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tv   BBC World News  PBS  September 13, 2010 1:30pm-2:00pm PST

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>> "bbc world news" is presented by kcet, los angeles. funding for this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation, and union bank. and seamens. >> moral in america, there is a doctor to attend. to the future. there is a nurse can access the repressions' past. because the whole hospital is working together, there's a family can breathe easy right now. summer in america, we already answered some of the nation's toughest told her questions. and there are 60,000 people of seamans are ready to do it again. answers.
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♪ >> union bank offers unique insight and expertise in a range of industries. what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news." >> anbar against india fuelled by rumors of religious desecration. 18 people died in protests in kashmir. non-creche -- not christians versus muslims but also face against extremists. the imam in the new york islamic center speaks out about the controversy. a promise to help victims of widespread sexual abuse. many victims more action against
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the abuses. welcome to "bbc world news" on pbs in america. the haves and have-nots. we are in new gone to to find out how the money military's a project has changed the lives of the lucky few. >> i would love to have my own voice back, but it goes way beyond my voice. >> in the british woman woke up and found she now has a french accent. ♪ >> hello. the violence was filled by a tv report ave koran is acquitted in the u.s., but demonstrations and killed at least 18 people in kashmir and have anchor at the indian government. police opened fire after
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thousands of people took to the streets chanting anti-indian and anti-western slogans. here is the report. >> more funerals, more a year, and more killings. on the most violent day of the violent summer in indian- administered kashmir. once again, tens of thousands of people took to the streets on defiance of a strict curfews. they chanted pro-independence slogans and anti-india. more than 70 people have been shot dead by the police in the last three months during similar angry protests. this time, there was a twist. these demonstrators gathered to denounce reports the copies of the koran had been damaged in the united states. the christian missionary school was attacked. in that delhi, the united states
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condemned the violence, and anyone in america who insulted the koran. >> i strongly condemn such acts as disrespectful, and tolerant, davis of, and unrepresentative of american values. the deliberate destruction of any holy book is and abhorrent act. >> but cashmere is an indian challenge. the prime minister, here in delhi with military commanders, is deeply distressed by the latest violence. but this government seems powerless to stop it. kasner has been disputed and divided between india and pakistan for more than six decades. it remains a dangerous source of tension in south asia and a rallying cry from muslim militants. violent unrest in kashmir has implications for stability in india and pakistan and also
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further appeals in afghanistan. abc news, a deli. >> the man behind a controversial plans for muslim community center near ground zero in new york has said extremists of any faith must not be allowed to hush up the discourse. the imam says it is vital to have a platform where the voice of moderate muslims can be amplified. many americans are opposed to the center as it would be two blocks from the side of the twin towers. this from our washington correspondent. >> in recent weeks, imam rauf has tried to keep a low profile but this morning, the man who loves to build an islamic community center several blocks away from ground zero decide to speak out. >> the real battle that we must wage together today is not between muslims and non-muslims. it is between moderates of all the faith traditions against the
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extremists of all the faith traditions. >> this is where the imam plans to build this community center, several blocks away from ground zero in lower manhattan. this morning he suggested that he was exploring all options to try to resolve the controversy. he also insisted that he had the right to keep going with his plans. >> in recent days, people have asked, is there really any for an islamic community center in lower manhattan? is it worth all this firestorm? the answer, ladies and gentlemen, is a categorical yes. >> the imam's words, two days after american mark the anniversary of the 911 attacks. it was the most divided anniversary in some years. the obama administration may be hoping that the argument about the proposed community center near ground zero goes away. in the end, a final decision may be made by the imam himself.
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bbc news, washington. >> stay with us if you run the program, we will be in the world's most populous muslim nation. we will hear in your from muslims and a group of christians holding mass nearby. the catholic church in belgium has promised to help mass of sexual abuse scandals by listening to them, by cooperating more closely with police, and setting up a center for recognition, reconciliation, and healing. over last week, an independent study showed that 13 victims had killed themselves. support groups have criticized church leaders for not apparently doing more to help catch and publisher of users. here is the report from brussels. >> cents at least the 1960's, a child sexual abuse was widespread in catholic-run schools, youth groups, and in the church. it was only on friday where the details were revealed in all
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their horror. it was prevalent with every diocese by teachers, use workers, priests, and that is one digit. some suffering silently. 13 people are saw -- thought to have committed suicide. >> this is clear that there's a high risk of abuse. they are abused from a very early age onward. as you can see, we have data of boys at the age of two at the time of the abuse. >> those details and many more have shocked the country. now the catholic church has responded at a press conference today. the archbishop of brussels promised to listen to victims and said the church will create a center to offer reconciliation and healing for the victims. the archbishop said the church had always talked victims to go to the police. >> when it concerns people who have committed crimes were still alive and where there's no statute of limitations it, then it is just a civil justice to
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decide whether they should be imprisoned or not. it has been our practice in those cases to reserve victims to civil justice. >> the churches been repeatedly accused of doing the exact opposite of buying the silence of victims, protecting the guilty, and delhi to as evidence on to the authorities. one victim who was molested by two priests from the age of 11 says nothing has really changed. >> i think it will be an old way in new bags. all of the world where this thing has happened, the bishops have said for many, many years several techniques to postpone their final judgment. i think it will be the same. i will be very happy if we see a significant step from the church. >> the catholic church says this time things are different. but it is still demanding thousands of files back. they're searching for evidence of child abuse. a move which is hardly likely to
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reassure victims of the church is doing it impossible to bring their attackers to justice. bbc news, brussels. >> the former british prime minister now special middle east envoy has said he is confident that a historic peace deal can be reached between israel and palestinians. but he has told the bbc of the chance is lost now, it could disappear for a decade. this week's talks in egypt he says are important to build trust. >> looked, the challenges are obvious. we've got to get over the issue on the moratorium and settlement building. and there are numerous and difficult issues in negotiations. but the one thing that came out of washington, and from my conversation with the leaders that are still there, is a fixed determination if we can get this process moving to get a solution. and the feeling that was there for some time on both sides of the other was not serious, i think the real gain from washington is that that feeling
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of cynicism has been significantly reduced. i suppose the leaders, netanyahu and others persuaded that with a small window of opportunity here to achieve peace. and if this does not happen now, we will be lost for another six to 10 years. and then we will return 19 years' time with more settlements on the ground, with an increased radicalization, as lumber chances of peace. >> that is a fair summary. and they're feeling is that you could wait several more years and come back to the same issues, probably harder to resolve than today. >> africa has seen substantial economic growth in the past five years, but it is not trickling down to the poorest. that is the conclusion of the commission set up by tony blair. but there is an ambitious experiment targeting a cluster of areas with a lot of vague.
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eventually, it is no longer needed. mike has been comparing the data of two villages in it you got done -- in uganda. >> you find this seen across much of rural uganda. job down bananas that will end up on selling a distant markets. but life is changed in recent times for her and her husband. in their income is no longer just depending on this one crop. thanks to the merely met -- millennium village project, they now have more cows and goats. they no longer live in a mud- walled home but in the brick one next door. >> we did not have enough food to perform. we did not have money, and now we have money. >> make a difference to an entire community is what this a project claims to do by targeting a specific area with substantial funding and working with the local people and administration. school feeding programs, a key
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example, a way of getting children in poor areas like this to go to school and stay there. critics suggest there's the risk the millennium of villages and up as islands of success in a sea of failure here in uganda. they're trying to make sure that does not happen. >> i think we have done our job. we have done our job and sharing these lessons with government. government is promising to get more money. the donors are promising to provide money. i will be disappointed if these good lessons are not reflective. >> we have to figure out the the policy has more to do with trade and investments and economic management with than with a. but the poorest often miss out. they are believed still have a critical role to play in overcoming inequality in ultimately ending poverty. the millennium of villages have sprung up as an ambitious new way of trying to force the pace
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across africa. >> the pressure is already on to demonstrate the wider benefits in uganda, particularly those in this area. it is tough for this family to make a living since the father died. >> we do not have good schools for our children. we do not have enough medical care for our families in the environment people. and we have a transport network. >> even as such hurdles are eventually overcome, but cannot be answered yet is when eight of any kind will no longer be needed. abc news, a southwestern uganda. >> still to come on "bbc world news ," two senators found a unique way to encourage the young to take an interest in their national sport in thailand. ♪ >> first, the u.s. and the
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european union have welcomed at the referendum vote in turkey, which meets the constitution can be changed. but the military more accountable to civilian courts. but other aspects of the changes are causing other concerns. >> is turkey a different country of passing these reforms? not really. the constitution is a little more european in its respective citizens rights, but these were incremental, not radical improvements. still, the turkish prime minister had good reason to be pleased with the results. inseptember 12 will go down history as a turning point in turkish democracy. you always be remembered for this. we will always be remembered for this. this day, september 12, which was tainted with the constitution of a coup has turned into a bright page. >> the amended constitution puts the military more firmly under
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civilian supervision. the army has faced four coups in the past 50 years. it indeed finds individual rights of expectations to children and allows politics discrimination to encourage gender inequality but a but it also strengthens the prime minister's hands. he is a divisive figure here. after his abrasive, some sibling leadership style, and his deep islamic faith, his plans to restructure the judiciary giving his government grace to say over the judges has alarm secular turks. he could campaign before the referendum for an opportunity to inform the public about the amendments. most people probably voted according to party loyalties. a substantial and no vote shows that the government runs high and it is a divided country. >> here are the latest
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headlines. 18 people have been killed in clashes between demonstrators and police in indian- administered kasner. the belgian catholic church has noticed widespread child abuse. there is a deal with the scandal. in the world's most populous muslim nation, religious tension seems to be on the rise, along with several more conservative islamic groups, spreading the message of intolerance. attacks recently in churches and minority groups. some see a threat to the country's young democracy. one flashpoint is the suburb of the capital jakarta. our correspondent has been there to investigate. >> this is what preparations for sunday's mass looks like these days here. for the last few weeks, a group of christians have been holding their prayer services in the suburbs under heavy police protection.
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this is what they're trying to prevent. sunday prayers have often resulted in violent clashes between the christians and muslims. >> this land is at the heart of the conflict between the two communities. the christians say it belongs to them, and then have the right to pray here. the muslims say the christians need a permit before they can make this land a place of worship. they even put up signs warning questions about what will happen if they continue with their prayers on sunday. this one says, stop these illegal prayers rainout, church people, or the public will take action. it is not always been like this. this christian has lived here alongside her muslim neighbors in peace for decades. but now this bill which is threatening to wreck the harmonious area. >> they are very narrow minded. i do not know how they see god. i feel that my god protects me.
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but they seem to think that they need to defend their broad. i guess that is the difference between us. >> she is seen here arguing with a police during a tense sunday mass and is the leader of islamic defenders friend. the christians think the group is behind the violence. he warns that if the christians continue to pray here on sunday, this conflict will escalate. >> if we start calling for holy war, then it does not matter whether we live or die. there is violence that results from this. christians have only themselves to blame. >> the problems of caught the attention of the entire nation. moderate and nations have called for their government to act against religious intolerance. but the government says it is doing its job. >> we're doing what we can. but we must do these things, and it must be a democratic response as well.
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there is a fine balance between when you want to ensure civil liberties and civil liberties to all. >> another sunday mass well the police stand guard. indonesia has to find a way to ensure its minorities can worship without fail. a arouse this local brawl risks turning into a national nightmare. bbc news. >> at least 13 people have been confirmed dead in a plane crash in eastern venezuela. it belonged to the state airline and came down outside of a steel mill outside the airport outside the city. around 50 were on board. survivors are being treated in the hospital. cuba has announced the biggest shift of the private sector since the revolution in 1959. massive numbers of state employees will be laid off. the cuban labor federation calculates half a million jobs will go by march.
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a total redundancy could exceed 1 million, 195 cuban workers. castro said he wants to reduce the role of the state to tackle a deep crisis in cuba's socialist economy. those led off are encouraged to become self employed and join new private enterprises. afghanistan goes to the polls on sunday to elect its parliament. given the wealth of problems that overrun to last year's presidential elections, their fears that corruption, fraud, and security issues will again have been. in many parts of the country, voters in elections ever so it risk to the polling centers are closed. candidates are not campaigning. there is an area largely under taliban control here. >> this is what it takes to report from the election. we're flying to the province. two hours by road from the capital but said danger is the only safe route is up here.
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we have come to meet the candidate for parliament. the insurgents say they will kill anyone taking part in the election. the campaigning communities all band of armed men. >> i think it is more or less -- >> this is to they are protecting. >> the taliban can come out and they can roam around in these areas. and they can take certain people's life. so many government officials that live on that side aired the road and on the side of the road. >> this is like the land that time forgot. as wild as it is dangerous, or country nomads and poor farmers struggled to make a living. no governance and no police presence here. the only real authority is the taliban.
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despite the dangers, he is committed to meet the man with the orange beard. he is the tribal element which means he can guarantee the support of the entire village. but only if people feel safe of up to vote. >> we're scared to even mention the word security. there is real fear here. if we tried to vote, the taliban will cut off our ears. or worse, they will kill us. >> it is a life or death issue. more than a dozen campaign workers have been killed. one candidate has also died. the there's the man in middle, ghailani. he knows that the taliban find him here, then his life also be at risk. this is who they are afraid of, the taliban. large numbers were there with impunity. these exclusive pictures sold by local cameraman for the bbc showed the insurgents in training.
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they're well-armed, highly mobile, and ruthlessly effective. the credibility of the government in the international mission is at stake. powerful forces are against them. bbc news. >> yes, it sounds like something from a situation comedy, but this is no joke. imagine you wake up one morning suddenly speaking with a foreign accent. it is a real medical condition. they're only 60 reported cases around the world. we have met one woman dealing with the bizarre symptoms of her illness. >> in january this year, something extraordinary happened to kay russell. after a series migraine attack, she woke up with what sounds like a french accent. >> do you speak french? have you been there? >> i have french friends. sometimes people says an eastern
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european or russian. >> to get an idea of how she used tuesday, she showed me a dvd from a few years ago when she worked as a salesperson. >> hello, i would like to welcome you. >> a foreign accent syndrome is an extremely rare neurological disorder. parts of the brain that controls speech or damaged, usually by a stroke or an injury. the condition is actually a speech impediment that the listener interprets as a foreign accent. this professor is one of the few experts in the world on a foreign accent syndrome. he says there is no known cure, and the effects can be devastating. >> a lot of people with foreign accents syndrome feel like they're in bereavement terms like they have lost a bit of themselves, part of the personality has died almost. it has been lost to them.
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>> the impact has been significant. she has lost her job, lost confidence in public, lost part of her identity. >> are you still the same person? are you still kay? >> no. i think i will put an advertisement in lost and found. at the end of the day, maybe somebody could find me. >> you are lost. >> i strive very hard to do what i do, but i strive also very hard to find me again. >> you think of how to promote the country's cultural heritage and you might think a concert by some of the then nations musical heroes or an exhibition highlighting historical achievements. you knew there was a but coming. two senior senators in thailand had other ideas. in a bit too promote their national sport of tight kick boxing, the senator is both in their 60s exchange real punches and kicks in a bid to encourage more young people to practice
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and preserve this art. at the end of two rounds, the referee announced both men winners of the match. it is worth adding that both of them are former professional boxers. for much more on that and all the international news anytime you want, it is online at bbc.com/news. you can catch me on twitter and facebook. thanks for being with us. possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, the john d. and catherine t.and union bank. and seamens. >> summer in america, there's a doctor that can peer into the future. and there's the can access every patient's past. because the whole hospital is working together, there is a
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family can breathe easy right now. somewhere in america, we've already answered some of the nation's toughest health care questions. and the over 60,000 people of seamans are ready to do it again. answers. ♪ ♪
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