tv BBC World News America PBS May 4, 2012 4:00pm-4:30pm PDT
>> this is "bbc world news america," reporting from washington. >> china allows the dissident to travel abroad for studies. mixed messages in the latest employment data from the u.s.. numbers suggest that the economy is growing steadily but slowly. all hands on deck as the royal navy's largest warship makes its way to london for security at the olympic games. welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. tonight, there is some good news for chinese legal activist chen
guangcheng. he has been offered a fellowship at american university and the chinese authorities say he is free to apply to study abroad. there is no indication how long this will take but the state department expects this to be processed speedily. for now, he remains in hospital in beijing. >> this is a way that china deals with dissent, silencing its debt. -- silencing it. i am at the hospital where chen guangcheng is being held. he had been brought here by american diplomats. he had been --
he had sought their help in escaping after seven years of detention and savage beating. at the hospital last night, he made a dramatic call to a u.s. congressman. under guard once again, he appealed for help. he said that china had failed in his promise to guarantee his safety. he wanted to go to america. the u.s. deputy ambassador had the mediation of being prevented from seeing mr. chen. -- the u.s. deputy ambassador had be a humiliation of being prevented from seeing mr. chen. an american doctor and translator were the only ones allowed in. he has been allowed to to apply to go abroad if he wanted. hillary clinton had been meeting
with the chinese leaders to talk about how they could work together. what might make this easier, news that a u.s. university has offered mr. chen a law fellowships. >> progress as a maid to help him get the future that he wants. we will be staying in touch with him. >> for now, hillary clinton wraps up meetings with chinese leaders and prepares to leave. there is no resolution of the crisis with chen guangcheng. there is an opposite t2 and it -- -- there is an opportunity to end it, but will china let him go? >> will of the unemployment numbers provide ample fodder for
both republicans and democrats? job creation has slowed for a second straight month. the u.s. economy has created 150,000 jobs in april. president obama said that it is time for the congress to do something about it. >> if we are going to recover all the jobs that were lost during the recession, and if we're going to rebuild a secure economy that strength is a middle class, then we will have to do more. that is why i will urge congress, as they start getting back to work, to take some action on some common sense ideas right now that can accelerate even more job growth. that is what we need. my message to congress will become the just say no to ideas that might create jobs is not an option. there is too much at stake for us to not be going in the same direction.
that is true for me and true for your parents. >> for more on what lies behind the headline figures come i was joined by u.s. secretary of labor. thank you very much for coming. >> thank you for having me. >> more jobs but not as many as four hope for and expected. is this a sign that the economy is slowing? >> actually, i beg to differ. i think that it is steady. what you see looking at the provisions of last month, we have actually added more jobs. that picked up in the past two months. in the past four months, we have seen on average about 207,000 jobs created in four months. in 26 months, 4.2 million private sector jobs. obviously, the congress wants to go any different direction, but this president will stay focused and that is why we are continuing to plow down on education, job training, and tax
cuts. >> let's talk about what the president is planning to do. let's look at the unemployment figures. they are down, that is great, but the number of people looking for jobs has fallen to 63%. why aren't more people going back to work? >> given the revisions with the census figures and what have you, we can see that there are a larger number of young people that are staying in education on there, going into college. they are mapped out in the labor force. also, the baby boomers are leaving. we see that happening, the challenges at both ends of the spectrum. the last time that we went through a recession, this has been a quicker recovery than we saw back in the nineties. 4.2 million jobs is not bad. it needs to be better. remember, when this president came into office, we had lost 8 million jobs. i think for people to think that it is going to come back rapidly need to think twice.
we need to be focused. this is a steady incremental justification to keep moving in the right direction. >> the president himself says there is more to be done. you mentioned education. we heard a call to action. what more can he do that he has not already done? >> he has tried to get the congress to help us back fill some of these unfunded programs like infrastructure projects that would create more construction jobs, not just in that industry but everything that is of sillery and connected to that. that would bring down the an atomic rate quite quickly, but these folks on the other side of the aisle just keep saying no. >> one of the biggest areas we have seen job losses is the government. what can you do about that? >> we have stabilized that. two years ago, we saw a tremendous loss. the president did help to back fill some of that. now, local governments have to get on their feet. some of them are, because their
state and local property-tax as have gone down. once the economy goes up, you will see those positions coming back into play. we do need those teachers, because they will impact the the young people going out and looking for work. >> thank you for joining us. >> thank you. >> it has been another day of violence in cairo as hundreds of stone-throwing protesters turned out to protest. at the violence erupted after the protestor ignored lost the protesters ignored warnings to not approached the building. -- the violence erupted as the protesters ignored warnings to not approach the building. >> they must have known that they risked provoking fury from the military. as they try to go through a protective ring of barbed wire, soldiers responded with force.
the army brought in water cannon, then teargas. the clashes went on for several hours. at a time, the response was brittle. the demonstrations here have gathered to protest against the disqualification of a hard line is on this candidate for president. -- hard-line islamist candidate for president. essentially, the army brought in reinforcements, cleared the area, and deployed armored vehicles. a general appeared on television to announce a nighttime curfew in the area. >> we call on all citizens to fully adhere to this or the armed forces will confront a determination, those who tried to violate this. >> tonight, there is an uneasy calm, but no one expects things to remain quiet.
there are regular demonstrations and an increase in the number of violent clashes, a country almost in gridlock. it is not a great atmosphere as we approach presidential elections less than three weeks away. what most egyptians want is simply a return to normality. >> almost 150 people have been taken to hospital in armenia after clusters of gas-filled balloons exploded at a rally. many suffered burns in the incident. others were injured in the chaos that followed. it was not immediately clear what caused the balloons to explode a cigarette may have been to blame. the disgraced former newspaper owner conrad black has been released from jail after serving a three-year sentence in the u.s. he was convicted of fraud in 2007 for taking millions of dollars from a media company. prosecutors in france are investigating claims that the former head of the imf,
dominique strauss-kahn, took part in a gang rape in washington. a belgian woman said she was forced to take part in a sex party attended by him. speaking through his lawyers, mr. strauss, denied any violence and said that he was the part of a lynching campaign. the campaigning has ended in france as the two presidential candidates, nicolas sarkozy and his rival, francois hollande, prepare for the runoff vote. the socialists are looking for their first win in a quarter of this century. we're following developments from paris. >> at the beginning of last year, francois hollande brought his supporters to gather for a focus group. he invited 500 people and only 300 turned up. he was never the favorite candidate, that of course was dominique strauss-kahn. of course, francois hollande was
catapulted into the race. a 50-50 chance for these two candidates to become the next president into has been a frenetic day. but the them have been crisscrossing the country trying to goner the last few votes. at the end of the day, it is up to the voters to make the decision. -- they have been crisscrossing the country time to get a few last votes. turnout was 71% in the last german election. the french feel very passionate about their politics. what might we make of the debate? it is a rest day on saturday. i'm sure they will be looking through what was set up the campaign. "le monde" as its verdict. i want to draw your attention. it is says "the poison charms of
nostalgia." the idea that they have been looking backwards, focusing on immigration, globalization, unemployment, the threat to the french way of life, but nothing on where france fits in the world and what its future might be. it is up to one of these two candidates to decide what that will be, whoever is elected on sunday. >> keeping an eye on things in paris. as london prepares to host the live big games this summer, another large-scale security exercise has taken place on the river thames. the royal navy's largest warship sailed into the heart of london where during the games it will be part of the force protecting the city against a possible terrorist attack. we were on board and we were sent this report. >> the largest warship was never designed for this. only last year, it was launching attacks over libya. today, she was trying to navigate the narrow passages of
the thames. this is the hardest part with no room for mistakes, just managing to squeeze through the tense barrier. her crew has been rehearsing how to deal with any potential attack. this is our start of a major military exercise to the olympics. helicopters will deal with any threats from the air while police and marines in fast boats will stand the river. the arrival of this worship in london is not just a reminder that the olympics is a major event, this is a massive security operation. the military presence is not just confined to hear. up in the skies above london, there will be navy, army, and r af helicopters. all voiced to deal with any potential threat. it is the plans to deploy
missiles close to the venue and in this case, directly on top of a block of flats which cost the greatest controversy and prompted the question, is all this military hardware necessary? >> this is a fact of life, isn't it? >> this is a big advertisement for the bad boys, i guess. >> as the game's fast approached, the security of the get tighter. the lenetix data and held this refers competition. "i don't think anyone should be alarmed by friendly military forces. they know that there are the men, the equipment ready to protect them if any threat should arise. >> this summer, this warship will be a familiar london site. as a welcome deterrent or an unwanted eyesore? >> adam yauch, of the rapper
who helped to foudn the beastie boys has died. his representatives confirmed that he died after a nearly three-year battle with cancer. he created the beastie boys with high-school friend michael diamond. the challenge of keeping the lights on in japan as the last nuclear power station shut down. the taliban said that the carry out a suicide bombing which killed 20 people at the police checkpoint in northwestern pakistan. five of the dead were members of the tribal police.
it collects the blast was powerful enough to reduce shops and restaurants to rubble. the suicide bomber struck near a crowded market in the early morning. many of the dead were civilians. the taliban said the main target was a trouble police officer who won a presidential award for fighting against them. his bravery and dedication cost him his life. survivors were rushed to the hospital for treatment. among them, this young boy. the tribal region has been a battleground for years. the army has hit hard, pounding taliban strongholds near the afghan border and losing many troops in the process. the militants linked to al qaeda has been haunted from the
air, targeted by attack helicopters. many senior leaders managed to free -- flee across the border. several times, the army has declared victory, insisting the area has been cleared. the taliban keeps proving them wrong. the bombing was the third attack in just two days. twin blast on thursday killed five people. the dead were tribal elders and security personnel. local officials have just condemned the latest attack and said the fight against terror will continue to its logical end. >> the u.s. state department has confirmed that it has received a new application for a pipeline to carry oil from the so-called
tarzans to a hub in the state of nebraska. president obama blocked the project earlier this year over environmental concerns. president obama will face pressure from business leaders to support the project. if there was any doubt over how influential oil companies are, a new book will probably dispelled them. it is called, "exxon mobil -- it's arthur came into the studio. -- author came into the studio. when you think of big oil, you think of these powerful companies. how is exxon and a different for pp or any of the others? >> all of the major democracies have the state oil companies. some of them have been government-owned in recent memory.
the u.s. is alone in having a giant oil company that lives in some state of opposition to its own government. it was born forcibly by breakup by order of the supreme court. its chairman, they recently this goes to a magazine that his favorite book is "at the straw that -- "atlas shrugged." exxon mobil has a real distance from the american government. >> you describe this as a state within a state. did they get on better with the bush administration? >> there executives said they felt they had equal access to the clinton and bush should ministrations. the obama administration has been harder to crack. >> you talk about the structure that has been very secretive, insular. who are they accountable to?
>> shareholders and a lot is what they would say. -- shareholders and the law is what they would say. the overwhelming source is shareholder interests. the long-term value that they realize by owning the company. they see themselves as unfettered from the u.s. and governments in general. multinationals have spread themselves out of around the world and in the post cold war era, they feel less loyal to any system or set of national interests. during the cold war, companies were part of what they regarded as an existential structure, a contest with an opposing system. now, they are on their own on a global basis. >> do they actually care what we think? >> they have concluded that they cannot change it very much. in talking about what the problem is, they have looked to
the history of oil companies looking for some golden age that they could model a new strategy on. this is in part because of the power that gasoline plays over the lives of ordinary americans. it is kind of utility function like electricity. when it goes up come the new price is right next to the brand of exxon mobil. they are trapped by these taxes and they're not sure who to blame. >> you start with one disaster, you end with the deepwater horizon spin in the gulf. do you conclude that anything has changed in this decades? >> one thing has changed is that companies are working in more and more risky the informants -- risky varmints -- -- companies are working in more and more risky environment.
japan is about to switch of nuclear power for the first time in four decades. the country was drawing a further percentage of power from nuclear plants. since then, a pattern has been emerging. local authorities refused to let it to restart. this weekend, is time for japan's last working reactor to go off line. our correspondent reports on the challenges of going nuclear-f ree. >> once, it was a symbol of japan possible leak in a nuclear future. the biggest nuclear power station in the world. -- wants, it was a symbol of japan's nuclear future. we were taken into the maze of corridors inside, right to the control room, to the reactors built to power tokyo. one by one, all of japan's
nuclear power stations have been shut down, and now the output is zero. this is the very heart of their power station. that music is a warning that the air lock is open. over here, that border, that is the pool of the spent nuclear fuel, still radioactive, of course, is being stored. next to it, that circuit structure, that is the top of the reactor itself. before the disaster and fukushima, japan relied on nuclear power for nearly 1/3 of its electricity. the nearby town and now faces a choice between fear and economic collapse. the power station is the biggest employer but like other local communities, they are reluctant to allow it to be restarted, wary of another fukushima. but the lights must be kept on in tokyo, a glistening city that
consumes vast amounts of power. to prevent blackouts, imports of gas and other fossil fuels have risen dramatically. never before has this terminal been so busy. it comes at a heavy price, more expensive electricity. they are constructing huge new seawalls, big enough, they say, to withstand any possible tsunami. the japanese were told that the additional was safe, only to see it go into meltdown. -- the japanese were told that fukushima was se, only to see it go to a meltdown. convincing people now will not be easy. >> that brings today's show to a close, but you can find that story and more online at bbc.com/news. for all of us, thank you for watching and have a good weekend.
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