tv BBC World News America PBS July 5, 2012 4:00pm-4:30pm PDT
small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." when an air france jet plummeted to the ocean, the captain was on a break and the instruments failed. the investigation was damning. and human error was also to blame i japan's nuclear meltdown. a report into the fukushima meltdown says the nation was betrayed. and europe's tallest building is open. you will love it or hate it. >> this is the wonderful view standing inside the shard.
welcome to our viewers on pbs and also in america and around the globe. the pilot was not in the cockpit, the instruments gave a false reading, and there was confusion among the crew -- this is the deming finding into an investigation of the crash of an air france jet that killed the 223 people on board. families say the report is -- families of those who died say the report is too soft on the airline industry. >> june 1, 2009. the first pictures of the floating debris from air france 447. the plane crashed into the waters of the atlantic, coming to rest 12,000 feet below the surface. the information for today's report was gleaned from the two black boxes in one of the deepest and most expensive
salvage operations ever mounted, a surge that covered some 10,000 square kilometers and took 23 months to complete. since the crash, airbus and air france had tried to blame the other, but the vital port points both to human error and technical failures on the aircraft. this transcript lays bare the confusion of the two copilots in charge. >> what is this? there is no good speed indication. we have lost the speeds then? >> pay attention to your speed. pay attention to your speed. >> ok, i am descending. at a stabilized. dissent. it says we are going up. >> here we go. we are descending. >> gently, gently. >> we are in a climb. >> where is the captain? is he coming or not? look, we still have the engines. what the hell is happening? i do not understand what is happening. >> i do not have control of the
plane. i do not have control of the plane at all. >> the instruments were sending false signals that the aircraft was descending. to compensate, the pilot in control began to climb, taking the plane out of its flight envelope, while ignoring the warnings. >> when the airplane was in the deeps of situation, the vertical speed was very important. the angle of attack was between 35 degrees and 45 degrees, and what we said this morning is at this given time, only a very determined and very highly trained crew could have attended some type of maneuver to try and recover the aircraft and go back into the flight envelope. at that time, it was already too late. >> but for the first time, the report also blames the technical faults, notably the failure of the sensors, which had frozen, giving false readings to the cockpit.
shortly after the crash, airbus replaced the sensors on all its aircraft with a newer model. today, investigators may 25 additional safety recommendations, including better training for pilots and better warning systems in the cockpit -- investigators made 25 additional safety recommendations. families still complain not enough emphasis is put on the technical failures. it will have serious applications for both air france and airbus, who now face judicial inquiries. >> for more on the findings of this investigation, i am joined by the former managing director of the national transportation safety board. is it possible that we could ever get to a situation where these crashes do not and cannot happen? >> air crashes are very rare to begin with. we have had an extraordinary run of safelight, but a crash like this really raises serious questions that go beyond the
normal accident investigation -- we have had an extraordinary run of save -- safe flight. you have a very well-trained flight crew that suddenly cannot diagnose what is going on, and the aircraft is sending the multiple signals. the advanced flight control system is shutting down. what are they to do? the cockpit voice recorder was quite damning, fortunately. the flight crew never cooperated, never diagnosed. >> the fact that the captain was not even in the cockpit at the time and they could not get hold of him -- that in itself says that even though air france says the crew did everything they should have done, there was a degree of human error, and it is humans that fly planes. >> exactly, and the captain reentered the flight department but really did not take control. when you read the transcript, you say -- who really was making the decisions? no one was able to diagnose that
one of the flight crew had the nose in an extreme pitch up position for the entire event, which was just fatal. >> some people have suggested to me that there is a difference -- i am getting way beyond my expertise -- between the configuration of the, but in an american flight and an airbus -- the configuration of the cockpit in an america airplane and an airbus. >> there is a difference. to this the idea of a joystick on either side of the pilot -- they introduced the idea of a joystick. the boeing aircraft all use the old wheel that you see in the movies. many pilots swear that if you have your hands on the wheel, you can feel the aircraft differently. airbus will make the argument, and hundreds of thousands of pilots will confirm and say that the joystick gives you a sensitivity, gives you a very
professional read of what the aircraft is doing. but in this case, the pilot, the left-hand seat apparently could not see the co-pilot -- the person sitting in the right seat had the joystick jam back, and he did not pick up any indications that that was happening -- joystick jammed back. the one time that they pitched the nose down, the plane started to fly, but then they pulled it back up. >> which is a greek tragedy. it seems you are suggesting you can fix every single thing, but it is hard to think you will ever totally eliminate -- >> you are not. this is an accident where you really want to focus on cockpit management. how do you cooperate? how do you diagnosed jointly? even when you are in unfamiliar
territory, how do you better train crews to better understand the capabilities and limits of these flyby wire computers? >> human error seems to be also to blame for japan's nuclear meltdown last year. a parliamentary panel said the freeman foundation -- the fukushima disaster could have been prevented. the close of to the government regulators and plant operators, which are being blamed for the worst nuclear accident in decades. warning, there is flash photography year. the march 11 last year, the tsunami crashed into japan's easter coastline. this was a natural disaster. but what followed, says a japanese parliamentary report, was man-made. water shut down power at the fukushima nuclear plant and
wrecked the back of generators. the result -- a catastrophe. explosion after explosion. high radiation levels causing mass evacuations and raising questions about the future of nuclear power. now, some answers in a report handed to the speaker of the japanese parliament, and they are damning. it spoke to a multitude of errors after investigators interviewed a malt -- more than 1000 people. >> the accident is not over. the recommendations should be implemented one after the other. this is the duty of every member of the legislature and every person of the nation. >> there was collusion between the government and the plant's operators. the disaster could have been foreseen and prevented. they failed to adopt global standards. there was unforgivable arrogance and ignorance.
swathes of land around the site remain contaminated. tens of thousands have been forced to leave. while governments around the world are still deciding their own nuclear futures. the report says japan had a right to be safe from nuclear accidents and that the right has been betrayed. >> in london today, six terror suspects were rounded up in a series of raids across the city. it is understood the arrests were related to a possible plot involving islamic extremists. the police say they acted to protect the public. >> the arrests came at dawn at this address. the police did not just crossed the door -- they took it off its hinges. it was left hiding in the front garden. the police moved in on a man and a married couple. in east london, three brothers
were detained at the same address. one is a former community police support officer. this afternoon, signs of police activity. >> i saw one going through the window at the side. smoke coming out from around the door where they took the door off. >> there was a big bang. for a minute i thought -- it was like a bomb, really. >> firearm officers used an electronic stun gun to arrest one of the brothers here. they and the others are in custody because of a plot against u.k. targets said to involve suspected you -- suspected u.k. islamists. this house is less than a mile from the elected site, although
today's operation is said not to be linked. >> there was not any specific threat to the olympics. it is the fact that now, the police intelligence services will act far earlier on in an act of plot, and because the risk appetites are diminishing rapidly as we reach closer and closer toward the olympic games. >> in a completely unrelated incident, what began as a counter-terrorism operation became a false alarm. on the toll road, passengers were taken off this coach after a passenger reported seeing vapor coming from a van. it turned out to be a fake electronic cigarette being used by someone trying to give up smoking. those detained in the raids in the capital are being held at a police station in south london. >> from this road, you can see the olympic site. while the arrests may not be linked to the games, with just three weeks ago, the police know they are moving into an especially challenging period.
>> everyone in london on high alert because of the olympics this sumr. trucks supplying data in afghanistan across the border. a supply route had been shot in protest of u.s. air strike that killed pakistani troops last november. the decision will save washington hundreds of millions of dollars as it prepares to withdraw from afghanistan. europe's central bank has cut rates by 0.25% to help lift the continent's flagging economy, which brings the cost of borrowing down to a record low 0.75%. frankfurt's move followed a surprise rate cut followed by china's central bank and a round of stimulus measures by the bank of england. tonight, there are reports of more defections from the syrian army, including a brigadier in president assad's republican guard. the news comes as the head of the united nations effort to brg peace to syria wants of unprecedented violencereaking out.
>>he latest government shelling of rebels in the city of homs. despite promises by both sides, the cease-fire brokered by the united nations has never existed on the ground. there is little monitors can do about this. often they cannot even move on the ground. should they be armed as in other missions? i ask the deputy united nations envoy for syria. >> frankly, their greatest protection is not to be armed. if they had arms, that would not make any difference when considering the weapons available in syria. it would not make a difference. ey would become more of a target if they had weapons. >> assyrian refugees in turkey. syria may not just implode. it may explode. the effects of the country going far beyond its borders. members of the security council
agreed that there have to be transitions to a new government in syria, but while america once president assad to go, russia still seems to support him. -- while america wants president assad to go, russia still seems to support him. >> one should not underestimate the fact that countries as different as china, russia, qatar, the united states, on an agreement that talks about a condition. that is the first time that the word is used in a public document agreed by all those countries, and that is quite a signal. i think it has been underestimated. it is a very important step. >> while the united nations ways with the to even continue with its monitoring mission, one hopes -- weighs to even continue with its monitoring
mission, they hope for a political settlement. >> the courage of the observers, the courage of the people on the ground will not make a difference. i think it is essential because i think the alternative is a conflict of unprecedented balance in the region, and we have to avoid that at all costs. >> the meeting last weekend in geneva led to an agreement between outside powers, not the parties to the syrian conflict themselves. >> united nations officials believe the agreement to a political transition in syria is a genuine step forward. they also say that russia does seem to be moving away from its backing of president assad, but the united nationsays it is the beginning of what could be a very long negotiation. meanwhile, every day in syria, the violence in syria is escalating. >> you are watching "bbc wld news america." still to come on tonight's program -- teaching seniors how to surf.
one course is allowing students generations apart to make an internet connection. south korea has come under international pressure from outraged government and environmentalists to scrap plans for whaling. the nation wants to hunt whales, citing scientific research as its motive, micking a loophole already being used by japan. critics say it is just an excuse for commercial wailing -- whaling. >> the international moratorium on whaling is more than 20 years ol but there are loopholes. japan and now south korea say they need to allow it for search. south korean officials say numbers have risen considerably along the coast and fisherman are demanding action to protect fish stocks, but conservationists say at least one group of whales in the area is severely depleted and south
korea's proposal has already drawn sharp reactions. >> i am very disappointed by this announcement by south korea. we are completely opposed to whaling. there is no excuse for scientific whaling, and i have instructed our ambassador to raise this today at the highest levels of south korean government. >> south korea says it will submit a formal plan. it is not clear how many whales will be no more -- earmarks for hunting and the plan -- earmarked for hunting under the plan. while the proposal is likely to be popular with locals, it is also likely to put a dent in south kor's growing international image. >> in beijing, the chinese president has welcomed the cuban leader in an official ceremony.
castro is in china on a four-day visit to seek economic partnership. after the ceremony, the leaders signed a series of cooperation deals in trade and development. smartphones, tablets, and social media -- they have connected as like never before, and studies show their reach spans the age spectrum. according to pure research center, for the first time, more than half of americans over the age of 65 are now using the internet, but logging on can sometimes be a challenge. that is why a course at pace university in new york city is trying to bridge the divide. recently, we went to those involved to hear about their experience. >> the technology program s started to help senior citizens and older adults and disabled improve their quality of life
and to feel alive again, as some seniors have told me. >> i'm going to give you a bunch of diseases and a bunch of normal, functional declines and ask you to do everyday tasks. what we are going to do is take up some fingers. >> students of all majors register for the class and go to a sensitivity training. >> we are going to reduce your hearing a little bit by putting the ear plugs in. >> to measure how older adults feel in a wheelchair, using a walker, using a cane. >> when you get older, one of the age-related changes, you start to feel heavy. >> they truly have patience with them because now, they understand what they are going through, how slow they may have to move, how much pain they might be in, what they may be able to see or not see. and here we have a camera and chat, and here we have skype.
>> students go to the assisted living in nursing home and are paired with senior citizens, teaching them technology, e- mail, skype, how do google, google earth, how to treat -- how to tweet. they know their grandkids, who they may not see across the country, are utilizing computer terms, and they feel lost when they go to talk to their grandkids. they say they want to be in on the conversation and ask what the terms mean and how to do it on the computer. >> it is very user-friendly. >> the technology is a miracle. especially skype. having a dick tracy phone with a see the face or the facial expression. >> it seems to me there is no limit. you can see things that you did
not expect to be able to see. >> a smile, it goes great. it has changed the entire life, the outlook. their families respect them more. s their opinions. they talk to them. >> you do not need a camera anymore, right? >> they say now they are not left behind. they know what is going on in the world. they know where they are. >> ok, there's only one thing wrong with that report -- i want all those kids here in the studio so they can teach me how to use technology because i' struggling to keep up as well. speaking of going high tech, europe's tallest skyscraper was officially unveiled in london. the cost was even higher. the price tag is more than $2 billion. there is no doubt the views from inside arereathtaking, but the shadow it casts on the city is sparking debate over whether it
is an architectural triumph or tragedy. >> the shard rises as if it were a rocket down for -- bound for outer space, dwarfing its surroundings like gulliver in lilliput. i have just come up in one of the 43 lifts to the 69th floor. the public viewing gallery will be opened in february. this is what you can see -- london. you can see the gergen just there. to its right, the tower of london. over there, canary wharf. standing 240 meters in the air makes the whole place look a little bit like lego land, a
jigsaw of a million pieces, an organized chaos that feels alive. the celebrated italian architect designed this tower of glass. he has high hopes for it. >> somebody told me -- watched the face of people watching the building. so this is what i do. i went around, and i was stopping at the corner watching people watching the building. it is a sense of surprise, a sense of stupor, a sense of amazement. >> the majority of the building is owned by the state of qatar, which invested heavily in it. >> i think it has very little to do with the architecture or language of london. it is an outrage. it has been implanted in a part
of lending that has no high buildings of that sort -- implanted in a part of london. >> it took over a decade to get off the ground. the vast majority of the space is yet to be let. it is in many ways a high-tech building, but not in all respects. it will still require a man with a sponge and a bucket of soapy water to clean the windows -- all 11,000 of them. >> glad that is not me. here is a tale with a happy ending -- a dog who hop aboard a train to dublin was reunited with his honor thanks to the power of twitter -- a dog who hopped aboard a train. the train company sent a lost dog tweet with a photograph of cash, and after 500 retweets,
the owner says the dog has been found -- a photograph of patch. >> thanks for joining us. see you again tomorrow. >> makes sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in. working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key
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