way from the soviet union to the united states. happily, we got that situation figured out before we had to go to the president. but had we not, he would have received a call at 3:00 in the morning and said, "sir, you have seven or eight minutes to decide whether to launch those before these missiles land on our i.c.b.m. silos." >> martin: and what was the fail-safe there? what stopped it from going to the president? >> perry: what stopped it was an astute general who sensed something was wrong. >> martin: you've had one serious case in 45 years. that would seem like a pretty good record. >> perry: it only takes one. it only takes one.
>> martin: strategic command is building a new $1.2 billion headquarters, but it won't be any more able to survive a nuclear blast than the underground command center in the current headquarters. that clock counting down the time to missile impact would also tell admiral haney how long he had to get out of there alive. >> buls: "safe escape time" that you see indicated is the time left, remaining, for admiral haney, as the commander of u.s. stratcom, to exit the battle deck, to be able to make it to his commander support aircraft, to be able to board that aircraft and continue to provide his advice to the president of the united states as his senior nuclear advisor. >> martin: on the tarmac at stratcom, air crews drill to get take-off in this airborne command post fast enough to escape incoming nuclear weapons. if admiral haney's headquarters were destroyed and he didn't make it out in time... >> the president is talking
to... >> martin: ...it would be up to rear admiral andy lennon to assume command and make sure the president, and only the president, could still give the order to launch nuclear weapons. >> lennon: we are in voice communications with the president. >> martin: talking to the president, personally? >> lennon: yes, sir, so that way we are ensuring that we're getting the president's intent. >> martin: how do you know it's the president? >> lennon: we have some very complex and secure procedures to authenticate the president and to be sure that we're really talking to the president of the united states. >> martin: so, he can't just tell you, "this is the president speaking?" >> lennon: he can, but we will authenticate to verify that it is the president speaking. >> martin: once the president has given you that order, what do you do? >> lennon: then, we would communicate that order to our strategic forces, our intercontinental ballistic missiles, our bombers or our submarines. >> chief alaud, sound the general alarm. >> sound the general alarm, aye, sir. >> martin: the order would be received on board the "kentucky," and the crew would go through launch procedures they have practiced hundreds of times before.
last year, the "kentucky" actually fired an unarmed missile in a test flight which lit up the california sky and caused a brief u.f.o. scare. had it carried a real warhead... >> this is our meteorological effects officer. >> martin: ...stuart miller, a young air force captain aboard the airborne command post, would begin charting the unthinkable. >> miller: my main role is, is gathering information on nuclear detonations worldwide and then applying meteorological data to them-- specifically winds-- to figure out if there's fallout, depending on the attributes of the detonation where the fallout's going, how many people might be affected, who might be affected, things of that nature. >> martin: so, you basically come up with a casualty estimate of... >> miller: essentially, yes, that's one of the things that... that i can provide. >> martin: you must have looked at some pretty depressing scenarios. >> miller: we kind of do, yeah, yes. ( laughs )
>> martin: have you ever had the conversation with yourself, "well, what if the president issued an order to use nuclear weapons and i didn't agree with it, would i carry out that order?" >> haney: the president expects me, as his combatant commander, to provide him the best military advice i have. so, he would expect me to voice my opinion. >> martin: you would have a voice, but if you disagreed with a decision... >> haney: i'm a military man, and we follow the orders of our commander-in-chief. >> martin: so, what are the chances the next president would actually have to make the fateful decision whether to use nuclear weapons? it's greater than you might think. that part of the story, next sunday on "60 minutes." so i liked when my doctor told me that i may reach my blood sugar and a1c goals
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>> scott pelley: the chinese economy is struggling, plagued by slowing growth and uncertainty in the stock markets. but there is one industry that is not suffering: the movie business. for china and its 1.3 billion people, going to the movies has become a national pastime, and china is expected to become the biggest movie market in the world in the next two years. well, unsurprisingly, hollywood has taken notice, partnering with chinese studios and making blockbusters as much for the chinese audience as the american one. but as holly williams first reported last april, the u.s. film industry is also facing
competition from a new generation of chinese moguls and movie stars with big ambitions. tonight, a journey to a new hollywood, rising in the east. >> holly williams: in the remote hills of eastern china, this is a magic kingdom that not even walt disney could have dreamed up. it's called hengdian world studios, and at over 7,000 acres, it's the largest film lot on the planet. a palace for every dynasty, a village for every era, where some of the biggest movies in china have been filmed over the last two decades. these sets aren't flimsy facades, but full-scale brick and mortar replicas of china's imperial past. and when the films wrap, a brief silence, before the sets are
flooded by 15 million tourists who visit every year. it's all the domain of xu wenrong, a one-time farmer who realized his fields were fertile ground for a new industry. permission is hardly ever granted to film in the real forbidden city, china's iconic landmark, so he built his own. it took several hundred years to build the real forbidden city, and it took you five years to build this one. and you made the whole thing from cement? xu got the idea for this place 20 years ago after a visit to hollywood. movies weren't big business in china back then, but he spent $1 billion gambling on their growth. do you feel a bit like an emperor when you come here? no, you're just an ordinary guy. an ordinary guy whose empire
hosts 30 different productions every day, as the film crews compete for space with tourists who crowd the sets straining to get a glimpse of the stars. when the cameras start rolling, movie magic. the movie business is booming across china. shopping malls have popped up everywhere, and with them, theaters. 22 new movie screens open every day. that's right, every day. in the last five years, box office receipts have grown a staggering 350%. it's created a kind of a mass hysteria, and something china's never seen before: star culture. li bing bing has been described as china's angelina jolie. it feels as if the movie industry here in china is getting more and more like hollywood.
>> li bing bing: the-- the speed of the development, you can't imagine, even for us. >> williams: it's changing so quickly. >> bing: so quickly. you... >> williams: and... >> bing: ...even you don't even react, it's already changed. >> williams: and transformed into a multibillion-dollar industry. chinese studios produce over 600 features a year: action movies, science fiction, thrillers. behind them is a group of pioneering movie moguls, like dennis wang. he once worked as a chinese food deliveryman in new york, and is now chairman of the huayi bros, one of the largest studios in the country. the movie business has made him a billionaire, a capitalist with chinese characteristics. last year he spent $30 million on a picasso, which he keeps in his pocket and in one of his other homes. so that's the picasso. and you bought it from the
goldwyn family, who owned the mgm studios in hollywood? so it's not so much as a passing of the torch as a passing of the picasso. the biggest prize isn't picassos, but hollywood itself. this year, a chinese company purchased a hollywood studio for $3.5 billion. others have been investing in multi-movie production deals with american companies to make films for the global market. you're going to use hollywood directors, hollywood stars... >> dennis wang: yes. >> williams: ...to make english- language films to compete with hollywood? >> dennis wang: yes. >> williams: and make global blockbusters? >> dennis wang ( translated ): yes. ( laughs ) i think we'll be doing it in the next one or two years. maybe in five years, we'll be doing it really well. >> williams: in five years, you'll be competing with hollywood. >> dennis wang: i think we can do it. >> williams: even though china's economy has slumped in the last year, dennis' brother james, the
huayi bros c.e.o., says the movie business is recession- proof. >> james wang ( translated ): when the economy is weak, the movie business does really well. when times are bad, people go to the movies and feel happy and it doesn't cost them much money. >> williams: so the bad times, actually could be good for the film industry? >> james wang: in the last 20 years, the biggest box office earners have come out when the economy is bad. it's interesting. >> williams: the sheer size of the chinese market has hollywood salivating, and desperate to get in on the action. dede nickerson is an american film producer who's spent the last 20 years making movies in china. >> dede nickerson: today, if you sit in a green light meeting in a hollywood studio at any of the studios, at any of the major six studios there, china is part of every green light discussion.
>> williams: they're wondering, "will chinese audiences..." >> nickerson: well, they have to. >> williams: "...like this film?" >> nickerson: they... they have to because oftentimes the chinese box office is larger than the u.s. box office. especially for the big blockbuster films. >> williams: blockbusters like "transformers 4," which made $300 million in china, was partly filmed there and co-stars li bing bing. but the chinese government has a quota system, which only allows 34 foreign films into the country every year. to get around the rule, hollywood has been co-producing movies in china with local studios. >> williams: "kung fu panda 3" was animated in california and shanghai at the same time, and >> i lost my father. >> i am so sorry. >> co-produced by dreamworks and its spin-off, oriental dreamworks. then-c.e.o. james fong showed us how they were tailoring the movie for both audiences.
>> james fong: what we've done is actually we are re-animating everything around the mouth and the throat. so when you look at a chinese version of the movie, you no longer have a misalignment between the voices and the lip movement. >> williams: so, in the chinese version, they look as if they are speaking in chinese. >> fong: that's correct. >> williams: whereas in the u.s. version they look as if they're speaking english. has this ever been done before? >> fong: this has never been done before. >> williams: for years, the only movies anyone could watch in china were communist propaganda. revolutionary heroes, patriotic peasants and guerilla soldiers. those who strayed too far from the party line were thrown in jail, or worse. as a teenager, filmmaker chen kaige was pressured to denounce his own father, also a director, as an enemy of the state.
>> chen kaige: i felt very, very guilty. >> williams: but you were forced to do that by the political situation in china. you were only 14 years old. >> kaige: no, i still feel guilty. because i had a choice. i had a choice. >> williams: in the '90s, after things had loosened up, chen chose to make films that were critical of the regime, like "farewell my concubine," which earned two oscar nominations and tells the story of opera singers who are persecuted by communist henchmen. that movie helped put chinese film on the map. but today, chen, one of china's most venerated filmmakers, finds it hard to keep up. >> williams: it's become big business? >> kaige: exactly. >> williams: chinese people want... >> kaige: chinese people... >> williams: ...to see popcorn movies? want to see blockbusters... >> kaige: that's totally understandable. you know, they don't give a ( bleep ). they just say, "hey, we're here to watch a movie."
>> williams: they're a generation that's grown up on china's booming consumer culture, and on the surface their lifestyles look more and more like young peoples' in the west. prosperity has transformed china. it's no longer a closed communist country. but amidst all this modernity, the chinese government still censors films and decides which ones can be shown in theatres. we asked to speak with the government officials who oversee the film industry here, but they declined to be interviewed. some things haven't changed. it's not easy filming anything in china. those were just private security guards. but when it comes making movies, the government's involved in almost every step of the process. from deciding which movies get made, to screening the final cut. censors held up this world war two epic, "city of life and death," for the better part of a
year because the film depicted soldiers from japan, china's wartime enemy, in a flattering light. lu chuan was its director. >> lu chuan: because some... some newspaper does put me as a traitor of... >> williams: a traitor? ( laughs ) >> chuan: yes, yes, yes. >> williams: because you dared to show a japanese soldier as a human being? >> chuan: yes. yeah. >> williams: he wasn't certain his recent film, a monster movie, "chronicles of the ghostly tribe," would fare any better even though it has nothing to do with politics. it's very realistic looking. it's very frightening. >> chuan: that's my... that's my goal. >> williams: three years ago, the government didn't allow monster movies. today it does. navigating the whims of the censors can be treacherous and confusing. >> chuan: they will determine the fate of your movie, you know? >> williams: and can you argue
with them? >> chuan: you can talk. you can argue, yes. >> williams: does it work? >> chuan: sometimes. but you have to compromise. >> williams: hollywood's been compromising to please the censors too, cutting whole sections out of films before they're released in china. like scenes depicting chinese bad guys in "men in black 3." >> you arrest me, that's a hate crime. >> williams: but dede nickerson, the china-based american producer, thinks u.s. studios are learning how to avoid that kind of meddling by the government. >> nickerson: you'll see less and less of that because china is so important to hollywood that i would say that those decisions are going to get made when a film is being green lit to be careful about what may be offensive to chinese people or to the chinese authorities. because... >> williams: so they won't need to cut... cut scenes. >> nickerson: they won't need to cut because... >> williams: they just won't make them in... >> nickerson: because... >> williams: ...the first place. >> nickerson: ...they won't make them in the first place. >> williams: self-censorship is
the cost of doing business in china, and a price u.s. studios are willing to pay. but hollywood's biggest challenge isn't chinese government interference. it's competition from a young and dynamic industry. >> nickerson: they are smart. they understand storytelling. they are super well-versed in what works in their own country. they are super well-versed in what works globally. i couldn't be more excited. so i would say... you know, hollywood, watch out. >> this cbs sports update is brought to you by the lincoln motor company. i'm james brown. houston snaps k.c.'s win streak. big ben throws three scores as the steelers knock off the bengals. baltimore scores 25 unanswered to shock the browns. cam newton brings carolina to their first win. the giants beat the saints on a game-winning field goal. the pats win but lose
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>> pelley: i'm scott pelley. we'll be back next week with the 49th season premier of "60 minutes." this just got interesting. why pause to take a pill? or stop to find a bathroom? cialis for daily use is approved to treat both erectile dysfunction and the urinary symptoms of bph, like needing to go frequently, day or night. tell your doctor about all your medical conditions and medicines, and ask if your heart is healthy enough for sex do not take cialis if you take nitrates for chest pain, or adempas for pulmonary hypertension, as it may cause an unsafe drop in blood pressure.
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