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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 25, 2011 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. shell. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news."
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-- america." >> rescuers in turkey pull at 2- week-old baby, her mother, and her grandmother alive from the rubble days after a deadly earthquake. the body of colonel gaddafi has been buried in a secret location in the desert. >> his body is in the ground. the spectacle is over. libya can start looking towards the future rather than the past. >> running dry, as the world's population hit 7 billion, we have a special report on the growing scarcity of water. >> a welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and also around
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the globe. it is nothing short of a miracle. rescuers in turkey have pulled a 2-week-old baby, her mother, and her grandmother a live from the rubble of today's after an earthquake struck the east of the country. the child's father is, however, still missing. at least 1230 people have known to have died in the quake. >> the rescue operation today began in the best possible way. a 16-day old baby was pulled out bread tiny hold in the broken concrete -- pulled out through a tiny hole in the broken concrete. the baby was premature. she had been born a month early. and then two weeks into her life, she had only just escaped death. with the tiny baby now safely on its way to hospital, rescuers are working hard to bring out
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for the same small gap its mother and it's grandmother, both of whom are still alive. in the crowd, sheltering from the cold and rain, we found the baby's grandfather, nervously waiting for news of his wife and a daughter-in-law. at the moment the earthquake struck, my wife and daughter-in- law were with me, but the baby was in another room, he told me. we ran to leave the building, but then the other to wrest back inside to get the baby. for two days, i have just been waiting for merkel. the next two hours, amid the ruins of this city, the rescue teams slowly expanded the hole in the rubble, working their way towards the two trap women. the cannot move down there, and they have been like that for more than two days. then the breakthrough. was brought uper
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out of the ruling that blocked and carefully carried down to safety. -- out of the ruined a lot. 10 minutes later, the baby's grandmother followed. she was also live. the baby is now safely in an incubator and has been taken away for treatment to a specialist hospital. doctors say she is doing well, and much better than expected. her father has not been heard from since the earthquake struck. like hundreds of others, he is still under the rubble. >> for the latest, we go to tim wilcox who is there now. an amazing story of rescue there. it must be giving hope that more survivors can be found. >> it gave a real boost to the rescue workers here. you can see the energy levels
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rose significantly after the discovery of those three generations of one family. i am afraid to say that in the subsequent hours after that discovery, the news has returned to what it was before, which is basically a body recovery operation. we have seen several bodies recovered in the last few hours. that team of workers is shoveling, trying to clear all those people's possessions from beds to curtains to toys, everyday items all smashed together under those kinds of rubble. four bodies have been removed from the rubble as well. the good news of this morning has been somewhat dissipated by the discovery of more bodies here in this town, and in particular in this apartment block which housed some 22 families. elsewhere, a 10-year-old boy was
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found alive in the rubble of his home, so discoveries are still being made. as time goes on, we look at how densely packed that trouble is, it does seem very unlikely that more people will be found alive. >> the danger itself presumably is not over yet, either. there has been at least one major aftershock in the last few hours. >> a big one, actually. we were here filming in interviewing people, and then suddenly of 5.4, enough to make the building shake and car squabble. people were quite frightened by that and raced out of buildings on to the street, wondering if this was going to be another massive earthquake which would bring down more buildings. as you can see, in the background that the drug and looking ahead of this just behind where the men are working now -- drunken-looking at of
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this has shifted. >> how is the cold affecting survivors? >> temperatures dropped to about freezing or below and they are forecasting snow tomorrow. speaking to some of the medics in the hospital today, they were saying they were not normally having to deal with people who had been hurt in the earthquake itself, they were having to deal with people with colds, flu, and maybe something worst that could develop into something like pneumonia. hundreds or thousands of people are sleeping in damp, very cold conditions. the turkish red crescent has given 18,000 tents and 32,000 blankets, but that is simply not enough. within a few weeks, all these roads will be covered with snow. >> now we can go to some of the
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latest news from libya. five days after he was killed, colonel gaddafi has finally been buried in a secret location in the libyan desert. a ceremony for the former leader and his son took place at dawn this morning. since his death, his body had been on public display in a meet storage facility. >> they came for the bodies at night, a convoy of cars arriving at the market complex in the outskirts of misrata. then they left. no one could say where they had gone. four days, people have flocked to this refrigerated me container to be the body of muammar gaddafi. now our guides were keen to show us that he was gone. the spectacle was over and the lines had been drawn. the country was ready to move on. g chips in the new libya.
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this giant fist once stood in colonel gaddafi's libyan compound. now it has been brought back here to misrata as a sign of their achievement. colonel gaddafi's body is the ultimate war trophy of all, and the five days of wrangling over its burial was a sign of the intensive political positioning that is now going on behind the scenes. >> the defeated loyalists are getting used to a new reality. this man is now a prisoner. he was one of those who prepared muammar gaddafi body for burial. he said the colonel's followers have only one option now. >> everything was clear. now the end of gaddafi means a new life.
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>> but it is not going to be easy. in misrata, very slowly, life is beginning to get back to normal, as people change from their military fatigues back to civilian clothes. the real revolution starts here, this man told me, after the death of gaddafi. this was a peaceful revolution we started back in february. the scale of the task is daunting. reconstruction, reconciliation, and the rebuilding of a political system from scratch. libya has a mountain to climb. >> today president obama was asked about the death of colonel gaddafi during an appearance on "the tonight show." he said the former ruler was given ample opportunity to leave power, and his death sends a strong message. >> obviously, you never like to see anybody come to the kind
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event that he did, but obviously it sends a strong message around the world to dictators that people long to be free, and they need to respect the human rights and the universal aspirations of people. >> that was president obama appearing on "the tonight show." we can turn next door to tunisia and the moderate islamic party has taken a strong lead and is on track to win most seats in the assembly. the electoral commission said a leftist party, the congress for the republic, is in second place. the elections are the first since the arabs bring uprising. -- since the arab spring uprising. >> who did they actually represent? >> these people you see behind me, they have come here to the headquarters to show their support for the party
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leadership. they say they are not just celebrating their victory. they are celebrating tunisian elections, and they are going to be working together with the other socialist parties who have also done well in the elections. they are waiting for the full results -- they are not waiting for the poor results before they hold their parties. >> thank you very much for joining us. >> in other news, fighting has continued in yemen, despite the announcement of a new cease- fire. gun shots and explosions have been heard in the capital workforces loyal to the president have been battling opposition groups. we are getting reports that the president has told a u.s. official he may step down following months of protest. floodwaters are continuing to advance on bangkok, forcing flights at the city's second
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airport to be suspended. another airport is the center of relief efforts and its closure is likely to erode efforts in the government's ability to deal with the crisis. a mystery that baffled astronomers in ancient china may have finally been solved, thanks to new data from telescopes. in 1858 d, an exploding star, or supernova, lit up the sky for eight months. u.s. astronomers say it may have been able to expand so rapidly by filling a massive cosmic cavity. in east africa, the worst drought in years has caused widespread suffering and left more than 13 million people in need of food assistance. on monday, the obama administration pledged an additional $100 million in aid, but corruption in kenya is compounding the crisis. >> the burning airfields'
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nothing. to many seasons without rain have turned the ground to dust. this emergency feeding center is providing rations for severely malnourished children. the animals on which these people depended for a living have died. all morning, people have been continuing to arrive as news spread around here that food and medical help is available. if you remember, this is just one village out of hundreds across this region. you get a sense of the magnitude of this broadcast -- of this .roppedrought >> how many drops have you seen? >> tin droughts. >> it is supplying food aid but
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massive corruption helped create a crisis. >> god made the drought, men make famines. >> among many scandals, the selling off of the country's strategic grain reserve three years ago. food aid in this case from saudi arabia is being used to make up kenyas shortfall. the minister responsible for the relief effort was surprisingly frank about corruption. >> i think it has ruined us. until we prosecuted and say no, it remains a problem. the higher you reach, the better
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the message will be received. unfortunately, it goes to the small fish rather than the big fish. if we started targeting the big fish, the message would be loud and clear. >> it poses a major dilemma for international donors. how to bypass corruption? a is increasingly targeted directly at communities, like these women who run small shops. instead of a pin number to get cash, they use a thumb print. >> this opportunity has allowed me to open up a business, and things are much better. >> the story is underpinned by a central truth of the food crisis. the world can pour in the amount of aid into kenya. the ngo's can try to mitigate
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the effects of drought, but without honest government, the world's poorest people are condemned to perpetual crisis. >> you are watching bbc world news america. still to come on tonight's program, struggling to keep the water flowing in jordan, as the world's population continues to grow. supply is having a good time at -- having a tough time keeping up with demand. the rhinoceros is being wiped out in vietnam. it was thought the last of the animals were shot dead last year by poachers. there are now 50 -- less than 50 a live worldwide. >> some of the last of the javan rhinoceros or alive and well in vietnam. they are nearly extinct in the
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country. an animal that was found dead here in this national park in 2010 appeared to have been the last. the evidence of its alarming status comes from scientific tests that have been done. they showed that -- note new -- no new dung has been found since. eastern medicine has created a huge demand for rhino horn. it can cure many diseases, including heart disease, blood clotting, fever, and mental illnesses. it is are rare and expensive medicine. but that is a view dispelled by modern scientist. >> many people don't believe -- don't realize rhino horn is composed of a substance called keratin, which is actually what our fingernails and our hair are
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made up. it has no missile -- no medicinal properties whatsoever and certainly is not capable of curing cancer. >> there are now thought to be less than 50 javan rhinos left worldwide. despite the millions of dollars spent trying to protect these exotic mammals, poachers are still killing some of the few that remain. the effort to protect them is likely to be stepped up once again. >> the countdown is on and then just a few days, the world's population will officially passed the 7 billion mark. as the milestone approaches, the stress on a planet continues to grow. jordan, the government says it is facing a crisis after the population there more than doubled in the last few decades. among the chief concerns is the lack of fresh water, which is
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running dangerously low. as part of -- as part of our week-long population coverage, we have our special report. >> against the odds, he forms this arid land -- farms this arid land, where his crops like much of the water they need. with no other supply, his family has to buy their water from a private company. the price keeps on rising, and his business is drying up. >> some people depend on farming. if they stop, they will be able to support their families. we have high levels of unemployment. we are a poor country. the older generations want to keep alive the traditions of forming. they won't give up easily. -- the traditions of farming. >> they depend on the endless
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flow of lorries which transport the country's flow of liquid gold. this is private water. commercially owned wealth have become the source for many businesses and homes. -- commercially owned wells. >> if the strategy is implemented, in a few years we will be well-off. unless it is implemented, the crisis will intensify. >> jordan's population with its steady flow of refugees is using ever more of this vital resource. despite government initiatives to extract new resources, a bad situation is getting even worse. farming in this desert like landscape has always been a challenge, but as water becomes
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more scarce and its share by more people, the livelihoods of farmers here will only become more uncertain. >> he is to have cheap, but because of the lack of water, these chickens and a few rabbits are the only animals left. he says the government should supply what is his forms like blood. for others, life goes on with what little water there is -- should put supply his farms lifeblood. >> jordan is far from alone in its water woes. i am joined by an internal reporter for the washington post. very specific problems there in jordan, but what is the global picture cleare? >> surly water may be the most critical issue facing the world
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at this point with growing populations, but when you look at deforestation as well as fisheries and other resources, a lot of them are under pressure. it is very interesting combination of an increased number of people on the planet, but also a change in lifestyle, for many people who could not afford certain things now can, and that is demanding resources, whether you are talking about food, fuel, or water. >> 70% of the world's water actually goes to irrigation. does this mean we are simply growing things in the wrong place? fact that certainly is part of it, and we need to learn how to grow things more effectively. for example, doing the kedric irrigation and a way we have not done before. that is one of the things we will have to focus on in the decades to come. >> 4000 children die every day because of dirty water, and then 2025, two-thirds of the population will face water shortages. you cover these issues all the
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time. do you get the sense that policy-makers are alarmed enough to do something, that they are treating this with urgency? >> i don't think there is a sense of urgency yet. part of this is because the people who are struggling the most are in developing countries and sometimes in more rural regions where they might not be front and center when it comes to the policy debate. this is something that non- governmental organizations are focused on. the united nations has raised these issues. but they have not come to the forefront the way you would think they would, given the stark situations we are facing. >> can you see a time in the near future where water will become just as much a commodity as oil? >> yes, and there are experts who have written about that and have said that whether you look at australia, which has used private water markets, or how it might be a development in the united states or elsewhere, it
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is a valuable commodity there right now is very cheap for a number of people, and it could be a price increase as we are dealing with these problems. >> what is the big answer for the big problem? >> part of its is conserving water by looking at how we are using it now and seeing where we have waste. there are certainly examples of that both in the developed and the developing world. agriculture in the developed world, it can be the waste that we do all the time. that is part of it. it will involve changes in lifestyles, because there is no way the planet can really sustain the levels of consumption we are doing now, when we talk about going above 7 billion. >> of course we cannot tackle big problems like poverty and education without tackling water first. for much more of our special
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series, 7 billion and counting, make sure to go to our website. you'll find extended coverage of our travels to seven different countries, looking at the issues which population growth is posing. that brings us to the end of today's show, but remember, you can get constant updates on our website. to find out what we are working on, simply visit our facebook page. i am jane o'brien. i will hopefully be back tomorrow, and for all of us at bbc world news america, thank you for watching, and see you later.
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>> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. union bank, and shell. >> this is kem, about to steal one of his favorite sensations. at shell, we are developing more efficient fuels in countries like malaysia, that can help us get the most from our energy resources. let's use energy more efficiently. let's go.
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