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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 29, 2011 2:30pm-3:00pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news america."
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>> this is "bbc world news america" reporting from washington. the british embassy is stormed by students angry at new sanctions on iran. islamabad will boycott a critical security conference on afghanistan after 24 pakistani soldiers are killed in a nato strike. ♪ ♪ >> graffiti artists and one neighborhood are creating memorials with a very personal touch. welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe.
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three decades after they stormed the american embassy in tehran, iranian students were back on the rampage today. the target this time -- britain's diplomatic mission. they burned the union jack in response to sanctions. >> the british embassy is one of the most fortified buildings in tehran. this afternoon, the protesters climbed the walls and the police did nonstop them. a their incursion here and at a separate compound comes after britain tighten sanctions. in response, iran promised to expel the british ambassador. these demonstrators have decided to go further. this is what things look like inside the compound. >> the british should go where the americans went, pack up their things and go.
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stormedca's embassy was in 1979. u.s. diplomats were kept hostage for more than 400 days. tonight, it appears that all british staff and dependents are accounted for. >> we have made clear to the government that they must take immediate steps to ensure the safety of uk personnel to ensure that the property taken from the compound is returned and to secure the compound. >> this afternoon, the protesters wanted to enjoy their moment. one man turned a portrait of the queen upside-down. latest report is that the protesters have decided to leave. >> for more on today's of sense, i'm joined by the director of the middle east program of the center for strategic and
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international studies. to some extent, wasn't some kind of action expected after the iaea report and new sanctions? >> what we see from the iranians is more ambiguous. what i am not surprised by is that the iranian response is to show how much trouble they can make. oftentimes, just before negotiations start, they can remind people that they can inflict pain rather than try to improve the climate. >> would and they expect the storming of what they saw today? wouldn't they expect them to leave? >> a lot of this was for a domestic audience to show that they were not going to be intimidated by a bunch of foreigners, especially by the british.
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whether this is a prelude to a negotiation, i think that they wanted to remind everyone in iran and outside of iran that they were not about to buckle under and they still had cards to play. i don't see how this would advance iran's interest. >> people used to think that america was the great satan when it comes to iran. there are countries that they dislike just as much. >> there something deep about the british-iranian anger, at least from the iranian perspective. this goes back 200 years as a britain was a power in the persian gulf and the iranians felt that the british were pushing them around and made iran subservient to britain. >> what does this tell us about internal politics?
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>> there is probably a fair amount of unity that iran has to show they are not weak. over time, we are going to see more iranian voices. the fact that britain would not have an overwhelming response made iranians more secure, we can squeeze the brits a little bit and it will not hurt too much. >> thank you for joining us. from iran to pakistan where there is trouble of a different sort, pakistan has said that they are withdrawing from a meeting on security. they are pulling out in protest of a nato air strike which killed pakistani troops. without pakistan, does the conference have much meaning? >> nato convoys at a standstill. vital supplies going nowhere as
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pakistan's borders remain firmly closed to nato traffic. they margaret our soldiers, says this truck driver. -- they murdered our soldiers. the loss of 24 soldiers at the hands of nato has caused outrage here. pakistan would like their western allies to feel their pain. the cabinet has decided to boycott next week's conference on the future of afghanistan. that will deprive the gathering of a regional player who has some influence over afghan insurgents. the bloodshed at two remote dock post is being investigated by nato and the u.s.. -- the bloodshed at two remote outposts is being investigated.
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they have to beg their nato counterparts to halt the attack. nato says the facts are to be determined. >> the focus will be to determine the effect of the incident and the matters that facilitate a better understanding of the circumstances surrounding the deaths and the injuries of the pakistan forces. >> protests have been continuing here and some opposition parties are demanding that pakistan break its ties with the u.s. there is little or no chance of that but leaders want to send a clear message that this time apologies alone will not be enough and. >> it is along the border between pakistan and afghanistan where some of the greatest security challenges are. we have been out with u.s. forces and we got this report.
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>> in the skies above afghanistan's most eastern edge, aid delivery to a remote american base. the airdrop lands right on target, 5 kilometers from the pakistan border. as afghan and u.s. soldiers moved to collect the supplies, insurgents erupt. suddenly, the base is under attack. >> we just heard a siren, there was another explosion near the base. this is the third we have had this day. >> that landed just outside of the perimeter. some of the shelling was coming from the insurgents across the border inside of pakistan. charlie company quickly responded.
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[explosions] the company's sergeant explains the origin. >> it is like they're coming from the east there. we expect them to fire from here. the quickest way out of the area once they fire their rounds. >> with each shelling, the insurgents are getting closer to their target. the shells continued to fall and fighters were called in. heavy artillery was fired hitting positions inside pakistan bringing the attack to an end. no one on the base was injured. for the insurgents who move freely across the border, it
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hardly seems to exist. >> of course, as those american forces prepared to withdraw, there are questions about the future of afghanistan. one day, we will bring you some good economic news but i'm afraid it is not today. the outlook comes from britain where the government forecasts even lower level of growth than expected. britain and needs to borrow more than predicted according to the finance minister. he warns that britain risks getting dragged back into recession if the eurozone debt crisis is not resolved. meanwhile, the parent company of american airlines is filing for bankruptcy protection. they have been hit by high fuel prices and expense of labor contracts. i'm joined now from new york. the airline industry has been suffering for a long time, how
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come american airlines is having to file for bankruptcy protection? >> you have to go back to 2001 and think what has happened since then in the airline industry. during this time, american airlines has sat on the sidelines while its rivals one by one have filed for bankruptcy protection and reorganized themselves. also, you have had several big mergers. continental and united came together last year. meanwhile, during all of this, american airlines has seen their debt burden grow. their planes have gotten older. in the meantime, they have a bigger cost when it comes to staffing. the airline simply became uncompetitive. >> looking to your economic crystal ball for me a second. if the economy does not make stronger moves towards recovery, will we see more of these iconic
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american companies going the way of american airlines? >> you have to consider the airline's apart from other companies. if you look at american airlines, most people expected the news. the public might be caught unaware but look at the share prices, it has really fallen since the start of this year. many other big corporate names are sitting on water. they have been holding cash. they don't want to be caught short like they were in 2008 when funding dried up. you might not necessarily see that and in some cases, facebook, for example, is helping -- planning to sell shares on the stock market next year. you have to look at it on a case by case basis. >> thank you. now for a quick look at the other stories from around the world.
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the u.s. vice-president joe biden has made a visit to the rock -- has made a visit to baghdad to mark the end of the war in iraq. this is the wind down of the war at a time of great economic concern at home. -- defected from the soviet union in 1967 and announced her father and communism. a second day of voting is taking place in egypt in the first elections since president mubarak was over town. there are reports of a high turnout in cairo and other cities. the protesters and tahrir square have boycotted the vote. now, to syria, where the newest and most vocal critic is ramping up the pressure. turkey said they did not want
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to have military intervention but they are open to any scenario. if and when assad goes, who would replace him? the most prominent group is the exiled council. their leadership is in paris. >> this is the kind of security commonly reserved for high- ranking diplomats and politicians. as part of a new steering opposition, this woman and her co-conspirators are high-value targets. they're attempting to bring down the assad regime. >> we all have different working habits, we come from different places. we are physically not always able to meet. skype is our strategic tool to connect to the inside and with
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each other. also setting the mechanisms for working as a challenge. >> world leaders are beginning to pay attention. recently, they traveled to russia, britain, china, turkey. in their bid to win international approval, the fledgling opposition is moving quickly to give the appearance of a transitional government in waiting. there are lessons to be learned from other groups and countries that formed part of the arab spring but there are intellectuals who believe that western intellectuals are putting too much onus on this group and at the same time plane into the hands of the assad regime. >> we're hoping to prove that it is pliable, united. this is a valuable alternative to the regime. -- where hoping to prove that it is valuable, united. no regime has survived that
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long. >> there is a complication. the involvement of a free syrian army, the defectors who were turning their guns on the regime. >> the action could provoke civil war inside of syria and this could be the worst situation for the country. >> as the threat of civil war looms, so diplomacy gathers pace. next month, there will be an election in the general assembly with staff in paris and cairo. they aim to bring together as many of the desperate factions they can and the greater their success, the more isolated president assad will become. >> you are watching "bbc world news america," still to come -- getting ready to play their
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part turned down some have lost faith in the words "free and fair." the man who murdered 77 people in norway this summer has been declared insane. the chilling crimes sent shock waves around the world because so many of the victims were teenagers. behring breivik set off a car bomb before driving to an island near the capital where he opened fire on children. today, it was concluded that he was not saying when he committed the crimes. >> the face that haunts the country. since the killings, behring breivik has shown no remorse. there has been debate about whether he is criminally responsible. psychiatrists have interviewed him for 36 hours and they have poured through his diary. the report has a clear
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conclusion. >> the conclusions are that behring breivik was insane. >> he wrote out his believes in his manifesto. he saw himself as the head of a norwegian resistance movement fighting multiculturalism. this long held allusion means that he suffers from schizophrenia. -- this long held delusion. >> he believes that he is chosen to determine who is to live and who is to die and that he is the perfect night who has chosen to save his people. >> it is hard to judge if the report will make any difference. behring breivik will still go to court. if the judge agrees with the
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experts, he will have no prison sentence. instead, he will be receiving treatment. >> this sunday, russian possible goal to the polls to vote in parliamentary elections. -- russian's will go to the polls to vote in parliamentary elections. many of them wonder whether their vote will even count. to find out why, we go 500 kilometers from brushup. -- from moscow. we meet people who have lost faith in the fairness of russian elections. >> a russian election, out comes the accordion. here comes the cowboy. this is the chairman of the election commission. he is walking down the message.
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there is an election coming up, he says. make sure that your parents get out and vote. will the ballot be free and fair? we heard allegations of vote- rigging in favor of vladimir putin's party. at local elections, students -- this didn't said that he was paid the equivalent to -- this student said that he was paid the equivalent of 10 pounds to stuff a ballot box. >> they told us that we would need to go around to the polling station and have ballots already marked for a united russia. i was not happy with that. i did not put any of the ballots i was given into the boxes. >> at this man was an election observer that day for the
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communist party. he has gone to court claiming that at one station, the results were changed to give united russia a bigger share of the vote. >> this is death, falsification. this is a crime. -- this is theft, falsification. >> it is only in the last 20 years the russians can take part in multi-party elections. these allegations reflect what human-rights groups have been saying, this elections are in favor of the ruling party. at the head of the election commission denies that they rigged the elections. >> out of 85 cases, 68 on a total fantasy. they have been trumped up by parties that lost the election. >> this time around, they are introducing high-tech ballot
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boxes. officials say that they will reduce the opportunities for cheating. only 5% of polling stations will have them which is why opponents of the ruling party will be watching closely for any signs of fraud. >> a country of contradictions. now, dr and through the streets of many major cities and you are bound to see walls covered in graffiti. for some artists in new york, the murals come with a bigger message. for group designs laurel's those that of died. -- this group designs memorials for those that of died. >> graffiti murals grew out of the bronx in the 80's and 90's. this is one of the artists in a group known as tax crew.
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>> images and paintings like this, this is what will bring art and culture too people in the neighborhood. >> the crew has grown from an outside group of taggers to well-respected commercial artists who have been paid as much as half a million dollars for their work. they have never forgotten their work. >> they stop a guy from coming in and the guy said, i will be back. he returned and shot him. >> for 20 years, the crew has been painting walls to their foreign -- fall in neighbors. >> a lot of things have changed but sad to say, many things have not. >> the south bronx is one of the poorest areas in the country. last year, there was 400
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shootings in the bronx. since 2009, the murder rate is up 20%. murders, like that of jarrett rivera. his mother and sister asked for a personal memorial. >> i cry every day. i cry myself to sleep. no one should have this much pain at this age. >> she is not the only one in this neighborhood who has had to deal with this kind of pain. this man tried to bring awareness to the issue of violence and it hit him close to home. his son was at a barbecue with friends when he was killed by a stray bullet. he was just 22. >> sometimes, you are put in situations and you never know what is coming around the corner. there is no guarantee for anyone.
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>> he will not paint a wall for his son. instead, he takes him with him everywhere he goes. >> i will still write his name on everything and dedicate as many murals as i can. not just one, did will have the signature attached to all of the works. this will be like a never-ending memorial. >> the random violence of the south bronx that is the end of this program. you can get updates on many stories on our website. to reach me and my team, you can go to twitter. thank you so much for watching. i will see you back here tomorrow.
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>> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global financial strength to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news america" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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