tv BBC World News America PBS June 14, 2012 4:00pm-4:30pm PDT
the world needs a broader mix of energies. that's why we're supplying cleaner-burning natural gas to generate electricity. and it's also why, with our partner in brazil, shell is producing ethanol, a biofuel made from renewable sugar cane. >> a minute, mom! >> let's broaden the world's energy mix. let's go. >> this is "bbc world news america" reporting from washington. i'm jeanne o'brien. a new crisis erupts in egypt after a constitutional court rules that the country's parliament is invalid and should be dissolved. in the hot seat -- british prime ministerdavid cameron suspends his -- british prime minister david cameron suspends his relations with the press at the inquiry into media action.
>> there was no covert deal, there were no nods and winks. >> tracing mitt romney's past. we look at a british connection that helped to shape who he is today. welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. tonight, democracy in egypt might be heading back to square one. the highest court has ordered that the parliament be dissolved in new elections held. -- and new elections held. the judge has said that the rules were unconstitutional under which a third of the seats were decided last year. in a separate ruling, they cleared the way for the last prime minister under hosni mubarak to stand in the runoff. from cairo, the bbc --
>> down with the military, they shout. revolution, revolution. they are enraged by the supreme court decision to dissolve egypt's first democratic parliament. >> the end of the egyptian revolution. our dreams are now dying. >> you can see the anger and the passion on the faces of the young people here in tahrir square. these are the same people who fought to bring down the mubarak regime 18 months ago in this same square. tonight, they believe that the military who supported mubarak for so long are trying to kill their revolution. not all egyptians aren't happy. across town, and equally passionate crowd is -- an equally passionate crowd is cheering ahmed shafiq. he could be on the verge of being elected egypt's president.
it is an extraordinary turnaround for the old regime. >> i think what the previous year has been about -- schering the egyptian people, creating the perception of and stability -- scaring the egyptian people, creating the perception of instability, creating the perception that things were spinning out of control. >> the question is how is the mother -- how will the muslim brotherhood react. until today, they controlled egypt parliament. mohammed mursi could still win. must so, the mothebrotherhood convert support into the ballot box. >> for more on the significant and possible fallout, i am joined by the director of the middle east program at the center for international and strategic studies. how big of a blow to democracy
is this? >> this is certainly a huge change to the future of egypt. a lot of egyptians had been growing uncertain about where this was going. a lot of the egyptians had been growing uncertain about where this was going. there's a lot of opposition to the muslim brotherhood. there are many who are breathing a sigh of relief, probably a majority. many will be agitated because they thought they had got something out of the elections and now it has been taken away. >> what will this do to the revolutionary spirit that brought these changes? >> it changes it. egypt was the gravity of all the political change in the middle east. you have more than 80 million people. there was a sense that what happened in egypt stretched beyond their. -- there. clearly, it can have a profound effect. it can return to syria, iran.
>> if this is happening in egypt, which was supposed to be the way democracy should transition, what does it mean for other countries in grappling with at the air of spring? >> it seemed so simple. this democratization is hard. the transition is hard. you had a transition where it did not go or anyone thought it would go. it seemed impossible that the military would stay in power. it seems that that is what is happening. >> what is going to be the impact of all of this on the presidential runoff coming this weekend? if the military remains in power, does it make the winner credible? does it give them legitimacy? does it take it away? >> there are some who say that the fix is in. this means that ahmed shafiq is going to win. others say that this will energize the muslim brotherhood. my guess is that the military would not have done this if they thought that they were on the press is of disaster. -- the press of this -- the
precipice of disaster. they have enough confidence from they're pulling that they will get by this. the brotherhood seems to be keeping its powder dry, it seems to be settling for a prime ministerial position and positions in the cabinet. it will live to fight another day, but it does not seem that they will be in the position of controlling both the parliament and the presidency. >> turning to the role of the military, but he said it was -- you said that it was surprising, unthinkable that the military would be in this position today. does that mean that we are looking at military rule? is there a coup through the courts rather than on the streets? >> not only does there seem to be the military retaining control, there seems to be a public disaffection with revolution which back a year ago -- which would have been unthinkable, but with the economy getting weaker and worried about instability, there seems to be anyone but anyone who will take us to chaos. the retired general seems to be reassuring. that is better than the unknown. >> thank you for joining us.
>> thank you. >> a group of doctors and nurses in bahrain who were sentenced up to 50 years for helping -- 15 years in prison for helping protesters during a protest has been acquitted or had their sentences reduced by an appeals court. the u.s. still voiced its deep disappointment that the sentences were not completely struck down. the bbc has the details. >> the case against the 20 maddux has been hugely controversial. when there were sentenced to jail terms last year between five and 15 years, there was an international outcry. most of the more that the country's main hospital where the wounded were brought when the uprising began last spring. they were doctors and nurses who witnessed the bloodshed and then spoke out. in some cases, they protested. the initial verdict were given as a special court -- at a
special court in a hearing that lasted just a few minutes. all of the medics who appealed the decision have either been acquitted or had their sentences reduced. none were in court for the verdict. they gathered to hear the news. ali al-ekri, an orthopedic surgeon, still faces five years in jail. >> the verdict is political. it is five years for nothing, as i see it. the main charges or not proven. five years for what? we do not know. >> dr. fatima haji has now been acquitted. she confessed under torture. threats were made to harm her family. she had been charged with smearing blood on protesters to exaggerate their injuries. i asked what she made of the verdict. >> they want to keep the media quiet.
because of the pressure over the last one and a half years. they want us to make them -- give them a chance [unintelligible] all of us are in the same boat. it was very shocking to me to hear that some were sentenced after five years. >> she will stay with her family. the government admits mistakes were made. there is anger that anyone is going to jail in what they say is a highly political case that should never have gone to court. caroline hawley, bbc news. >> politics and the press is a complicated relationship in many countries. today's british prime -- today, the british prime minister was
called to defend his own actions. speaking before an inquiry into media ethics, he said he had never tried it government policy for favorable press conference -- press coverage. but he said the relationship between the press and politicians has become too close. our political editor has been following this. >> the press and the prime minister -- forced to live together. today, effectively on trial together. >> the right honorable david cameron, please. >> today's the nation's leader was invited to try to comfort of downing street for five hours of cross-examination in the royal courts of justice. >> i swear by almighty god that the evidence i shall give a shout be the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth -- i shall give shall be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth.
there was no overt deal for support. there was no covert deal. there were no dogs or weeks. there was a conservative politician -- no nods or winks. there was a conservative politician trying to win over television, trying to win over proprietors, but not trying to win over support. >> he was much less forthcoming when it came to offer details like a text message sent by rebekah brooks to him on the eve of his party conference speech. >> "i am so rooting for you tomorrow, not just as a personal friend, but because, professionally, we are definitely in this together." >> that is the wording of a pre- election heading from the daily, which backed the tories. there are details on how he met
the newspaper boss. he called samantha cameron, lady prime minister. >> did you see her every weekend or most weekends from 2008 to 2009? >> not every weekend. >> most weekends? >> the news soon travel that he had seen the boss of the papers an awful lot. there was some new information. >> mrs. cameron keeps a better weekend record and i do. she reckons that we did not see them more than an average of every six weeks. that is one of the things that could not give you earlier. >> next awkward detail -- what checks did he make before hiring in the colson as is -- andy colson as his spin doctor?
>> i remember clearly seeking that assurance. as i say, there do seem to be some differences. but they well may be compatible in the way i have suggested. >> next a hunt to make jeremy responsible for the bid for bskyb. it was put to the prime minister that it was a decision made with incomplete advice. >> it was not some incomplete, botched decision. anyone had told me he could not do the job, i would not have done -- given him the job. >> the prime minister insisted that he wanted to protect people like this, the family of the murder teenager, millie dowling. >> we want to know that, if an
individual suffers press intrusion, has an inaccurate article written about them, had their lives turnaround in some way -- all of these things has happened. it really is worth our while to go to this regulator, however they are established, and they will get the newspaper and the media brought to bear. >> the lord justice must come up with a plan for the government. he is a man even the prime ministers stand up for. >> nick robinson with that report. in more news, the former texas tycoon alan stanford has been sentenced to 110 years in prison by u.s. central judge. mr. stanford was convicted of one of the biggest fraudulent investment schemes in u.s. history. he swindled investors from more than 100 countries out of a total of $7 billion. you are watching "bbc world news
america." still to come, going head-to- head on the economy. the u.s. presidential election kicks into high gear with a financial view. australia has created the world's largest network of marine reserves in the world, covering more than 1/3 of the country's territorial waters. the bbc reports. >> beautiful, under threat, about to get top-grade protection. 1.3 million square kilometers of motion will come under the new green parks plan. and rival conservation anywhere on earth. -- on rivaled -- unrivaled conservation to anywhere on earth. the government says it was time to act. >> we have before us an opportunity. a massive opportunity.
if we make the decision -- we're working out exactly where -- possibly looking at the most hectares being considered for conservation. it could provide the biggest marine protected area on the planet. >> the fishing industry has said it would be damaged. it will receive condensation -- compensation. oil and gas companies are concerned. many of their activities will be much more restricted. the announcement by the australian government comes a week ahead of a major international conference on sustainable development. leaders from more than 130 nations are gathering in rio de janeiro in brazil to discuss a range of options. one of the key priority areas is the protection of the world's oceans. australia now follows
california, which noted last week to create america's largest marine reserve -- which voted bang last week to create america's largest marine reserve. duncan kennedy, bbc news in sydney. >> just days after accepting a $125 billion lifeline for its struggling banks, spain is in trouble again. the borrowing costs have hit the danger zone of 7%, making it more difficult to avoid a full- scale bailout. a solution appears unlikely. today, germany warns that it is already doing enough. the bbc economics editor, stephanie flanders, reporting from berlin. >> germans are willing to pay a high price to reunify the country -- were willing to pay a high price to reunify the country. now the world is telling them
they must pay out again to prevent eurozone from taking part -- breaking apart. the chancellor warned people not to expect too much. her speech was in the german parliament, but it was addressed to the outside world. >> we are convinced the euro is our -- that europe is our destiny and our future. if the euro fails, europe fails. we also know that germany's's strength is limited. -- germany's strength is limited. >> germany has ruled out eurobo bondws. -- bonds. i spoke to the deputy finance minister. he did not leave muc hwiggle -- much wiggle room.
>> debt is a national responsibility question. i do not see any strategy where we can eschew the negative political decision made -- >> even by the -- >> it is a constitutional arrangement are not allowed to do so. >> that would be as popular as germany winning in 2012. most germans are still fans of the single european currency. people know that the group's strongest economy asked to do sts -- people know that europe' strongest economy has to do its bit. >> if it falls back to us, we
might have a much bigger problem. >> if they do not help the countries, it could be difficult for all of europe and for the euro as well. >> the trouble is that germany things it has already given a lot to rescuing the road. the minister says we should stop panicking about the markets -- rescuing the euro. the minister says we should stop panicking about the markets. >> we should develop new concept. we need a calming down political decision process. >> chancellor merkel said we should stop looking for a quick fix solution to your crisis. -- the euro crisis. if germany continues to say no, there might not be a solution at all. >> as we know, the ongoing crisis in the eurozone is threatening recovery here in america. today, president barack obama and his republican rival in the race for the white house went to the state of ohio to make their best face on economic policy.
>> one state, two candidates, presenting rival visions of the economy. just moments apart. the president arrived in ohio with a spring in his step after a bruising week. it was something every boot to counter claims from his own side that he is not doing enough to show that he feels voters' pain. >> of course the economy is not where it needs to be. of course we have a lot more work to do. everybody knows that. >> the bulk of the speech became about mitt romney, likening his approach to the politics of president bush. >> they did not grow the middle class, they did not grow the middle class, they did not reduce our debt. why would we think it would work better this time? >> the challenger focused on more recent history, he week's gaffe where mr.
obama insisted the private sector is doing fine. mr. romney portrayed the president as little more than a smooth talker. >> if you look at his record, he is long on words and short on action that rated jobs. -- created jobs. talk is cheap. >> what they do agree on is that this is about america's future. they face an uncertain future. -- the faces of an uncertain future have been on show across the country at graduation ceremonies. in virginia, we spoke to students from thomas jefferson high school about an excess apprehension. >> i would hope that things would be stable enough for me to figure out what to do. once i figure that out, i can be strong enough to make it through anything that happens. >> i think this economy has really messed up our future. a lot of college graduates are not getting jobs. that is sad. a lot of people are looking for more stable jobs, like in the medical field.
becoming a lawyer. stuff that is actually sustainable and can actually help you. >> today's bling speeches set the tone for a long and brutal summer. barack obama is gambling that, by tying mitt romney to george w. bush, the voters will view him as the lesser of two evils. it is a shift from "hope and change" to a message of fear. >> between the endless campaign cycle and the intense media scrutiny, by now, you probably cannot believe that anything you do not know about -- there is anything that you do not know about the two men vying for america's top job. should mitt romney and the white house, it is a long way from his roots in the north of england. we have traced his family tree. we have the exclusive details. if you make -- he may not talk are much of the campaign trail, but everybody knows that mitt romney is a mormon.
his great, great grandfather was a carpenter in the northwest of england. he and his wife elizabeth converted at the end of the 1830's. joseph smith founded the church of the latter-day saints in new york in 1830, after claiming that an angel delivered a new message to him on tablets of gold. in a squalid, poverty-stricken miltown, the u.s. is seen the land of hope. the people gathered and said that jesus had gone and would soon return. that led them from england's shores. >> the first person to try to leave -- it was important to them. he had a responsibility. >> it was a sign of real prestige. the first guy to become a mormon convert ran down the slope and into the river just so that he could say he was the first
european mormon. >> the romney family said farewell to england in 1841. on board, there were three deaths. there was much sickness. miles was nearly dead when he arrived, but he survived. he helped to build a tabernacle. he fell to his death in 1870. documents show that he had 12 wives, although it is not all its teams. most marriages were to relatives to ease their passage into heaven. what to the romney family think of their famous relative? >> it is inspiring to think of him being that successful. >> if he wins, he might come over and isvisit, miss t -- meet the kissing king, days gone by. you never know.
>> mitt might not want to acknowledge miles, but that is why the man who wants to be president is mormon. >> another great piece of trivia for you. that brings our show to a close. remember, you can get constant updates on our web site. to see what we're working on, check out our twitter feed. i am jane hill brian baird for all of us here, thank you for watching. -- i am jane o'brien. for all of us here, thank you for watching. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, union bank, and shell. >> at shell, we believe the world needs a broader mix of energies. that's why we're supplying cleaner-burning natural gas to generate electricity. and it's also why, with our
hi. it's me hooper. can you guess where i am today? ♪ where is he going, what will he do? ♪ ♪ where in the world is hooper? ♪ my first clue is i'm someplace that's almost always moving, but i'm not in the car. and for my next hint, there are lots of seats here with big windows to look out of, and, hey, look. there's my dentist dr. molarman. i really love the new toothbrush he gave me. isn't it cool? and now the final clue. curious george thinks it's a great way to get around town. next stop, library. ok. so i'm someplace that's almost always moving, has lots of seats with big windows, and takes you all around town. so can you guess where i am? a bus! i'm riding on a bus just me and my toothbrush. hee hee!
(george chattering excitedly) this program was made possible by: >> chuck e. cheese's, proud supporter of pbs kids, who know when it comes to learning how to be fit for your life, you're never too young to start. pbs kids, where a kid can be a kid. for over 90 years, stride rite's been there, from the first wobbly walk to the first day of school, helping you choose the right shoes. stride rite is a proud sponsor of curious george. funding for curious george is provided by contributions to your pbs station... ooh. ...and from: ntro) ♪ you never do know what's around the bend ♪ ♪ big adventure or a brand-new friend ♪ ♪ when you're curious like curious george ♪ ♪ swing! ♪