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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 8, 2012 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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>> i am on the limits of poverty. i don't have the money to pay for bills or the food of my children. >> he taught us all where the wild things are. tonight, we look back at the life of maurice sendak. welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and also around the globe. a bomb exploding on board a plane heading for america. this is one of the greatest terrorist threats and right now, u.s. experts are examining a device meant for that purpose.
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it was discovered by a covert cia operation. the white house says that this underlines for the need for vigilance. >> the plot that washington said it foiled an was launched by this man, the master bomb maker of al qaeda. this is a bomb he made in 2009 and gave to a young nigerian. it was packed into underwear and failed to go off. if it had come of this shows the potential damage. the latest version is thought to have an improved detonator. the u.s. says it has possession of the device. the person who is going to use it, little has been said. one reason is that he might have been working for the cia.
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this would explain the careful language that some embarrassing officials are using. >> there are some aspects of this that we're continuing to pursue. the means that we were able to get this device is that we protect the equities and salt. >> this is the latest attempt to evade security. a concealed bomb nearly killed a saudi prince, but only the bomber died. that year, the underwear bomb targeted a plane do for detroit. the bombs were hidden inside a printer cartridges. what worries officials about the latest devices that it is almost impossible to detect. new body scanners might not spot it if it has been well-hidden.
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where does this threat come from? al qaeda in the arabian peninsula based in yemen and seen here training in the desert is the group that is a real threat. >> al qaeda has some of the most sophisticated bomb makers in the most to the abilities of any outside anywhere else in the world. >> in this case, the u.s. claims to have reported its plans. >> for more on the threat, i'm joined now by state department spokesperson p. j. crowley. how do you know about -- what do know about how this plot was foiled? >> one of the. stories is the expanding international cooperation. it was a tipoff overseas settle out the u.s. to support that 2010 attack on explosives put it
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on a cargo aircraft. the good news is that working with various countries including yemen, the government is much more for-leaning in terms of its operation. they realize al qaeda is a threat to itself. they have been able to take and hold territory. we're getting better at detecting and thwarting these plots, but obviously a group like al qaeda in the arabian peninsula still trying. >> is it true that this was foiled by the group infiltrating -- the group trying to carry this out? does this mean that we should rely on intelligence, not body scanners? >> infiltration is possible war in the conduct of another operation that came across this. it is unclear how close to the
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inner circle. that has always been one of the most difficult aspects because a group like al qaeda, they have known each other for years but they have fought together in afghanistan. the ability of a western government to insert an operative is tricky. nonetheless, because we have been able to take out some money operatives -- there is room at the top. >> the defense secretary said that al qaeda possibility to operate as a coherent structure is limited, but it is struggling to survive in this format. what we have seen is a strong body in the arabian peninsula. now, there are about half thousand fighters. >> this was court al qaeda, those that bin laden, his circle
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in the tribal regions of pakistan and they probably cannot have the ability to conduct today the kind of attack that came on 9/11. most of the capability has moved to the affiliate's. bin laden have an ambivalent view about al-sabah us, potentially in nigeria. we have much more limitations but there affiliate's are much more lethal. >> thank you so much for coming in. the headquarters of the libyan prime minister has come under attack. the attackers are thought to be former rebels demanding that they should be paid. two of the people were killed but there has been gunfire inside of a building. and pfizer said that he was safe. kofi annan says that his peace plan is not open ended and this is described as a last chance to
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avoid full-scale civil war. if that first one does not succeed, everyone else should give it a go. today, it is the turn of the political left to try to cobble together a coalition. the biggest winner, the right, give up trying. there is no obvious plan. fixing the greek uncertainty -- a fix in the greek economy, uncertainty is alarming markets. >> after the day ended, they headed home. still with no government. this election delivered a resounding message. >> the best thing is to not pay the debts. >> not to pay them all? >> yes. >> this man may be taking greece
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in that direction. he was asked by the president to form a coalition government. he probably will manage. his challenge to the european union is clear. >> the people have voted to turn out the bailout. we should hold off paying this back. we demand a fair solution. >> it is not clear whether brussels or berlin is putting any direct pressure on the politicians here. both have said that athens need to stick to the terms of the bailout deal. it is hard to see how any government could be formed on that or any other basis. there are days of uncertainty ahead. they will be nothing to calm the nerves in the eurozone. in paris, the men many greeks pin their hopes on commemorate world war ii.
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hollande has pledged laughs of the cuts that europe is so wary about. some suggest that leaderless, there is a risk that breeze could sleep walk out of the euro. >> there is fear that an accident will happen, not having the leadership to keep greece within the eurozone. you have to remember the big picture and the big picture is that the great majority of the people and the great majority of the political powers of the political parties are very firmly pro european. >> perhaps that will be enough. increase, power shifts slowly and they have only weeks to form a government before the next bailout reforms have to be implemented. >> clearly a volatile situation
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in greece. for more on that, i spoke with -- in athens. it does seem to be a case if he cannot succeed, try try again. anyone can fix the underlying problems of the greek economy? >> what a huge problem it is. and the deficits so far are too high, unemployment at record levels. all of this phase in the next government. there is no government at the moment and there is no chance at the moment of an effective government formed next few days and hopes are fading fast. the leader of the anti-bailout leftist coalition is trying to form a government as we speak but his approaches to the pro- bailout countries have been refused. they would like to tear up the austerity measures. the pro bailout party has said
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that this would spell the destruction of greece. the possibility of this broad coalition government being formed is looking very very thin in deed. if they are not successful, then it would pass to a third-party, very unlikely to be able to concede and that work as well. no government would be in place for the next few weeks. greece's next installment would be held up and it would once a day -- once again be staring bankruptcy in the face. >> european markets falling, greek markets falling, the world economy looking nervously at what happened in athens. to the greeks care about that? the impact that the crisis is having on the rest of the world? >> greeks are becoming extremely used to crises and political instability. it is quite easy to walk through this capital and not realize
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that greece is in a time of perilous instability. the greeks of shrug their shoulders. in this country is still functioning. actually, there is a lot of this may underneath that veneer of stability. the greeks mapped have hit out against the austerity, against the bailout, and yet so far, germany and the european commission have said that there is no renegotiation. the country must stick to its position. can greece reconsider its bailout? can they reconsider its austerity and stay in the euro? that will be the challenge facing any incoming government. >> the but the time for due to hit those bars. prevent iran from gaining a nuclear weapon is a key u.s. aim that hillary clinton was
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talking about in india. she is incurred in the country to stop importing the iranian oil? >> hillary clinton for talks in a country that is now a key u.s. ally. the unexpected leg of our -- leg of her asian tour. >> we look to the government pakistan to do more and it needs to make sure that its territory is not used as a launching pad for terrorist attacks anywhere, including inside pakistan. >> he also had a strong message for india, to cut back its oil imports from iran as part of low pressure on its nuclear program. that will be difficult to do.
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>> it remains unimportant source of oil for us. -- an important source of oil for us. ultimately, it reflects the decision that was made based on how much technical some considerations. >> even as hillary clinton was meeting the indians, a few kilometers away in the capital, an iranian delegation was holding its own talks looking for ways to increase business ties with an old friend. >> india and iran have an old historic relationship. whether anyone would like it or not, our countries complement each other. >> the u.s. may be their natural
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ally, but in the also needs iran and not just for its oil, also for regional stability, to secure its interest in afghanistan, and to check pakistan. india is not willing to call time on this relationship. >> you are watching "bbc world news america," going the distance? one finisher has achieved an amazing feat. where is the worst place in the world to be a mother? the organization save the children has compared 165 countries around the globe. the report found that niger came in at the bottom replacing afghanistan for the first time in two years. our world affairs correspondent has more on the assessment. >> at a clinic, mothers bring
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their children to be checked for malnutrition. niger is that the epicenter of a food emergency. it is one of many countries where malnutrition affects both physical and mental growth. save the children calls it a vicious cycle of mothers, stunted in childhood, who go on to give birth to underweight and vulnerable children. what has put the children at the bottom? one in 16 women die in pregnancy. the typical grow only receives two years of -- four years of education. at the 10 countries at the bottom of the index, seven are facing chronic malnutrition and a food crisis. >> this makes me so sad to not be able to feed my children because i am the mother.
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that is what they're facing mouth. they don't have enough to feed their children. >> -- tops the list of the best place to be a mother. after two years at the bottom, afghanistan has moved up one position partly because it has invested in more front-line help workers. save the children says that supporting more mothers to breast fin -- to breast feed could save many lives each year. >> in israel, pressure is mounting to recruit a controversial separation barrier from an agent palestinian village with a unique agricultural system. israel says the barrier saves lives and they are determined only by security considerations.
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we report from the west bank village was lies in the path of the separation. >> water, water everywhere. in a region where the supply and availability of water is a major logistical and political concern, the palestinian village has in abundance. >> this is the same system used in the roman times. >> 7 natural springs have given life to the village and its fields. the simple irrigation system used today is as it was an ancient times. water is shared between the 8 main families. fruit and vegetables from these small plots are renowned for their freshness and quality. built on the side of a steep hill, here boasts one of the last living examples of traditional agriculture.
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the landscapers says there is a threat from the controversial separation barrier. the plants have not yet been finalized but if it is still here, it would cut the ancient village and all of its people off from about 35% of its ancestral land. because of the unique way in which the irrigation system works, villagers say those lands will be lost forever. >> land is the most important thing in our lives. without land, we don't have anything. we don't have resources, we just have the land. >> not far, the barrier is being built on occupied palestinian territory. large amounts of village land cut off on the other side of a huge concrete wall. so special is this area that
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some anthropologist want it to be given protected status. >> you can still appreciate the integrity of these lands. >> a barrier here, they say, would destroy a traditional way of life. >> this is happening. this is still with the disabled should -- much of this land was still function. in a statement, the defense ministry said that the routing of the paris-based entirely on security "concerns. -- reading of the fence is based entirely on security concerns. >> a woman has crossed the finish line.
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she lost the use of her legs five years ago after an accident. thanks to a special suit, she completed an entire course. >> she was all smiles today as she stepped over the finishing line of the london marathon. it was on the minutes before the scale of her achievement hit,. despite being paralyzed, today, she became the first person to walk for 26.2 hours using the first black suit. it has taken 16 days to crash completely off course and it has been an incredible journey. >> what makes this so difficult, the patent on the hills. -- this takes you close to the finish line. >> she had been a professional event rider, but an accident
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broke her neck and back, changing her life forever. she raced 43,000 pounds before using the suit. she had walked less that a mile before. she turn it on the 22nd of april. by the end of day one, she had walked two miles. but a third of may, supported by her husband, she meech to the wharf. -- she reached the wharf. some money fans. what does this mean to you? >> without everyone else, i would not be doing this. this is a huge stakes. >> there are only about 300 yards before she reaches the finish line. despite that, the organizers say they cannot do this in the metal, because according to the
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rules, she has to-on the day. >> runners that completed the course donated their medals to her. she has raised more than 800,000 pounds for spinal injury research and tested the seat to its limits. the best prize of all, a kiss from her daughter. >> now, that is a tough woman. i'd like interesting people and kids are really interesting people. quote from maurice sendak. he revolutionized the children's books and even presidents have relished reading his classic tale. >> when it comes to celebrity fans, it does not get much better than this. >> this is one of the all-time classics. i love this book, "where the
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wild things are." the first father knows that the story of max went to bed without supper and he sailed away to where the wild things are, this is a sure hit a four children. >> when he came to the place where the wild things are, they roared their terrible roar. they gnashed their teeth. >> maurice sendak started off as an illustrator. it was when he put his words to it that his career was made. there were many other books. "the night kitchen" and "i don't care." it was "where the wild things are" that kept coming back.
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maurice sendak himself seemed very strange. >> it feels very strange. i don't believe this is happening. >> there is one more book to come, but with his death, the wild rumpus that he began has drawn to a close. >> maurice sendak and his wild things bring in our show to a close. you can find more about maurice sendak on our website and many other stories. thank you for tuning in. >> after a quiet spell of weather, looks like showers will continue to be a trend for the rest of the week. we can see the bulk of rain cleared away and this window and the showers invading from the
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west. plenty of showers likely during wednesday. it will be warm, however. once a clear way, the sunshine, the warmth, it will be pleasant enough. they could be quite heavy. highs from 20 degrees to al qaeda. farther south down, as high as 30. bear this in mind as you go over the next few days our show. as we continue to say goodbye to wednesday -- >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank.
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>> at union bank, our relationship managers use their expertise in global finance to guide you through the business strategies and opportunities of international commerce. we put our extended, global network to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news america" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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