tv BBC World News America PBS June 15, 2012 4:00pm-4:30pm PDT
>> at shell, we believe the world needs a broader mix of energies. that is why we are supplying cleaner-burning natural gas to generate electricity. and it is also why, with their partner in brazil, shell is producing ethanol, a biofuel made from renewable sugar cane. >> just in a mom. >> let's broaden the world energy mix. let's go. >> >> this is bbc world news america, reporting from washington. down to the wire in greece as the country prepares to go to the polls. it's feared -- his future in the eurozone hangs in the balance. in major change in policy. president obama says it will stop deporting illegal immigrants to make a
contribution to the country. >> they are americans in their hearts, their minds, in every single way but one, on paper. >> and where science and art collide. new research could reveal how art helps heal the invisible wounds of war. welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the world. it is not often that a parliamentary government become central viewing. it has the potential to spread turmoil throughout the world financial markets. the big question is whether the new government --
gavin hewett looks at the choice of what is at stake. >> the last hours of campaigning in a great collection that has the attention of world leaders in the financial markets. of the two main candidates, this man is the most feared, -- feared politician in european is a left-wing radical. he believes that the austerity measures that are a condition of agreed bailout are destroying the country. he wants to tear up the agreement but stay in the euro. on an't bet your money greased leading the eurozone. you will lose. greece will stay in the eurozone. monday will mark the end of austerity. >> but if you're sticks to its word and refuses to bargain with them, greece could be heading out of the euro. its main rival is a conservative
leader. he basically accepts the bailout deal, although argues that the concessions if he wins. there would be a huge sigh of relief in europe. he said the election was a choice between staying in the euro and going back to the drug, -- the drachma. >> he may claim that he wants to remain within the europe, but it is clear that what date -- that, with what his plan, they will not keep us in. >> loans of 240 billion euros, in some european countries, patience is wearing thin. the big new factor this time around is fear. greeks have been told time and time again that, if they threaten to leave the euro, there is chaos, a run on the
banks, and instability. there is a dangerous under current in greece. hear on tv, a far-right candidate attack a communist opponents. it is widely accepted that this is a critical juncture for the country. >> i think it is one of the most important elections in our recent history. the reason is that its outcome will determine their future with in the euro area and possibly our future within the european unit cell. >> sunday could -- european union itself. >> sunday change things entirely. >> for more on how to greet voters may be thinking if they go -- when they go to the polls on sunday, tim wilcox joined me from the mountains. all lies on greece's putting it widely. -- all eyes on greece is putting
it mildly. >> athens, for example, is absolutely packed with international journalists. i am standing just inside the square and you can probably hear the noise down below. this is the final rally of the new democracy party led by antoni samala who is a right- wing leader. at the moment, a private polling suggests that they might win the greatest number of seats this sunday as well. what is interesting is that the majority of those you speak to suggest that 80% of greece believe that they can actually change these bailout conditions, renegotiate the conditions with the troika, and still stay within the eurozone. when we ask them how that is possible when angela merkel and
the rest of the eurozone says you cannot negotiate this. this is set in stone. they say we don't think europe will do that. the euro project has to decide that greece has to stay on board to stay alive. >> are they prepared for the possibility or the likelihood that those negotiations will fail and it will be thrown out of the eurozone? >> again, there is a massive amount of detail. do you understand, how people say, what are your contingency is when you're of says, that's it, we're not discussing this and more, you're out of the eurozone? they say, yes, we understand that there are contingency bans be at sea, but there are no specific details. they say they will not be thrown out of the eurozone appeared on
the other hand, they're people who say, you know what, under the austerity plan, we have maybe 20-30 years of austerity measures. we will see a lost generation of youth here who will never work again. we will see people in real poverty. would it be such a bad thing to leave the eurozone, have a devalued currency, have six years of being thrown out of the international markets, but at least we could breathe again. we could start again. the majority don't think that will happen. >> thank you for joining us. the egyptians are also going to the polls this weekend to choose their president. but the end of the campaign has been dominated by talk about conspiracies and policies. many have been anchored by the supreme court decision to dissolve the parliament.
there were accusations that the military is trying to consolidate its grip on power. we spoke to the reporter in cairo. thee we seeing a return to old order? >> as you hinted, the critics here, including members of the muslim brotherhood, are saying that this is a military coup, now plan tank, but by a court judgment where by the military, which is meant to be overseeing it transferred to civilian rule by the end of this month, is action to try to consolidate its power. but the military itself denies that paired they should a statement today saying they were looking forward to ensure a better future for -- and they also warned that anyone to try to get in the way of this weekend's voting would be dealt with very harshly. in effect, they have brought back some of the emergency powers they lifted only a short time ago. so there is a lot of denny's and and there. but -- so there is a lot of
money's and anchor \ / \ -- and anger. this is still a country which -- unease anda lot of anger. >> what would you say is the mood among egyptians today? >> it really depends who you talk to. i think those people who led the callution, as they it, they wonder if it was a revolution at all. they're talking about the mistakes that they made. they realize that there is a very strong military behind hosni mubarak and they say that what really happened was not a
revolution but a palace coup. beyond the square is a nation of nearly 90 million people desperate for this country to move on, to get the economy working again, to restore some stability. they will go to the polls this weekend. some will vote for the former prime minister because they believe him when he told them that he would put egypt back on its feet again. or they will vote for the muslim brotherhood because they believe the realization can bring the kind of role, respecting islamic principles, that that part of egypt wants. >> thank you from cairo. a pregnant british woman accused of drug smuggling in pakistan has told the bbc that she didn't know what was in her luggage. appeared in has court accused of trying to take
more than 60 kilos from pakistan to the u.k. if convicted, she could face the death penalty. >> stepping out of the prison van, 5-year-old ibrahim and alicia. kadija shaer padill covered her own face. she was caught with heroin worth almost 3 million pounds. she said she was carrying the bags for someone else. young as they are, her children have been sharing her jail cell, as is often the case here. she didn't want to speak on camera, but we managed to grab a few words with carry inside the
courtroom. she said conditions in jail were absolutely horrific with stifling temperatures and overcrowded cells. and she protected her innocence. i didn't know what was in those bags, she said. i wouldn't do that with two small children. this is the jail where she is being held. the legal charity repeat claims other pregnant women have died here and says a mother and children are at risk. >> they are living in a very small cell along with six other inmates. she was due for a test six weeks ago and she hasn't had that. she hasn't been taken to any gynecologist or a doctor for that matter. >> the british high commission says its providing consular assistance while she waits for trial. her children remain behind bars in a top security jail.
>> opposition activists in syria say about 30 people have died in violence around the country in the past 12 hours. this video, which was posted online, claims to show wounded men being carried to safety after protests. the head of the un observers mission said that neither side seems to be showing any willingness to slow the escalating violence. she will formally accept a nobel peace prize. she was given the order in 1999 which she was under house arrest in burma. she has shown herself to be a more legal -- a moral leader for the world. in a sweeping policy change, the u.s. is to stop deporting illegal immigrants who came to the country's children as long as they are under 30, have been enrolled in education, and have
no criminal convictions. president obama explained the reasons for the change. >> it makes no sense to expel talented young people who, for all intents and purposes are americans, have been raised in america, understand themselves to be part of this country. to expel these young people who want to stay in our labs, starting new company, or serve our country simply because of their parents for the inaction of politicians. >> for more, was joined earlier by the bbc north america editor. this is an incredibly contentious issue. how has it gone down so far? >> it is such a hot issue. it is something that a mac has been debated for years and years. this is the first time in years that anything has happened. republicans say, here we go again.
yet again, president obama is overstepping the mark, doing something not really within his powers to do. campaign groups are delighted in quite an emotional way. but i think the group to watch is america's fastest-growing minority and largest minority, the latino community. obviously, not all of them are sympathetic to the 11 million illegal immigrants. but a lot of them are and a lot of them live in really important states like colorado, nevada, and florida. so i think, when the polls,, it will show that they, too, are delighted and president obama has done this anomaly to win their votes, but get them and use, they concede that reelecting him is really worth something. >> this is a very divisive issue. isn't this a risky strategy going into an election that is only a few months away? >> it is a risk. but i don't know how many boats president obama will lose by this. the emphasis is on it romney.
this is a policy flaw time. this is something that runs out into years' time. if he is in the white house, what would he do? he doesn't want to offend conservatives who think that a policy like this is a magnet for illegal immigrants. it rewards people for illegal behavior. and they want to see higher and longer fences. if he says that he wouldn't do this, how would he deal with illegal immigration? what would he do? and does he want to project this big growing a voting group? >> 11 million illegal immigrants, is this actually going to make a dent in a crisis? >> i don't think it will make much of a difference anyway. homeland security would go after those who are repeat offenders who have criminal records. but it makes those people feel very happy that they are being accepted as americans. >> you are watching bbc world news america.
still to come, in eastern congo, the hunt is on for a general wanted by the international criminal court for alleged war crimes. it has been more than 15 years since 13 people were killed on the tokyo subway by a a nerve gas attack that sparked a manhunt for those of the responsible. now police have caught the last remaining suspect. japanese media say the man was arrested in a tokyo cafe. >> in police custody, after 17 years on the run, katsua takahashi was one of japan's most wanted man. [siren] morning rush-hour in 1995 and commuters began to fall ill.
nerve gas had been released across the transport terminal by members of a doomsday cult. 13 people were killed and thousands more were hurt. but takahashi updated arrests and disappeared. but then, two weeks ago, a breakthrough appeared in photographs showing how the years had changed him, the police have arrested another cult member who told them takahashi was working for a construction company outside the city. they found him packing it had to go on the run again and taking his savings of a bank. it was evident in a cafe where he was finally spotted by a number of staff who tipped off police. he will now face prosecution like nearly 200 members of the cold before him. -- the cult before him.
some have already served their sentences and have been released. but 13 of them are on death row awaiting execution. >> he is known in congo as the terminator. wantedmerciless general know for war crimes and crimes against humanity. gabriel sent this report from the congo. >> and nano has one of the toughest job in -- and then well -- emanuel has one of the toughest job in the condo.
is the center of the latest rebellion. [gunfire] for these army soldiers, the hunt is on for one of their own. a mutinous general and former warlord. he is wanted by the international criminal courts for, among other things, recruiting child soldiers. duma is 17 years old. we have changed his name to protect his identity. he and four friends were on their way home from school one day in april when they were captured by a group of armed men. >> they taught us how to shoot and they gave us boxes of ammunition to carry. and they made us carry their bundles of clothes appear >. >> duma man is to escape, but he doesn't know what happened to his friends. the un has sent more
peacekeepers, but their forces are stretched. since the fighting started in april, about 100,000 people have sought shelter in refugee camps. much of the people here say this all the fighting with their own eyes and they ran away when the mutinous soldiers came into their villages and the shooting started. this of people fleeing to their villages and decided to get out before the fighting started. people's hit -- people here are no strangers to conflict. at the national park, they are no strangers to conflict either. the congolese army is distracted by the rebellion in the hills and these men are now faced with other dangers filling the vacuum. >> a lot of new arms groups forming, says forming and arms groups forming -- new alliances
forming and arms groups forming. it's a major concern. >> the volcano that looms over the provincial capital could erupt at any moment. the biggest threat here is not nature but man. less than a decade ago, congo was at the center of the regional conflict that left over 5 million people dead in these as a people dead. in these -- over 5 million people dead. in these war-torn areas, old wounds are easily flared. >> the rwandan army is in no way directly or indirectly involved in the conflict in the drc. but beyond that, we reject and we urge people to be serious about this conflict in the
drc. >> we all know that art can make us feel better. but how it works has become a subject of intense research. thousands of u.s. veterans from the wars in iraq and afghanistan have returned with brain injuries and posttraumatic stress disorder. art therapy is are often part of their treatment. now, a top military medical center near washington is hoping to discover whether the press connection promote physical healing. -- whether the therapy connection could promote physical healing. >> indoor for -- in darfur, he nearly committed suicide. >> either i control the memory or the memory will
control me pared by telling the story is over and over again, by writing them down, i can shake them. i can manipulate them. and then i can and should print them out and touched them and so it is no longer something that is festering in the back of my mind. >> now he is an instructor in a veterans writing project that is being clinically tested for the first time that a top military medical center that specializes in treating brain injuries. >> this is a technology that allows to look at the brain's response in specific therapies we're doing in this building. >> dr. james kelly is the director where painting, music, and writing are an integrated part of treatment. >> we have known for a long time that board has therapeutic benefits. our job here -- that art has therapeutic benefits. our job here is to gauge it.
what we see here is the initial sound. >> this is the only place in the country where a range of tests can be cared out simultaneously in real time to measure the physical changes taking place in the brain. -- can be carried out simultaneously in real time to measure the physical changes taking place in the brain. scientists can see immediately which part of the brain is responding. >> it is also part of an ambitious study by the national endowment of the arts and debt offering scientific evidence to have the artifacts every stage of human development. >> i think everybody is very data-oriented now and they want to know what are the result of what you're doing. we will spend this money. what will we get for it? >> even without the scientific proof, these veterans are convinced that writing about their trauma is a vital part of
their road to recovery. >> and seeing through glassy eyes, he found. >> that brings today's show to a close. you can find constant updates on our website. thank you for watching and have a very good weekend. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vt., and honolulu, newman's own foundation, union bank, and shell. >> at shell, we believe the world needs a broader mix of energies. that's why we are supplying cleaner-burning natural gas to generate electricity.
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