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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 4, 2011 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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newman's own foundation. shell. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news." >> this is "bbc world news america." rushing home -- after years in an italian prison, amanda knox is just hours away from getting back to america.
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where the young cannot work -- youth unemployment is at shocking levels in spain. is this the lost generation? >> how many of you are confident that when you leave university will be able to get a job. put your hands if you are confident. >> and now there are five -- unveiling at the newest iphone. how much longer can apple keep competitors at bay? >> welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. just 24 hours after we brought you the drama of amanda knox's murder conviction being overturned in italy, tonight, the american is on a plane headed home. in seattle, they're planning a big homecoming party. but in italy, prosecutors have
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announced they will appeal the verdict to the country's highest court. from the site of the trial in perugia, we have this report. >> this was the moment when a man that knox left italy after spending almost four years in prison. last night, she was cleared of murder. grinning broadly, she now knew she was going home to seattle. but the family of meredith kercher, the student was found with her throat cut, said they felt like it or back to square one on who killed her. a tiny blue k was tied to the house in perugia where she died. >> what happened to my daughter is every parent's nightmare. she was in the safest place, her bedroom. >> meredith kercher's sister
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asked if the family was prepared to forgive. >> until the truth comes out, we cannot forgive anyone because no one has even admitted to it. until that happens, we have to wait and see what happens. >> one person, rudy guede, remains in prison. but the court says he killed her with other people, but if it was not a man the box and boyfriend, raffaele sollecito, who was it? the prosecutors say they plan to appeal the decision and are prepared to take it to italy's highest court. when amanda knox was cleared last night, it was a moment of extreme emotions. she was led sobbing from the court.
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her former boyfriend, a raffaele sollecito, was also afraid to return home to southern italy. amanda knox was driven out of prison late last night into a world of the exclusive interviews and book deals. she got vip treatment as she changed planes at heathrow airport. she has become a celebrity in america and can expect to get rich from her ordeal. >> the where the bears, at least on wall street. today, one of them made -- one of america's major share indexes was off 20% from its april peak. it's the kind of fall usually associated with a bear market. if that was not depressing enough, european markets were down also. ben bernanke told congress today that the two are almost definitely linked. >> i believe one of the reasons are recovery has been slower this year than last year is that we have faced a lot of financial
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volatility. some of that is coming from the european situation. >> as economists search for the causes of that volatility, the effects are being seen on the streets, with protests in many of the world's major cities. for more on the rising tide of economic discontent and the tools government still has to try, i'm churned by a former u.s. labor secretary professor, robert reischauer. the protests we see around america are not on scale of volume seen in madrid, athens or paris. why do you think they are not? >> americans are very frustrated, to be sure. the degree to economic -- the degree of economic stress right now has not been as high during the great depression, but it is not as high as it was during the great depression. many young people are out of work and is not terribly surprising some of them have taken to the streets.
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there doesn't seem to be a very clear and precise agenda for this movement, if you want to call it a movement, except that there is great trust and -- great distrust and anger directed at wall street and big corporations. we may see more, but it is hard to tell. >> ben bernanke seem to be blaming what's happening in europe and the white house has woken up to the fact that if europe collapses in some form or another, there is very little they can do here. >> very little. the united states economy is so large that we are not all that dependent on europe right now. european exports are important, but the domestic demand is this the critical thing. the consumer here, whose spending comprises 70% of the economy, are so scared about losing their jobs, their wages are falling, family incomes are down, and that is very surprising when you consider most families have two wage
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earners. mortgages are still a huge debt burden on many families. one out of 40 is more on their homes than their homes are worth. put that together -- one in 40 -- one out of for it knows more on their home than they're worth. >> you advocate spending more and worrying about deficits later. critics would say we have tried that to the tune of $800 billion and we're still at 9% unemployment. >> indeed. most studies show this stimulus bill did reduce unemployment somewhat. in fact, it saved about 3 million jobs, but that counterfactual is difficult to prove. in a charge political environment, it's harder for democrats and the white house to say we need more stimulus because it worked the first time, even though it did.
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but if consumers are not going to spend and businesses are not going to expand and hire because consumers are not spending, you have to look to the splendor of last resort, and that is the government. >> thank you. >> thank you. >> among the major consequences of this economy has been the spiraling youth unemployment. in spain, half of young people are out of work. >> it is the young who could help lead spain out of its crisis, but this morning, they were in bed jobs sector. >> it is very worrying. >> this is europe's fifth largest economy and it is running on empty. spanish jobs centers have been bustling since the crisis began and it is a problem not just for
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individuals but for the state as a whole. spain is having to shell out large amounts of money in unemployment benefits and, then there are the increasing fears with youth unemployment so high, of a growing lost generation. you find it at the madrid's largest university. >> how many of you are confident that when you leave university will be able to get a job? how many of you? put up your hands if you are confident. any job. anything at all -- about four or five people in here of 28. how many of you think you will have to leave spain to get a job and live the lives you want to live. >> there go most of the hands. >> meet the latest recruit to the brain drain of spain. she's leaving for the netherlands.
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an economics graduate, she worries about her economy. >> it is our fault because i don't think universities are preparing people and i don't think the students are taking all the opportunities they have. >> so spain it needs to change. >> definitely. >> but the labor minister told me use emigration is not a problem. >> its important, but i don't see it as-that youngsters to opt for a future in europe achieve that. i see it as quite normal to go abroad for work or study for part of their education. i don't see it as a problem, but a big advantage. >> spain is caught up in the debt crisis that is hitting europe. the government insists things will improve, but many fear that without the young, it will take longer. >> for the country to lose this group of people who could help raise productivity in spain, which is quite low, it is a
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tragedy. >> in the university can't seem, many feel that. across europe, youth unemployment is rising and, just like the continent's economic crisis, there is no end in sight. >> spain's lost generation. the islamic military group al- shabaab said it carried out a suicide bombing in the somali capital of mogadishu. a truck packed with explosives blew up a government building near the center of mogadishu. is the deadliest single attack in the group's five-year history and one of the worst seen in somalia's 20 years of civil war. new jersey gov. chris christie announced he is not running for the white house after weeks of call for him to enter the race. he said that "now is not my time." he has spent the last week reconsidering calls to run for president. in libya, revolutionary forces
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had used tanks and mortars to shell the center of serte and people are trying to escape the firing. got this report from the outskirts of the city. who is left and how are they trying to get out? there are a significant numbers of civilians -- someone who got out yesterday's says 25% of the population is still there. let me give you a sense of where i am. the people behind me are fighters, one of the 75 brigades fighting here on the outskirts. they are preparing an entire arsenal for a final push. we have regular rounds like this and rockets, mortar
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shells, they have to anti- aircraft missiles, but they don't know how to use those. they are preparing for battle, but they're being told to hold back for the moment by nato and their own transitional government because of those civilians. very few willing have -- very few people have been willing to talk. the people there have had so little information that they believe they will be killed and women will be raped if they give up. they're fighting to the death, so you've got a significant number of people there and that is what is holding off these fighters behind me from making that final assault on the town, which they believe would be a fairly sure one if they gave it everything they've got. >> are the people who are still there by and large supporters of walmart gaddafi? -- walmart gaddafi?
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>> of course. he has done a lot for the town. it is his home town. we hear some -- a lot of the people here aren't die-hard loyalists and there are plenty of people who fought with him as well and it's going to be very tough to take the town by force. these fighters here are reluctant to do it but believe they have to to show the rest of the world they are finally fully in control of this country. >> thank you for the latest there. in delhi, the leaders of india and afghanistan signed a new strategic partnership to expand cooperation in security and development. but while the president of afghanistan tries to build his future, forces ousted 10 years ago are trying to pull it back. we're looking at where afghanistan stands a decade on. we are joined by the president of the council on foreign
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relations of formerly served as a senior adviser to the state department. let's start with today's news. indiana and afghanistan are poking a finger in the eye of afghanistan. a diplomatic solution to the problems there look farther away than ever. >> i never thought they looked very close to begin with, but i do not argue your point. i think afghanistan's government has concluded that that pakistan is not going to be a partner in ending the conflict and pakistan will continue to provide a sanctuary for the taliban. so you are beginning to see the afghan government reposition itself and look to partners where it can find them and in this case, it is delhi. >> where does this leave u.s. foreign policy? you wrote that democracy promotion, humanitarianism, counter-terrorism have all come up short.
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there are forces behind the initial invasion of afghanistan 10 years ago. but those are not the solution, what is? >> i would argue in the near term, the united states needs to turn its emphasis here back home to restore the foundations of our economy, schools and infrastructure. in afghanistan, we should not be trying to remake the society. it's simply not going to succeed and it's not worth what we are spending in blood and treasure. we should be much less ambitious, carry out a narrow counter-terrorism policy and look for partners where we find them, but essentially give up on the ambitious policy that has proven extraordinarily costly and simply will not pay off. >> is that the same as isolationism? you talk about doctrine -- >> isolation is where you turn your back where you have vital
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interests at stake. we should continue to do what we do against terrorism and continue to worry about north coriander and maintain a balance in asia. -- worry about north korea and maintain a balance in asia. the costs are enormous and the prospects are poor. we ought to put our marginal dollars where we have options. here at home, this is not isolationism, this is to preserve the strength of the united states so we can act and lead in the world if and when our vital interests are being challenged. >> watching what's happening in the white house and austin, do you think policy leaders are listening to you? >> that would be a change, but i do think there is a sense that over the last decade or two, the united states has lost its way.
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we've gotten too ambitious in this nation building overseas and we ought not become isolationist, but we need to become much more discriminating. you see this in what the president talks about as far as nation-building at home. what you did not hear in the debates -- and the republican debates, you don't hear a lot about foreign policy. you're a tremendous emphasis on what we can do to grow the economy. the next phase of american policy will be more domestic and international. >> thank you for joining us. you are watching "bbc world news america." coming up, rolling out apple's latest offering. predecessor keep people coming back for more? norway has allowed a small group of journalists to visit of the island for the first time since
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july where the six to nine people were massacred. the island will eventually open up to the public. we have this report. >> it has been out of bounds to the media and now the same ferry that took the murder there is taking us. he murdered 69 people at the summer camp, but the place felt strange been normal. the tent and picnic tables and even the entertainment schedule for the day of the attack is still on the wall. there was supposed to have been a football game and a disco. insteps, terrified campers were forced to run for their lives, pursued by the gunman. when they heard shots, 50 young people rushed into here to take cover. >> i picked the mattress up from my bed and put it in front of the window and put the chair in
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front of it so it would stick better. we were just so scared. it was awful to be there. i was certain this was my final hour. >> she was rescued about her ordeal was not over. >> then i saw him, the person that did this. he was laughing. i thought it could not be him because i did not think anybody who just shot 70 people could be laughing. >> he had turned a summer camp and to a killing field. there were some of the victims here. but now this island is a paradise lost. >> it has been months since the june eruption which sent
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residents in the volcano in july scrambling. but still the ash continues to rain down. >> they call this picture acts corner of patagonia the garden. -- this picturesque corner of patagonia the garden. today, it looks more like a construction site. when the volcano are erected, ash soared miles into the sky above the andes. the wind carried much of it and to argentina where it fell and is still falling on small towns like this one. even months since the volcano corrupted, there are enormous amounts of ash falling down. you can feel it on your clothes, in your hair, even the when you walk down the street. if you have a closer look at it, it looks like ordinary sand. but in some occasions, rocks of
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this side have been falling. this area depends on tourism. with the volcano still erupting, a few visitors are prepared to risk a long journey here. >> in the first months, hardly anyone managed to make it in. today, businesses are barely getting 20% of their usual trade. >> we were taken by park rangers to a small community near an island close to the volcano. on our way, we encountered a remarkable scenes -- a small bear covered in ash tries to climb up the cliff. blinded by the volcanic ash, it will struggle to survive much longer. for much wildlife, there is no where safe to go. back on the shore, there is a refusal to surrender to the volcanoes of some power.
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-- awesome power. >> this has totally changed our lives as we are accustomed to living in a beautiful, green area. but we are determined to stay here. we are going nowhere. >> have to cling to hope because scientists cannot predict what the volcano will do next. it is erupting on almost a daily basis. what looks like a cloud over the mountain is volcano dust headed this way. officials are preparing for future evacuation's. the majority of the town has dug in. the spirit of resilience will be needed in the coming months. the blockade is but 50 years before this direction and no one knows what it will go silent again. -- the volcano slept for 50 years before this. >> now to the highly anticipated release of the latest iphone. the next generation of the
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device was unveiled, but that word of the competitors? our technology correspondent has this report. >> regular cell phones are not so smart and not so easy to use. >> he was the most charismatic boss and the technology business, but he has stepped down. steve jobs has handed over the reins to tim cook, and a new boss may have been looking forward to today's entry on his calendar with a measure of dread. >> i would like to invite our chief operating officer up. >> it is not the first time mr. cook has appeared on stage to launch a new product. but now he's in charge of a business whose previous leader was uniquely successful. one young technology boss does not envy him. >> steve jobs was masterful at the surprise unveiling and making technology sexy. i think he almost invented that. they became not geek, they
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became chic. that's a tough act to follow. >> tonight sees the unveiling of the new phone which has propelled apple from cult computer firm to a technology superpower. but the rivals and the phone business have not stood still. for all the iphone does, apple does not top the smart phone lead. android has come from nowhere to grab 43% of the market. nokia real -- nokia ruled the roost until recently but their share has fallen to 22%. the iphone is 18% of smart fund sales but that keeps rising. and it is apple that is making the bumper profits. >> he has a lot of phones and his job is to watch the industry. he says apple has to keep moving ahead. >> there is no room for complacency. this is going to be the most important iphone lunch today. products like the samsung
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galaxy have a fabulous screen and great battery life and a great camera, they are knocking on apple's door. >> wendy iphone4 was launched -- when the the iphone4 was launched, people said it was not good at making phone calls. >> that brings us to the end of today's broadcast. thank you for watching. tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new
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york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. union bank. and shell. >> this is kim - about to feel one of his favorite sensations. at shell, we're developing more efficient fuels in countries like malaysia that can help us get the most from our energy resources. let's use energy more efficiently. let's go. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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