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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 13, 2011 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. shell. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news."
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>> this is bbc world news america" reporting from washington. a 11 years in prison. the longest sentence in u.s. history for insider trading. kidnapped at gunpoint. aids workers are snatched from the world's largest refugee camp. and chilean miners celebrate one year after their rescue. their fate has not always been so merry. welcome to our viewers around the globe.
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once a high-flying financier, today he was sentenced to 11 years in prison for his role in one of the biggest insider- trading cases in american history. prosecutors wished for 25 years. the judge issued a clear warning for anyone tempted to follow the same path. our reporter was inside the courtroom in new york and send this report. >> he was once little known outside the world of wall street hedge funds. that was before he committed a crime the judge described as a virus in the business culture that needs to be eradicated. the drama that played out in front of this manhattan courthouse had him saying little as he waited to learn his fate. he has only a few weeks before he must report to prison on november 28. down the road on wall street,
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they have been watching closely. he was accused of making $50 million on an insider-trading ring, trading shares of 19 companies based on confidential information. the securities lawyer says it is a wake-up call for the financial industry. >> the government is watching. they are watching closely. insider trading is breaking the rules and the government is going to be looking for people who break the rules and they will punish them. >> the founder of the hedge funds never took the stand. the defendant's voice was heard in court. prosecutors secretly recorded conversations between him and his associates to get a conviction. now those wiretaps on the subject of his appeal. >> this was an unprecedented case in terms of using wire taught -- wiretaps for this kind
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of case. the government stressed the envelope. the defense will appeal whether or not that was permissible. >> the judge did show leniency. he did not hand out a longer sentence because of the defendant's legal problems. >> our reporter joins me live from new york. the judge showed leniency. this sends a tough message to wall street, doesn't it? >> considering what to sentence the defendant, he said i do not have a crystal ball about what will send a clear message. hopefully, this will be enough. that is certainly his hope. the government was hoping for a tougher sentence. all of this is designed to see in -- to send a clear message. those who commit economic crimes
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will be punished. >> do you think this kind of trial will actually change the way individuals operate in finance? >> i think it will have some kind of impact. when you take someone like this defendant and make them at a poster boy for this bad behavior, i do not think people want that kind of bad publicity. it is not good for business. the penalty of ending up behind bars is not something people on wall street wants. yet the thing that has come out of this trial is that you have the government sending a message. we may be listening to your phone conversations. that will have an impact going forward. the other thing is the use of expert networks. professionals would turn to the outside firms to act as matchmakers to put people in touch with others who have
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expert knowledge. this was not legal. the line between what is legal is often great. you will -- often gray. you will see people dialing back on the amount they will use these expert firms. >> the government wanted a longer sentence than what the defendant eventually got. >> they are saying this is endemic at the moment. we are seeing a number of these cases and they are increasing and increasing. that is the concern of the government. these all costly cases to brain and prosecute. hence the use of the wiretaps and that they were going for such a big sentence. the message is, we will not let you keep getting away with this kind of behavior. >> thank you so much for joining us. the hundreds of thousands of refugees huddled in in a canyon
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refugee camp rely on aid workers for their survival. now two of them have been kidnapped at gunpoint. they were working at a french refugee camp when they were abducted. this is the third kidnapping of foreigners in the area in just over one month. >> the vulnerability of aid workers is demonstrated starkly once again. these are health workers vaccinating children. it was an msf vehicle that was seized. the kenyan driver was shot. the two international staff are now missing. in 1991, refugees began fleeing violence. it is the current combination
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and the continued fighting that has turned it into the world's largest refugee camp. at the kenya-somalia border, despite security measures, it will be impossible to prevent infiltration by militants. officials say security has been deteriorating. this is a particularly critical time to contain the famine across the border. there is local speculation that the abductions were carried out by extremists extending their reach further into kenya. if that turns out to be correct, it will be deeply worrying for a committee dealing with the crisis where the human meat remains -- community dealing with the crisis where the human need remains unmet. >> in libya, the fight for
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colonel gaddafi's hometown still rages. across the country, there is disturbing new evidence that captured soldiers and civilians suspected of supporting the former leader have been brutally tortured and killed. it could be a stain on the reputation of the new government. we have this report from tripoli. >> this is a village in the western mountains. it has harbored gaddafi's fighters and has paid the price. this is a house left untouched. the inhabitants are not yet allowed to return. in a nearby town, young men show where their loyalty lies. they are too scared to appear on camera. in tripoli, we met a young man burned with cigarettes on simple
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suspicion that he supported the ousted leader. >> i am not a soldier, he told us. i had nothing to do with this war. i would rather die than live with this kind of fear. >> amnesty international says there has been widespread abuse of detainees. this is one of the biggest sales in the capital. in libya, with the political vacuum, it has been run like much of the company, entirely by volunteers. they are working without a salary, determined to clear things up. 1000 prisoners held in the jail. he showed us where he had been given electric shock to his arm. all of the detainees claimed
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they were being held without legal process. >> of all the people here, not one is guilty. >> the country's acting minister of justice has promised to investigate the allegations of abuse. >> what i can assure you is that these things are not organized. maybe they are the actions of individuals. no more than that. >> we have been told there have been deaths in custody. amnesty international says abuses are continuing and will stay in the human rights reputation of the country. >> president obama has said the united states will apply the toughest possible sanctions against iran over an alleged plot to kill the saudi arabian ambassador to washington. obama said america had evidence to show the world that iran had
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behaved dangerously and recklessly. the government had been aware of the assassination plot and must be held accountable. the italian president has appealed for support on the eve of a crucial vote of confidence. opposition groups are already organizing street demonstrations and sit-ins. is china stalling. the country's trade growth continued. residents of one chinese billy's face a problem a little more in it. they -- village face a problem a little more immediate. they do not seem to exist. no but certificates. our correspondent reports. >> you cannot find this place on any map.
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as far as the authorities are concerned, it does not exist. the men are taking in their autumn harvest. they were forced off their ancestral lands to make way for a reservoir. more than 200 homes lie submerged under this stretch of water. residents have received little or no compensation from authorities and have been left to fend for themselves. farmers sweat on the land in the rush to develop. instead of simply leaving, the neighbors chose to build a new village. they were punished for this act of defiance. like everyone else here, he has no official papers. >> we are very ages.
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without the proper id, to do anything would be difficult. >> there is no running water in the village. in contrast, the was a bar -- the reservoir provides fresh drinking water. millions of people are flooding into china's cities in search of jobs and better lives. development is struggling to keep pace. the cost of carbonization is large. this is the village's latest arrival. she has no birth certificates. like her brothers, she does not officially exist. without papers, her mother worries that she has aa bleak future. >> there is nothing we can do.
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we hope it can be resolved sometime in the future. >> at night, the villagers use solar power after their electricity was cut by authorities. he was a farmer who could not survive in the city. spending another night with strangers in their own land. blue dragon village, northern china. >> still to come on tonight's program, does the merchant of death grab attention from manhattan to moscow? prosecutors in france have dropped their investigation on
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the allegation of attempted rape by dominique strauss-kahn. a woman accused him of trying to rape her a years ago. -- 8 years ago. >> she said she had to fight off an attempt to rape her. she filed a complaint in july after strauss-kahn's rest in new york, which gave her the confidence to go-- arrest in new york, which gave her the confidence to go public. the charge of sexual assault has a three year statute of limitations. her lawyer says the decision was not entirely disappointing. >> this decision is actually satisfactory.
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the prosecution admits thatds dk is a sexual predator. >> many people side with the journalist against their former presidential hopeful. >> it proves once again that strauss-kahn is somebody who is very protected. >> i guess it is because of the results of the face to face meeting and evidence submitted to the investigators. she still has the possibility of launching a civil action. >> for dominique strauss-kahn, the news will come as a re relief. he is keeping a low profile.
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>> prosecutors say they have put one of the world's most notorious arms dealers on trial. before being arrested in a sting, he is on trial in america. the story seems made for the movies and ended up as one. it is playing out its next scene in a new york city courthouse. he is charged with illegally selling weapons and ammunition to anti-american colombians. arms network's had earned him a stint in a thailand prison. he is accused of fuelling civil wars in africa and the middle east. he has used his cargo planes to
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sell weapons all over the world. hollywood latched onto the story in "the lord of war." he fought extradition to the u.s. he lost. he was flown from thailand to america. he now faces the prospect of being locked up for life. among the books written on him "merchant of death." his lawyers say he was framed. >> he was driven by greed and adventure. delivering weapons to one of the most horrific wars in africa. he loved to the feel of it and made a lot of money in the
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product -- the process. >> why is moscow so scared of his trial here in america? >> he came back under the orbit of the russian state. when he began carrying out seamy-official missions, he became --more danger semi-offic -- semi-official missions, he became more dangerous. he brought people back into the structure. he became a creature of the russian state. >> give me a sense of the man and how he managed to carry out these incredible operations and feuled wars.
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you could buy and ak-47, you could not buy helicopters and anti-aircraft systems and get them on airplanes. >> now that he is behind bars in new york, can we think that the level of supply has diminished? >> i do not think it has diminished. he was a creature of a specific time. he was able to amass a large network of weapons. that could not happen in other circumstances. there are many people supplying many weapons and fuel in many wars. >> what are you watching for? >> i am entry by the verdict.
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-- intrigued by the verdict. >> hearing him speak in court. will that be interesting for you? >> other people have written about him. he is a smart man. he has done something that few people could have done at that particular time. i have a fascination with his intelligence and his ability to operate in the new world order. >> now to a story you of us can forget. one year ago, we watched as 33 chilean miners were pulled from the underground. it became the plot of feature films, books, and public relations tours. what happened to the miners the
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world heard so much about? >> when you are on and a chance to reflect on their extraordinary escaped from death. the mood here was a laboratory. a contrast to the dark mood one year ago. this will be the foundation stone of a giant monument, a lasting tribute. it was here that relatives spent more than two months waiting for the men to be rescued. for the first 17 days, they were not sure if the miners survived. then this extraordinary moment. a camera was dropped down to them. this was the first image it captured. and finally, the rescue day itself. now, iconic image is that enthralled the world.
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he them as we had a wife and girlfriend waiting for him. -- he famously had a wife and girlfriend waiting for him. he celebrated with his family. a new beginning. a second life. >> i have had to have a lot of medical checkups. i have suffered a lot of mood swings whenever i remembered what happened to us. it has been really, really difficult. >> when the miners came out, they were greeted as heroes. they still suffer from trauma. they will be forever bound together by what happened here one year ago. >> the miners one year on. now to another celebration. this one in the himalayas. it may be a tiny country, but it can make a big impression when
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it comes to state occasions. the kean got married and it was quite an affair. -- king got married and it was quite an affair. >> the procession laid out a rich tapestry of color for those watching. the 31-year-old monarch is known as the people's king. >> it is a nice kind of an event. everyone who is here must be having the same feeling. >> the wedding ceremony was not short on splendor. the event was broadcast live on television, a relatively recent phenomenon. bhutan has only had television for the past 12 years.
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there has been a slow reluctance to open up to the outside world. there was an absence of foreign heads of state, princes or celebrities. looking hesitant, the couple faced the camera. they are the new faces of royalty in bhutan. the wedding will help consolidate the king's image as a popular-. >> they still look like nervous newlyweds to me. that brings us to the end of today's broadcast. you can get in touch with me on twitter. from all of us here at bbc world news america, see you back here tomorrow.
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>> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. union bank. and shell. >> this is kim - about to feel one of his favorite sensations. at shell, we're developing more efficient fuels in countries like malaysia that can help us get the most from our energy resources. let's use energy more efficiently. let's go.
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>> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles. presented by kcet los angeles.
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