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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 2, 2012 4:00pm-4:30pm PDT

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this is "bbc world news america." . reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. the diplomatic route between washington and beijing leaves an uncertain future. >> we can see inside. [unintelligible] her husband is now having a check. >> tempers flare and accusations fly between the two contenders for the french presidency in their first tv debates. and is there any sign of life out there? the european project to send a spacecraft to the icy moon of jupiter.
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welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. there are strategic talks between the u.s. and china, with the mounting apology with what it calls "americans interfering in their affairs. chen guangcheng has left the diplomatic compound, but conflicting reasons are emerging. our correspondent has the details. >> tempers flaring. this was the hospital this afternoon. chinese security agents desperate to keep one of the country's best known human rights activists hidden from us. at the end of a corridor in a wheelchair, we glimpse him -- chen guangcheng. he was brought here by u.s.
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diplomats. he negotiated a deal with china, a chance to get medical treatment and be allowed to study freely, his safety guaranteed. the silhouettes of his wife and two children, one held captive by security, united with him under the deal. his wife told him that she was fine. you can see there -- having a check out. the lawyer became an icon of the human rights movement in china after the way he expose the weighs thousands of women were forced to have abortions. he was beaten savagely. now, china seems to have been family as as bargaining chip. he told a u.s. official that
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china was threatening to beat his wife to death. he said the danger to his family and children was the reason he agreed to quit the embassy. >> at no time did a u.s. official speak of the physical or legal threats to his wife and children in order -- and nor did any chinese officials make threats through us or to us. >> however, he said chinese officials said his wife and children would be sent back to their village if he stayed in the embassy. china demanded an apology for the interference in their affairs. the u.s. says there will not be 1. hillary clinton is now in beijing for scheduled talks. for the state of the global economy or stopping the
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bloodshed in syria, they will have to work with china. and chen guangcheng fears being kidnapped and incarcerated again. he does not trust china's assurances. his family wants to leave china. >> for more on the situation of chen guangcheng and its impact on the relationship between washington and beijing, i was joined by a national correspondent of the atlantic monthly and the author of the soon-to-be published book "china airborne." what more can you tell us? >> they are still not revealing the exact terms that convinced mr. chen to leave u.s. custody. you would have thought he would have considered that will for he made this run. we do not know what kind of
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threats he had in mind. >> do you think those threats are real? that he and his family are in danger? >> probably not at this moment. at least not for now. the world's attention is focused on his family. for the months ahead, it is a difficult situation. >> there are reports he has changed his mind and is seeking asylum. what support can he expect from the u.s.? >> if he can make it physically to u.s. territory again, which the embassy in beijing is, the u.s. would be obliged to protect him. but while he is in the middle of beijing in a hospital, it is very difficult for western powers, including the u.s., to do anything except rhetorically say "we support his rights." >> you seem to be saying he has done much more? >> there are conflicting reports about what he said. he faced a real dilemma.
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he recognized the civil rights protections. if he left, they would wither away. really, there was no good option for him. it was this had on showdown between the u.s. and china. at the prospects are getting worse all-around. >> is this going to have an impact on the relationship? >> probably not until i hear from now because there are such large issues the two countries have to deal with. they have these annual negotiations, this moment of tension is not a good thing. >> of course, he is not the only dissident in china. but will his case and the publicity that the global attention is bringing have any
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impact on how china treats these people in the future? " this is a particularly important case. -- >> this is a particularly important case. his case is that china should run in accordance with its own rules. the people should have the protection of lot guaranteed under the constitution. women should not have forced abortions. so, he is calling for the communist government to it here to atone banners, and that -- to its own banners, and that makes it a particularly trying case for the chinese government. >> thank you. at least 20 have been killed and over 100 wounded in an attack on a protest in cairo. men armed with clubs, stones, and firebombs attacked the demonstrators outside the ministry to project the
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exclusion of a forthcoming candidates for the election. we have this from cairo. >> egypt's revolution descends into violence, just as the country moves hesitantly towards democracy. in nearly zero hours, thugs -- in the early hours, thugs attacked. no one knows exactly who the attackers were. there is the strong suspicion the intent was to intimidate the opposition and so chaos in the presidential election. opposition supporters to show spent cartridges and bullet cases. they insist it was an unprovoked attack. >> this is a peaceful protest. we do not do anything. we just stay here. but there are some on the other side. we do not do anything.
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>> through the morning, they rushed in the casualty's. a makeshift field hospital struggles to cope. the injuries were brutal. the scale of the violence, shocking. this was a relatively small demonstration. >> we saw four people come in with head injuries and they died straightaway. three of them were injured, died while they were being brought here. >> it was several hours before armies moved in to restore order. more evidence someone in authority seemed prepared to turn a blind eye. tonight, waves of protest marches have been converging on the area. >> if anything can deter -- if this attack was aimed to deter the protesters, it has had exactly the opposite effect. they are determined to end the
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military rule in egypt. >> but does the presidential election approaches, there could be and certainly will be more battles ahead. bbc news, outside the defense ministry in cairo. >> other news now. the u.n. security council has threatened sudan and south sudan with sanctions due to the emerging conflict. the un was the two countries to appear in court on a string of disputes. weeks of border fighting have some fears of an all-out war. an area near the turkish border with syria is further inflamed. the syrian human-rights groups as 20 military personnel and two rebel fighters were killed. empiremurdoch's media
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news corp. back after a british panel called him unfit to run such a company. he is resolved to address the issues. many have been watching the two contenders in the french presidential election. nicolas sarkozy and his socialist rival francois hollande repeatedly accused each other of lying, especially over economic policy. gavin hewitt has been watching the debate for us and has this report. >> the two candidates arrived for what has been called the dual. the socialist and current favorite, francois hollande, who said he brought decency to the debate. then presidents are cozy, who
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described -- president sarkozy who described himself as determined. the expected audience? 20 million. perhaps the last chance for the current president to win a second term. almost immediately they were arguing. "let me teach you something," said the president. "let me assure you, you cannot teach me anything." francois hollande went on the attack. "you have ruined the french economy. you're not in the best place to relaunch it. whatever happens, you are always happy. the french people are less happy." >> president sarkozy came back "that is a shameless expression."
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mr. sarkozy, it is a lie, it is a lie, it is a lie -- when you say i do not live up to my responsibilities. that is a lot. -- a lie. it was easy to a form the impression these two men did not like each other as they traded accusations. "that is the difference between you and me. i protect the children in the republic. you protect the privileged." "mr. hollande, you want to make people poorer. i want to make people richard." -- richer." so far, sarkozy has not been able to land a killer blow and mr. hollande has remained calm.
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it is mr. sarkozy needs to come out of this with momentum for his campaign. bbc news, paris. >> here in america, newt gingrich has officially ended his bid for the republican presidential nomination. he only managed to win two state contests in a campaign that is reported to be $4 million in debt. for more, i turn to the north america editor mark mardell. mark, thank you up for coming in. has newt gingrich endorsed mitt romney then? >> i do not think he has. he did a review of his entire career in great detail, including the 27 books he has written. he talked about religious liberty to energy policy. and very quickly in a couple
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lines, he also said he was the last to admit he was a conservative, comparing him to the most radical left-wing president the united states had ever had. and that was it. the answer is -- not really. >> does this mean it has lost its voice in this campaign? >> the cycle has been about trying to find a candidate that is not mitt romney. but they had enormous influence. they pushed mitt romney into many conservative positions to probably would not have adopted other was. and they scared off other candidates from joining the race. so the two parties have tremendous influence on the process. may be too much from the republican point of view is that want to win the race. >> to the democrats care if he dropped out of the -- to the
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democrats care if he dropped out of the race? >> they have been treating mitt romney like the enemy for months. but i think it is useful. they have used the wild ride -- they have video of newt gingrich under the heading up "not mitt's biggest fan." >> i remember my favorite parts of the entire campaign was the colonies on the moon. what do you think his legacy will be? >> i am not sure he has established more of a legacy except more of a platform as a media performers. he sees himself as a fount of ideas, gushing forth with conservative ideas. i think he will write even more than the 27 books now. >> thank you very much. you were watching "bbc world
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news america." coming up -- the mysterious death of british intelligence officer. the coroner says we may never know what happened. the burmese pro-democracy leader aung san suu kyi who spent nearly 20 years under house arrest has taken her seat in parliament. rich harvey reports from the burmese capital. -- rachel harvey. >> there are many steps to democracy. 18 months ago, aung san suu kyi was still under house arrest. now she was being welcomed into burma's grandiose parliament. partyan suu kyi's initially refused to safeguard a constitution that cements the military role, but they were persuaded to back down. aung san suu kyi to occur place
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in a parliament still dominated by the men in uniform and their party. the reform-minded president -- the relationship between these two leaders is pivotal for firm of's future. aung san suu kyi has taken huge political risks to reach this point. there will need to be many more compromises in the months and years ahead, and yet more courage from all sides if burma's reform is to stay on track. will be the first of your work with parliament now? >> to carry out our duties in parliament as we have been carrying out our duties outside parliament. >> this has been quite the journey for you, as it not? >> it will go on. and we hope it will go on. >> aung san suu kyi --
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democracy icon, a political prisoner, nobel laureate. now member of parliament. bbc news. >> the inquiry into the death of a british intelligence officer locked inside a sports by -- the coroner says that we may never know how it happened. his remains were discovered in his london home. >> nearly two years on from the death gareth williams of -- from the death of gareth williams, the central mysteries of how and why the intelligence officer died remain. this shows how gareth williams'
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body was found in the top floor bathroom of his flat, locked in a bad. but how did he get there? the corridor -- the coroner reached a narrative verdict. she said that she was persuaded he was killed unlawfully. and in the inquiry will continue. >> the investigation will now refocus on actively pursuing all the evidence and lines of inquiry. >> the most persuasive evidence the court heard was whether gareth williams could have climbed inside the bag himself. especially when there were no hand prints or footprints around the bath, that would be expected if he had done so. >> i have tried hundreds of times to lock myself inside this
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bag and i could not. even if houdini would struggle with this. someone else must of been involved. >> the corner of grade. on the balance of -- the coroner agreed. on the balance of probabilities, someone else locked the back. large amounts of women's clothing were found in the flat, but it was probably linked to his interest in fashion. was his death linked to his role at mi6? today mi6 said they cooperated fully with police and would continue to do so. but nine memos from his office were only handed over this week. that was blamed on the police who were used as go-betweens. but there was no evidence linking the death to his work. the head of mi6 attended
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gareth's funeral. he issued an unreserved apology for the week-long to lead. that apology was crucial. is meant by the time police found his body in his flat, it was badly decomposed, the process aided by the fact the radiator was turned on even though it was august. that meant establishing the cause of death was always impossible. asphyxiation was most likely. a statement read out on behalf of the family made clear their distress. >> by the failure of his employers that mi6 to take even the most basic inquiries to his whereabouts. tragic death remains unresolved and today the coroner
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said it may never be fully explained. bbc news. >> and so, the mystery continues. it is an 18-year mission to seek out new life and go where no man has gone before. a new probe has been given the green light by the european space agency. it comes with a price tag of more than $1 billion. here is our correspondent. >> the moons of jupiter. some encrusted i and i saw -- in ice. some volcanic. many remain unexplored. the moons are at the destination of the next major space mission. >> in particular these moons -- europa, ganymede -- which have water underneath the surface. >> nasa has led the way, but
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because of budget cuts, the americans have had to scrap many of its missions. there is still research to see whether life could exist elsewhere. >> jupiter is much further from the sun than the earth. the temperatures are well below freezing. it is thought that some of the 60 moons', including danny need and europa, maybe able to support -- ganymede and your rowboat, made be able to support life. underneath, the ice is warm and melted. this is caused by jupiter's huge gravitational forces. and so, below the frozen crust in circling the moon, which might be home to simple life
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forms. even alien fish. >> life needs water. so, we need to go to these places where we know there is water underneath the surface. >> so, is there a possibility that there might be life on one of these worlds? >> i would be very surprised if there was not a lot of some kind. >> in the far future, our son will expand and jupiter's -- sun will expand and jupiter's rings will explode. bbc news. >> the very exciting prospect. you'll find that story and much more online. you can see what we are working on on our facebook page -- that is facebook.com/bbcnews. i am jane o'brien. thank you for watching.
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>> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank. ourt union bank, relationship managers use their expertise in global finance to guide you through the business strategies and opportunities of international commerce. we put our extended, global network to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you?
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>> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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