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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  August 2, 2013 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is bbc world news america. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu,newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored
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solutions in a wide range of industries. >> andan we do for you? now, "bbc world news america." london, i'm from kathy k. the u.s. issues a global travel same al qaedathe threats that will close many american embassies on sunday. iran gets ready for an rouhani.tion of a son -- afghanistan's most first -- first female airplane pilot. >> welcome to our viewers.
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today the united states issued a global travel alert, citing an al qaeda threat. promptingsame thread the state department to close 21 of its embassies and consulates this sunday, mainly in the muslim world. according to officials, the challenge a potential terrorism is greatest in the middle east and north africa. unrest continues to rattle that region. i spoke with michael singer, a former director of middle east affairs at the white house national security council. you have been in the room when these decisions are made. what is it, the alert of this nature? >> as a government you have information that comes across the radar, which is serious and credible. you are under an obligation to share it publicly. it seems like the information in this case lacks some specimens -- specificity.
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some reports have suggested the threat emanates from yemen. this is advising american travelers or travelers in general to be cautious and exercise additional caution. chatter is coming in the whole time. you're looking for more specifics than generalized? would it be that you're looking for a particular country, nature of attack? there is chatter all the time. the question is, when does it become serious and credible and specific? information, the must be serious and credible for us to shut down all these embassies and issue this alert. the question here is the specificity. is not a particular travel warning. we have travel warnings in place for countries like saudi arabia
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.nd egypt this is much more general. fact that 21 embassies and consulates are being closed, is this caution of the benghazi, libya attack? >> some will relate to the underlying information. whatever it is. the atmosphere leads you to an abundance of precaution because of what happened in benghazi. benghazi was not an isolated incident. we saw attacks on u.s. embassies throughout the middle east at that time. some of them were less severe. others became more severe. that is the worry, this could have a reverberation. authorities are suggesting they're looking at north africa and the middle east, a wild -- wide area of the globe. i want to talk to you about egypt and how much concern those daily demonstrations -- they are
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back out, the pro-morsi supporters in cairo. how much concern is there in washington about instability in egypt and that spilling over? tremendous there has been concern about egypt since the beginning of the arab spring. a particular concern is that neither side in egypt appears ready to accommodate the other. the military appears to be dead set on going after the muslim .rotherhood grea the muslim brotherhood youth the military's overthrow of morsi -- views the military's overthrow of morsi as a legal. -- illegal. >> the mideast director at the white house national security council, you saw the pictures there.
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thre cainthe protests have continuedr a while. but who are they, the people in support of president morsi? there are still many thousands of morsi supporters camping here around the clock, well over 100 have been killed in two clashes with security forces. the ministry urging the protesters to leave. they all have the same answer. >> we will stay. we will not leave. >> do you have weapons? >> no. we have nothing here. >> it's impossible to judge how
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many protesters there are here. during the long, hot ramadan days of fasting, they scattered in their shelters in streets and alleyways in huge areas around the mosque, almost a protest that sprung up. many have brought their whole families. young children are involved. there are many vocal women here. they're as every bit determined and vocal as a man. >> until we are dead. >> you are prepared to die? >> of course. to end of everyone who came fight for the truth is to defend it. supporters are planning to escalate their protests as more big rallies and marches. if confrontation seems to be looming here. the interior ministry has said these people should leave immediately. everyone spoken to here says
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they are ready to lay down their lives to defend their cause. bbc news, cairo. >> both of those sites in egypt very determined to keep on campaigning for their cause. zimbabwe's electoral commission has won a twobe thirds majority in parliament. the results of the election has not been announced. african observer missions have given a cautious backing to the way the election was run despite claims by the opposition that there was massive voter fraud. it was business as usual. for the capital and country as a whole, there is uneasiness. final results from the election are not in yet. 's appears to have won by large margin.
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the fact that some people were turned away from the voting booths thomas whether that affects the overall election -- booths, whether that affects the overall election, that remains to be seen. >> it is in the rural heartland of this country that the movement for democratic change alleged the rigging started, with village elders being used .o intimidate villagers this too is at the heart of their claims, the voting register, which the claim has was finallyated handed over in hard copy, not electronic on the day of elections. one mdc candidate showed me evidence of what he said were .rregularities >> they were nowhere to be seen. >>hese have never been
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collected? >> never. >> there is concern here on the streets of harare about whether these elections were free and fair. i spoke to a number of people. some were able to vote. others were simply turned away from polling stations because their names were not from the voter's roll. were you able to vote? >> i did. >> they could not find my name. >> were you turned away at the polling station? >> yes. this election has been endorsed by the au, by the observer teams. i don't understand where these allegations are coming from. claims, thehe veteran leader looks set to emerge with more power than they have had in years.
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bbc news, zimbabwe. >> an election result that poses a challenge to mr. mugabe's critics inside zimbabwe and around the world. the unemployment rate has fallen to its lowest level in more than four years in the u.s. there wasis news, little cheer from investors. jobs was the lowest number since march, and lower than economists expected. investigators looking into the train crash that killed 79 people in northwest spain last week say the driver ignored three separate warnings to slow down. he received a final warning just 250 meters before getting to the curve where the train crashed. the driver applied the emergency brake four seconds later. the himalayan country of beauty on could be rethinking its much- concept of gross
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national happiness. the prime minister says the figure masks problems such as debt and unemployment. gross national happiness aims to measure quality of life in more complete terms than the usual index of productivity. this sunday, rouhani will be inaugurated as the new president of iran. he was elected on a platform of moderation and greater interaction with the rest of the world. but what can we expect once he gets into office? james reynolds takes a closer look. >> the scale of the task facing rouhani does not appear to weigh him down. not yet, anyway. iran's new president has to find a way of ending the country's isolation. the bbc faces restrictions and reporting from inside iran, but we have spoken to people in
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tehran about their hopes. >> the first thing i expect him to do is make some changes. >> during the last four years, to fleeple in iran had the country because of the government's policies. i expect the new president to facilitate the return of those people to their country. repeated confrontations with the west came to dominate life under president of madonna judd -- ahmadinejad. britain closed iran's embassy in london. >> one of mr. rouhani's first tasks will be to mend relations with the u.s. and uk. if iran's embassy in london is reopened, the new president will
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be getting somewhere. rouhani has promised its supporters a new start. they may hope for an end to international sanctions. for that to happen, the new president may have to approach an old enemy. >> one critical step that rouhani can take is agreed to have a bilateral dialogue with the united states. that could provide opportunity for a major breakthrough. >> but in iran, he is the supreme leader who has the final say on all major issues. james reynolds, bbc news. >> you're watching "bbc world news america." hison peres celebrates birthday and shares his thoughts
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on mideast peace. >> when kelly clarkson not a -- boutght a ring at auction, she thought she was buying a piece of history. the british government is not letting it leave the country. >> there are no diamonds, sapphires, emeralds or rubies. this simple ring is a precious piece of jane austen's past. when her descendents put it up for auction at southern these, the american singer kelly clarkson paid 150,000 pounds for the trinket. she has only been able to wear a replica. the british government has imposed an export ban on the ring. they appeal for uk buyer to step forward. >> given the rarity of the object, the committee felt after discussion and after having got expert evidence that this ring
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was in such rarity in terms of its association with ms. austen that it was worth saving for the nation. >> at the former house of the a ofens, the only two pieces jane's jewelry is kept locked under glass. given that the american singer won the bid fair and square, is it right she should be denied her purchase which she reportedly wanted to wear as her engagement ring? >> she is a jane austen fan, but we really need to keep it here. >> it is part of our heritage and it is so special. it would be nice if they could stay here. >> but she wants to wear it as an engagement ring. >> that is romantic, and jane would have liked that. chapter of this latest jane austen saga is yet to be written.
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louisa baldini, bbc news. this week has brought fresh hope for a rejuvenated middle east peace process. israeli and palestinian representatives held the first face-to-face talk in three years and agreed to discussions. a key person behind the seas -- scenes is shimon peres. today is his 90th birthday, making him the oldest head of state in the world. ♪ reaching 90 is a landmark for anyone. but shimon peres mark his birthday in style. israelis, it was over-
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the-top. for others, it was a fitting tribute. he is the last of the founding fathers in a nation that holds onto its history. his story is the story of israel, too. on migrated from what was then poland in the 1930's. migrated from what was then poland in the 1930's. he stood together with ben gurion. he was the driving force behind the construction of a secretive nuclear site. for many, the self-styled man of peace was often preparing for .ar >> i did not change. the situation has changed. >> this is shimon peres's view
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on it. you can make peace as long as you are sure that israel can win any war. our enemies came to destroy us. later.rategic shift came september 1993, enemies came together on the white house lawn to sign the oslo accord. an interim deal on sharing land between israelis and palestinians. shimon peres was one of its chief architects. >> what we are doing today is more than signing an agreement. it is a revolution. yesterday, a dream. today a commitment. >> two decades on, there still is not a final peace deal. now john kerry is trying to
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broker one. settlements are still in major obstacle. building on occupied land in the west bank is regarded as illegal under international law. recent israeli government figures show construction is now at a seven-year high. palestinians say that you cannot discuss the demand for a palestinian state while israel continues to build settlements on it. how do you reconcile the contradiction? >> the palestinians agreed there would be three blocks. there are jewish settlers on the west bank. that was a proposal introduced by president clinton that was acceptable. experience, negotiation is
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not trading. it is creating, to have new solutions. >> but so far, the search for new solutions has not worked. and his ceremonial role as president, there is solely a much -- only so much he can do. >> do you believe it benjamin netanyahu shares your idea of a two state solution? >> he did not start with a two state solution. for a twowas not state solution. for me, it is a declaration. it is an ideological step forward. >> but he does not have the kind of cabinet that can make peace. most of it is against the two .tate solution >> maybe i look upon it differently. there is no dictator in a democratic country. >> many say time is running out
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to make peace. in the twilight of his career, shimon peres may never achieve his life's ambition. he knows that. but it won't stop him from trying. bbc news, jerusalem. turns 90 today and is the oldest head of state in the world. you can see more of the interview and analysis on this weeks episode of our world right here on bbc news this weekend. can you imagine building a new air force from scratch? that is the task facing afghanistan as nato combat troops withdraw. among the recruits is the first ever woman in the country to qualify as an airline pilot. she has streamed of this moment since childhood. of thiseady -- dreamed moment since childhood. she is ready to fly.
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afghanistan's first female pilot. reaching these heights has not been easy. >> it was difficult. the female situation or the rules for the woman here. to change the culture, the old mind that we can do it. i want to do it. >> she's joining a military operation which is at a crucial stage. with nato combat troops due to leave by the end of next year, the afghan armed services are now taking the lead role in fighting the insurgents. played a part in afghanistan's security forces for many years, but still make up less than 1% of the total. when she became her country's first helicopter pilot wendy five years ago, -- 25 years ago, she had to battle overwhelming prejudice.
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the future of this country is in your hands. we have to work shoulder to shoulder to bear this country. >> the commanders claim their contribution is valued. >> we are very proud of them. afghan women are showing what they can do what afghan man can do for their country. >> the women in this country are still largely treated as second- class citizens. a recent u.n. report described that condition as among the worst in the world. it is lessul, committed that less than two dozen females drive a car, which makes her achievement even more remarkable. i'm the only female of this situation. everybody that they know me, they make my situation or life tough, and it will be really tough for me. >> the future may be uncertain,
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but for now she is living her dream and hoping to inspire other young women to follow in her steps. bbc news, kabul. >> and what happens to afghan women after those nato forces withdraw, a concern for all. one is -- here is one happy woman. the duke and duchess of cambridge have formally register the birth of their son, prince george. the registrar for west minister city council traveled for the birthures on the certificate. ) where the parents have to put their occupation on the birth certificate, his mother put simply, princess. that's what i would like to put on my application forms. that brings us to a close. you can always get more on our website. you can find us on twitter. at "worldf us here
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news america," thanks for watching and have a great weekend. >> make sense of international news -- at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic
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decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> woodruff: the july jobs report painted a lackluster picture of the u.s. economy. 162,000 jobs were added, but that was fewer than expected. good evening, i'm judy woodruff. >> brown: and i'm jeffrey brown. on the "newshour" tonight, two takes on the u.s. employment situation. first, paul solman has our overview of today's numbers. >> woodruff: and a new report says states should do more to help people with disabilities find work. we talk to the governor driving the effort, delaware democrat jack markell. >> brown: then, the state department issued a global travel alert today, warning of possible terror attacks. margaret warner explains what's behind the concern that al qaeda might strike again. >> woodruff: asia is clamoring for more american coal, but the


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