tv BBC World News America PBS May 23, 2012 4:00pm-4:30pm PDT
>> this is "bbc world news america." what does it feel like to vote after centuries of dictatorship? egyptians went out in droves for their first free election and say it feels great. >> how long have you been waiting? >> of 30 years. >> nearing decisions time in europe, crisis talks in brussels, european leaders -- he made changing the channel a click away. remember the man who puts a remotes in the palm of our hands. welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe.
what would you do with political freedom if you have not had it for 5000 years? that was the choice facing egyptians today as they voted in the first-ever democratic elections for president. the landmark comes 15 months after mubarak was ousted from power. it is a moment of both opportunity and challenge. from cairo, this report. >> this is democracy in the making, not the finished article. the army in charge since the old regime -- a free vote for an egyptian leader has been a long time coming. it is something to celebrate. how long have you been waiting? >> 30 years. >> worried because it is the first time you do not know the outcome. >> the fixing elections is to be
routine, but polling stations were calm and organized. this exercise will fail if the people decide it is not fair and honest. they are waiting for agreement on a new constitution, which will lay out what he can and cannot do. the two biggest issues seem to be the economy, not enough jobs, and security. there has been a big increase in crime and violence in egypt since the police collapsed in the revolution last year. 13 men are on the ballot, and no women. it is an unpredictable race. even mubarak's ex-4 minister wants to be in the new egypt. until recently, a senior member of the muslim brotherhood.
the other favorites are mubarak's former prime minister. and the official muslim brotherhood candidate. here in cairo and across the country, the brotherhood has spent decades building a power base. they proved its strength by coming first in parliamentary elections last year. while the old regime as been overthrown, the brotherhood to a back seat to young secular activists. the stars included a band called, wrote keep. -- cairo key. ♪ they are not so dismayed. they insist no leader will ever
be able to stop another free election. >> there will be another revolution, i guess. it is not far away. egypt changed forever. people woke up, that is dead. -- that is its. >> of voting continues on thursday, if no candidate gets about 50%, there will be a runoff next month. the future is not clear, but this election is real progress. >> these are scenes in egypt. i spoke to -- there are four different frontrunners in his presidential elections. does that mean there are four very different possible outcomes? >> a lot is at stake in these
historic presidential elections. there is no automatic letter. no preconceived ideas for who would emerge. yes, you are right, it will be a very different egypt. there are islamists candidates, activist who want to defend the gains of the revolution, and there are former members of the old regime, including the former farm -- former prime minister. whatever person emerges as the president is going to state the future of this country. i have to add a cautionary note. egyptians say that egypt is egypt. they want to keep the essential character of the conservative moslem country. -- muslim country. >> how much to those voters believe that the ballots they cast will affect the future of
their country? how worried are they that the military may keep power? >> let's focus on the beauty of this exercise, casting a ballot. there have been heartwarming scene here today. we have seen married couples holding hands as they make their way into the polling stations. we have seen people in wheelchairs and on crutches. we have seen men and women lining up for hours. voting hours were extended, they are still trying to get to end. there have been scuffle's inside. the first time they know that they can have a real choice. after this election is over, they will turn their minds to the other questions. this is a president who has no job description.
>> a very busy polling station, thank you very much. exciting, but also on clear times in egypt. european leaders are meeting in brussels for crisis talks. they're being told to draw up contingency plans for greece leading the . there is over that prospect have alarms stock markets around the world. >> even as you're a's leaders were riding in brussels -- europe's leaders were arriving in brussels, greece was casting its shadow over the meetings. euro zone officials had advised member states to prepare contingency plans just in case greece left the euro. >> what we need is a decisive plan for greece and we need decisive plans to help get the european economy moving. >> the new french president came
by train. he is changing the debate in europe, forcing attention on growth rather than on the austerity. with the euro almost hitting a two-year low, there was no escaping the crisis in greece. >> we must send greece to signal. france wants greece to stay in the euro zone, amendments they have made. -- but the greeks have to fill the commitments they have made. >> angela merkel is determined to keep greece in the euro, but her central bank said that only was the situation extremely worrying, that a greek exit would be manageable. the french want eurobonds. stronger companies stand -- stronger countries stand behind the deaths of others.
-- debts of others. >> our discussions tonight should be focused and frank. >> on the greece, you only have to go to germany to since the pressure on angela merkel. many people have lost patience with greece. they must accept the conditions of the bailout deal or face the consequences. >> the greek government should abide by the rules. >> at greece is facing all of the unpredictability of another election in three weeks' time. a former prime minister said today the country had no choice but to stick to the painful austerity program, or face a damaging exit from the euro. back in brussels, the leaders will be discussing growth over dinner. there will be under pressure to send greece a clear message. are they really prepared to see chris exit the euro zone -- greece exit the euro zone?
there was another cause for concern. the spanish prime minister warned that spain could not continue much longer been forced to pay such high borrowing costs. this is the 18th summit in two years, with no major decisions expected. >> this economic concern -- international leaders met in baghdad to diffuse a standoff over tehran's nuclear energy program. representatives were all there as the announcement with detailed proposals lange out steps iran could take to ensure that its nuclear program is peaceful. the talks are now expected to continue tomorrow, but is iran ready to negotiate? if so, why now? i was discussed -- i was joined
by my next guest to discuss this. i want to ask you how significant is that these talks are taking place at all. >> is significant because for the last several years, there has been no real negotiations between big and added states and iran. this is the second meeting we have had. this is a classic 0 some negotiation in which both sides are looking to offer as little as possible and get as much as possible. for the air runyon's, they are under tremendous -- iranians, they are under tremendous economic address. -- duress. both sides have an interest in a process that takes them past november of 2012. >> they are sitting across the table from each other. what are the chances that the
americans come away from these talks -- we think they are just stalling? >> that is a strong possibility that the iranians are buying time. toy're going to look cosmetic offers of compromise. to wean the chinese and russians away from the europeans and americans. they're very much anticipating this iranian strategy. i did not seek to iran getting sanctions relieved. >> there is talk about the prospects of the israelis striking iran during the course of this fall. has that prospect diminished or do you think we are on a course that looks very dangerous? >> i think the prospects of an
israeli attack has diminished quite significantly. this has had a mixed impact on the dynamics of the negotiations. on one hand, it has brought down the risk premium of oil prices. some u.s. officials are concerned that what was bringing china and russia along with sanctions was fear of an israeli attack. now that an israeli attack is unlikely, some officials are concerned that china and russia do not have the same sense of urgency is and will be easier for iran to win them to their side. >> those meetings are expected to go onto a second day. a doctor accused of helping the american stock done osama bin laden has been sentenced to at least 30 years in prison for treason. shakil afridi ran a fake a
vaccination program, helped the cia find osama bin laden. the americans have called for him to be released, his work served both pakistan and american interest. in afghanistan, more than 120 school girls and three teachers have been poisoned in the second attack been blamed on conservative radicals. police in the north of the country say radicals' ' milk education used toxic powder to contaminate -- who opposed female education used toxic powder. in an attempt to crack down on the practice, authorities are using a controversial approach. they are teaching men arrested for buying sex about the consequences of prostitution. they are using their personal testimonials to do so. but do these schools are really
work? >> the next time he gets arrested for patronizing a prostitute, there will be no offer. this is a one-shot deal. >> welcome -- this diverse group of men share one characteristic. they have all been arrested for trying to buy saks. they are attending a class about the dangers of prostitutions. >> the average age of entering prostitution is between 11 and 14-year-old. little girls, they're having their youth taken from them. they may be able to help the victims. >> we have had cases where they have saved the prostitutes.
>> little is left to the imagination during a presentation on sexually transmitted diseases. this is only beginning, though. the highlight is a plain speaking a former prostitute. >> you are not helping. >> sheet is telling the man they cannot ignore the consequences of using a prostitute. -- shee going out there is using drugs. you want to act like you are not part of this. i can you are not part of the downfall of the community. >> some see the program as a revelation. one tells me he never realized that prostitutes are often trafficking victims.
>> i did not think it was such a big thing. now that i know, the only thing i did do is spread the word. >> it is a classroom on like any other. consumers of sex learn how their behavior is hurting women. >> after the men have gone through all that, how effective is the school? only 1% of the men are rearrested for patronizing prostitutes. critics question whether one class can really change the attitudes of the men who pay for sex. >> you are watching "bbc world news america." prince charles and mixes it up in canada, taking a turn playing deejay for the day. the social networking site facebook and several banks are
to be sued over allegations that important information was hidden from some of those who bought shares in the company when it launched on the stock market last week. our technology correspondent has this report. >> it was supposed to be the triumphant stock market debut of the most exciting company in recent years. but for facebook, it has turned into a fiasco. not only have the shares slumped in value, they are now serious questions about whether information was given to all prospective investors. two weeks ago, facebook amended its prospectus to add a warning that the growth might be threatened as more users via the site on cell phones. that information was not made public. analysts advising on the share sale led by morgan stanley lowered their estimates. now a group of shareholders is
assuming facebook and the bank alleging that this information was only shared collected investors. morgan stanley says it followed the same procedure as it has with all previous share sales. the bank insists it has complied with all regulations. facebook has the comfort of knowing the money is safe in the bank. the shares even rose a little in early trading. but the reputation of the company and mark zuckerberg is taking a battering. >> to a question of manpower, moving the 6,000 ton building is no easy task. that is what happened in iraq. this shows that -- in zurich. engineers had to lifted from its foundation.
think about the housing market and one of the first things that comes to mind is a huge problem. the u.s. subprime mortgage market cost the 2008 crash. economists have been on the alert for housing bobbles. right now, there are watching canada. home prices in toronto have risen 85% over the last decade. can this last? ♪ >> welcome to the new toronto. >> the finishes are of the highest quality. this week is listed for $2 million. >> it is good living if you can afford it. they are looking for a more modest place in toronto. they are currently living in a
small rental with their two- year-old daughter. >> we want a home. >> they have lost out on four offers. the basic competition at open houses is so intense, they have seen things get physical. >> the listing agent is backed into the corner and someone is saying, i'm going to make sure we get this property. what ever it takes. to 100%. -- 200%. >> toronto prices are being driven by a perfect mix. record low interest rates, and a lack of inventory, and a stable canadian economy. they have been rising steadily after a short and moderate debt caused by the 2008 financial crash. how much will they pay for a 3- bedroom place? >> it is over a million.
>> the diggs. in toronto -- the big fear in toronto and vancouver, is real estate at risk for an american style collapse? >> the irish situation, for example, four times as great as we see in canada. >> toronto is the tortoise that has caught the hare. it is suddenly on par with san francisco and york. -- and new york. >> we think it is a bubble. we think the market is being driven by psychology. the market is borderline irrational. >> he sees a lot of common factors between what happens in the u.s. in the 2000's and
canada today. 132 compared to 86 in new york, 17 in chicago, and five in boston. most economists agree that the real-estate values will almost certainly be higher in 20 years. for a young couple looking to invest for the long term, there is no bad time to buy. that is, if there is something they can afford to buy. > it is not only toronto's building industry. the music industry is also getting into the grooves. they landed prince charles as a guest deejay. he took his stride behind the turntable, mixing tunes at a youth center.
to the man whose invention has changed all of our lives. he altered the way we watch television by coming up with a wireless remote control. he died at the age of 96 this weekend. his legacy lives on with every click. >> in the early days of television, there were not many programs to choose from. if you want to change channels, you had to walk across the living room to do what. the remote control change the way we watched tv. it pointed a beam of light at the television sets. eugene patented 18 different inventions. but it is the remote control that he will be remembered for. to date -- >> absolutely
essential. i can lie down, and go click, click, click. >> the first remote-control looked like a big green hair dryer. the original was so big, we could not lifted. now we have a pesky array of all of them. it has changed the way we live our lives. in the modern world of multi- channel digital television, it created a whole new world or the couch potato is king. >> i can never figure out any of my remote controls. that brings the program to a close. thank you so much for watching. we'll see you back here tomorrow.
>> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers use their expertise in global finance to guide you through the business strategies and opportunities of international commerce. we put our extended global network to work for a wide range of companies. from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? wasbbc world news america"
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